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karuṇā

, f. [Amg. karuṇā; sa. kar[ū/u]ṇa-, EWA-2 s.v.],
1. compassion, pity; 2. the rasa "compassion"; — 1. lex.
lit.:
~ā ca anuddayā, Abh 160; — gramm. lit.: Mogg
VII 101; kaṁ sukhaṁ rundhati, Sadd 238,5; 873,16-24;
exeg.: yā sattesu ~ā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṁ
karuṇācetovimutti, ayaṁ vuccati ~ā, Vibh 273,39;
paradukkhe sati sādhūnaṁ hadayakapanaṁ karotī
ti ~ā, kiṇāti vā parassa dukkhaṁ hiṁsati vināsetī ti
~ā, kirīyati vā dukkhitesu pharaṇavasena pasārīyati
ti ~ā, Vism 318,1 foll. ≠ As 192,33 foll. qu. Abhidh-av
21,21 foll. = Moh 17,7 foll. ≠ Abhidh-s-mhṭ 86,13 (ad
Abhidh-s 6,23); — ~ā, Vin II 252,6* (uddāna, ref. to
Vin II 250,36); — one of the four brahmavihāras, q.v.;
cf. also
Yogasūtra I 33; mettaṁ upekhaṁ ~aṁ vi-
muttiṁ āsevamāno muditañ ca, Sn 73 (Nidd II
142,21 = Be 248,26; ahitadukkhāpanayanakāmatā, Pj
II 128,6 ≠ Abhidh-s-mhṭ 198,22) qu. Ap 12,25; mettaṁ
~aṁ, muditaṁ, upekkhaṁ bhāvetvā labhati ajjhat-
taṁ vūpasamaṁ, M I 284,1; 424,29; S V 131,23; Ja I
48,3; 417,21; catasso appamaññāyo: mettā ~ā muditā
upekkhā, Vibh 276,39; Abhidh-s 45,25 (Abhidh-s-mhṭ
198,22); dutiyo ca vihāro ... cattāro iddhipādā ca ~ā
ca appamāṇaṁ, Peṭ 248,7; yathā mahābrahmuno ca-
tasso bhāvanā avijahitā honti: mettā ~ā muditā u-
pekkhā ti, evam eva mātāpitunnaṁ, Mp II 204,4 qu.
It-a II 157,24; vinassante pana loke ... devatā ... āro-
centi: na idaṁ ṭhānaṁ sassataṁ, mettaṁ ~aṁ + ...
bhāvetha, Mp IV 51,10; Spk I 130,25; mettā ... ~ā mu-
ditā upekkhā bhāvetabbā, catusu brahmavihāresu
kammam kātabbam eva, Ja II 61,12; — yasmiṁ ...
puggale āghāto jāyetha, mettā tasmiṁ puggale bhā-
vetabbā ... ~ā ... upekkhā ...asati ... kammassaka-
tā, A III 185,17 (pañca āghātapaṭivinayā: 185,11-
186,11; Mp III 294,16); Sp 113,28; — ~aṁ jhānaṁ
jhāyati, D II 237,15 foll. (~āya tikacatukkajjhānaṁ
jhāyi, Sv 663,23 [Sv-pṭ II 289,10] ad D II 239,20); pa-
ṭhame jhāne ... ~ā ca muditā cā ti cha yevāpanakā,
Moh 27,27 (cf. As 132,15); 334,22 (cf. As 132,10);
Abhidh-av 30,16; — yaṁ ~āya bhāvitāya bahulīka-
tāya + , D I 248,18; mettā ... ~ā hi kho me cetovimut-
tibhavita ... mudita ... upekkha... animitta ... asmi
ti kho me ..., A III 291,4 (cha nissāraṇīyā dhātuyo:
290,21-292,28); I 38,28 (Mp II 41,24); Paṭis I 8,7; yā sat-
tesu ~ā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṁ ~ā cetovimutti:
ayaṁ vuccati avihiṁsādhātu, Vibh 87,3 (Vibh-a
75,22) qu. Spk II 138,9; vihiṁsāya anantarā ~ā uppaj-
jati, Kv 492,2; ahiṁsāyā (S I 208,15*) ti ~āya c' eva
karuṇāpubbabhāge ca, Spk I 305,13 ≠ Mp II 250,30
(cf. Vibh 87,3); ~āya bhāvitattāya sattā appaṭikūlā
honti, Paṭis II 39,21; idaṁ cittaṁ imāya ~āya sa-
hagataṁ hoti, Vibh 274,26; avasesā dhamma ~āya
sampayuttā, 278,6; mettāya pārisuddhiyā ṭhito, ~ā-
ya muditāya upekkhāya pārisuddhiyā ṭhito, accan-
tapārisuddhiyā ... akammaññatāya, Nidd I 21,22 =
460,20; tapo bahulīkato ~aṁ paripūreti, Nett 121,29;
alobho ... mettā ... yadā ~ā sīlaṁ hoti, tadā itare
dve tadanvāyikā honti, It-a II 94,10; — Piyadassī ...
sambuddho ... satte ... ~āya pharī tadā, Ap 351,29;
Vibh 273,36; n' atthi buddhassa bhagavato ~ā?, Kv
561,30 (rāgo va ~ā nāma, Moh 275,10); purimena
~āya upagamanaṁ, pacchimena paññāya apagama-
naṁ, Sp 109,31; paññāya sayaṁ tarati, ~āya pare
tāreti, It-a I 15,27 = Cp-a 289,28 = Sv-pṭ I 93,14; ~ā
viya sattesu paññā yassa mahesino, As 1,3*; — doso
mettāya ca ~āya ca ... abbhatthaṁ gacchati, Nett
44,7; mettā ca ~ā ca appaṇihitaṁ vimokkhamu-
khaṁ, 124,1; ujumaggaṁ samārūḷho mettāya ~āya
ca, Ja I 334,10* (tikacatukkajjhānikāhi mettākaru-
ṇāhi, 334,14', cf. Sv 668,34); ~āya paribhāvitaṁ mā-
nusivācaṁ bhāsati, Ja II 129,13; ~ā ca n' atthi amhe-
su, V 180,21* (~āya abhāvena kāruññaṁ vā n' atthi,
180,26'; ~āya sañcoditamānasā, Thī-a (1998) 195,18;
~āya taṁ na māresi, As 273,28; mahāvāṭe patitaṁ ...
manussaṁ ... ukkhippiṁ ~āyâhaṁ, Ras I 3:7; ~aṁ
dūrato katvā ... yamadūte tadā disvā, Saddh 287;
ifc. a-° (Mhbv 85,9*); ati-°; ananta-° (~-pañña,
Abhidh-av 1,4); asama-°; nik-° (Ud-a 289,18; Ja VI
215,8'; ~-atimāni[n], Sn 244); dayā-° (~-âdi, Ap-a
204,8); paññā-° (Cp-a 290,8); mahā-° (Paṭis I 126,23;
Ud-a 328,30; ~-yoga, It-a I 13,32; ~-samāpatti, Mp I
150,1); mettā-° (Ja I 334,14); sa-° (Ap 530,8); — 2.
siṅgāra-hassa-~ā, Subodh 454, cf. karuṇārasa, q.v.[[side 297]]