Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

Type the letters without dots and accents - e.g. to search 'kalyāṇa' type kalyana. Read more …


1

kaṇṭaka

, m. and n. [ts.; often spelled kaṇṭhaka;
cf. BHSD s.v. kaṇṭhaka], 1.a. an excrescence; any-
thing sharp-pointed
(like the edge or point of a
sword
); hence: b. a sharp-pointed leaf; a thorn; a
prickle;
c. a nail, spike; d. a stylus; only recorded in
cpd.
kaṇṭakalekhā, q.v. infra; 2. a bone; a fishbone;
metaphorical usages:
3.a. a "thorn," i.e., a nuisance;
b. an obstacle; c. an enemy; a thief, robber; 4. a
sharp and annoying sound
(cf. sa. usage); — lex. lit.:
~o tu sapattasmiṁ, rukkhaṅge lomahaṁsane, Abh
912; — 1.a. bhisagaṇṭhimhi pana ~o hoti yobba-
nappattānaṁ mukhapiḷakā viya ayaṁ adīghattā na
rakkhati, Sp 330,8; — ifc. Kāḷa-° (Abh 644); go-°
(Sp 756,18; ~-hata, Vin I 195,37; Sp 1088,2); — 1.b.
bhikkhū rattiyā uposathaggam pi sannisajjam pi
gacchantā andhakāre khānum pi -am pi akkamanti,
Vin I 188,16; sabbitthiyo ~ānaṁ (so read with v.l.; cf.
Kuṇāla-ja 68,24; Ee kaṇṭh-) pasākhā, Ja V 450,24* (=
sambādhamagge kaṇṭakasākhāsadisā, 451,15');
sīhassa byagghassa ... khāṇukassa ~assa bhāyati,
Mil 149,9; tesaṁ antarantarā kakacadantasadisā dve
tayo ~ā honti, Vism 254,28 = Pj I 50,9 (with readings
-sadisāni, tīṇi ~āni); yathā mahārāja puriso ~ena
viddho assa, ath' aññataro puriso tassa hitakāmo
sotthikāmo tiṇhena ~ena vā satthamukhena vā sam-
antā chinditvā ... taṁ ~aṁ nīhareyya, Mil 112,26;
yathā paricchinne okāse yena kenaci satthena vā ...
~ena (v.l. kaṇḍ-) vā ... chindanaṁ vā phālanaṁ vā
... na kātabbaṁ, Sp 1093,19; ~ena ... viddhā, aho duk-
khan ti vadanti, Ps II 114,16; ~ena ~aṁ āṇiyā ca āṇiṁ
nīharitukāmo puriso viya, Pj II 243,4; Vv-a 301,13;
imāya nāma dhātuyā ussannāya imassa rukkhassa
~o tikhiṇo hoti, Nett 232,7; — ifc. kusa-° (S IV
198,5; Spk III 68,25); khāṇu-° (Ps III 23,18 [so read; Ee
-kaṇṭh-]; Ps IV 103,5 [so read; Ee -kaṇṭh-]); Spk III
49,7* = Ud-a 414,15*; °âdi, Pj II 334,17; °âdhāna [v.l.
kaṇḍakaṭhānaṁ], A I 35,9; 37,5; ~-pāsānâdi, Ps I
192,12); cha-° (~-gumbaka-gahana, Ja V 46,18); pa-
kati-
° (Sv 357,10); Madana-° (~âdi, Mp I 56,2 [in
cpd.
]); Veḷu-° (A IV 64,2; ~-nagara-vāsinī, Mp IV
35,8); Sepaṇṇī-° (~-madana-kaṇṭakâdi, Mp I 56,2);
sa-° Ja V 260,15; VI 3,22; soḷas'-aṅgula-° (M III
185,16; Dhp-a I 124,3*;8*); — 1.e. keci pana
kadaḷikkhandhamhi ~e vā tāḷahīrâdīni vā pavesetvā
tattha pupphāni vijjhitvā ṭhapenti, Sp 618,21; pup-
phavijjhanatthaṁ pana dhammâsanavitāne -am pi
bandhituṁ kaṇṭakâdīhi vā ekapuppham pi
vijjhituṁ pupphe yeva vā pupphaṁ pavesetuṁ na
vaṭṭati, 619,2; phalarukkhaṁ pana apassāyituṁ vā
tattha ~e vā bandhituṁ na vaṭṭati, 852,9; — ifc.
aṭṭhi-sūci-° (°âdi, Sp 757,20); aya-° (Spk II 207,2);
ayo-maya-vijjhana-° (Abh 993); (kuṭila-° (Sv
933,29); ṭhapita-° (Sp 618,24); ṭhita-° (Vism 143,2;
Spk III' 54,11); baddha-° (Sp 618,25); bahi-
paribbhamana-
° (Vism 143,3 [so read; Ee bahi
pari-); — 2. bako ... tuṇḍena vijjhanto jīvitakkha-
yaṁ pāpetvā maṁsaṁ khāditvā ~e (v.l. kaṇṭh-) ruk-
khamūle pāpetvā ... vissaṭṭho me so maccho ... ti,
Ja I 222,17; — ifc. aṭṭhārasa-piṭṭhi-° (Vism 271,10;
Ud-a 165,17); aṭṭhika-° (°~âdi, [so read with v.l.; Ee
-kaṇṭh-] Sp 1205,20); Ja IV 192,9*; piṭṭhi-° (D II 297,1;
M I 80,12 foll. = 245,31; Ps IV 181,23; Ja I 491,9; Spk I
238,20; ~(a)ṭṭhi, Vism 254,25; maccha-° (Sp 291,27;
~-vāyima, 1211,25); maṇḍu-° (Ja II 105,1; ~-yoga,
Mhv XX 5); maṇḍūka-° (Vism 688,27; Vism-mhṭ II
502,14; Pj II 6,8); visa-° (As 203,32; ~-vāṇija, 203,29);
visa-maṇḍu-° (~-ākoṭana, Mhv-ṭ 414,2); — 3.a.
so seṭṭhino akkhimhi ~o viya khāyi, Dhp-a I 177,22
("he was a thorn in the eye of the merchant"); nâssa
maggeyya ~o, Ja V 265,30* (265,34'; bhikkhūnaṁ ~o,
Sīh 61,30*; — ifc. asuci-gāma-° (S IV 198,11; Spk III
68,32; 69,2); kāma-° (Ud 24,16*; Ud-a 178,31,32 = Dhp-a
I 121,8; Ud 27,17* [Be -kaṇḍ-]; Ud-a 187,21); gāma-°
(Ud-a 187,24); paccāmitta-° (Ja III 225,9); — 3.b.
pavivekārāmassa saṅgaṇikārāmatā ~o, A V 134,23
foll. (~o ti vijjhanaṭṭhena ~o [v.l. -ā], Mp V 51,22); te
pi kho titthiyā ... anekarūpaṁ sāsanassa abbudañ ca
malañ ca ~añ ca samuṭṭhāpesuṁ, Sp 53,17; — ifc.
bahu-° (Ja IV 117,27*; S IV 189,10); bhagga-° (Nidd I
142,28); sa-° (Thī 352); — 3.c. ifc. cora-° (Ja V
266,1'; Sv 296,12); nik-° (Ja III 225,11*; A V 135,6);
paṭi-° (Ja I 186,20); sa-° (D I 135,8,10; S IV 195,18; Sv
296,12); — 4. nanu paṭhamassa jhānassa saddo ~o
(so read with v.l. Ee kaṇṭh-) vutto Bhagavatā ti, Kv
202,28 foll.; Kv 572,33; Kv-a 176,22; As 202,15; — ifc.
sadda-° (A V 134,20; (~-tta, Vism 269,25; Ps I 248,5);
— °âdi, mfn., nails, etc.; ~īhi vā ekapuppham pi
vijjhituṁ ... na vaṭṭati, Sp 619,2; — in long cpd. at Ja
I 493,19; — w.r. at Spk II 101,2 for which read daṇḍaka
with BeCe.[[side 59]]