Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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kathā

, f. [ts.], 1.a.(i) (provocative, scil. viggāhikā)
language; cf. 4.b.(i); (ii) words; b. exchange of (friendly)
words: greeting;
2.a.(i) a talk, speech; an exposition; (ii)
dve kathā: two types of talk or exposition; used in the
context of the two truths
(duve saccāni): sammutika-
thā and paramatthakathā; (iii) four types of talk or ex-
position; used in the context of
pucchitakathā, apuc-
chitakathā, sânusandhikathā, and ananusandhika-
thā; b.(i) dve kathā: double-talk; (ii) dve kathā kathe-
ti: to speak with two tounges: to cheat; c. mention; in the
idiom:
n' atthi kathā: there is no question of (something;
with instr. or loc.
); d. account, report; e. rumour; 3. sto-
ry, narrative; mostly in ifc. cpd.s;
4.a. conversation; dis-[[side 132]]
course; b.(i) discussion, debate; sometimes constructed
with
vigaṇhāti, cf. 1.a.(i); (ii) quarrel, dispute, contro-
versy;
5. exegesis; = aṭṭhakathā, q.v.; used in descrip-
tion of the three ways in which teachers explain canoni-
cal text to students viz.
ekanālikā, caturassā, and ni-
sinnavattikā; the exact meaning and implication of
these terms are uncertain; exeg. at
Mp-ṭ does not clarify
the issue; v. infra;
6. recitation; 7. counsel, guide;
Rem.: for the sake of convenience all ifc. cpd.s have been
listed at the end of the entry;
lex. lit.: ākhyāyikopa-
laddhatthā pabandhakappanā ~ā, Abh 113 (kathī-
yatī ti ~ā, Abh-ṭ ad loc.); — 1.a.(i) kathaṁ viggāhi-
kaṁ na ~eyya (v.l. katheyya), Sn 930 ("[a monk]
should not use provocative language";
katamā viggāhi-
kakathā ... "na tvāṁ imaṁ dhammavinayaṁ ājānā-
si," Nidd I 394,1 foll. qu.: viggāhikāya ... kathāya sa-
ti ..., A IV 87,25-27); mā kho sahasā abhaṇi kathaṁ
viggāhikaṁ, Vin V 158,9 (Sp 1360,5 = Nidd I 394,1);
— 1.a.(ii) kāme pahāya virato ~āhi, Sn 1070 (= ka-
thaṁkathāya ārato ... atha vā dvattiṁsāya tiracchā-
nakathāya ārato, Nidd II Be 104,20 foll.); — Rem.: in
this context ~ cannot possibly mean "doubt" or "animal
story" as suggested by
Nidd; Sn-Trsl. II: "conversa-
tion;"
— rājasammukhe pi rājadvāre pi ... viniccha-
yaṭṭhāne pi akulīnānaṁ ñeva ~ā osīditvā ṭhitā viya
niccalā suppatiṭṭhitā bhavissati, Ja I 341,8; (purisā)
dve tisso ~ā kathetuṁ na sakkonti, Dhp-a II 250,1;
tasmiṁ attano ~aṁ agaṇhante, III 68,11; — 1.b. (in
canonical stereotype
) sammodanīyaṁ ~aṁ sārāṇīyaṁ
vītisāretvā, Sn 50,17 = Vin I 2,34 - D I 52,4 foll. = II
73,12 = III 37,24 = M I 84,7 = II 55,16 = III 8,22 = S I
68,8 (Spk I 129,19) = II 22,12 = V 11,18 = A I 55,24 = II
22,7 = V 48,16 = Ud 3,14; nissajja rājā sammodi ~aṁ
sārāṇiyaṁ, Sn 419; taṁ ~aṁ vītisāretvā ekamantaṁ
upāvisi, Ja V 264,28; sammodanīyaṁ ~aṁ kathaya-
māno, Sp 76,17; sammodanīyaṁ ~aṁ kathentesu,
Cp-a 94,16; taṁ ~aṁ vītisāretvā, Ap 321,4; — 2.a.(i)
etadatthā ~ā, etadatthā mantaṇā, Vin V 164,32 (eta-
datthā ~ā ti ayaṁ vinayakathā nāma etad atthā, Sp
1366,27); anāgataṁ vā addhānaṁ ārabbha ~aṁ ka-
theyya, D III 220,11 foll. ≠ A I 197,12 foll.; tassā yeva
~āya pariyosāne, M I 249,28; ~aṁ kattā hoti, III
111,15; yâyaṁ ~ā hīnā gamma + na nibbidāya +
saṁvattati, 113,14 foll.; n' esā bhikkhave ~ā attha-
saṁhitā, S V 419,14; so ... tassā ~āya n' eva ādiṁ
manasikaroti, A I 130,15 foll.; gambhīrañ ca ~aṁ kat-
tā hoti, IV 32,6,12*; gambhīrānaṁ ~ānaṁ kattā hoti,
It-a I 65,10; yâyaṁ ~ā abhisallekhikā cetovivara-
ṇasappāyā, A III 117,8 foll. = IV 352,8 foll. = It-a II
90,28 foll.; Ud-a 227,1 foll.; aññāyaṁ vattate ~ā, Ja I
269,30* (= surāvaṇṇanakathā, 270,2'); hiraññam me
suvaṇṇam me esā rattiṁdivā ~ā, II 185,7*; codake ca
cuditakena ca attano ~ā kathitā, Sp 879,28; amhā-
kaṁ ~ā aniyyānikā, satthu ~ā va niyyānikā ti, Ps III
274,22; — (in frequent canonical stereotype) kāya nu
'ttha ... etarahi ~aya sannisinna, ka ca pana vo an-
tarā ~ā vippakatā ti, D I 179,24 foll.; III 39,28 ≠ M III
8,22 ≠ A V 89,8 ≠ Ud 11,11; Ja II 173,17 = Dhp-a I
227,17 = III 3,21 = Pv-a 39,2; kāya nu 'tthā ti katamā-
ya nu ~āya sannisinna bhavathā ti attho, Ps II 169,11
(ad M I 161,26); — (in the expression kathaṁ opāteti
(q.v. for references): to interrupt somebody's speech or
talk
) mā me bhonto antarantarā ~aṁ opātetha, Sn
107,7; — (in the expression dhammī kathā: a talk con-
cerning
dhamma) dhammiṁ ~aṁ erayitaṁ khaṇañ-
ñū suṇeyya, Sn 325; karontu me ...therā dhammiṁ
~aṁ, S III 132,20foll.; dhammiyā ~āya ... atthaṁ
sandassetvā, Sp 199,25; 223,12; dhammiyā ~āya rājā-
naṁ saṁvejesi, Cp-a 226,17; 309,32; — (in the expres-
sion
antarā kathā, on which, cf. CPD s.v.) atha kho
Vāseṭṭhabhāradvājānaṁ ... ayam antarā ~ā udapā-
di, Sn 115,10; — 2.a.(ii) buddhānaṁ hi sammuti-
kathā paramatthakathā ti dve ~ā honti, Sv 383,29 =
Spk II 77,25; cf. Ps I 137,24 and Mp I 94,22 reading de-
sanā for kathā; — 2.a.(iii) catubbidhā ~ā: pucchita-
kathā apucchitakathā sânusandhikathā ananusan-
dhikathā ti, Pj I 125,13 foll.; — 2.b.(i) upāsako bud-
dhānaṁ dve kathā nāma n' atthī ti punadivase pat-
tabbaṁ viya taṁ sampattiṁ amaññittha, Mp I 165,4;
khattiyānaṁ dve ~ā nāma n' atthi, 288,23; imassa
purohitassa dve ~ā nāma n' atthi, 422,10; — 2.b.(ii)
pitarā saddhiṁ dve ~ā na kathessāmī ti, Ja VI
546,10,20; mayā ... bhikkhunā saddhiṁ dve ~ā nāma
na kathitapubbā, Ps I 254,19; pabbajitā asinā sīse
chindante pi dve ~ā na kathenti, II 206,32 = III 448,22
= Mp II 326,22; — 2.c. dakkhiṇena (pādena) pana ~ā
n' atthi, Ja III 175,27; lokuttarasampattidāne ~ā va n'
atthi, Dhp-a I 332,15; panasakadaḷi-ambapakkâdīsu
~ā va n' atthi, Spk I 282,4; — ko n' atthi vādo, chin-
nā ~ā ti, III 115,13 (ad S IV 402,30: ko pana vādo eva
abhikkante); — 2.d. assa rañño purato khuddaka-
mahantaṁ ~aṁ savanaṭṭhāne tiṭṭheyya, Ja VI
294,18'; — 2.e. ñātisaṅghassa abbhantare ayaṁ ~ā
udapādi: Siddhattho kīḷāpasuto va vicarati, Ja I
58,20; Kosambikehi ... bhagavā ... araññaṁ pavisi-
tvā vasatī ti sabbattha ~ā patthaṭā ahosi, Sp 1152,19;
kiṁ tātā ti imasmiṁ gehe ekā ~ā suyyatī ti, Ps III
329,14; sāvakānaṁ mahāvivādo bhavissatī ti ayaṁ
~ā sakalajambudīpaṁ pattharamānā udapādi, Ps
IV 71,24; theraṁ kira corā māresun ti ayam pi ~ā sa-
kalajambudīpaṁ patthari, Dhp-a III 66,19; — 3. ~ā
vadenti paṭibuddhā yā ~ā satthu garahitā, Th 935
(yā ~ā Satthu garahitā ti, rājakathâditiracchānaka-
thaṁ sandhāya vadati, Th-a III 78,29; — 4.a. ayañ c'
eva kho pana āyasmato Mahāmoggallānassa Vap-
pena Sakkena nigaṇṭhasāvakena saddhiṁ ~ā vip-
pakatā hoti, A II 196,32; na kāci māṇavakena sad-
dhiṁ ~ā uppajjati, Sp 38,17; bahuṁ mayā tumhehi
saddhiṁ kathitapubban ti ~aṁ sāreti mettiṁ ghaṭe-
ti, Ps III 199,20; — in the phrase bahiddhā kathaṁ a-[[side 133]]
panāmeti: to divert the conversation: to change the sub-
ject;
bahiddhā ~aṁ apanāmesi, M I 250,29 foll.
442,28 ≠ II 31,12 foll.; aññena vā aññaṁ paṭicarissati
bahiddhā ~aṁ apanāmessati, A I 187,6 foll.; bahid-
dhā ~aṁ apanāmeti kopañ ca dosañ ca appaccayañ
ca pātukaroti, Vibh 387,32; — 4.b.(i) yutto ~āyaṁ
parisāya majjhe pasaṁsam icchaṁ vinighāti hoti,
Sn 826 (~āyaṁ yutto payutto āyutto samāyutto
sampayutto kathetun ti, yutto ~āyaṁ parisāyamaj-
jhe, Nidd I 164,15); ~aṁ na viggayha janena kayirā,
844 Cḷu. Nidd I 196,26* = S III 9,20* ≠ 12,3 foll.; atha
kho Vāseṭṭhabhāradvājānaṁ jaṅghāvihāraṁ anu-
caṅkamantānaṁ ... maggāmagge ~ā udapādi, D I
235,15; ekamantaṁ ṭhatvā kin tātā ti vutte ~aṁ
samuṭṭhāpetuṁ mayaṁ devi tumhe upaṭṭhahāma,
Ja II 204,8; athāyasmato Sāriputtassa Sāriputtatthero
kataññū katavedī ti saṁghamajjhe ~ā udapādi, Mp
I 329,4; pun' ekadivasaṁ dhammasabhāyaṁ ~aṁ
samuṭṭhāpesuṁ, Dhp-a I 227,12; — 4.b.(ii) evaṁ
~aṁ (v.l. kalahaṁ) vaḍḍhetvā, Ja V 412,27; — three
types of controversy:
tisso ~ā: vādo jappo vitaṇḍā ti,
Sadd 919,10 foll. (with reference to the definition of vā-
da [discussion], jalpa [sophistry], and vitaṇḍā [cavil] at
Nyāyasūtra); — 5. tisso ~ā ekanālikā caturassā ni-
sinnavattikā ti, Ps II 258,4 = Mp V 87,8 (= tisso aṭṭha-
kathā, Mp-ṭ III 363,9); — 6. ~ā parimaṇḍalā, Ps II
253,24; cf. CPD s.v. aparimaṇḍala; — 7. yaṁ vakkha-
tī hotu ~ā ubhinnan ti, Ja VI 284,2* (yaṁ so vakkha-
ti sa eva no ubhinnaṁ ~ā hotu taṁ pamāṇaṁ hotū
ti āha, 284,4'); — ifc. aṭṭha-° (jātak°, Cp-a 3,12; 16,13;
porāṇ°, Mhv-ṭ 36,6; ~-naya, Vv-a 354,25; mahā-°,
Spk II 179,19; vinay-°, Ss Ee 1992 40,38); atiracchā-
na-
°; ananusandhi-°; aniyyānika-°; anupubbi-°;
antarā-° (for this pseudo cpd., cf. CPD s.v.); antaranta-
rā-
° (for this pseudo cpd., cf. CPD s.v.); anna-°; apuc-
chita-
°; appiccha-° (~-santuṭṭhakathā, Ap-a 274,20);
asaṁsagga-°; asambhinna-°; asubha-°; āgam'-aṭ-
ṭha-
°; āgamanīya-°; anupubbi-°; ārammaṇa-°; iti-
bhavâbhava-
°; itthi-°; iddhi-ppāda-°; indriya-°; up-
patti-
°; uppanna-°; ūpaladdhi-nissita-°; kakkha-
ḷa-
°; kamma-° (Kv 612,15; 466,18; Paṭis II 78,2); Kasi-
ṇa-
° (Ps III 260,10); kāya-kammantavāra-° (Ps I
114,23); kumba-ṭṭhāna-° (Nidd I 368,2; D I 179,2; M
III 113,22; S V 420,1; A V 128,18); khīyanaka-° (Sp
474,24); gandha-° (Nidd I 367,31; D I 178,22; M III
113,19; S V 419,27; A V 128,15); guṇa-° (Sv 49,34); gā-
ma-° (Sn 922; Nidd I 367,31; D I 178,23; M III 113,20; S
V 419,27; Spk III 294,28; A V 128,16); gehasita-° (Ps
III 222,1; Spk III 294,7); cāga-° (A III 181,6 foll); cit-
ta-° (Ja III 507,24*); cora-° (Nidd I 367,27; D I 178,19;
M III 113,17; S V 419,24; A V 128,13; Ps III 221,14);
chinna-° (Sn 711); jana-pada-° (D I 179,1; M III
113,21; S V 419,28; A V 128,16; Nidd I 368,1); ñāti-° (D
I 178,22; M III 113,20; S V 419,27; A V 128,15; Nidd I
367,31; Spk III 294,23); ñāṇa-vatthu-° (Spk II 201,25);
ṭhita-° (Sv 73,17 foll.; Ps II 206,28 foll); tiracchāna-°
(Vin I 188,22; D I 178,18; M II 30,1 foll.; S V 419,23; A
V 128,11; 185,29; Nidd I 367,28; Vism 127,23; Spk III
294,2; Ps III 125,13; ~-kathika, Ud-a 268,15); tiracchā-
na-bhūta-
° (Spk III 294,3); dasa-° (Ps IV 164,19; Ss Ee
1992 51,33); dāna-° (Vin I 15,36; 19,16; Ud 49,6; Dhp-a
I 6,9); diṭṭha-sutâdi-° (Ps III 395,5); diṭṭhi-viniveṭha-
na-
° (Sp 22,10; As 21,30); duk-° (A III 181,2 foll);
dvejjha-° (Mp I 292,1); dhamma-° (Sv 831,1; Ps I
148,14; II 336,2 foll.; III 271,5; Spk II 181,1; Ud-a
106,25; Ss Ee 1992 51,33 foll.; ~-sadisa, Ja III 342,9);
dhammi-° (Vin I 203,12; 207,19; 212,22; 290,10; Ud
11,19 [v.l dhammikā k°]; Ud-a 106,22); dhātu-° (Ps II
184,27; Spk II 201,25); nagara-° (D I 178,23; M III
113,20; S V 419,28; A V 128,16; Nidd I 368,1); nānat-
ta-
° (D I 179,2; M III 113,22; S V 420,1; A V 128,18;
Nidd I 368,3); nāma-rūpa-pariccheda-° (Sp 22,12; As
21,32); nigama-° (D I 178,23; M III 113,20; S V 419,28;
A V 128,16; Nidd I 367,31); nidāna-° (Cp-a 9,9); nib-
bāna-
° (Nidd I 473,1); niraya-° (Vin III 78,9); paka-
ti-
° (Nett 57,1); pakiṇṇaka-° (Spk III 50,24 foll); pac-
chima-
° (Ps II 155,28; Spk I 150,2; Ud-a 332,31,32);
paññā-° (M III 113,30; A IV 352,11; V 67,22; Ud 36,16;
Pp 35,28; Mil 344,31; Nidd I 472,30; Ps II 158,10); pa-
ṭhavi-
° (Dhp-a I 333,10); paramattha-° (Spk II 77,24
foll); pari-° (D II 204,21); pavatta-° (Spk III 294,6);
pavattita-° (Ps III 223,23); paviveka-° (M III 113,28; A
IV 352,10; V 67,21; Ud 36,15; Nidd I 472,29; Mil 344,29;
Ps II 158,7; It-a II 90,31); paveṇi-° (Sv 526,17; Mp IV
19,13,18); pāna-° (D I 178,21; M III 113,19; S V 419,26;
A V 128,14; Nidd I 367,30); puggala-° (It-a I 82,33);
pucchita-° (Pj I 125,13); pubba-peta-° (D I 179,2; M
III 113,22; S V 420,1; A V 128,18; Nidd I 368,2); puri-
ma-
° (Ps II 155,28; Spk I 150,1,2; Ud-a 332,31,32); puri-
sa-° (S V 419,28; Nidd I 368,1); phala-° (Nidd I
472,33); bala-° (Nidd I 472,33); bāhira° (Mil 24,26; Pj I
118,4; Mp IV 10,13foll.); bāhu-sacca-° (A III 181,5
foll); bojjhaṅga-° (Nidd I 472,33); bhaya-° (D I
178,20; M III 113,18; S V 419,25; A V 128,13; Nidd I
367,29); bhavâbhava-° (A V 128,19; Nidd I 368,4);
magga-° (Nidd I 472,33); madhura° (Ja III 342,1; VI
255,29; Mp I 302,9); manda-° (Ja VI 295,17'); mahā-
matta-
° (D I 178,20; M III 113,17; S V 419,24; A V
128,13; Nidd I 367,29); mālā-° (D I 178,22; M III
113,19; S V 419,27; A V 128,15); mitta-bhedana° (Ja I
299,2); mihita-pubbaṅgama-° (Ja VI 504,30'); yāna-°
(D I 178,22; M III 113,20; S V 419,27; A V 128,15; Nidd
I 367,30); yuga-ggāha-° (Dhp-a III 57,21); yuddha-°
(D I 178,20; M III 113,18; A V 128,14; Nidd I 367,29);
rahassa-° (Ja I 411,18); rāja-° (D I 178,19; M III 113,17;
S V 419,24; A V 128,12; Nidd I 367,27; Spk III 294,4; Ps
III 221,14); vaggu-° (Ja VI 16,22*,25'); vaṭṭa-° (Spk II
10,20); vattha-° (D I 178,21; M III 113,19; S V 419,26; A
V 128,14; Nidd I 367,30); vāḷa-° (Mp IV 47,13); vigga-
ha-° (Sv 91,11 [v.l viggāhika-]); viggāhika-° (S V
419,5; A IV 87,23; Nidd I 394,5 foll.; Mp I 302,7; ~-saṅ-
khāta, Sp 1364,32); vitthāra-° (Ps II 155,33; Pv-a
19,23); vinaya-° (Vin II 168,28); vimutti-° (M III
113,30; A IV 352,11; 357,16; V 67,22; Ud 36,16; Nidd I
472,31; Mil 344,31); vimutti-ñāṇa-dassana-° (M III
113,30; A IV 352,12; 357,17; V 67,*23; Ud 36,17; Nidd I
472,31; Mil 344,31); viriyârambha-° (M III 113,29; A
IV 352,10; 357,15; V 67,21; Ud 36,15; Nidd I 472,29;
Ud-a 232,30; Mil 344,30; Ps II 158,8); visikhā-° (D I
179,1; M III 113,21; S V 420,1; A V 128,17; Nidd I
368,2); vedalla-° (A III 107,4); saṁvarâsaṁvara-° (Sp
22,8; As 21,26); sagga-° (Vin I 19,17; Ud 49,6; Dhp-a I
6,9); sati-paṭṭhāna-° (Nidd I 472,31); saddhā-° (A III
181,4 foll.; Spk I 321,23); santuṭṭhi-° (M III 113,28; A
IV 352,10; 357,15; V 67,21; Ud 36,15; Nidd I 472,29; Mil
344,29; Ps II 158,6; It-a II 90,31); sanniṭṭhāna-° (Spk
III 208,28); sappāya-° (Spk III 166,8); sāmādhi-° (M
III 113,29; A IV 352,11; 357,16; V 67,22; Ud 36,16; Nidd
I 472,30; Pp 35,26; Mil 344,31; Ps II 158,8); sammappa-
dhāna-
° (Nidd I 472,32); sammuti-° (Spk II 77,23
foll); sammodana-° (Ja II 283,17); sayana-° (D I
178,21; M III 113,19; S V 419,26; A V 128,14; Nidd I
367,30); salīḷha-° (Ja VI 16,24'); sânusandhi-° (Pj I
125,13); sârambha-° (Dhp 133; Sv 91,11); sīla-° (Vin I
19,17; M III 113,29; A IV 352,11; 357,16; V 67,22; Ud
36,16; 49,6; Mil 344,30; Nidd I 472,30; Pp 35,24; Ps II
158,6); sīlâdi-° (Spk I 321,24); sukha-° (Dhp-a III
466,4; Ja IV 52,11; 100,26); suññatā-° (Ps IV 150,21);
suta-dhamma-° (Ps III 395,6); suddha-° (S V 419,25);
sūra-° (D I 179,1; M III 113,21; S V 419,28; A V 128,17
[v.l. surā°]; Nidd I 368,2); senā-° (D I 178,20; M III
113,18; S V 419,25; A V 128,13; Nidd I 367,29); — in
long cpd.s at
Vin-vn 2537-9; Spk III 294,33; 166,24;
Dhp-a I 333,2; As 21,12.[[side 134]]