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1

kassapa

, m. , Npr.; name of the 24th Buddha, the
3rd in the
Bhaddakappa, and the immediate predeces-
sor of the
Buddha Gotama, cf. R. GOMBRICH, The sig-
nificance of the former
Buddhas, in: Buddhist Studies in
Honour of
W. RAHULA, 1980: 62-72; O. v. HINÜBER,
JPTS XXII, 1996: 46 n. 19; J. PH. VOGEL, The past Bud-
dhas and Kāśyapa in Indian Art and Epigraphy, in:
Asiatica. Festschr.
F. Weller, 1954: 808-816, cf. also
for an unlikely astronomical interpretation:
G. v. SIM-
SON, StII 7, 1981: 77-91; — main sources for ~s story
are: Bv XXV 1-52 (Bv-a 263,1-270,29); D II 7,22-26; S II
9,28; cf. Mp I 103,22-104,4; 168,2-169,15; II 308,13-16; —
~ was born at Setavya (Mp III 75,24) into a brahmin
family
(father: Brahmadatta, mother: Dhanavatī) when
Kikī was king in Benares (D II 7,22-26; Bv XXV 33 foll);
his wife was
Sunandā (Sv 422,29*; Bv XXV 36), his son
Vijita (Sv 422,27*; Bv XXV 36); ~ left home in a flying
palace
(Sv 423,5-12); his bodhi tree is the nigrodha (Sp
99,6); his first sermon was held in Isipatana, his chief
disciples were the monks
Tissa and Bharadvāja (S II
192,10-14) and the nuns Anulā and Uruvelā (Bv XXV
37-40); he was 20 cubits high (Bv-a 268,2), lived for
20.000 years
(Bv XXV 43; Sp 190,28; Ps II 123,2) and
died at
Setavya (Bv XXV 52), as he was a long living
Buddha
(dīghāyuka, Ps II 122,14), his relics could not
be split
(ekaghanaṁ dhātusarīraṁ, Ps II 122,15) and
only one stūpa was constructed over his relics
(Sv 580,3-
29; Spk II 238,8-18; Bv-a 270,15-20; Vv-a 147,5), for
which purpose money was collected all over
Jambudīpa
(Ps II 122,35-123,10); — during ~'s times the uposa-
tha was held every 6 months only (Mp I 261,6 foll.; Th-a
I 65,17 foll.; Dhp-a III 236,21 foll); the teachings of ~
(Sv 273,32; Mp II 314,10; Pj II 228,25; 280,20) lasted for
a long time
(Vin III 8,36-9,20) before they came to an end
(Sp 171,19; Ud-a 287,4); — the Vedic ṛṣis conceived
their mantras originally in accordance with the teachings
of
~ (Sv 273,29-33 = Ps III 425,4-9), cf. 6Kassapa, q.v.;
the bodhisatta Gotama was Jotipāla during ~'s life-
time
(M II 45,1-54,22: 81. Ghaṭīkara-s; Ap 299,7 qu.
Ud-a 265,23*; Kv 286,18-290,30 [Kv-a 78,3 foll]); dif-
ferent disciples of the
Buddha Gotama lived during ~'s
times, cf.
PPN s.v. 1. Kassapa; some Jātakas are dated
to his time:
O. v. HINÜBER, Entstehung und Aufbau der
Jātaka-Sammlung.
AWL 1998, Nr. 7: 63; amhākaṁ
kira bhagavato pubbe va asmiṁ bhaddakappe ~o
... udapādi, Ras 2,30 (I 1); — Ceylon was called Maṇ-
ḍadīpa and was ruled by King Jayanta, when ~ lived
and visited the island
(Sp 87,12-23).