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kāya-kamma,

n. [Buddh. sa. kāyakarman, cf. SWTF, q.v.], a. bodily action (in contrast to vacī‑°, mano-kam­ma), cf. kāya­vacīkamma, q.v.; b. t. t. Vin in the classi­fi­ca­tion of the samuṭṭhānas, cf. O. v. Hinüber, JPTS XVI 1992: 55–69 and āpatti 1.d.(β), q.v.; — a. exeg.: kāyena ce kataṁ kammaṁ ~an ti vuccati kāyo ca ~añ ca añña­mañ­ñaṁ vavatthitā, As 85,21* foll. (qu. Aṭṭha­kathācariyā); tīṇi kusalamūlāni … viññāṇa­kkhandho taṁ­sam­uṭṭhānaṁ ~aṁ vacī­kammaṁ mano­kammaṁ, Dhs 981 = 1017 = 1294 ≠ Vibh 208 qu. As 346,14; ~aṁ citta­sam­uṭ­ṭhānaṁ cittena sahajātaṁ, Kv 416,31; na yathā cittassa ~aṁ, 416,7 foll. (vinā pi cittena ~aṁ pavattati, Moh 271,32); kusalaṁ ~aṁ manodvāre samuṭṭhāti, As 94,24; kāya­dvārapavattañ hi kammaṁ ~aṁ, 344,21; Moh 22,8; kāyato pavatte kāyena vā pavatte ~e, Nidd-a I 115,6; dāna­sīlâdi­kāya­kammānaṁ kāyadvāre pava­ttiyaṁ kam­maṁ ~am eva … vacīdvāre pavattiyaṁ kammaṁ ~am eva +, Moh 24,34; yā pana tasmiṁ dvāre (sc. kāyakam­ma­dvāre) siddhā cetanā yāya pāṇaṁ hanti … idaṁ ~aṁ, As 84,27; sahatthena pūjen­tassa pavattati tadā ~aṁ … āṇāpe­tvā pūjā­pentassa tadā vacī­kammaṁ … vaṇṇa­dānaṁ das­sāmîti cinteti tadā mano­kammaṁ, 77,22 foll.; Abhidh-s-mhṭ 133,1; suttaṁ … bhāsati idaṁ vacīkammaṁ, yaṁ añ­ja­liṁ paṇāmeti idaṁ ~aṁ, so manopasādo idaṁ mano­kam­maṁ Peṭ 168,20; ~aṁ cakkhuviññeyyaṁ ~unā pana sa­ha pavattaṁ oṭṭha­pa­rip­phan­danaṁ bhākuṭikaraṇaṁ +, Ps-pṭ I 252,5; ~an ti saka­la­liṅgadhāraṇapaṭipadânu­yog­âbhi­vāda­napaccupaṭ­ṭhā­nâñ­jali­kam­mâdikāyakammaṁ, Paṭis-a 442,13; kāyaviñ­ñat­ti­saṅ­khāte kāyadvāre bāhulla­vuttito ~aṁ, Abhidh-s 25,6 (Abhidh-s-mhṭ 132,26 foll.); ~aṁ sanidassanaṁ, Kv 334,8 (Kv-a 93,12 foll.); — samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā ~aṁ pari­sodhesuṁ +, M I 420,2; yaṁ … ahaṁ idaṁ kāyena kam­maṁ kattukāmo, idaṁ me ~aṁ attabyābādhāya pi saṁ­vatteyya +, 415,27 (cf. appiyaṁ ~aṁ, Ps III 129,13); byāpādo manoduccaritaṁ ~aṁ upaṭṭhapeti, Peṭ 39,17; ~assa uppajjanaṭṭhānan (As 85,4) ti taṁsaha­jātā viññatti yeva vuccati, As-mṭ 74,24; — pañc’ime … phāsuvihārā … mettaṁ ~aṁ paccuppaṭṭhitaṁ +, A III 132,11 (metta­cit­tena pavattitaṁ ~aṁ, Mp III 279,6); cha sārāṇīyā dhammā … bhikkhuno mettaṁ ~aṁ paccupaṭṭhi­taṁ hoti sabrahma­cārīsu … vacī‑°, mano‑°, D III 245,10 foll. ≠ A III 288,22 (mettena cittena kātabbaṁ ~aṁ, Mp III 338,7); Vin I 351,26 = M I 206,22 (mettacittavasena pavattaṁ ~aṁ, Ps II 239,18) = III 156,15; Vin V 92,28 (mettacittena kataṁ ~aṁ … sammukhā mettaṁ ~aṁ … parammukhā mettaṁ ~aṁ, Sp 1316,9 foll.; bhikkhūnañ hi mettacittena ācari­yu­paj­jhāyavattâdiābhisamācārika­dham­ma­pūraṇaṁ met­taṁ ~aṁ, Sp-ṭ III 459,2); bhikkhū mettaṁ ~aṁ paccu­paṭ­ṭhā­pes­santi sa­brahmacārīsu, D II 80,9 (mettacittena kattab­baṁ ~aṁ, Sv 531,24; mettaṁ cittaṁ, taṁsamuṭṭhānaṁ ~aṁ, Sv-pṭ II 169,4) = M I 322,8 (mettacittena kātabbaṁ kam­maṁ, Ps II 395,2); dīgha­rattaṁ kho te … tathāgato paccuppaṭṭhito ~ena mettena hitena +, D II 144,16 (metta­cit­tavasena pavattitena mukha­dhovanâdidānena ~ena, Sv 584,27); Th 1044; samaṇa­­brāhmaṇā paccuppaṭṭhitabbā mettena ~ena +, D III 191,15 (katāni ~âdīni … vihāra­gama­naṁ … piṭṭhipari­kam­ma­pāda­parikammâdikaraṇañ ca mettaṁ ~aṁ, Sv 957,9 foll.); — natthi tathāgatassa kāya­duccaritaṁ (D III 217,9) … sabbaṁ ~aṁ buddhassa bhaga­vato ñāṇânu­parivatti … vacī‑°, mano‑°, Sv 994,7 foll. (bhagavato sabbaṁ ~aṁ ñāṇa­pubbaṅgamaṁ ñāṇânu­pari­vatti, Sv-pṭ III 257,12); Nidd I 178,21 = Paṭis II 195,4 = Nett 17,25 qu. Th-a III 10,34; kāyaviññattivasena pavattaṁ akusalaṁ ~aṁ kāyadu­ccaritaṁ, Sp-ṭ I 403,9; kāyaduccaritan ti pāṇâtipātâdi ti­vidhaṁ akusalaṁ ~aṁ, Mp II 91,4 foll.; ~aṁ vacīkammaṁ ājīvo parisuddho, M III 289,7 qu. Kv 601,11 (cf. Ps V 104,4) = Vism 11,33 = Vibh-a 123,12; Sv 181,2 (qu. M II 27,3); kāyindriya­saṁ­varo ~an ti, Kv 463,10; dhammikaṁ rakkhâva­raṇaguttiṁ saṁvidahati ~asmiṁ, A I 110,13; citte rakkhite taṁ rak­khi­taṁ bhavati ~aṁ, Nett 109,2; citte arakkhite ~am pi arakkhitaṁ, A I 262,3 qu. As 68,28; — ariyasāvako an­avaj­jena ~ena samannāgato +, A II 69,30; santaṁ yeva kāya­kammaṁ vacī‑°, mano‑°, I 65,27; °âdīnaṁ santatāya santo, Ja I 131,27´; padakkhiṇaṁ ~aṁ, A I 294,26* (vaḍ­ḍhi­kāya­kammaṁ, Mp II 383,8); saṇho (Sn 853) ti saṇhena ~ena samannāgato, Nidd I 234,6 (apharusena mudunā ~ena, Nidd-a I 340,2); puggalo sāvajjena ~ena samannā­gato, A II 135,26 qu. Pp 41,2 (Pp-a 222,13); hīnā narâti (Sn 776) hīnena ~ena samannā­gatā, Nidd I 48,4; pāpa­bhik­khu visamena ~ena samannāgato, A I 154,20 (sapak­kha­la­naṭṭhena visa­mena kāyadvārikakammena, Mp II 254,20); visamaṁ ~aṁ visaman ti jāneyya, Nidd I 41,2 (on Sn 775); visame niviṭṭhâti visame ~e, 37,27 (on Sn 774; Nidd-a I 115,6); Pj II 287,1 (on Sn 243); visamaṁ ~aṁ abhiruhati, Nidd I 145,29 (kāyaduccaritasaṅkhā­taṁ visamaṁ ~aṁ, Nidd-a I 272,9); Ja IV 67,11´; pāṇâtipātī … tassa jimhaṁ ~aṁ … pāṇâtipātaṁ pahāya … ujuṁ ~aṁ, A V 289,4–290,18; (sīvathi­kûpamo) puggalo asucinā ~ena sam­annāgato, III 269,1; ~aṁ suci nesaṁ … tena me sama­ṇā piyā, Thī 277 ≠ Dhp-a III 467,22*; sucīhi ca °âdīhi samannā­gatassa, Ps I 179,10; kāmôdhinā rahitaṁ … ~aṁ +, Ja IV 174,17´; °âdīsu aparā­dhara­hitaṁ, VI 477,17´ (so read with Be, Ce [SHB]; Ee kāyikak°); — bhikkhū bhattagge … vivādâpannā añña­maññaṁ ananu­lomikaṁ ~aṁ vacīkammaṁ upadaṁsenti, Vin I 341,3 (kāyena paha­rantā, Sp 1150,3); tassa (sc. amittassa) ~am pi vacī­kam­mam pi na roceti, Ja II 132,4´; isayo … na pharu­sa­va­ca­nehi ~ena vā ghaṭṭento upa­gaccheyya, V 272,31´ (Be °vacanena); ty (sc. te sabrahma­cārino) assa bahu­laṁ manā­pen’eva ~ena samudācaranti appaṁ amanāpena, A III 33,20; — katame ca, thapati, akusa­la­sīlā? akusalaṁ ~aṁ +, M II 26,10 qu. Sv 182,2 ≠ It-a I 104,2 (reading gahapati for thapati); kāyaduccaritaṁ … akusala­kāya­sañ­cetanā akusalaṁ ~aṁ, Vibh 364,8; tividhā … kāya­sañ­cetanā akusalaṁ ~aṁ dukhu­drayaṁ, Kv 393,24 qu. As 88,24 (Ee w.r. dukkhindri­yaṁ; on °udraya cf. O. v. Hin­über, Selec­ted Papers 22005: 154); — tīṇi kammāni … paññā­pemi … pāpassa kammassa pavat­tiyā seyyathīdaṁ ~aṁ vacī‑° mano‑°, M I 373,10, (vīsaticetanā ~aṁ, Ps III 53,20); cf. Rem.; na hi bhagavā evaṁ vadeyya: moghaṁ ~aṁ moghaṁ vacī‑° mano‑° eva saccaṁ, III 207,15; mic­chādiṭṭhikassa … purisa­puggalassa yañ c’eva ~aṁ yathā­diṭ­ṭhi­samattaṁ, A I 32,6 (yathādiṭṭhiyaṁ ṭhitakāyakam­maṁ diṭṭhisahajāta­kāya­kam­maṁ diṭṭhânulomikakāya­kam­man ti ti­vidhaṁ, Mp II 24,23 foll.; Mp-ṭ III 36,6 foll.) qu. Paṭis I 140,22 = Kv 506,25 ≠ A V 212,24; micchādiṭ­ṭhîti (S V 1,15) … ~aṁ micchâjīvo nāma, Spk III 116,30; micchākammāni (It 59,24*) … pāṇâtipātavasena ~āni, It-a II 40,3; ñātako … bahujanâhitāya … ananulomike ~e sam­ādapeti +, A I 106,6 (pāṇâti­pātâdimhi kāyaduccarite, Mp II 172,9); yoginā yogâvacarena ~aṁ + … divase divase paccavek­khi­tabbaṁ, Mil 391,28; atthi … °âdīsu koci doso ti pacca­vekkhanto, Dhp-a I 251,17; — b. exeg.: kāya­dvārena samuṭṭhānato ~aṁ Sp 271,28; kāyadvāre āpaj­jitabbā (sc. āpattiyo) ~an ti vuccati, Kkh(2) 38,11; kāyena āpajjatîti (qu. Vin V 118,6; ct. kāyadvārikaṁ kāyena āpaj­jati, Sp 1323,33) kāyena saviññattikena akattabbaṁ katvā ekaccaṁ āpajjati, aviññattikena kattabbaṁ akatvā āpajjati, tadubha­yam pi ~aṁ, Vjb 559,4 foll. = 107,16 foll. (on pa­kiṇ­ṇa­kaṁ, Sp 270,16 foll.), cf. Sv 993,6 foll.; atthi sikkhā­padaṁ ~aṁ atthi vacīkammaṁ. tattha yaṁ kāya­dvāri­kaṁ taṁ ~aṁ Sp 271,3 (Vmv I 150,6); sabbā câpattiyo kamma­vasena tividhā siyuṁ ~aṁ vacī­kammaṁ tathā tad­u­bhayam pi ca, Utt-vn 866; pāṇâtipātâdayo ~aṁ … jāta­rūpa­rajatappaṭiggaha­naṁ pana ~aṁ vā siyā vacī­kammaṁ vā, Pj I 35,22; — sacittakaṁ lokavajjaṁ ~aṁ vacī­kam­maṁ akusalacittaṁ, Sp 463,25 = Kkh(2) 40,17; acittakaṁ paṇṇattivajjaṁ ~aṁ vacīkam­maṁ ticittaṁ tiveda­naṁ, Sp 574,22; akiriyaṁ … loka­vajjaṁ ~aṁ vacī­kammaṁ, 611,8; Vin-vn 434; sacittakaṁ lokavajjaṁ ~aṁ vacīkam­maṁ, Sp 740,8 (kāyavikāra­mattena pi oma­sa­nasam­bhava­to … ~an ti, Vmv II 3,11); nosaññā­vi­mok­khaṁ acittakaṁ paṇṇattivajjaṁ ~aṁ vacī­kammaṁ ti­cittaṁ tivedanaṁ, Sp 864,8 (pari­bhogo ettha ~aṁ, apaccud­dhāra­ṇaṁ vacīkam­maṁ, Vjb 330,9; Sp-ṭ III 82,12); saha­kam­ma­vācāyâti (Sv 979,15) … āpatti­vuṭ­ṭhānaṁ … paññat­ti­lak­khaṇaṁ ~aṁ vacī­kam­maṁ vā, Sv-pṭ III 230,24; — vācā ~assa upa­kārikā, Sv 315,22 (Ee w.r. sammāvācā) = Vibh-a 116,7 qu. Paṭis-a 163,33; sāhatthikâṇattike vacī­kammaṁ … ~assa upa­nissayaṁ jā­taṁ, cittaṁ viya tattha aṅgam eva jātaṁ, Vjb 140,26 (on Sp 373,22, cf. 304,12); — ifc. kusala‑°; ṭhita‑°; diṭṭhânu­lomika‑°; diṭṭhi-saha­jāta‑°; pavatta‑°; metta‑°; vaḍḍhi‑°; vutta‑°; — °‑ññatā, f., adaptability, wieldi­ness (Ñm) of the body; ~ā hoti citta­kam­maññatā, Dhs 1 = 147; katamā … ~ā? … vedanā­khan­dhassa sañ­ñā­khan­dhassa saṅkhārak­khan­dhassa kam­mañ­ñatā +, Dhs 46 = 326 (kāyassa kammaññabhāvo, As 130,28) qu. Abhidh­-s 6,18 (Abhidh-s-mhṭ 85,20); kāya­cittānaṁ akammañña­bhāva­vupa­sama­lak­khaṇā ~ā citta­kam­maññatā ca, Moh 15,27; kāya­kammaññabhāvo ~ā, Vism 465,35; — °‑dvāra, n., door of bodily action, cf. kāya­dvāra, q.v.; kāyakam­massa uppajjanaṭṭhānaṁ ~an ti, As 85,4 tīṇi kamma­dvārāni … ~aṁ, vacī‑°, mano‑° … ~an ti … citta­sam­uṭ­ṭhā­ne­su pana aṭṭhasu rūpesu ekā viññatti, 82,3–22; kāya­kam­maṁ pana ~amhi bahulaṁ pavattati, 85,35; — ~‑kathā, f., title of As 82,11–86,3; ~ā, As 86,4; ~‑kathā-vaṇṇanā, f., title of As-mṭ 72,1–75,7; As-mṭ 75,8;— °(´)‑anta, m. [Buddh. sa. kāya-karmānta, cf. SWTF q. v.], bodily action; ~ena, Ps I 113,28; A V 292,23 (Mp V 77,2); — ifc. aparisuddha‑°; avassuta‑°; sāvajja‑°; — ~‑vāra-kathā, f., title of Ps I 113,8–114,23; ~ā, Ps I 114,23; — ~vārakathā-vaṇṇanā, f., title of Ps-pṭ I 210,1–212,15; Ps-pṭ I 212,16; — ~‑sadisa, mfn., as in the para­graph on bodily action, i.e. Ps I 114,3 foll.; ti ~aṁ vitthāre­tabbaṁ, Ps I 116,26; — ~‑sandosa-vyāpatti, f. [Buddh. sa. kāyakarma-vipatti, cf. SWTF q. v.], ruinous conduct by defilement of bodily action; tividhā ~i, A V 292,12 (kāyakammasaṁ­khātā vi­pat­ti, Mp V 77,2), i.e. indulging in pāṇâtipāta, adin­nâ­dāna, kāmesu micchācāra; — ~‑sampatti, f., accomp­lish­ment in bodily action; tividhā ~i, A V 295,2, i.e. aban­doning pāṇâtipāta, adinnâdāna, kāmesu micchā­cāra, cf. Peṭ 70,17 foll.; — °‑paccaya, m., bodily action as con­di­tion; ~ena, Mp III 175,10; — °‑pāri­suddhi, f., purity of bodily action; tisso … pārisuddhiyo ~i +, Peṭ 10,15, cf. A V 295,3; — °‑bhāva, m., the being bodily action; ~o, As 86,1; Abhidh-s-mhṭ 133,11; — °‑vacī-kamma, n. [Buddh. sa. kāyakarma-vākkarman, cf. SWTF q. v.], bodily and verbal action, cf. kāya-vacī­kamma, q.v.; ~ena samannā­gato kusalena, D I 63,16 (ācāra­gocara-gahaṇen’eva kusale ~e gahite pi, Sv 181,25; Sv-pṭ I 312,28) = 171,28 ≠ Nett 185,5 (Nett-a 263,14 foll.); ~āni nāma paresaṁ pākaṭāni … mano­kammaṁ pana apākaṭaṁ, Sp 952,17 = Ps II 173,10 = Mp III 23,8 qu. Ud-a 26,6; kittake pana ṭhāne ~āni … sodhetabbāni, Ps III 129,8; ~āni kamman ti laddhi, Spk II 342,18 (on S III 211,22); — t. t. Vin.: one of the samuṭṭhānas, cf. s. v. kāya­kamma b., q.v., Ee often w. r. °kammaṁ vacī°: ubhayattha (sc. kāyadvāre, vacīdvāre) āpajjitabbā (sc. āpatti) ~añ ca, Kkh(2) 38,13 (so read, qu. Sp-ṭ II 97,25); Vmv I 150,11; ~aṁ Sp 668,16; 732,14; — ~‑mano­kamma, n., bodily, verbal and mental action; ~assa nirodhā vimutti, S IV 132,24; ~āni duccarita­vasena vibhattāni, Nidd-a I 115,8; — ~‑vipphandita-vinayana, mfn., dis­pel­ling the misconduct by bodily and verbal action; ~aṁ Vina­ya­piṭakaṁ pakāsesi, Sp 103,22 (kāya­dvāresu ajjhā­cāra­vasena pavattassa kilesa­vipphandi­tas­sa vinayana­karaṁ, Sp-ṭ I 188,3); — °âdhiṭṭhāna, n., expres­sion in terms of bodily action (Ñm); katamaṁ suttâdhiṭ­ṭhānaṁ (so read, Peṭ-trsl 77, n. 194/1)? … + ~aṁ + …, Peṭ 60,3–5; 69,18; khīṇâsavassa kathaṁ kāyo na hoti: na tassa ~an ti, Spk-pṭ II 70,18 (on Spk II 58,28). — Rem.: The Buddhist term kāyakamma corresponds and is opposed to the Jain term kāyadaṇḍa, q.v., as discussed in the Upāli­suttanta, M I 372,8–373,28.