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kakkhaḷa

, mfn. [cf. Amg. kakkhaḍa; BHS kak-
khaṭa; v. BHSD s.v.; ~ is sometimes spelled kak-
khala; cf. infra], a. (of matter) solid, dense; b.(i)
hard; hence: (fig.) (ii) (defining adhikarana, q.v.)
difficult; contentious;
(iii) serious, acute, severe,
painful;
(iv) (of action or speech) harsh, rude; (v)
obdurate; (vi) terrible, awful, dangerous; (vii)
brutal, violent, savage, cruel; frequent syn.s pharusa,
thadda, khara (v. infra); — lex. lit.: kurūraṁ kaṭhi-
naṁ daḷhaṁ niṭṭhuraṁ ~aṁ bhave, Abh 714; — a.
(used adverbially) tattha yāni tāni rukkhāni daḷhāni
sāravantāni, tāni kuṭhāripāsena ākoṭitāni ~aṁ paṭi-
nadanti, A IV 171,8 ("they reverberate solidly"; opp.
daddaraṁ); — b.(i) katamā ... ajjhattikā paṭhavī
dhātu: yaṁ ajjhattaṁ paccattaṁ ~aṁ kharigataṁ
upādiṇṇaṁ, M I 185,16 (~an ti thaddaṁ, Ps II 222,27) =
421,27 = III 240,21 ≠ Vibh 82,8; ~aṁ mudukaṁ saṇhaṁ
pharusaṁ sukhasamphassaṁ dukkhasamphassaṁ
garukaṁ lahukaṁ, Dhs 648 ≠ Kv 378,5; ~an ti
thaddhaṁ ... kakkhaḷalakkhaṇā hi pathavīdhātu,
Vism 349,25; kin nu tā ~āni pāsāṇāni sakkharāyo ca
khādanti, Mil 67,14; 67,29; 68,11; rattiṁ thīnaṁ ~aṁ
(-1-) hutvā tiṭṭhati, Dhp-a IV 104,11; ~an ti thaddaṁ,
As 332,22; — b.(ii) idaṁ kho adhikaraṇaṁ ~aṅ ca
vālaṅ ca, Vin II 299,12; uppannaṁ dāni idaṁ adhi-
karaṇaṁ, taṁ na cirass' eva ~aṁ (-1-; o.v. -ḷ-) bhavis-
sati, Sp 53,10; — b.(iii) rājāno nāma ~ā, Ja IV 419,2 =
427,17; ime kilesā nāma ~ā, vāḷā, pajahitabbā, na
gahetabbā, Ps I 140,3; idaṁ pana cittaṁ sadarathaṁ
garukaṁ bhāriyaṁ ~aṁ thaddhaṁ akammaññaṁ
gilānaṁ vaṅkaṁ kuṭilaṁ, As 250,12; — b.(iv) pha-
rusenā ti pharusena ~ena, Nidd I 397,14 (ad Sn 932);
pharusena ~ena paṭibhaṇantaṁ na ppaṭibhaṇeyya,
498,9; na vata no evarūpo ~o diṭṭhapubbo, Dhp-a II
95,20; kharā ti ~ā (-1-), pharusakāya vacīkammantā,
Cp-a 177,21 (ad Cp 235); — b.(v) ayaṁ ~o pharuso
jīvitantarāyaṁ vā brahmacariyantarāyaṁ vā karis-
satī ti nâroceti, Vin IV 128,18 ≠ 217,31 (~ā); api ca de-
varāja mayā tādiso ~o dhammakathāya palobhetvā
mudukato, Ja VI 313,1; 549,14'; lakkhaṇakusalatāya
ayaṁ puriso visamajjhāsayo ~o pharuso akataññū
bhavissati, Vv-a 138,7; pubbe hi so asaddho ~o bhik-
khunānaṁ akkosakārako ... ahosi, Pv-a 243,19; —
b.(vi) kasmā hatthe vidhūnathā ti ca vutte ~ā ma-
hārāja supinā ti, Ja I 335,9; 336,1; so kira ... vi-
sakaṇṭakaṁ (i.e., a kind of sweet) gaṇhathā ti ...
sutvā gāmikā visaṁ nāma ~aṁ, yo taṁ khādati so
marati, kaṇṭako pi vijjhitvā māreti ubho p' ete ~ā ...
ti gehadvārāni thakesuṁ, As 203,35; 204,8; api ca kho
so yakkho ~o (-1-) pharuso mātāpitūnam pi abhivā-
danādīni na karoti, Spk I 320,1; so pana yakkho
ānubhāvasampanno ~o (-1-) pharuso tattha ca sanni-
hito, Ud-a 64,7; — b.(vii) idāni mayā ~ena pharu-
sena sāhasikena bhavitabban ti tathārūpo va ahosi,
Ja I 187,13; paresaṁ lohitamaṁsakhādakehi pana
~ehi pharusehi yakkhehi tava guṇā ñātā, 266,29; tassa
duṭṭhakumāro nāma putto ahosi ~o pharuso pahaṭā-
sīvisopamo, 323,5; II 17,8; 204,1; tasmiñ ca kale rāja-
kule posāvanikavyaggho atthi ~o (-1-) pharuso, III
134,20; 146,5; āvuso Bodhirājakumāro ... aho ~o (-1-)
pharuso sāhasiko, 158,6; āvuso Devadatto ~o pha-
ruso sāhasiko, 174,8; imissā nadiyā suṁsumāro ~o,
221,12; IV 162,10; ahaṁ tādisaṁ ~aṁ (-1-) luddaṁ
lohitapāṇiṁ dhammakathāya mudukaṁ katvā
mama pādesu pātesiṁ, V 345,24; luddo ti ~o, dāruṇo,
sāhasiko, Ps II 329,20 ≠ III 11,21; dakkhiṇatīre
manussā ~ā (v.l. -1-) dāruṇā, Ps III 119,11 (ad M I
404,31) = Spk II 340,14 (ad S III 208,29); — ifc. a-°.