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kaṭhina

, n.,(t.t. Vin.) name of an ecclesiastical
ceremony in which cloth is presented to the
Sangha
and robes are made; on the ceremony, which is not
entirely clear in all details, cf.
H. Bechert: JBRS 54
1968: 319-329; Kun Chang: Comparative Study of the
Kaṭhinavastu 1957 (cf. review article by H. Bechert
in ZDMG 110 1960: 203-205); A. Degener: Das
Kathinâvadāna
1990; the ceremony is described
briefly at
Kkh 53,15-54,21, cf. Sp 1106,28-1114,6 foll.
Vin V 172,2-179,13; v. DBMT s.v. kaṭhina (II); explana-
tion of ~ in
DEGENER § 7: dṛḍhaṁ viśuddham abhed-
yam vipulāvināśi ca kaṭhinam ity ucyate; — used
metonymically of the
cīvara or the cloth as well as
of the privileges that accrue to a monk from having
participated in the ceremony; the name of the
ceremony itself is probably a metonymical usage of

2kaṭhina, q.v.; anujānāmi bhikkhave vassaṁ vutthā-
naṁ bhikkhūnaṁ ~aṁ attharituṁ, Vin I 254,8 (Sp
1107,10); aṭṭh' imā bhikkhave mātikā ~assa ub-
bhārāya pakkamanantikā niṭṭhānantikā ... sahub-
bhārā ti, 255,20; ubbhataṁ kira tasmiṁ āvāse -an ti,
256,1,27 = 258,21; dve 'me bhikkhave ~assa palibodhā
dve apalibodhā, 265,7; I 299,5,8; III 196,9; 196,15 (Sp
638,11); 198,23 = 199,24; 204,3; 261,36,37; 262,1; IV 74,34;
245,23; 287,24; 288,15; V 88,22; 175,33; 176,1 (Sp 1370,24);
asīti me, āvuso, vassāni pabbajitassa nâbhijānāmi ~e
cīvaraṁ sibbittā (so read with v.l.), M III 126,10 (~e
cīvaran ti kaṭhinacīvaraṁ, Ps IV 193,19); Devakūṭe
bhikkhūnaṁ ~' atthate tadā navutikoṭīnaṁ dutiyo
āsi samāgamo, Bv XII 9; sace pana kattikamāse ~aṁ
attharīyati, Sp 722,4; 729,19,20; 1106,33; 1107,20; disā
pakkantassâpi sati gāhake yāva ~assa ubbhārā dā-
tabbaṁ, 1143,28; Kkh 80,35; — ifc. atthata-° (Kkh
53,19); avasesa-° (~-ānisaṁsa-vattha [v.l. avasese
kathinānisaṁise balavavatthāni]), Sp 1110,1);
paṭhama-° (~-āpatti, Kkh 23,38; ~-sikkhāpada-
vaṇṇanā, Sp 650,30).[[side 51]]