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karaṇa

, n., [ts.], (t.t.gr.) the instrument (kāraka); cf.
RENOU, Terminologie, s.v.; Sadd 5.1.1.3; — lex. lit.:
~aṁ sādhakatame, Abh 901; — gramm. lit.: yena vā
kayirate taṁ ~aṁ, Kacc 281 = Rūp 82; ~e tatiyā,
Rūp 83 qu. Sadd 718,4; Sadd 60,8-32; 734,32-735,21; —
sīlakkhandhe ti bhummena niddeso kato, attho pa-
na °-vasen' eva veditabbo, Vism 514,27 = Vibh-a
91,4; na vo mama santike vatthabban ti ādisu ~e, Ps
I 18,19 qu. It-a I 40,5; — in exeg. of ekaṁ samayaṁ (cf.
karaṇattha, q.v): taṁ taṁ attham avekkhitvā
bhummena ~ena ca aññatra samayo vutto upayo-
gena so idhā ti, Sv 33,27* = Ps I 9,31* = Spk I 11,32* =
Mp I 13,25* qu. Paṭis-a 531,25*.