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kāruñña,

n. and mfn. [cf. BHSD, SWTF s.v. kāruṇya, q.v.; prakr. kāruṇṇa, kārunna], 1. n., 1.a. compassion, pity for c. loc. or gen.; 1.b. misery; lamentation; 1.c. t. t. alaṁ­kāra,, the ṭhāyībhāva of the rasa “compassion“, one of the eight rasas, cf. karuṇā 2., q.v.; usually karuṇā as a rasa arises from the sthāyibhāva “śoka”, cf. Nāṭyaśāstra VI 17.61 foll.; 4; 2. mfn., miserable, pitiful;lex. lit.: da­yânu­kampā ~aṁ karuṇā ca anuddayā, Abh 160; — gramm. lit.: ṇyat­tatā … sakatthe… karuṇāy’eva ~aṁ, Rūp III 26 [387] (Be 1976 238,20) ≠ Pay V 59 (Be 1981 193,19); Kacc-v ad 263; ~aṁ … ākāsânañcaṁ, Mogg-v ad IV 59, (cf. ākā­sânañca, q.v.); Mogg-v ad IV 131; —1. exeg.: a. ~aṁ nāma karuṇā, Vmv II 263,7; anu­kampaṁ upādāyâti (A I 64,22) … ~aṁ anuddayaṁ paṭicca, Mp II 136,18; karuṇā­ya abhāvena ~aṁ … natthi, Ja V 180,26’; — b. ~an ti pari­deva­nakāruññaṁ, Sv-pṭ III 106,23 = Ps-pṭ III 299,6 (ad Ps IV 117,11); ~aṁ dīnabhāvaṁ dukkhita­bhāvaṁ, Ap-a 402,7; — ~ena maraṇavaṇṇaṁ, Vin III 79,14 (~aṁ uppādetvā, Sp 464,4); Devadattaṁ ~ena pab­bā­jesi, Mil 111,5; 108,26; attano sūrabhāvasan­nis­sitena ~ena naditvā, Sv 827,20 (ad sīhanādaṁ naditvā, D III 23,31; appathāmesu pāṇesu ~aṁ upatiṭṭhati, Sv-pṭ III 13,7); — sūkare mārentassa … mettacittaṁ vā ~aṁ vā natthi, Dhp-a I 128,6 = I2 108,7; na hi tumhākaṁ … nava­kesu bhikkhūsu ~am pi bhavissati, Vin II 199,19; na hi ~am pi bhavissati theramhi … vihesiyamānamhi, A III 194,23; me ~aṁ ahosi, Pv 66; manussasahassaṁ ghāten­tas­sa (sc. Aṅguli­mālassa) … ~aṁ nâhosi, Ps III 337,6; ekac­cānaṁ mahantaṁ ~aṁ ahosi, Ud-a 432,20; pas­san­tā­naṁ mahantaṁ ~aṁ hoti, Cp-a 184,33; maṁ disvā kisaṁ … ~aṁ akaraṁ mayi, Ja V 70,17* (ct. akari, cf. kar(a) 4.b.(i), q.v.); 504,20; tesu ~aṁ katvā, Ps II 168,16; tassa katvāna ~aṁ, Cp 201 (mahākaruṇāya, Cp-a 146,23); mama pitari ~aṁ katvā, Ja VI 243,3; so tassa (sc. corassa) ~aṁ katvā, Mil 110,24; vilapamānassa ~aṁ nâkāsi, 275,23; — mātā­pitun­naṁ ~aṁ uppajjati, Mp II 204,12 qu. It-a II 157,31; yasmā te ~aṁ uppannaṁ, Ps III 337,9; brāhmaṇe ~aṁ uppādetvā, Ja I 166,27; II 187,4; titthiyānaṁ lābhasak­kārahāniṁ nissāya ~aṁ uppādetvā, Ud-a 357,23; Cp-a 178,23; bhagavā ... ayācito sattesu ~aṁ uppādetvā, Bv-a 18,13; Ps II 81,27; Mp III 297,18; therā tasmiṁ ~aṁ uppādetvā, Dhp-a II 244,14; tassa ~aṁ uppā­de­tvā, Pv-a 4,31; Ap-a 419,23; so tasmiṁ purise ~aṁ yeva upaṭṭhā­peyya anuddayaṁ … anukampaṁ, A III 189,14 (3+4+4); evarūpesu ṭhānesu ~aṁ upaṭṭhāpetvā, Sp 865,2; rañño ~aṁ mettacittañ ca upaṭṭhāpetvā, Cp-a 263,20; ~aṁ ṭhapetabbaṁ, ~am … paṭicca āghāto vūpa­sam­mati, Vism 300,10 foll.; sattesu ~aṁ paṭicca uppan­naṁ dhammasaṁ­vegaṁ, Sp 507,25; Ps II 202,16; evarūpo puggalo na sevitabbo … aññatra anukampāya … tasmā … ~aṁ paṭic­ca, Dhp-a II 24,7; Ja I 330,31; bhagavā tassa ~ena tattha agamāsi, Ap-a 401,27; ~e, Vin V 192,33* (ud­dāna, cf. 190,27); — bhagavā … daṇḍakarapīlite manusse dis­vā ~vasena evaṁ cintesi, Spk I 180,32; tasmiṁ ~vasena, Ja V 229,7; Cp-a 86,34; — 1.b. parinibbānakālato adhi­kataraṁ ~aṁ ahosi, Sv 603,31 qu. Thūp 172,22.; pari­nib­bāna­diva­sato mahantataraṁ ~aṁ karissanti, Sv III 900,4 (parideva­kāruññaṁ, Sv-pṭ III 106,24) = Ps IV 117,11; taṁ ~aṁ passantesu (so read?) eko pi sabhāvena san­dhāretuṁ nâsakkhi, Ja VI 586,24’ = Cp-a 99,35; mahājano paridevi mahantaṁ ~am akāsi, 59,24; — ifc. para­ma‑°; pari­devana‑°;1.c. hāso ratī ca ~aṁ … thāyī­bhā­vā pakittitā, Abh-ṭ on Abh 104, cf. Subodh 361; — 2. ārodanasaddo … parinibbāṇe ārodanasaddato pi ~ataro ahosi, Dhp-a II 100,12; — °‑ghosa, m., cry of compassion (or: pitiable cry, cf. 586,24’? and °‑rava, q.v.); ghoso ti ~o, Ja VI 587,13’ (ad mahāghoso, 587,4*); — °‑jāta, mfn., having become compassionate; sīho … sigālaṁ palāya­mā­naṁ disvā ~o hutvā, Sv III 827,28; — °‑tā, f. [abstr. < kāruñ­ña; cf. BHSD s.v. kāruṇyatā], compassionate­ness;exeg.: ~âti karu­ṇābhāvo, Sp 1290,10; ~âti karuṇāya bhāvo ~ā, Bv-a 18,9; — ~ā hitesitā anu­kampitā āpattivuṭṭhānatā vinaya­purekkhāratā, Vin II 250,37 = V 190,27 (five quali­fi­cations necessary for a monk who intends to reprove an­other monk); uppajji ~ā sabbasatte, Bv I 1 2 (Bv-a 18,9); bha­gavā sattesu ca ~aṁ paṭicca, Vin I 6,24; D II 38,20; M I 169,6; S I 138,2; Sp 126,17; Sv 175,20; Spk I 37,10 (v.l. kāruññaṁ); Dhp-a III 127,16; Pj II 444,16; It-a II 85,9 etc.; ~āya na paṭisedhesi, Ps II 23,24; — ifc. a‑°; parama°‑ (Ud-a 289,1, so read); manussa‑°;°‑paridevita-sadda, m., the sound of miserable wailing; tassa ~ena sakala­vīthiyaṁ manussā sabbarattiṁ niddaṁ na labhanti, Spk I 350,8; — °‑(p)patta, mfn., having reached a miserable state, pitiful; karuṇaṁ rudāmîti ~o hutvā rudāmi, Ja II 343,13’ = Mp-ṭ I 98,8; nimmātāpitiko ~o jhāyati, Ja V 251,30’ (so read, cf. apitika, q.v.); kapaṇâti varākā (Ee so, cf. Vv-a 101,24; MS. B, Be vanibbakā) … ~ā, Pv-a 176,1; — ifc. parama‑°;°‑ppatti, f., the attainment of compassion; ~iyā, Ps III 337,5; — °‑ppavatti, f., the manifestation of compassion; attano ācariye ~iñ ca dassetvā, Sv-pṭ I 64,16; — °‑bhāva-pat­ta, mfn., having reached a miserable state; ~ā piloti­ka­ni­vāsanā bhikkhāya cariṁsu, Ja VI 69,20; — °‑bhāvita, mfn., developed by compassion; ~aṁ … ñāṇa­cakkhu, Moh 1,4*; — °-m-anuddayā, f., dv., compassion and mercy; sabbakilesesu ~ā na kātabbā, Mil 354,14; — °‑ra­va, m., a pitiable cry; caṇḍa­sotena vuyhanto ~aṁ viravi, Ja IV 256,9 = Cp-a 145,26; — °‑saṁhita, mfn., provided with misery; paridevesi bahuṁ ~aṁ, Ja VI 82,27* ≠ 84,30*; tesaṁ lālappa­mānānaṁ bahuṁ ~aṁ, 92,24*; — ifc. bahu-°;°‑sadda, m., a miserable sound; tassa ~aṁ su­tvā, Ja IV 256,16 (so read, cf. karuṇasaddaṁ, q.v.); — °‑sa­bhāva, m., the state of misery (the 7th of the 8 causes of earth­quakes); sattamo ~ena, Sv 559,32 (Sp-ṭ II 201,29); — °âkāra, m., sign of misery; devī rañño mahā­sam­pattiṁ dis­vā ~aṁ dassesi, Mp I 172,30 = Spk II 189,11 ≠ Pv-a 75,19 = Th-a III 128,15 qu. Ap-a 258,22; — °âdhiṭṭhāna-tā, f., the determination to practice com­pas­sion; ~āya pare­saṁ cittassa damakaṁ, Thī-a 247,11 (ad Thī 422); — °âdhip­pāya, mfn., intending to be compas­sio­nate; kiṁ­cit­to tvaṁ, bhikkhûti? ~o ahaṁ, bhagavâti. anāpatti … ~as­sâti, Vin III 62,32; Sp 383,15; — °ôpaṭṭhāna, n., appear­ance of compassion; aññatarassa purisassa … ~aṁ, Mp III 297,17.