Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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1

karaṇa

, n. [ts.; cf. kāraṇa], 1.a. act; action; b. the act
of performing, e.g., the various proceedings of the

saṅgha; v. kamma; syn. kiriyā; 2. (medical) treatment;
3.a. the act of placing, putting (smth upon smth, with
loc
); b. (with ekato) putting together, combining; 4.a.
the act of making; b. producing; c. constructing, build-
ing;
d. preparing; 5. reason; — 1.a. na imaṁ mahiṁ
arahati pāṇikappaṁ samaṁ manusso ~āya-m-eko,
Ja III 172,24* (173,10; 173,8*; ~aṁ (v.l kār°) sabbaṁ
rañño ārocitaṁ mayā, Cp 204 (Cp-a 150,14); yathā
vihārassa upavane rukkhe na chindanti ... pokkha-[[side 282]]
raṇīsu macche na gaṇhanti evaṁ ~aṁ dhammikā
rakkhâvaraṇagutti nāma, Sv 521,3 = Mp IV 14,1; so
(scil. payogo) kāyena vā kāyapaṭibaddhena vācāya
vā paraṁ visaṁvādakakiriyāya ~e daṭṭhabbo, Sv
73,1 (cf. Ps I 200,19); pabbajitakālato paṭṭhāya evaṁ
~aṁ nāma na yuttarṇ, Dhp-a III 274,20; uccārapas-
sāvakamme ti uccārassa ca passāvassa ca ~e, Sv
201,22 = Vibh-a 362,27; — anādariyaṁ paṭicca udake
uccāraṁ vā passāvaṁ vā khelaṁ vā -an ti, Vin V
225,9 (cf. IV 206,22); — 1.b. in formulaic statements:
yassâyasmato khamati pavāraṇāsaṅgahassa ~aṁ,
Vin I 177,29; yassâyasmato khamati tassa vatthussa
vūpasamāya saṅghasāmaggiyā ~aṁ, 357,34; yassâ-
yasmato khamati Channassa bhikkhuno āpattiyā a-
dassane ukkhapaniyassa kammassa ~aṁ asambho-
gaṁ saṅghena, II 21,35; — yā yebhuyyasikāya kam-
massa kiriyā ~aṁ +, 97,34; V 156,23,27 (Sp 1359,5
foll.); ñattiyā ~aṁ na jānāti, 130,28 = 139,2; kammas-
sa ~aṁ na jānāti 185,36 (= idaṁ kammaṁ imina ni-
hārena kātabban ti na jānāti, Sp 1373,15); 186,22 (Sp
1373,35); pane' imāni bhikkhave dhammikāni tassa-
pāpiyyasikākammassa ~āni: asuci ca hoti alajjī ca +,
II 86,2 foll.; sabbassāp' etassa kiccassa ~e sahaja-
vanakāni vīthicittāni paṭikkhittāni, Vibh-a 405,35; —
2. viruddhagabbhakaraṇan ti viruddhassa vinassa-
mānassa gabbhassa ~aṁ puna avināsāya osadha-
dānan ti attho, Sv 96,23 (ad D I 11,19); — 3.a. tassa sī-
se bhāraṁ khandhe °âdīsu pi pārājikaṁ, Sp 352,9
foll.; — b. yathā vā bhesajjānaṁ vā telānaṁ vā uṇ-
hodakasītodakānaṁ vā ekato -am modanā ti vuc-
cati evam ayam pi dhammānam ekato ~ena moda-
nā, As 143,16; — 4.a. navaṁ nāma ~aṁ upādāya
vuccati, Vin III 226,29 = IV 168,28; pādakathalika-
sammajjani-ādīnaṁ -an ti, Sv 528,19 ≠ It-a II 67,35;
na ... bhajjanâdīnaṁ ~e vā kārāpane vā viseso at-
thi, Sp 923,24; — 4.b. attano phalassa ~ato saṅkha-
raṇato saṅkhāro ti vutto, Sv 976,19; — 4.c. kuṭikāya
~aṁ paṭikkhipi, Sp 289,2; vidito vo adhippāyo thū-
passa ~e mayā, Mhv XVII 4; dhātuthūpassa ~e rājā
turitamānaso bahū manusse yojetvā, 37; — 4.d.
yāgubhattapacanakalâdīni anatikkamitvā tassa tas-
sa sādhukaṁ ~e suṭṭhusaṁvihitakammantā, Sv
955,31; — 5. iti pi Bhagavā ti imina ca imina ca ~enā
ti vuttaṁ hoti, Sv 146,9; ārakattā arīnaṁ + ... imehi
tāva ~ehi (Be kār°) so Bhagavā arahan ti veditabbo
ti, 146,11 = Mp I 112,16 (kār°); — ifc. a-°; akattabba-°
(Vism 683,28); akātabba-° (Sv 267,20); acakkhu-°;
añjali-
° (~-âdi, Sv 850,1; Mp II 178,24; ~-matta, Mp
II 290,30); aññāṇa-°; aṭṭa-°; atitti-° (Sv 281,32); atta-
hita-dhamma-
° (Sv 249,30); attha-°; adāliddiya-°
(~-ṭṭha, Mp IV 1,18); adhi-°; anaṭṭhita-° (Vibh-a
468,23); anattha-°; anāpucchā-° (Mp II 155,30); anu-
paccheda-
° (Vism 496,2); anumodana-°; anta-°;
antara-°; antarāya-°; anto-°; anto-dhamma-° (Sv
558,17); andha-°; andha-kāra-° (Vism 176,6); andha-
bhāva-° (Sv 865,37; ~-timisa, Mp III 126,22);
apabhassara-bhāva-° (As 51,22); apara-° (Dhp-a I
390,4); appavatti-°; appaharita-° (~-matta, Vibh-a
334,9); abhāva-°; abhiññāṇa-° (Abhidh-av 18,10);
abhiṇha-° (Sv 921,8; As 75,13); abhinivesa-°;
amanasi-°; ariya-° (As 350,30); alaṁ-°; alaṅkāra-°
(~âdi, Vibh-a 338,16); avaññā-° (Sv 435,20); avidita-°
(~-ṭṭha, Ps I 126,7; Mp II 262,17); asakkacca-°
(Vibh-a 468,20); asajjhāya-° (Mp IV 105,2); asampa-
jāna-
° (As 161,33); asuddha-bhāva-° (Vism 684,17);
assāsa-°; ākappa-° (Dīp V 38); āghāta-°; āṇā-°;
ānantariya-
° (Ps I 141,32); ānanda-°; āyācana-
upahāra-
° (~âraha, Ps I 120,1); ārammaṇa-°; ālaya-°
(As 365,3); āloka-°; ālopa-° (Sv 200,23; Ps I 267,22);
āvajjana-° (Paṭis-a 232,32); āvāha-° (Sv 96,3); āvāha-
vivāha-
° (Mp III 94,19); āvi-°; āhāra-° (~-velā, Mp I
249,22); itthakā-°; iddhi-°; iddhi-pāṭihāriya-°;
indaṭṭha-° (Paṭis-a 96,28); uccāra-passāva-° (Mp III
368,2); uposatha-°; ucchiṭṭha-° (~-nivāraṇ'-attha,
Mp I 234,12); uttānī-°; udaka-° (Spk III 103,8);
uddhumāta-bhāva-° (Ja I 163,21); upa-°; upakāra-°
(Cp-a 150,14); upakiliṭṭha-bhāva-° (Mp III 92,1);
upacāra-° (Paṭis-a 299,26); upāya-° (Vism 653,5;
Paṭis-a 32,5); uposatha-°; ubbila-bhāva-°; ussāha-°
(Mp II 20,1,3); ussīsa-°; ekagga-° (Sv 562,11); eka-
to-
°; ekapada-vāra-° (Vibh-a 26,30); ekībhāva-°
(Vibh-a 492,7); evaṁ-° (Paṭis-a 481,18); okāsa-°;
oṭṭha-pahata-
°; obhāsa-°; osāna-° (As 39,5); kaṭā-
ha-
°; kappa-° (Vin V 174,28); kappa-bindu-°; kab-
ba-
°; kamma-°; kammañña-bhāva-°; kamm'-anta-°;
karuṇā-
°; kalyāṇa-vāk-°; kasiṇa-°; kātabba-
kāyika-
° (As 83,28); kāyika-cetasika-viriya-° (Mp
III 182,10); kicca-° (Ps I 104,26; ~-sādhana-vasa,
Paṭis-a 690,17); kicchâjīvita-bhāva-° (Mp V 56,17);
kiriyā-° (As 426,6; Paṭis-a 46,12; ~-matta, Vism
556,7); kilamana-° (Sv 676,26); kiliṭṭha-° (~-ṭṭha, Mp
II 171,23); kilesa-ppahāna-° (~-rasa, Vibh-a 85,11);
kilesa-vūpasama-° (Mp V 7,6); kilesa-santāpaka-
viriya-
° (Mp III 324,24); kusala-° (As 75,11 foll.; 408,8;
Vibh-a 469,1); kusala-kamma-° (Dhp-a I 427,7);
kusalâkusala-kamma-° (Dhp-a I 35,3); kopa-° (Sv
1046,3; Mp IV 193,5,9); khobha-° (Vism 474,27,30);
gantha-kamma-° (Mp I 38,21); gabbha-° (Sn 927);
garu-° (M I 322,6; A III 289,18 foll); garu-kiriyā-° (As
373,8); garu-bhāva-° (Mp III 362,5); gaha-tthânug-
gaha-
° (Ps I 12,26; Mp I 16,2; Paṭis-a 534,9); gahita-
sajjhāya-
° (Sv 527,28; Mp IV 21,8); gāma-dhamma-°
(Vjb 71,26*); gāma-vāsa-° (Mp II 142,12); gārava-°
(Mp III 362,8); geha-° (~-pacanâdi, Mp IV 55,12);
cakkhu-kicca-° (Paṭis-a 53,20); chanda-° (~-ākāra,
Vibh-a 290,13); citta-° (~-tā, As 63,36 foll.; Paṭis-a
98,33); citta-vighātā-° (~-rasa, Vism 504,27; Vibh-a
107,21); citt'-ekagga-° (Mp II 74,11; As 188,25; ~-tā,
Paṭis-a 74,10); cira-ṭṭhiti-° (Paṭis-a 232,3); cīvara-°
(Sv 528,16; It-a II 67,32; ~-ādika, Dhp-a IV 33,19);[[side 283]]
cuṇṇī-° (Vibh-a 52,13); cūḷā-° (~-maṅgala, Dhp-a II
87,7); chavi-rāga-° (Sv 77,29; Mp II 327,21); jīvita-°
(~-ṭṭha, Mp III 161,3); ñāṇa-somanassa-° (Mp III
278,9); tak-° (A III 132,18; Sv 400,11; Mp II 303,5 foll);
tathā-° (Sv 276,11 [so read]; ~-pakatikatta, Paṭis-a
657,38); taduttari-° Ps I 170,11); tad-ubhaya-° (Sv
78,31; Mp III 192,15); taddiguṇa-° (Ps I 170,13 foll);
tanu-° (As 39,5; Paṭis-a 205,35); tanu-bhāva-° (As
246,17); tāsa-° (Dhp-a IV 49,19); tividha-kiriyā-° (Sp
140,14); tividhânupassanā-° (Mp IV 86,11);
thaddha-° (Sv 96,29); thira-° (Vibh-a 492,10; ~-vasa,
Spk I 44,14); thira-bhāva-° (Dhp-a III 388,10);
thūpa-° (Sv 583,35; Mp III 219,4; Ud-a 97,15); thera-°
(Dhp-a III 388,2); thoka-° (~-bahu-~, Paṭis-a 661,27);
daḷhi-kamma-° (Sv 171,20); daḷhi-kamma-sithilī-°
(~-ppayojana, Sv 17,22; As 19,6); daḷhī-° (Ps I 19,10;
Mp I 22,6; Dhp-a III 337,20); dasa-thūpa-° (Sv 611,4);
dāna-° (Mp IV 123,19); dānâdi-puñña-° (Mp IV
56,9); diṭṭhi-ujuka-° (Sv 305,29); dubbala-° (Vibh-a
102,18); dubbalī-° (D III 101,18; M I 181,26; A II 211,8);
dubbhaga-° (D I 11,18; Sv 96,21); dūratara-° (Paṭis-a
237,30); dūra-bhāva-° (Vism 176,16 foll); dūrī-°
(~-vasa, Paṭis-a 690,25); domanassa-° (~-rasa, Vism
503,25); dovacassa-° (Vin III 178,19; M I 95,19 foll);
dvidhā-° (~-ṭṭha, Mp III 403,9); dhañña-° (Abh 454;
927); dhammi-kathā-° (Sv 410,6); naṅgala-kaṭṭha-°
(Sv 847,9); natthu-° (Sv 98,15); namakkāra-° (Sv
740,22); nātha-° (D III 266,26; A V 23,19); nānā-° (M I
64,24; Kv 230,27); nāma-° (Mhv XXII 65; ~-ṭṭha, Sv
977,13; ~-divasa, Dhp-a II 90,18; ~-maṅgala, Dhp-a II
87,5); nikkhepa-° (Vibh-a 101,6); niccala-
bhāva-
° (Paṭis-a 238,5); nicchaya-° (Paṭis-a 645,11);
nitthuriya-° (Vibh-a 492,22); niddesa-° (Paṭis-a 552,6);
ninna-° (As 51,28); ninnānā-° (Ps I 24,8; Mp III
346,19); nibbāṇa-paccakkha-° (Paṭis-a 94,26); nibbi-
sevana-bhāva-
° (Ud-a 320,22); nimitta-° (M I 298,20
foll.; Vism 28,8; Ap 254,17; ~-vasa, Paṭis-a 352,7);
nirantara-° (~-vasa, Sv 958,8; ~-saṅkhāta, Vibh-a
468,29); paccakkha-° (Sv 1023,23; As 254,15; ~-ṭṭha,
Paṭis-a 97,34; ~-paṅṅā, Paṭis-a 36,5); paccaya-ve-
kalla-
° (As 214,14); pacchâbhiññāṇa-° (~-rasa,
Abhidh-av 18,9); pacchāmukha-° (Dhp-a III 155,4);
pañcavidha-bandhana-kamma-° (Mp II 58,4); pañ-
ca-sikhā-muṇḍa-
° (Sv 296,18); pañha-° (Mp III
149,22); paṭiññāta-° (Vin II 102,29; M II 248,21 foll.; A I
99,24); paṭilābha-° (Sv 1038,33); paṭiviruddha-°
(Vibh-a 478,1); paṭisanthāra-° (Mp I 86,22; ~-vasa,
Ud-a 53,18); patiṭṭhā-° (Mp V 5,21); patthanā-° (Sv
833,7); pada-sandhi-° (Sv 106,3); padhāna-bhāva-°
(Mp II 92,8; Ud-a 304,26; Paṭis-a 97,9); pabbājaniya-
kamma-
° (Dhp-a II 109,9); pabhassara-bhāva-° (As
51,23); pamāṇa-° (M I 298,8 foll.; Mp III 375,17; V
53,24; Paṭis-a 603,3 foll); payoga-° (Sv 97,26; Dhp-a
III 238,6; ~-gamana-kāla, Sv 735,2); para-visaṁvāda-
kiriyā-
° (Ps I 200,19); parikamma-° (Vism 246,5 foll.;
Vibh-a 229,16; ~-vasa, Paṭis-a 657,10); parikkhepa-°
(Mp III 185,20); pariggaha-° (Ja I 10,5; Sv 499,34;
~-bhāva, Ja I 10,15); pariccheda-° (Paṭis-a 20,26); pa-
ribhaṇḍa-
° (~âdi, Sv 787,15; ~-matta, Vin II 172,1);
paribhoga-° (~âbhāva, Sv 664,24); paribhogûpa-°
(~-bhāva, Sv 444,10); pariyanta-° (Mp III 88,20); pa-
riyesana-
° (~-nivāsanādhiṭṭhāna, Sp 720,15); pariva-
ṭum'-apariccheda-
° (Mp III 348,24); pahaṭṭhâkāra-°
(~-vasa, As 425,32); pākaṭa-° (Paṭis-a 651,29; ~-saṅ-
khāta, Paṭis-a 13,8; As 147,21); pākaṭa-bhāva-°
(Vism 20,26; As 400,11; Paṭis-a 581,26); pākaṭika-°
(Vism 94,23; Vibh-a 344,25); pākaṭī-° (Paṭis-a 390,12);
pāṭihāriya-° (Sv 825,26; Vibh-a 372,24; Dhp-a III
210,23 foll); pāpa-° (Ja I 130,1,5; Vism 198,12; ~-tta,
As 125,9); pāmujja-° (Sn 256); pāmojja-° (Vism
2,21*; 711,12*); pāsāda-° (~âdika, Mhv XXXVI 132);
pāsādika-bhāva-° (Vism 26,26; Vibh-a 482,7);
piṇḍa-° (Mp III 366,16); piya-° (M I 322,6; A III
289,17 foll); piya-manāpa-° (Sv 96,19); piya-suñña-
bhāva-
° (Ja I 299,1); pīḷā-° (~-ṭṭha, Paṭis-a 440,1);
puñña-° (Dhp-a III 9,5; ~-cakkhu, Mp II 200,22); pu-
nap-puna-
° (As 406,2); punab-bhava-° (Vism 506,15;
Vibh-a 110,29; Sv 843,7); pubba-° (Vin V 173,11 foll.;
~-nidāna, 174,12); pūjā-° (Ps I 147,13); bali-kamma-°
(Sv 98,3; Dhp-a II 247,9); bali-° (Vism 307,10); bahu-°
(Vism 404,7); brāhmaṇa-° (M I 271,14); bhatta-
kicca-
° (~-velā, Mp II 31,15); bhatta-vissagga-° (Mp
I 194,7); bhava-° (Paṭis-a 603,8); bhākuṭi-° (Vism
26,27 foll.; Vibh-a 482,9,10); bhāva-° (Vism 53,27);
bhujissa-bhāva-° (Vism 222,12; Sv 537,4; Mp III
345,22; Paṭis-a 216,26); bhubhuk-° (Vibh-a 477,5);
bhesajja-° (Vism 95,12); maṅgala-° (Dhp-a I 186,5);
matta-° (Sv 288,29); madhu-° (Dhp-a I 374,18); man-
asi-° (~-kkhana, Paṭis-a 588,27; Vibh-a 405,6); mali-
na-bhāva-
° (Vibh-a 498,15); massu-° (~-divasa,
Dhp-a I 253,7); maha-pphala-° (Vism 54,10; 219,30
foll); maha-pphala-bhāva-° (Vism 132,21); māna-°
(Sv 1005,30 foll.; ~-vasa, As 372,22); māna-mada-° (Sv
836,33); missī-° (Paṭis-a 50,10); mudu-° (Ps I 92,9);
mūla-ghāta-° (~-samattha, Mp II 195,1); yava-° (A
IV 169,12; Mp IV 74,22); rakkhā-° (Mhv XXIII 18);
rati-° (~ṭṭha, Paṭis-a 389,6); rāsī-° (~-pañṅā, Paṭis-a
47,15); vatta-° (~-vasa, Sv 269,8); vatta-paṭivatta-°
(Dhp-a III 169,5; ~-vasa, As 158,14); vamana-° (Sv
98,79; ~-bhesajja, Mp V 71,9); vasala-° (Sn 21,15 foll);
vassa-° (Sv 97,28); vāk-° (~-sampanna, Dhp 262; Sv
893,16); vikampâbhāva-° (Vism 51,1 [so read]);
vikubban'-iddhi-° (~-vidhāna, Paṭis-a 665,12); vit-
thāra-
° (Paṭis-a 581,35); vidita-° (~-ṭṭha, Sv 1006,12);
vidita-bhāva-° (Vism 291,24); vinicchaya-° (Mp III
110,19); vipula-phala-paṭilābha-° (Ps I 132,8; [v. l.
°kāraṇ°], Mp II 108,11); vibhāga-° (Paṭis-a 582,1);
vibhūta-° (~-paccupaṭṭhāna, Ps I 106,38);
vimuccana-° (Sv 1032,37); viyoga-° (Sv 96,12);
viriya-° (Sv 789,29; ~-rahita, Dhp-a I 75,11); vilopa-°
(Sv 80,25; Mp III 194,28); vivaṭa-° (Vism 176,23;
Paṭis-a 581,25); vivaṇṇa-° (~-tta, Paṭis-a 216,35);
vivāha-° (Sv 96,6); vividha-° (~-bhāva, Paṭis-a
655,21); visaññī-° (~-bhesajja, Ja I 268,24); visada-
bhāva-
° (Vism 128,32); visadisa-° (Paṭis-a 405,33);
vissāsa-° (Sv 845,26); vihāra-° (Mhv XVI 4; ~-âdi,
Mp III 348,10); vuṭṭhāna-kāla-pariccheda-° (~-pañ-
ñā, Sv 979,24); vutt'-ovāda-° (Vism 78,16); veṇi-° (Sv
588,16; Mp I 143,11; Dhp-a I 98,15); veyyāvacca-°
(Mp I 275,6; ~-vasa, Sv 269,11); vesārajja-° (Mp III
278,9); vossa-° (Sv 97,29); sa-° (~-icchā-lakkhaṇa [v.l.
saka°], As 249,16); samvara-° (Dhp-a III 9,3); sakka-°
(S I 230,18; Dhp-a I 264,4); sakkāra-° (Mp I 142,22);
saṅgaha-° (Sv 522,5; Mp IV 16,18; Dhp-a III 91,17);
sacchi-° (Sv 1044,2; Mp IV 67,9; Vibh-a 510,16); saj-
jhāya-
° (Vism 243,34); sañjānana-paccaya-nimitta-°
(~-rasa, Vism 462,6); saññāṇa-° (Sp 367,24); satup-
pāda-
° (Kkh 77,17); sanātha-bhāva-° (Mp V 5,20);
santi-° (Sv 93,19); santika-° (Paṭis-a 661,25); santha-
va-
° (~-bhaya, Dhp-a I 194,16); sanniṭṭhāna-° (As
181,11); saṁvibhāga-° (Sv 956,26; ~-vasa, Sv 920,26);
sama-° (Vibh-a 493,2); samagga-° (D I 4,21 = A II
209,10); samaṅgi-bhāva-° (Sv 934,32); samaṇa-° (M I
271,14); samaṇa-dhamma-° (Ps I 96,8; Spk I 41,30;
~-viriya, Sv 893,25); sama-bhāva-° (Vism 129,14);
samī-° (~-rasa, Ps I 106,29); sampajāna-° (As 161,32);
sallahuka-bhāva-° (Vibh-a 276,16); sassirīka-° (Sv
96,19); saha-° (Vibh-a 107,17); sāmaggi-° (Mhv I 60);
sāmīci-kamma-° (Mp IV 81,25 [so read]); sītala-bhā-
va-
° (Ja I 110,6); sukata-° (Ps I 169,18; ~-makkhana-
lakkhaṇa, Mp II 162,29; ~-vināsana, Ps I 169,15 foll);
sugandha-° (Mp II 121,24; ~-ucchādana, Mp II
205,22); suñña-° (Sv 892,4); suddha-bhāva-° (Mp II
322,19); suddhi-° (Sv 98,4); suppa-guṇa-° (Mp III
347,4); suphassita-cheka-° (Ja V 216,23'); subhaga-°
(D I 11,18); suvisada-° (Paṭis-a 258,6); sekha-ve-
sārajja-
° (~-dhamma, A III 127,6); senāsana-° (Dhp-a
II 112,22; Ap-a 495,29); soka-tanu-° (Sv 555,27); sova-
cassa-
° (M I 96,18); sobhā-° (Sv 274,17); hiri-°
(~-okāsa, Sv 275,30); huṁ-° (Dhp-a I 173,13); homa-°
(~-vasa, Sv 270,3).[[side 284]]