Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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2kāraka,

m.(mostly)n., [ts.], (t. t. gramm.) participant in action; case-function (Sadd 5.1.1.1; Renou, Terminolo­gie: 127; E. Kahrs, JPTS XVII 1992: 1–212); — gramm. lit./exeg.: karotîti kattā, evaṁ ~o, ~aṁ vā … yattha kattu­kārakâdivācako tattha pulliṅgo pi hoti, yebhuyyena napuṁ­sa­kaliṅgo pi, yattha pana rajatakārakammakāralo­ha­kārâdivācako tattha pulliṅgo eva, Sadd 516,20; ~am iti kammakattu­bhāvā, te hi upacāramukhyasabhāvavasena karon­ti karaṇan ti ca ~âti [ca] vuccanti; te ca yathāk­kamaṁ kiriyānimittataṁsādhakataṁsabhāvâti veditabbā, 20,29–30 (transl. Kahrs, JPTS XVII 1992: 16); kammaṁ kattā ca bhāvo ca icc evaṁ ~ā tidhā, Sadd 20,33*; kiriyānimittaṁ ~aṁ, yaṁ sādhanasabhāvattā mukh­ya­vasena vā upacāravasena vā kiriyâbhi­nipphattiyā nimit­taṁ, taṁ vatthu ~aṁ nāma bhavati; mukhyôpacāra­vas­ena hi kiriyaṁ karotîti ~aṁ, Sadd. 691,1 foll. (transl. Kahrs, JPTS XVII 1992: 28); yo … kiriyaṁ kurute yo vā jāyati so ~o kattā nāma bhavati, 691,8; sattavidhāni sādhanāni honti, yāni ~ānîti pi vuccanti, 69,1; ~ as sixfold, excluding the functions of genitive and vocative (cf. °‑chakka, q.v.), na chaṭṭhīvihitattho ~aṁ, yathāmanta­ṇaṁ, Sadd 711,24; ~aṁ chabbidhaṁ, Rūp II 47 [329] (Be 1976 176,1*); ~ānaṁ hi chabbidhattam eva (porāṇehi) vuttaṁ, mayam pana … sāmino kārakabhāvo icchitabbo ti maññāma, Sadd 713,7; — yasmā vā apeti yasmā vā bhayaṁ jāyate yasmā vā ādatte taṁ ~aṁ apādānasaññaṁ hoti, Kacc 273; Sadd 701,17; vatt’-icchato hi ~āni honti, Mogg II 2; kattari karaṇe ca ~e tatiyā hoti, II 18; kattari ca ~e tatiyā vibhatti hoti, Kacc 290; tasmiṁ ~e, Mogg II 34; °vasena, Sadd 704,14; °‑bhāva-pari­dīpana, n., indication of being the doer; ~aṁ, Vibh-a 323,29 (Be w.r. kāraṇa°, cf. Vibh-trsl. II 106) (jhāna­bhāva­nāya kārako ti pari­dīpanaṁ ~aṁ, Vibh-mṭ 176,15); ifc.: see prec.