Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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11

kappa

, m. [sa. and BHS kalpa; occasionally neuter
in pl
], time-period, world-cycle, eon; the exact duration
implied is subject to discussion, ~ being variously under-
stood as
antarakappa, āyu-° or mahā-°; cf. kappâva-
sesa; Abhidh-k-vy-Trsl. Vol. II: 174 foll.; 181 foll.; G.
CŒDÈS - C. Archaimbault, Les trois mondes, Paris,
EFEO, 1973: 176; 216-228); — lex. lit.: ~o kale yuge
lese paññatti paramâyusu, sadise tīsu samaṇavohā-
rakappabindusu, samantatte 'ntarakappâdike takke
vidhimhi ca, Abh 798-799; Sadd 551,11 foll.;exeg.
lit.:
kappasaddo pi tiṭṭhatu ... bhagavā ~aṁ, Sv
103,15 qu. Bv-a 65,17; kappīyatī ti ~o, ettakāni vassā-
nī ti vā ettakāni vassasatānī ti vā ettakāni vassasa-
hassānī ti vā ettakāni c' assa satasahassānī ti vā
saṁvaccharavasena gaṇetuṁ asakkuṇeyattā, Cp-a
11,8; ~an ti āyukappaṁ, tasmiṁ tasmiṁ kale yaṁ
manussānaṁ āyuppamānaṁ hoti taṁ paripuṇṇaṁ
karonto tiṭṭheyya, Sv 554,29 = Spk III 251,19; — dura-
tion and varieties of
kappas: kiṁ va dīgho nu kho ...
~o, dīgho kho ... ~o, so na sukaro saṅkhātum etta-
kāni vassānī ti vā ettakāni vassasatāni ..., S II 181,19
foll.; evaṁ dīghānaṁ kho ... ~ānaṁ n' eko ~o saṁ-
sito n' ekaṁ kappasataṁ saṁsitaṁ n' ekaṁ kappa-
sahassaṁ saṁsitaṁ n' ekaṁ kappasatasahassaṁ
saṁsitaṁ, 182,1 foll.; cattār' imāni bhikkhave ~assa
asaṅkheyyāni, A II 142,15 (qu. Vism 414,10 = Cp-a
11,6 = It-a II 135,20 = Sv-pṭ I 182,17 = Loka-p 191,14);
kīdiso nu kho bhante ~o ettha mahākappe, Bv-a
65,18; ekasmiṁ ~e catusaṭṭhi antarakappa nāma
honti, Sv 162,10 = Ps III 230,12; Saddh 257; — ~o nā-
ma mahākappo, kappekadeso, āyukappo ti tividho
... ettha hi mahākappo va ~o ti vutto, Kv-a 131,14
foll. (cf. Sv 164,12-15 [mahākappa]); eko pi antarakap-
po ~o, vīsati pi antarakappa ~o, cattārīsa pi antara-
kappa ~o, saṭṭhi pi antarakappa ~o asīti pi antara-
kappa mahākappo, Loka-p 90,15 foll.; ~o duvidho
hoti, suññakappo asuññakappo ti, Ss 310,35; sāro
maṇḍo varo ~o sāramaṇḍo ca bhaddako, ete paṅca-
vidhā ~ā sambuddhena sudesitā, Dasab 39,1*,2* (de-
scribed at length
Bv-a 191,10 foll); imamhi Bhaddake
~e, Bv XXIII 10 (= Bhaddakappamhi, Bv-a) = XXIV
12 = XXV 16 = Ap 508,2 = Th-a II 230,20*; Ap 34,13;
phases of a ~: katamāni cattāri? yadā ~o saṁvaṭ-
ṭati ..., yadā ~o saṁvaṭṭo tiṭṭhati ..., yadā ~o vivaṭ-
ṭati ..., yadā ~o vivaṭṭo tiṭṭhati, A II 142,17 foll.
Loka-p 191,14 foll.; phases of the (mahā) kappa de-
scribed at length:
Vism 414,13-421,27: parihāyamāno
~o saṁvaṭṭakappo, vaḍḍhamāno vivaṭṭa-kappo,
414,6 = Sp 159,14 = It-a II 135,16; saṁvaṭṭamāne ... ~e
Ābhassarûpago homi, vivaṭṭamāne ~e suññaṁ
Brahmavimānaṁ upapajjāmi, It 15,7 foll. (~e ti loke,
It-a I 76,7); khīyetha ~o ciradīgha-m-antare, Cp-a
332,28*; loke ... khīyamāne ~o pi khīyat' eva, It-a I
76,8; ~assa ca uḍḍayhana-velā ... ~o uḍḍayheyya,
Pp 13,30 (~o jhāyeyya, Pp-a 187,17); yadā ~o tejena
saṁvaṭṭati Ābhassarato heṭṭhā agginā ḍayhati,
Vism 414,15 = Sp 159,22 = Mp III 134,20 = It-a II
135,25 = Cp-a 11,30; yasmiṁ hi samaye ~o agginā
nassati, Vism 414,34; ~o udakena nassati, 420,5; ~o
vātena vinassati, 420,29 ≠ Ss 312,35; ~e ḍayhante, Kv
476,30; ~o ca saṇṭhāti, 476,4; ~assa tatiya-bhāgaṁ tiṭ-
ṭhati, Kv 208,6; — cf. °-kkhaya, °-jāla, °-parivaṭṭa,
°-vināsa, °-vināsaka, °-vināsana, °-vuṭṭhāna, °-saṇ-
ṭhāna, °-âvasāna, °-'uṭṭhāna; — as the measure of the
life-span of various classes of deities:
Brahmapārisajjā-
naṁ devānaṁ ~assa tatiyo bhāgo āyuppamāṇaṁ,
Abhidh-s 22,31 ≠ Vibh 424,6; eko ~o (Mahābrahma),
424,18 = Abhidh-s 22,33; ~o (Brahmakāyika), A II
126,23; dve ~ā (Parittābha), Vibh 424,23 ≠ Abhidh-s
22,33 (~āni); dve ~ā (Ābhassara), A II 127,8, but aṭṭha
~ā, Vibh 424,34 ≠ Abhidh-s 22,34 (~āni); Ābhassare
aṭṭha ~e āyuṁ gahetvā, Ps II 409,15; cattāro ~ā (Su-
bhakiṇha), A II 127,26, but catusaṭṭhi ~ā, Vibh 425,7
Abhidh-s 23,2 (~āni); cattāro ~ā, Vibh 424,29 (Appa-
māṇābha) ≠ Abhidh-s 22,34 (cattāri ~āni); soḷasa ~ā
(Parittasubha), Vibh 424,39 ≠ Abhidh-s 23,1 (~āni);
dvattiṁsa ~ā (Appamāṇasubha), Vibh 425,2
Abhidh-s 23,2 (~āni); cf. Abhidh-k-vy-Trsl. Vol. II:
173-174; Āps, SWTF Beiheft 2 1989: 72-86; Kirf.-
Kosm.:
194; G. CŒDÈS - C. ARCHAIMBAULT, Les trois
mondes,
1973: 171 foll.;Rem.: for mss kappa
Loka-p 90,19 foll. reads antarakappa instead of ~; for
the bigger ones,
mahā-° (in some cases inserted by the
ed. although mss read
~); — ito kho so ... ekanavuto
~o yam ahaṁ anussarāmi, M I 483,18; anussaritā va
... tehi ~ā assu, S II 183,13; titthiyā hi cattāḷīsaṁ ye-
va ~e anussaranti, Vism 411,10 ≠ Sp 161,16; tāpaso a-
tīte cattālīsa ~e anāgate cattālīsā ti asīti ~e anussara-
ti, Ja I 54,31 foll. ≠ Dhp-a I 41,15 ≠ Ps III 87,21; aṭṭha ~e
anussari, Ss 44,3; — kiṁ vā bahukā ... ~ā abbhatītā
atikkantā, S II 183,3; atītā navutī ~ā, Ap 298,16; Vism
422,2; etesaṁ antarā ~ā gaṇanāto asaṅkhiyā, Bv
XXVII 3 (qu. Cp-a 15,22*); — tiṭṭhatu Bhagavā ~aṁ,
tiṭṭhatu Sugato ~aṁ, Vin II 289,19 = D II 104,2 = Ud
62,25 (qu. in exeg. lit., q.v.); cirañ jīva mahāvīra, ~an
tiṭṭha mahāmune, Ap 535,7 qu. Spk II 50,13*; āyasmā
hi Mahā-Moggallāno ... ākaṅkhamāno ~aṁ tiṭṭhey-
ya, S II 276,24 (= āyukappaṁ, Spk II 235,11); yassa
kassaci ... cattāro iddhipādā bhāvitā bahulīkatā ...
susamāraddhā, so ākaṅkhamāno ~aṁ vā tiṭṭheyya
kappâvasesaṁ vā, Ud 62,19 (~an ti āyukappaṁ,
Ud-a 323,27); yo samaggaṁ saṅghaṁ bhindati kap-
paṭṭhikaṁ kibbisaṁ pasavati ~aṁ nirayamhi pacca-
ti... puññaṁ pasavati ~aṁ saggamhi modati, Vin II
198,12,14 (= āyukappaṁ, Sp 1276,5-6) = 204,37; ~aṁ
nirayamhi paccati, 205,3* = It 11,15*; Vin II 205,9* = It
12,13* (= āyukappaṁ, It-a I 71,16 = Kv-a 131,18; = an-
tarakappa according to Cp-a 10,27); ~aṁ saggamhi[[side 172]]
mod' ahaṁ, Ap 78,9 = 161,24 = 210,10; ekapuggalas-
sa ... ~aṁ sandhāvato saṁsarato, S II 185,10 = It 17,7
(~an ti mahākappaṁ, yadi pi accantasaṁyoge idaṁ
upayogavacanaṁ, It-a I 83,33); ekass' ekena ~ena
puggalass' aṭṭhisañcayo, S II 185,18* = It 17,12* (= e-
kaṁ mahākappaṁ, It-a I 84,13) qu. Abhidh-av 87,28*;
(ekaṁ cittaṁ) ~aṁ tiṭṭhati, Kv 205,4; Ap 29,5 (Ap-a
235,25); ~aṁ vā upaḍḍhakappaṁ vā, Sv 111,3 (ad D I
17,30: dīghaṁ addhānaṁ tiṭṭhati); ~aṁ pi ce aññam
abhāsamāno, Cp-a 332,27*; sace tvaṁ ... ~aṁ dese-
tuṁ sakkuṇeyyāsi, Ps II 137,27; — sg. or pl., with vari-
ous numerals:
~aṁ navuti saṁsariṁ, Ap 298,8; ~e
(ca) satasahasse caturo ca asaṅkhiye, Bv II 1 (so read
with
CPD s.v. asaṅkhiya; Bv-a 65,22) ≠ Cp I 1 (to be e-
mended accordingly;
~e ti ca accantasaṁyogavasena
upayogabahuvacanaṁ, satasahasse ti kappasadda-
sambandhena vâyaṁ pulliṅganiddeso, idhā pi ac-
cantasaṁyogavasen' eva bahuvacanaṁ, samānâ-
dhikaraṇaṁ h' etaṁ padadvayaṁ, Cp-a 12,13); sa-
tasahassaṁ ~ānaṁ caturo ca asaṅkheyye ~e, Mil
289,21; satta ~e Brahmaloke (bhāvayiṁ), Ja II 195,25*
(saṁvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe, 195,27'); dve ~e tiṭṭheyya,
tayo ~e tiṭṭheyya, Kv 476,25; cullāsīti sahassāni ~ā
tiṭṭhanti ye marū, Nidd I 42,18* = 117,17* ≠ Vism
624,35* (~aṁ); catuddasāni ~āni, Ap 327,19; cittaṁ
pasādetvā ... ~āni (v. l. ~ānaṁ) satasahassāni dug-
gatiṁ so na gacchati, Ps II 17,2*; Ap 161,8; Ābhassa-
re aṭṭha ~e āyuṁ gahetvā, Ps II 409,15; yo cattāri a-
saṅkheyyāni satasahassañ ca ~e niraye paccitvā,
Cp-a 283,34; caturāsītisahassāni ~āni (jīvanti brah-
malokesu) tesu uttamā, Saddh 256; ~ānaṁ satasa-
hassaṁ devaloke ramissati, Ap 83,19; satañ c' eva
sahassānaṁ ~ānaṁ saṁsarissati, Peṭ 63,8*; — anu-
pubbena no suddhi ~ānaṁ cullasītiyā, Ja VI 226,21*
(ettake ~e saṁsarantā, 226,30'); Ap 159,15, foll.; etaṁ
ekam ekaṁ dassetvā vuccamānaṁ anekehi pi ~ehi
na sakkā asesato vattuṁ, Vism 506,6; Sugatovādo ca
nāma asaṅkheyyehi pi ~ehi dullabho, Ps III 134,26;
yāvatā pana Buddhaguṇā ye anekehi pi ~ehi ... pa-
riyosāpetuṁ na sakkā, Cp-a 332,24; tamhā ~ā paṭ-
ṭhāya, Ja I 44,1; — ekasmiṁ yeva ~e cattāro Buddha
nibbattiṁsu, Ja I 30,17; = Thūp 155,19; imasmiṁ ~e
cattāri kappaṭṭhiyapāṭihāriyāni nāma, Ja I 172, 8 (qu.
Ps III 179,22); imamhi ~e, Cp I 2 (= imasmiṁ Bhad-
dakappe, Cp-a 20,25); Cp-a 115,29; 236,13; Dīp III 53;
yasmiṁ pana ~e, Ja I 43,28; ~e 'sītimhi khattiyo, Ap
159,27; tettiṁse vattamānamhi ~e, 131,18; chabbīsa-
timhi -amhi, 117,25; — ito so ... ekanavute ~e yaṁ
Vipassī ... udapādi, D II 50,18 (Ee so; Be ekanavuti-
kappe, also in other similar passages vs. Ee ito so ... e-
kanavuto ~o, D II 11,11); ekatiṁse ito ~e yaṁ sañ-
ñaṁ alabhin tadā, Th 218; ito ekatiṁse ~e, Ja I 41,27;
satasahass' (so read) ito ~e ayaṁ buddho bhavissati,
Bv XI 12; ekanavut' ito (so read) ~e, XX 13; sattasat-
tat' ito (so read) ~e, Ap 222,21; ito aṭṭhamake ~e,
50,23; ito catunavute ~e, Sv 411,11; aparimeyye ito
~e, Bv II 60 ("innumerable eons from here") = III 11 =
Thūp 151,16*; asaṅkheyyesu ~esu sakkāyâdhigatā a-
huṁ, Th 202; avasesesu ~esu kusalaṁ tīritaṁ mayā,
Ap 210,11 ≠ 161,25; avasesesu ~esu vokinnaṁ saṁ-
sariṁ, 89,21 ≠ 117,4; — ifc. aṭṭha-°; atīta-°; antara-°; a-
saṅkheyya-
° (Mil 362,11; Cp-a 10,7); asuñña-° (Bv-a
191,12); ānantarika-° (Ud-a 243,20, 246,22, [w.r. for
"kamma, q.v.]); āyu-°; upaḍḍha-° (Abhidh-s 22,32; Sv
111,3); eka-° (Sv 410,25); eka-tiṁsa-°; eka-navuti-°;
catu-navuti-° (Ja I 40,1); catu-bhāga-° (Mhv-ṭ 208,19);
catu-saṭṭhi-° (Ps II 409,14 = Spk I 208,29); ṭhita-° (Pp-a
187,13); dvā-navuti-° (Ja I 40,14; Pv-a 21,7); dve-navu-
ti-
° (Ja I 40,21); navuti-° (Ap 159,7); pañca-vīsati-°
(Ap 58,16); paṭhama-° (Ja I 207,1); purima-° (As
391,13, Bv-a 191,23); bhadda-° (Sv 410,21; Spk III
251,27; Bv-a 191,15; Pv-a 21,7; Dasab 10,26; 39,5*);
maṇḍa-° (Ja I 38,24*; 39,19*; 41,7*; 42,16*; Bv XXII 1;
Bv-a 191,11; Dasab 39,3*); mahā-° (Vism 420,3; Ud-a
303,24; Bv-a 65,18; Cp-a 15,15; Sv 164,12 = Ps III 232,11
= Spk II 344,21 = Pv-a 254,12; for gen. pl. mahākappu-
no, °kappino, cf. Mittelindisch § 351); vara-° (Bv-a
191,22; Dasab 39,4*); vivaṭṭa-° (Vin III 4,26 = It 99,5;
Cp-a 11,5; Vism 414,7); sakala-° (Ja III 55,24); saṁ-
vaṭṭa-
° (Vin III 4,25 foll. = It 99, 5; Cp-a 11,5; Vism
414,6; 422,10; cf. Asok āvasaṁvaṭakapā); saṁvaṭṭa-vi-
vaṭṭa-
° (Vin III 4,25 = It 99,6; Ja II 195,27'); sata-sahas-
sa-
° (Sp 272,25; Mp I 138,25; Ps II 358,9; V 46,7; 80,8);
sāra-° (Bv-a 191,14); sāra-maṇḍa-° (Bv-a 191,15); suñ-
ña-
° (Bv-a 191,12); sundara-° (Sv 410,22).