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kaṇṇikā

, f. and n. [secdry < kaṇṇa + ikā; cf. Amg.
kaṇṇiyā; sa. karṇikā; ~ā > ~a in cpd.s., qq.v. supra],
La. the receptacle of a flower; the pericarp of a lo-
tus;
b. (t.t. archit.) a kaṇṇikā roof-plate; ~ denotes a
circular wooden roof-plate
(cf. the term kaṇṇika-
maṇḍala, q.v.) crowning a peaked roof (like a kind
of coping stone
), into which the rafters (- gopāna-
sīs) are fitted, thus holding them together and sup-
porting them
(cf. the term gopānasībhāravaha quali-
fying
~); in case the building is apsidal and barrel-
vaulted, one must assume that a
(semi-circular) kaṇ-
ṇikā is inserted in the roof above each of the two
apses; cf.
Buddhaghosa's description (q.v. infra) of
the construction of the
maṇḍalamāḷa using two
kaṇṇikās; in some cases the ~ may have been deco-
rated
(cf. the term kaṇṇikālakkhaṇa, q.v.) or inscrib-
ed
(cf. the story about Sudhammā who had her name
inscribed on the lower surface of a ~; on which, cf.

Sv 714,33, q.v. infra); as indicated by lex. lit. ~
appears in certain contexts to be used as a syn. for
kūṭa (= ridge-pole; cf. Abh 219; 875, qq.v. infra), q.v.;
cf.
A. K. COOMARASWAMY, Pāli kaṇṇikā = circular
roof-plate,
JAOS 50 1930: 238-243; 2. a peg (on a san-
dal; only recorded in cpd.
kaṇṇika-ṭṭhāna, q.v.); 3.a.
a cluster; tuft; collection; sheaf; bouquet; rosette; the
meanings recorded sub
3.a. are mainly found in
cpd.s; b. a spot; 4. mould; 5. an ear ornament made
from flowers that have been bound together into a
cluster or rosette
(Pāṇ IV 3 65); — lex. lit. (ad 1.a.,
1.b., and 5.): bījakose gharakūṭe, kaṇṇa-bhūsāya ~ā,
Abh 875 (Abh-ṭ 526,20); bījakoso tu ~ā, Abh 687
(Abh-ṭ 452,14,15); kūṭan hi ~ā, Abh 219 (Abh-ṭ 159,22);
~ā kaṇṇapūro ca, siyā kaṇṇavibhūsanaṁ, Abh 284
(Abh-ṭ 201,25); — 1.a. tato kiñjakkhaṁ pati, ~ā va
avasissi, Ja I 183,8; ~ā dvādasahatthā (so read; Ee -sa
hatthā), Spk II 90,3 = Mp I 136,9; Spk II 90,7; kesarapa-
rivāritā viya ~ā, Ps III 21,14 = Spk III 47,15 = Ud-a
412,10; Vin-vn 1349; — ifc. aṇu-patta-kesara-°
(~âbhimaṇḍita, Mil 361,14; kanakamaya-~-kiñjak-
khakesara, Vv-a 43,3); upari-° (Mp IV 59,9);
2opatta-°; nīl'-uppala-° (Ja V 156,19'); patta-°
(~-kesara, Mp IV 59,1); paduma-° (Ja I 233,23; Sp
996,9; Ap 347,3; ~-majjha, Ja I 231,23; ~âkāra, Vism
124,9); puppha-° (Ja IV 153,28; ~-sadisa, I 152,12); —
1.b. gaṇhatha ~aṁ ... te sādhū ti ~aṁ gahetvā
sālaṁ niṭṭhapetvā, Ja I 201,19,20 = Dhp-a I 270,7,9; ~aṁ
āropetvā gopānasiyo pavesitamattā honti, Ja III
317,12; diyaḍḍhakukku udayena ~ā vidatthiyo aṭṭha
parikkhipanti naṁ sasiṁsapā sāramayā apheggukā,
318,1*; evam pi mittehi daḷhehi paṇḍito ...
susaṅgahīto siriyā na dhaṁsati gopānasībhāravahā
va ~ā ti, 318,18* (yathā gopānasīnaṁ bhāraṁ
vahamānā ~ā na dhaṁsati evaṁ rājā ... na dhaṁsati
+, 318,25'); tatiyaṁ rājagehe ~āya nivutthaguṇa-
pāṇako saddam akāsi, 429,1; maṇḍalamāḷo ti,
katthaci dve ~ā gahetvā haṁsavaṭṭakachannena katā
kūṭâgārasālā pi maṇḍalamāḷo ti, katthaci ekaṁ ~aṁ
gahetvā thambapantiṁ parikkhipitvā katā
upaṭṭhānasālā pi maṇḍalamāḷo ti vuccati, Sv 43,3,5
(ad D I 2,8); 309,11; ~ā nāma laddhuṁ vaṭṭati, 714,17
Ja I 201,9 = Dhp-a I 269,17; imasmiṁ ghare ~ā atthi, Sv
714,21; kiṁ tātā laddhā ~ā, 714,26; yāva te na puna
āgacchanti tāva ~āya heṭṭhimatale: "ayaṁ sālā
Sudhammā nāma", 714,33; — ifc. kūṭâgāra-°
(Dhp-a I 77,7; As 118,19; ~ttha, Vism 413,12; Sp 633,10;
785,6; ~-saṅghāta, Ps II 401,13); geha-° (Sv 94,25);
ṭhapita-° (Dhp-a I 269,16); pāsāda-° (Ja III 431,12;
472,5); vikkāyika-° (Dhp-a I 269,18; ṭhapita-~, Ja I
201,13); ratana-maya-° (Vv-a 50,5); satta-ratana-
maya-
° (Vv-a 304,13; — in long cpd. at Ps II 304,9;
— 2. v. s.v. kaṇṇikaṭṭhāna; — 3.a. aññamañña-
sambandhena ~ā viya ghaṭā viya hutvā ṭhitattā
hetugocchako ti vuccati, As 36,31; catūsu bhūmīsu
kusalaṁ ime dhamma kusalā ti imina nayena ~aṁ
~aṁ ghaṭaṁ ghaṭaṁ gocchakaṁ gocchakaṁ katvā
... adāsi, 410,17 (~aṁ -an ti... ghaṭagocchakā kaṇṇi-
kavevacanān' eva, As-mṭ 189,10); — ifc. ābaddha-°
(Sv-pṭ II 8,27); pāḷi-° (~-ādika, Khuddas XXXV 5); —
3.b. sodake gatte cīvaraṁ pārupantassa hi cīvare ~ā
uṭṭhahanti, Ps II 167,30 (~ā ti sarīragatabindukatāni
maṇḍalāni, Ps-pṭ II 125,24); — ifc. kāḷa-°
(~-coḷa, Vism 63,6 [with v.l. kaṇṇi- (< kaṇṇi[n]),
which probably read]); seda-jala-° (It-a II 76,17 [so
read with BeCe; Ee two words
]; — 4. (f. and n.);
paṭiggahitake telâdimhi ~aṁ uttheti, siṅgiverâdi-
mhi ghanacuṇṇaṁ, Sp 849,31 ≠ Vin-vn 1482 (with
reading
kaṇṇikā); abbohāro va so antopūvâdīsu pi
~aṁ (v.l. kaṇṇakaṁ) Vin-vn 1019; — 5. āveḷo ti ~ā,
Sp 617,11 (ad Vin III 180,5; ~ā ti bahūnaṁ pupphānaṁ
vā mālānaṁ vā ekato bandhitassa nāmaṁ. kaṇṇâ-
bharaṇan ti pi vadanti, Vmv I 300,19); — ifc.
3asoka-°; pilandhana-° (Sv 94,25).[[side 76]]