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araha(t)

, m(fn)., orig. part. of arahati (q. v.);
paradigm
Sadd 173,7—174,2; 665,9—666,3; Geiger
§98,1; [f. & n. see Sadd 173,27—174,2]; nom. sg.
arahaṁ (adj., accord. to Sadd 173,9-27) and arahā
(see Pischel §398, cf. mahā, brahā, bhagavā; subst.
Sadd ib.); prosody: the anaptyctic -a- (Amg. mostly -i-,
cf. the etym. Vism 198,18-21, etc, and tibet. dgra-bcom)
counts for a syllable in the prose formula bhagavato
arahato [4 + 4 syll., cf. It 1,4] and in verse, except
SN III 83,18* (arahanto: - - - ), Vin V 149,23*;
Abhidh-av 33,19*; 39,29* ≠ 41,9* (arahato - ˇ - , but
ˇ ˇ ˇ - ib. 38,26*-27*); — (1.) deserving; arahā
bhavaṁ vattuṁ, Kacc-v 639 (Sadd 862,27); — (2.) an
Arhat or Buddhist
(and Jain) Saint, one who has
attained final sanctification
(khīṇâsava, asekha),
ranging with the Buddhas (styled araha(t) sammāsam-
buddha, [here preceded by tathāgata or bhagava(t))], and
the
paccekabuddhas (cf. Mhv-ṭ 29,25), over the other
ariyapuggalas (viz. sotâpanna, sakadāgāmi(n) and
anāgāmi(n); — anis either a sāvaka or a pacceka-
buddha (Mhv-ṭ 29,24-2 6), α sukkhavipassaka or a
samathayānika (Pj I 183,2; cf. ib. 178,13 and Ps III
209,17); three or four, Ss 30,10 foll. (cf. Mp I 87,6 foll.);
dvādasa arahanto, Pp-a 203,7-12 (see further Abhidh-
k-vy Trsl. VI 251,4 foll. 272,10—273,2); — the career
of a
(sāvaka-)araha(t) [see the biographies in Ap (Th-a,
Thī-a) and Mp I 125—458] culminates, after receiving
instruction from the
Tathāgata, and after solitary
meditation
(eko vūpakaṭṭho ... SN I 140,23), in the
aññā (khīṇā jāti . . ., ib. 140,27) ind. possession of the
abhiññās (iddhis), paṭisambhidās and vimokkhas (Ap
31,9-10; 33,1-2 . . . 615,2), no puññûpacaya (Kv 542,2),
no akālamaccu (ib. 543,30), no paṭisandhi; other
questions about
a°: Kv 398,2; 606,10; 613,10-29; 615,2;
622,19; Mil 145,27; 207,29; 253,1; 264,29; 266,1;
309,10 (pāṭihīra αfter ñts cttň); Ps IV 39,22 (burial); —
tradiiional etymm. MN I 280,29-32 (quoted It-a I 165,8);
AN IV 145,2; Sp I 112,10—115,15 (Sp-t); Vism 198,11
—201,25 (+ mhṭ ≠ Sadd 578,24—580,15), referred
to
Sv I 146,13; Ud-a 84,1-22; Mhv-t 16,13—17,30;
Nidd-a (Ee) I 184,11—185,25; Spk I 138,1; 1120,27;
Pv-a 7,8; — synonn. Sadd 568,16; Abh 10; — nom. sg.
(a ) arahaṁ: ~ so bhikkhu, Vin III 38,5; SN V 200,19
(+ anāgāmī, etc); ~ samaṇo, DN III 6,16 (Sv (III)
819,29); ~ (v. l. arahā) arahato samānatto, AN IV
364,22; ~ ahaṁ brahmacariyaṁ carāmi, SN I 169,23*;
anarahā santo ~ paṭijānati, Sn 135; kīva-ciraṁ (w. r.
kiṁ va ci°) dhammânudhammapaṭipanno bhikkhu ~
assa, SN IV 260,27; imesaṁ pañc'-indriyānaṁ sam-
(att)attā paripūrattā ~ hoti, SN V 200,19—202,16; ~
sugato, Th 185 = SN I 175,3*; SN I 124,21* (quoted Ja I
79,32) ≠ Mvu III 282,2*; ~ katāvī khīṇâsavo anti-
madehadhārī, SN I 14,10*-20*; ~ khīnâsavo, SN III
112,15; 128,24; Vin I 183,26 (but Ud 46,1 °hā); do.
bhikkhu, AN I 109,8; SN II 239,1; ~ khīṇâsavo, vusi-
arahatparikkhīṇa-bhavasaṁyojano sammad-aññā-vimutto,
DN III 83,15 (Sv (III) 863,26-36); MN I 5,10 (Ps I
42,19—43,30); 235,10; SN III 161,13; 193,15; V 194,10
—208,10; AN I 144,8 (Mp II 235,9-20); III 359,5; IV
369,29—372,3; It 38,9 (It-a I 165,1—166,19); ~ sam-
māsambuddho, SN V 160,2; ~ sammās° loke vivatta-
chaddo (°ā), DN I 89,8 (cf. Sn 1003); III 142,10
146,26; Sn p. 106,19; eko~sammās°, AN I 28,3 (quoted
Vibh 336,27); yaṁ itthī ~ assa sammās°, AN I 28,9
(quoted Vibh 336,33, Sadd 173,31); satthā me ~ sam-
mās°, Ud 46,3 (Ud-a 267,31) ≠ SN I 119,8; DN
III 121,21; tathāgato ~ sammās°, MN I 5,34—6,1;
[171,34 (~aṁ t°, predic.)]; 521,25; SN IV 127,1;
V.457,8; It 78,22; Paṭis II 3,26; 194,13; 203,25 (cf.
19,19-2 6; 225,12-18); bhagavā ~ sammās°, DN III
53,17; MN I 69,6; SN I 9,21; 155,11 foll.; II 191,1-26;
V 161,8, etc.; iti pi so bhagavā ~ sammās° vijjā-
caraṇasampanno . . . buddho Bhagavā (the Buddhâ-
nussati-formula), Vin III 1,13 (Sp; Vism 198,1,11—
201,25); DN I 49,17; 87,17; 1115,1; 227,8; MN I
37,17; 69,6; 285,10; 502,11; II 133,22; III 238,22;
SN IV 271,28; AN I 207,6; Sn p.103,1, etc.; ~, title
of
suttas; SN I 14,9; III 161,1; V 194,1-13; 237,1;
433,27; — (β) arahā: asuko bhikkhu ~, asuko bh.
tevijjo, Vin III 87,28; IV 24,1; taṁ mayaṁ ~ ti
jānissāma, Vin III 104,23; ~ (opp. arahattamaggaṁ
samāpanno), Vin I 32,29 ≠ Ud 7,1; ~(+ arahat-
tāya paṭipanno), Vin II 240,16; AN IV 204,8 foll.,
292,14; 29,33; 372,21; 373,1; Pp 73,1; ~ nāma
aṭṭhamo ariyo puggalo hoti, mahākhīṇâsavo ayam,
Abhidh-av 128,16* ≠ Vism 678,9; (sotâpanno +),
Pp 18,8 (Pp-a 203,1); 37,23; Vin II 161,16; It 95,15
(āgāmī +); anāgāmiṁ upādāya ~ a(s)sāmantapañño,
Paṭis II 194,9; SN III 160,3 ('pariññātāvī puggalo');
Nidd I 78,24 ('dhono'); 114,18—115,29 ('tādī'); 130,17
('patilīno'); 137,17 ('dhono'); dasah' aṅgehi samannā-
gato ~ ti vuccati, Khp IV 10 (Pj), cf. MN III 76,8
(opp. sekho paṭipado); ~ c'eva iddhimā ca, Vin II
111,3-15, cf. Mil 265,1; diṭṭhe va dhamme ~, AN V
120,2-18;~ akuppadhammo, Paṭis II 207,16;~ c'amhi
khīṇâsavo, Ud 46,1 (Ud-a 268,26; see above α);
vivattachaddo sambuddho ~, Sn 1003 (see above α);
antimadehadharo +, Nidd I 22,2; ~ sabbabhayaṁ
atikkanto, etc., Mil 145,27—148,16; āpajjeyya ~
āpattiṁ? Mil 266,1 (—267,1); ~ sarāgo sadoso ...?
Kv 606,10; 613,10; ~ inaggā vuṭṭhahitvā . . . pacca-
vekkhati, Tikap 155,9 (Tikap-a 270,35) ≠ 158,8
167,3-14; 171,10 ≠ 178,21; ~ rūpakkhandhaṁ (na)
parijānāti, Yam I 50,21 foll.; 164,10 foll; 227,25 foll;
II 207,13—215,14; ~ puññâbhisaṁkhāraṁ abhisaṁ-
kharoti, Kv 542,12; ~ jīvitā voropito, AN III 436,21
≠ 437,2 (cf. v. l. and AN II 234,36); Kv 594,8;
arahâsi sammāsambuddho, Sn 539 (see above α); ahaṁ
hi ~ loke (. . . satthā . . . sammās°), MN I 171,9* =
Vin I 8,23*; ~ dakkhiṇeyyo smi, Th 296 ≠ 336; na
tv eva . . ~ yathā ahaṁ, Vin I 25,17 . . . 32,26; sace
~ hoti, Sp (III) 446,1; aciren' eva ~ ahosi, Sās 36,9;
68,18; 69,6; 73,20; 134,1; 136,24; ~, title of suttas:
SN III 193,6; V 208,1; — acc. arahantaṁ: ~ jīvitā
voropeyya, AN I 27,22 = MN III 65,2 (quoted Vibh
336,17), cf. AN II 234,36; ~ jīvitā voropeti, Tikap
167,33; aggamaggasamaṅgiñ ca ~ ca ṭhapetvā avasesā
puggalā, Yam I 50,23; 163,20; 227,26-31; ~ samaṇaṁ,
DN III 10,11; khīṇâsavaṁ ~, Sn 644; tathāgataṁ ~,
SN I 50,24* ≠ 51,9*; api ~ sammāsambuddhaṁ paṭi-
jānamāno, Mil 4,13; bhagavantaṁ ~ sammās°, SN V
348,21; — instr. (α) arahatā: vuttaṁ hetaṁ Bhaga-
vatā vuttaṁ ~ ti me sutaṁ, It 1,1—121,8; tena
Bhagavatā jānatā passatā ~ sammāsambuddhena,
DN I 2,11; III 133,1-8; Vin V 1,1—27,10—48,12
54,2—81,29—82,1; Mil 330,1 ≠ 332,16; — (β) ara-
hantena, Sās 29,11; 136,12; — gen. (α) arahato:
nibbānaṁ arahato [ - ˇ - ] gati, Vin V 149,13*
(quoted Pj II 346,1*) ≠ Mvu II 212,10*, III 156,17*,
see JAs 1912 (215,1-8); samūhato bhayahetu ~, Mil
146,13—147,19; atthi ~ satisammoso? Mil 266,1
(—267,1); ~ sabbagati upacchinnā . . . ativattā loka-
dhammā, Mil 146,17-21; ~ orambhāgiyāni saṁyo-
janāni pahīnāni, AN II 134,13; (n'atthi) ~ akāla-
maccu, Kv 543,10; aṭṭhānaṁ . . . yaṁ ~ asuci muc-
ceyya, Vin I 295,1; cuticittaṁ ca ~ [ - ˇ - , see above
'prosody'
], Abhidh-av 33,10*(—41,1*); anăgāmissa
paññā ~ paññāya dūre, Paṭis II 194,1; ~ anupādise-
sāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyantassa, Nidd II
245,11; catūsu bhūmisu kusale ~ abhiññaṁ uppāden-
tassa, Vibh 324,16; Nidd I 27,10; Tikap 167,16; Yam I
362,1—365,1; ~ adhivacanaṁ, SN IV 175,14 ('tiṇṇo
pāraṁgato ...'); tassa ~ . . . dhammaṁ sutvā, Thī
318; iti me ~ sutaṁ, Th 690; gen. obj. (cf. gen. pl. α):
~ sutvā, Sn 590; — tathāgatassa ~ sammāsambud-
dhassa, Vin I 5,16 ≠ SN I 137,1; V 235,1; (do.)
adhivacanaṁ, SN III 108,12 ('puriso maggakusalo');
bhagavato ~ sammās°, DN II 3,13 (Vipassissa) . . .
7,12 (Kassapassa); 11,15 foll.; 35,19; DN III 76,16
(Metteyyassa); SN I 155,13; 115,1; 191,1-27; Paṭis
II 210,14; — (gen.dat.): namo tassa Bhagavato ~
sammās°, DN II 288,16-19 (three times; Sakka's
udāna); do. as maṅgala in Theravāda-books (Ct. in
Mhv-ṭ 13,10—30,10); — (β) arahantassa: aññassa ~,
Mil 265,1; Abhidh-av 39,10*; 19*; 40,10*; Sās 29,15;
69,1; — loc. (α) arahante: ~ va dakkhiṇā, DN II
266,12* (Sv; Ee w. r. ār°); (β) arahantamhi; abhi-
ppasādehi manaṁ ~ tādine, Th 1173 = Vv 194; Sv
(III) 703,5 (= 'arahante'); — pl. nom. (a ) arahanto;
Ap 6,13 (opp. buddha); ete aggā . . . yadidaṁ ~, SN
III 83,15; ~ ete bhikkhū, Vin I 89,1; ete ~ udake
kīḷanti, Vin IV 112,5; āyantu bhonto ~, Vin III
103,25; sabbe va ~, Vin III 101,13; yattha arahanto
[ɔ: yatthâr°] viharanti, Dhp 98; khettûpamā ~, Pv 1;
~ me manāpā (Bd Ee add va) passituṁ, Ja III 412,27*
[ ˇ ˇ - - ˇ ˇ - ˇ - ˇ - ]; vigata-satisammosā ~,
Mil 266,5; ~ sukhadukkhaṁ paññāpenti, SN IV
123,29—124,1; Vibh 422,1 (= 'visuddhidevā'), quoted
Pj I 123,15; Nidd I 58,15 (= 'asekhamunino'); ye
loke ~, te uddissa, SN II 220,1; cha loke ~ . . . eka-
saṭṭhi . . ., Vin I 14,36—18,2—19,37—20,34 (cf. Mhv
I 14); kotisatā, Mil 6,5-18; ~, title of suttas ('ara-
hanta'), SN III 82,25; 84,5 (cf. 104,26*); anāgatā ~
vijitaṁ āgaccheyyuṁ, etc., AN IV 17,5-6 = DN II
75,11; kaṁ nu kho ~ paṭhamaṁ anukampantā anu-
kampeyyuṁ, AN IV 79,16 (—80,22); ~ vā arahatta-
maggaṁ vā samāpannā, Vin I 39,36; SN I 78,18-2 3;
AN II 42,20 (w. r. arahamaggaṁ); 43,29 (do.); III
391,9; Ud 6,30—7,8 (Ud-a 80,20); ~ khīṇâsavā,
SN I 13,23* ≠ 146,13* = 19* (quoted Sās 18,10*);
235,22*; (bhikkhū) ~ khīnâsavā vusitavanto . . ., MN
I 477,6; 1143,14; SN I 71,10; IV 125,1; V 145,10;
AN IV 362,24; ~ khīṇâsavā dhotamalā vantakilesā
vusitavanto . . ., Mil 104,16-27; ye te ahesuṁ . . . ~
sammāsambuddhā, sabbe te bhagavanto . . ., DN III
99,17; 100,5; SN V 159,17—161,3; AN II 21,10; dve
~ sammāsambuddhā, AN I 27,39 (quoted Vibh 336,24,
Mil 236,28); MN III 65,15; tathāgatā ~ sammās°, Mil
187,18; (mayaṁ arahant' amha, Dhp-a III 202,2, see
below
); — (β) arahantā; ~ sata-koṭiyo, Bv VII 9;
mayaṁ ~ mayaṁ ~ (see v. l.), Dhp-a III 200,1 (cf.
202,2); Ja Il 413,2' (= 'arahanto'); Mhv-ṭ 29,24;
Sās 52,12; 53,1; 68,24; 69,12; — pl. acc. arahante:
Ap 6,14 (opp. sambuddhe); ~ upādāya bhaṇitaṁ, Mil
146,10; 147,28; ~ sītibhūte katakicce anāsave, SN I
178,28* (Spk); tathāgate ~ sammāsambuddhe āsāde-
tabbaṁ maññasi, DN III 24,25—26,10; — pl. instr.
arahantehi, SN III 104,26* (uddāna); asuññd loko ~
assa, DN II 151,23 (discussed Mil 130,21—133,25); ~
cittitaṁ, Bv XIII 34 (scil. pāvacanaṁ; Ee w. r. vici-
taṁ for cittitaṁ); ~ tādihi, Bv II 206 ≠ VIII 27 ≠
XII 29; pañcamattehi bhikkhusatehi sabbeh' eva ~,
SN I 26,10; 190,24; 194,27; Sās 6,12; 32,1; 110,2; —
pl. gen. (α) arahataṁ: Vism 457,6-11 (opp. sekha-
puthujjanānaṁ); aññataro ~ ahosi, DN I 177,9;
MN I 392,1; SN I 140,30 (Spk) ... 171,31; II 22,6;
III 36,11— 81,11; IV 38,27; AN I 282,28; Vin I 183,18,
etc, etc; piyā me 'si dhammo arahatām iva, DN II
265,19* (quoted Sadd 635,1); sādhu kho tathārūpānaṁ
~ dassanaṁ hoti, Vin III 1,21; DN I 88,2; Sn
p. 103,16; sāsanaṁ ~, Dhp 164; ~ vaco, SN I 6,3* =
200,20*; Pv 83; saddahāno ~ dhammaṁ, SN I 214,33*
= Sn 186; (obj.-gen.): saddahānā ~, It 112,1* (It-a
II 163,26-30; v. r. saddhātā(?) unmetrical); iti me ~
sutaṁ, SN I 208,(23*)27*; 209,2* (cf. Th 690, Sn 590);
~ anukaromi, AN I 211,23—212,29; — (β) arahantā-
naṁ; satam ~, AN IV 394,23; ~ vaṇṇena, Kv 622,19;
aggamaggasamaṅgīnaṁ ~, Yam I 183,24—186,10;
196,15 foll.; 1129,25 foll.; Yam I 190,28—196,1; Mil
208,21; n'atthi ~ satisammoso, Mil 266,5; n'atthi ~
bhayaṁ vā santāso vā, Mil 209,19; Spk I 205,25 (=
'arahataṁ'); ekasaṭṭhiyā ~, Dhp-a I 91,9; Sās 5,14;
47,28; 52,13; tathāgatānam ~ sammāsambuddhānaṁ,
DN III 24,23—26,12; Paṭis II 19,26; 225,18; Nidd II
141,21 (= dūrakilesānaṁ, Nidd-a); — pl. loc ara-
hantesu: ~ dhammikā rakkhâvaraṇagutti susaṁvihitā
bhavissati, AN IV 17,1 = DN II 75,10; ~ tādisu,
DN II 266,13* (Sv); ~ sammāsambuddhesu, SN V
160,9-15; tathāgatesu ~ sammās°, Paṭis II 19,19;
225,12; — in cpd.s: pañcahi arahanta-satehi, Sās 4,19,
etc; arahaṁ-jīvitā-voropita(r), AN II 234,36; ara-
had-dhaja (q. v.), etc;ifc v. ati-°, an-°, Cāṭi-°
(Vibh-a 475,32, quoted Ss 126,20), Pārohâ° (ib.),
manussa-° (Mp II 6,3 foll., quoted Ss 117,32).