Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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katama

, mfn. [ts.; < 5ka (q.v.) + tama; cf. Ai.Gr. II.1
§ 116 c), II.2 § 453 a), III § 266 a); Geiger § 111.2;
EWA-2 s.v. katamá-; CDIAL 2692; cf. katamī], inter-
rogative pronoun:
1. who, which, what (of many); some-
times used of two
(cf. e.g. the cpd. katamântânug-
gahita, q.v. infra); for the grammarians' definition of the
semantics of ~, v. infra sub gramm. lit.; cf.
Pāṇ V 3 93
and Kāś ad loc.; used substantivally and adjectivally; 2.
used with an emphatic value as a substitute for the inter-
rogative pronoun
5ka; cf. similar sa. usage; v. katara; ~
would only seem to be used substantially when it has
an emphatic value;
3. (instr.) ~ena used as an interrog-
ative adv.:
a. by which route, which way (elliptic for
~ena maggena); b. whereby: how; c. in what direction;
like
5ka ~ is often followed by the particles nu + kho,
kho, and pana; v infra;Rem.: for the distibution of
katama and katara, cf. Rem. s.v. katara; — gramm.
lit.: on the inflection of the
sabbanāma[n] (pronoun) ~:
Sadd 266,21 ≠ Rūp 64,23 ≠ Pay Ce 1974 60,14; Sadd
267,26; 268,30 foll.; m. gen. pl.: ~esaṁ, ~esānaṁ, 660,6
(cf. Kacc 168); — on the semantics of katara and kata-
ma: katara-~-saddā pucchanatthā, Sadd 266,25 =
Rūp 66,30 = Pay Ce 197'4 60,23; °-saddo bahuvisayo,
Sadd 270,16 foll.; kiṁsaddā niddhāraṇe ratara-
ratamā honti ... ~o bhavataṁ Devadatto ~o bhava-
taṁ Kaṭho Bhāradvājānaṁ ~o 'si brahme, Mogg-v
ad Mogg IV 57 (cf. Mogg-p ad Mogg IV 57; Pay Ce
1974 161,11; Kāś ad Pāṇ II 1 63); — on cpd.s with
katara and katama: idāni katarâdīnaṁ parapadena
saddhiṁ samāso nīyate katamagāmavāsī ... ~o
gamo katamagāmo, Sadd 272,10,13; — ifc. katara-°
(Sadd 272,17 foll.; Kacc-v ad Kacc 164 = Rūp 67,2;
Kacc-v ad Kacc 165 = Sadd 659,21); — 1. used sub-
stantially:
sacco nu vādo ~o imesaṁ, 879 = Sn 903;
dānarasaratīsu ~ā dānarasarati nu kho seṭṭhā,
Dhp-a IV 73,16; tattha kā diṭṭhī ti anekāsu diṭṭhīsu
~ā diṭṭhī ti attho, Paṭis-a 463,6 (ad Paṭis I 160,23);
devanāgayakkhamanussâdīsu ko ~o ti attho, Vv-a
218,13 (ad Vv 852: ko); — katama + nu kho: -an nu
kho dukkarataraṁ vā durabhisambhavataraṁ vo,
D II 131,5; ~ā nu kho abhirūpatarā vā dassanīyatarā
vā pāsādikatarā vā, Ud 22,29; — used adjectivally:
-amhi game nigamamhi vā puna -amhi vā jana-
pade lokanātho, Sn 995; ~aṁ gāmaṁ nigamaṁ
nagaraṁ, Thī 304; ~ena tvaṁ mahāsamaṇa magge-
na āgato, Vin I 30,31; ~ena maggenā ti, Kv 113,11;
~aṁ me senāsanaṁ pāpuṇātī ti, Vin II 208,20; ~e te
kilesā pahīnā, III 92,11; ~e ca bhikkhave āsavā das-
sanā pahātabbā, M I 7,16; ~e dhamme na ppajānanti,
S II 15,25 ≠ 16,12; ~asmiṁ janapade viharissasī ti, IV
61,6; ~āni ca bhikkhave padāni bodhāya saṁvat-
tanti, V 231,8; ~o rahado akaddamo, Ja III 290,6*
foll.; tīsu vedesu ~aṁ vedaṁ, Ja IV 75,13'; samuddo
~o ayan ti, 139,9 foll.; ācikkha me tvaṁ ~âsi accharā,
V 404,2*; ~aṁ ... sutānaṁ, Ja IV 75,8*; ~aṁ disaṁ
tiṭṭhati nāgarājā, Ja V 42,9* (etāsu disāsu ~āya disā-
ya, 42,11'); -an taṁ vanaṁ Sama yattha mātāpitā
tava, VI 81,16*; ~âsi devatā, 306,31* = V 398,32*
404,2*; ~aṁ sv āhaṁ janapadaṁ gantvā, Vv 985;
cakkhāyatanaṁ ~aṁ khandhagaṇanaṁ gacchatī ti,
Kv 335,11 foll.; ~assa kammassa hetū ti, Kv 398,33;
~e dhamma kusalā, Dhs 2; ~e dhamma hīnā, As
345,28; — katama + kho: ~esaṁ kho bho Ānanda
dhammānaṁ so bhavaṁ Gotamo vaṇṇavādī ahosi,
D I 206,5; ~esānaṁ kho buddhānaṁ bhagavantā-
naṁ brahmacariyaṁ na ciraṭṭhitikaṁ ahosi, Vin III
7,22 foll.; ~esānaṁ kho Tissa devānaṁ evaṁ ñāṇaṁ
hoti, A III 332,18 ≠ IV 75,22; — katama + nu kho:
~ena nu kho bhagavā vihārena etarahi viharatī ti,
Ud 26,23; — °-kkhandha-pariyāpanna, mfn., includ-
ed in which
khandha; -an ti — saṅkhārakkhandha-
pariyāpannan ti, Kv 396,18 foll.; — °-gāma, m., which
village;
katamo gamo ~o, Sadd 272,14; cf. Pāṇ VI 2
57; — °-gāma-vāsi(n), mfn., living in which village;
~ī, Sadd 272,11; — °ntânuggahita, mfn. [anta + a-
nu°], connected with which (temporal) limit; ~ā tā
diṭṭhiyo, Paṭis I 160,24 (~ā ti pubbantâparaṇtasaṅ-
khātakāladvaye katamena kālena anuggahitā, anu-
baddhā ti attho, Paṭis-a 463,6); — °-vimokkha, m.,
which
vimokkha; ~assa adhimattattā saddhāvimutto
hoti, Paṭis II 60,37; — (')°-indriya, n., which faculty;
aniccato manasikaronto adhimokkhabahulo ~aṁ
paṭilabhati, Paṭis II 49,3; 51,36; — 2. ~aṁ taṁ upā-
dānaṁ, Sn 170; ~ā ca sa ... majjhimā paṭipadā, Vin I
10,17; ~añ ... bhikkhave dukkhaṁ ariyasaccaṁ, D II
305,1 foll. = M III 249,9 foll.; ~e ca bhikkhave tirac-
chānagatā pāṇā, III 167,22 foll.; ~o ca bhikkhave
yogakkhemapariyāyo, S IV 85,6; ~āni pañca bhayā-
ni verāni vūpasantāni honti, A IV 406,1; ~o tasmiṁ
samaye phasso hoti, Dhs 2; ~ā kitti, Nidd I 147,17;
~aṁ tasmiṁ samaye tivaṅgikaṁ jhānaṁ hoti, Vism
158,24 (cp. Vibh 263,21 foll); ~o Dīghanikāyo, Sp
26,21; ~o ca bhikkhave mārasenappamaddano mag-
go, Ps III 239,3; — katama + pana: ~āni pana bhante
khuddânukhuddāni sikkhāpadāni, Vin II 287,33;
~aṁ pana taṁ bho Gotama caraṇaṁ, D I 99,17 foll.;
~aṁ panâvuso dukkhaṁ, M I 48,29 foll.; ~o panâ-
vuso maggo ... etassa nibbānassa sacchikiriyāyā ti,
S IV 252,1; ~añ ca pana bho Gotama ṭhānaṁ ~aṁ
aṭṭhānan ti, A V 269,12,13; ~e ca pana brāhmaṇa-
kārakā dhamma ti, Ud 3,17; ~ā pana sa hoti sac-
chikiriyā, Mil 122,24; ~aṁ pana bhante gantha-
dhuraṁ, Dhp-a I 7,19; ~e pana vimuttiparipācaniyā
dhamma, Ud-a 220,31; — katama + nu kho: ~ā nu
kho bhikkhave vedanā +, S IV 223,2 foll.; 251,27; V
7,27; ~o nu kho āvuso eko anto, ~o dutiyo anto, A
III 399,25; IV 449,11; — 3.a. ~ena taṁ nemi, M II 80,7
(imesu maggesu eko nirayaṁ gacchati, eko devalo-
kaṁ, tesu taṁ ~ena nemi, Ps III 316,9; cf. kena taṁ
nemi maggena, Ja VI 104,19*); — 3.b. puriso nikkha-
mitukāmo bhaveyya, ~ena nikkhameyyā ti. dvāre-
na ... nikkhameyyā ti, Mil 58,9 foll.; — 3.c. ito nu
bhoto ~ena assamo, Ja V 199,14* (= ito ~ena disā-
bhāgena, 199,18'); deve vassate ~ena udakaṁ gac-
cheyyā ti. yena ... ninnaṁ tena gaccheyyā ti, Mil
57',22 foll.[[side 100]]