Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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kaṭuka

, mfn. [ts.; kaṭu + ka; Amg. kaḍuga,
kaḍuya], 1.a. (of taste and smell; ~ is only used of
smell in cpd.; v. infra
) pungent; bitter; one of the six
tastes
(rasa); mostly used of certain types of spices;
v. infra; opp.
madhu; b. (of spices) hot; spicy (only
recorded in cpd.s, qq.v. infra
); hence (fig.): 2.a. (of
pain
) sharp, acute, burning (frequent; in this sense ~
occurs almost invariably in a formula together with

dukkha, tibba, and khara; cf. Epilegomena s.v.
wax.comp. p.
35*); b. (of speech) harsh; c. annoy-
ing, irritating;
d.(i) severe, painful, distressing;
repulsive;
(ii) harmful, injurious; (iii) cruel; (iv)
fatal;lex. lit. (ad 1.a.): kasāvo ... titto madhuro
lavaṇo ime ambilo ~o ceti cha rasa, Abh 148; —
exeg.: tikhiṇaṭṭhena ~ā ... veditabbā, Mp III 397,4; —
1.a. ~aṁ pi vijānāti madhukaṁ pi vijānāti, S III
87,19 (= pipphalimaricâdinānappakāraṁ, Spk II
293,4); ambilaṁ madhuraṁ tittakaṁ ~aṁ loṇikaṁ
khārikaṁ lapilaṁ kasāvo sādu asādu, Dhs 629 (=
siṅgiveramaricâdi, As 320,19); Nidd I 240,4 = 368,10
Kv 377,34; Nidd I 240,12; kissa pana mahārāja rukkhā
na sabbe samakā, aññe ambilā ... aṅṅe ~ā aṅṅe ka-
sāvā aṅñe madhurā ti, Mil 65,18; 289,1 = 244,25; idaṁ
loṇikaṁ ... tittakaṁ khārikaṁ ~aṁ + ti sūparasaṁ
na jānāti, Dhp-a II 31,20; Bhes 2: 46; — 1.b. (only re-
corded in cpd.s, qq.v. infra
); — 2.a. uppannānaṁ ...
vedanānaṁ ... ~ānaṁ ... adhivāsakajātiko hoti, Vin
I 303,7 = M I 10,29 = III 97,26 = A II 143,31 ≠ Vin IV
321,28; I 78,24 = IV 130,9 (= pharusānaṁ, Sp 867,11) =
Nidd I 487,5; ekantadukkhā tippā ~ā vedanā, M I
74,11,28 (= kharā, Ps II 37,20); opakkamikā dukkhā
tippā ~ā vedanā vediyanti, 92,29 = 241,10 = 246,22
307,3; sārīrikā vedanā dukkhā tibbā kharā ~ā asātā
amanāpā, S I 27,17 = 28,2= 110,18; ~o pharuso
antarāyiko anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya,
II 226,2,10 (~o ti tikhiṇo, Spk II 206,9); so tattha
dukkhā tibbā kharā ~ā vedanā vediyati, A I 141,6;
sārīrikānaṁ vedanānaṁ dukkhānaṁ tibbānaṁ
kharānaṁ ~ānaṁ ... adhivāsanāya ātappaṁ
karaṇīyaṁ, 153,11 (= tikhiṇānaṁ, Mp II 253,9); II
116,13; V 132,11 = II 118,2 = 153,19 = III 163,33 = 389,11;
Ud 14,11; sa dukkhāhi tibbāhi kharāhi ~āhi vedanāhi
phuṭṭhā tīhi vitakkehi adhivāseti, 15,9 (ativiya
aniṭṭhabhāvena dāruṇāhi, Ud-a 118,24); ~aṁ, 21,5 (~an
ti asātaṁ, Ud-a 166,2); Ja V 71,19* (73,26'; VI 115,30* =
116,3*; Nidd I 404,7,25 = Kv 597,16 ≠ 598,7; — 2.b.
paresaṁ ~ā, Ps II 331,14 (ad M I 286,37: vācā ... pa-
rakaṭukā); — 2.c. ~aṁ hi sambādham sukiccha
patto, Ja IV 451,23* (452,10'); — 2.d.(i) taṁ imāya
~āya dukkarakārikāya nijjaretha, M II 218,5; vīciṁ
upapajja paccati mahâbhitāpaṁ ~aṁ bhayānakaṁ, Ja
V 144,6* (tikhiṇavedanaṁ, 145,28'); vedhabbaṁ ~aṁ
loke, VI 508,6* (= asādhukaṁ, 509,2'); ekantaṁ ~aṁ
ghoraṁ nirayaṁ papatiss' ahaṁ, Pv 69 = 239 = 691;
— 2.d.(ii) Th 737 (Th-a III 23,6); dukkhā hi kāmā ~ā
mahabbhayā, 1122 (Th-a III 156,30); kāmā ~ā
āsīvisûpamā, Thī 451 (Thī-a 281,30); — 2.d.(iii)
taṁ lobhā pakataṁ kammaṁ ~aṁ kāmahetukaṁ, Ja
III 519,1* (= tikhiṇavipākaṁ, 519,5'); — 2.d.(iv)
pacchâssa ~aṁ hoti, Th 146 (Th-a II 23,34) ≠ Ja I 380,12*
(etaṁ visaṁ tikhiṇaṁ bhavissatī ti attho, 380,15') =
D II 349,7; madhū ti maññamānā ye taṁ visaṁ sa-
māsāsisuṁ tesaṁ taṁ ~aṁ āsi, Ja III 201,7* (=
tikhiṇaṁ, 201,19'); — ifc. a-° (Nidd I 240,12 = 368,15);
kakkhaḷa-khara-° (~-vedana, Mil 222,9);
kakkhaḷa-tikhiṇa-khāra-° (Mil 112,5); ghorâ-
sayha-
° (~-pphala, Ud-a 365,22); ti-° (~âdi, Sp 724,2
[so read with v.l.]; ~-ajamoja-hiṅgu-jīraka-lasuṇa,
Vv-a 186,24); pañca-° (Thī 503; ~-cuṇṇa, Mp I 245,1);
para-° (M I 286,37; III 48,11; Dhs 1343); madhu-
ra-titta-
° (~âdirasa, Ps III 391,22); sappi-dadhi-°
(~-bhaṇḍâdi, Ja III 84,24); — in long cpd.s uṇha-sīta--
loṇa-tittaka-~âhār'-ajjhoharaṇa-kāla (Sv 436,15); pup-
pha-vaṭaṁsaka-takkolaka-~-phalâdi (Sp 892,33); mā-
lā-gandha-vilepana-kappūra-~-pphalâdi (Ja II 416,3 =
Dhp-a III 475,9); — °âdi, mfn., bitter, etc.; anekāni
ca madhuphāṇitasindhavaloṇāni ~īni bhesajjāni
pakkhipitvā, Sp 479,5 (ad Vin III 86,20).[[side 43]]