Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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o-sakkati

, pr. 3 sg. [cf. apasakkati and avasakkati,
qq.v.; BHS avasakkati, osakkati, qq.v. in BHSD, s.vv.;
prakr.
osakkai; Trenckner (JPTS 1908, p. 110) suggests
the derivation
√sakk < sa. √sṛp, wth p > k through
dissimilation, under the influence of verbal prefixes
containing a labial; cf.
abbhussakkati, paccosakkati,
parisakkati, pasakkati; Pischel (§§ 302 and 315) suggests
the derivation < sa.
√ṣvaṣk (v. s.v. apasakkati); CDIAL
12235 postulates √śak2 "go", on which v. EWA s.v.
śaknóti], 1.a.(i) to step back (from; with abl.); to move
back;
(ii) to retreat, to withdraw (from; with abl.); b.(i) to
decline, to refuse;
(ii) to turn away; (iii) to shun, to avoid,
to keep away
(from somebody or something; with abl.);
(iv) to give up, to give out; c.(i) to slip down; to sink
down;
(ii) to decrease, to diminish; 2.a. to become less (in
number
); b. to hold back; to hesitate;forms: pr. 2 sg.
~asi; 3 sg. ~ati; 3 pl. ~anti; imper. 2 pl. ~atha; part. pr.
~anta, ~amāna (neg. an-°, q.v.); fut. 3 sg. ~issati; pot. 1
sg.
~eyyaṁ; 3 sg. ~eyya; 1 pl. ~eyyāma; aor. 3 sg. ~i; 2
pl. ~ittha; lnf. ~ituṁ; abs. ~itvā (neg. an-°); pp. ~ita
(q. v.); — gramm. lit.: sakka, ṭīka gamanatthā, Dhātup 9
≠ Dhātum 14 ≠ Sadd 326,2 (sakkati, nisakkati, ~ati); —
1.a.(i) kocid eva puriso ... sattihatthaṁ janaṁ upentaṁ
disvā bhīto ~ati, Mil 251,11; eḷako taṁ disvā
paharitukāmo ~i, Ja III 82,7; paribbājako ... eḷakaṁ
~antaṁ disvā, 82,19; brāhmaṇassa pana savanabhayena
'aticchā' ti na vadeti ~itvā pana saṇikaṁ eva 'aticchā' ti
āha, Dhp-a IV 98,25; pāḷiyā pana gantuṁ vā ṭhātuṁ vā na
labhati, tasmā pāḷito ~itvā hatthapāse ṭhitena hatthaṁ
pasāretvā, yathā seno nipatitvā gaṇhāti, evaṁ
gaṇhitabbaṁ, Sp 1161,21 (pāḷiyā ti bhikkhūnaṁ pāḷiyā,
~itvā ti heṭṭhā sakkitvā, hatthapāse ti bhattadāyakassa
hatthapāse, Sp-y2 Be 1972 417,17); uddesabhattādīni pi
pāḷito ~itvā va gahetabbāni, 1161,29; daṇḍ'-aṅkusaṁ
vuccati dīghadaṇḍo aṅkuso. tena rukkhasākhaṁ chindato
purisassa yathā pacchābhāgena pādānaṁ osakkanaṁ hoti,
evaṁ bhagavato pādā na ~anti, Ps-pṭ Be 1960 III
177,13-15; — 1.a.(ii) mahantam pi balaṁ yujjhamānaṁ
thokathokaṁ ~ati, Ja II 21,20; mayaṁ eva ~amāne bale
parajjhanabhāvassa bhāyāma, 21,21; dhammassa suta-
bhāvo Mahākaṇhajātake attano ānubhāvena janaṁ tāsetvā
~antassa pavattitabhāvo ti evam ādīni vatthūni
kathetabbāni, V 115,7'; esa amhe disvā baddhā ti saññāya
thokaṁ ~ittha (v. l. ~atha), 349,25' (ad 349,12*); sace
pana asurā balavanto honti atha nāgā ~itvā dutiye ālinde
supaṇṇehi saddhiṁ ekato va hutvā yujjhanti, Spk I 340,13
(piṭṭhibhāgena nivattitvā, Spk-ṭ Be 1961 I 330,20); yadā
pana tāni pañca pi ṭhānāni asurā maddanti, tadā ... pañca
balāni ~anti, 340,17; mahāsamuddo ābhujati (cf. Bv Ee
1974 II 91) āvattatī (cf. As-mṭ Be 1960 25,17) ti attho,
keci pana ~atī (cf. Bv-a 100,40) ti atthaṁ vadanti, Sadd
348,25; nicchetuṁ asakkontī ārammaṇato ~atī ti
āsappanā, As 260,3 (ekaṁ ākāraṁ gantuṁ asamatthatāya
attano āmukhaṁ sappanato ~ati, As-mṭ Be 1960 122,13);
so ... thokaṁ ~itvā (v. l. upakkhipitvā), Ud-a 198,17 =
Dhp-a I 425,12; — 1.b.(i) brāhmaṇa, tvaṁ tīṇi divasāni
piṇḍapātaṁ datvā ~asi, punappunaṁ kātabbā nāma
lokasmiṁ soḷasadhammā, Spk I 257,27 (~asī ti saṅkocasi,
Spk-ṭ Be 1961 I 275,6); atīte ... ekasmiṁ sasse
navakkhattuṁ aggadānaṁ dente ... dānaṁ dātuṁ
anicchanto ~itvā (v. l. osakkhitvā) avasāne adāsi, Dhp-a
III 377,13; — 1.b.(ii) seyyathā pi nāma ~antiyā (so read;
Ee
oss-) vā ussukkeyya, D I 230,21 ("just as one would
make approaches to a
[woman] who turns away"; ~antiyā
[so read with v.l.; Ee oss-] vā ussukkeyya ti
paṭikkamantiyā upagaccheyya, Sv 397,15); — 1.b.(iii)
evaṁ eva viriyaṁ sahajāta-sampayutta-dhammānaṁ
olīyituṁ ~ituṁ na deti ukkhipati paggaṇhāti, As 121,7;
yathā nāma ... issāso vā issāsantevāsī vā bahuke divase
... sikkhitvā sampatte mahāyuddhe ~eyya, evam eva kho
... Tathāgatena ... sabbaññutaṁ pattena dhamma-
desanāya ~itaṁ, Mil 232,14-18; pāṇātipātato ~eyyāma, Sv
855,9 (ad D III 73,23 "pāṇātipātato virameyyāma";
~eyyāmā ti orameyyāma, Sv-pṭ III 40,12); — 1.b.(iv)
assa etad ahosi: idaṁ kho adhikaraṇaṁ kakkhalañ ca vālañ
ca, na kho me taṁ paṭirūpaṁ yo 'haṁ evarūpe adhikaraṇe
~eyyaṁ, Vin II 299,26; maṇicoro cintesi: dhamma-
bhaṇḍâgāriko imaṁ adhikaraṇaṁ ādāya maṇiṁ adassetvā
na ~issatī ti, Ja I 383,8; dhammaṁ caratha bhaddaṁ vo ti
ekavāraṁ caritvā mā ~atha puna carath' eva, III 268,10'
(ad 268,6*); yadi viriyaṁ kareyya, kareyyātha naṁ,
viriyaṁ na ~eyya (v. l. oss-), Spk I 107,25 (ad S I 49,10*);
— 1.c.(i) yassa rañño cakkavattissa dibbaṁ cakka-
ratanaṁ ~ati thānā cavati, D III 59,30 (cf. exegesis at Sv
848,17-27) = 64,7; na ~ati, Nidd-a I 432,12 (ad Nidd I
420,2 "na sīdati"); — 1.c.(ii) Nimi nāma rājā hutvā
~amānaṁ attano vaṁsaṁ ghaṭetvā, Ja I 139,21; ~anti
tanukā bhavanti, Ps V 78,9 (ad M III 259,4
"paṭikkamanti"; ~anti ti parihāyanti, Ps-pṭ Be III 1961
417,7); Kassapa-bhagavato sāsane ~ante (Ee oss-), Spk I
322,19 (parihāyamāne, Spk-ṭ Be 1961 I 320,3); Laṅkāy'
~amānaṁ so jotayi jinasāsanaṁ, Mhv LX 8;
Kassapadasabalassa sāsane ~amāne (Ee oss-), Dhp-a II
210,15; pubbe kira Kassapadasabalassa sāsane ~amāne,
Ud-a 80,29; — 2.a. iti imāni c' eva dvādasa purimāni ca
soḷasa attano ṭhānā ~itvā (v. l. osakkhitvā)
Suttantikapariyāyena vuttāni ekādasa kammāni yeva
bhavanti, tāni pi tato ~itvā tīṇi yeva kammāni honti, Mp
II 222,28-29 (attano yathāvutta-dvādasa-soḷasa-ppabheda-
saṅkhāta-ṭṭhānato parihāpetvā, taṁ taṁ pabhedaṁ hitvā
ti vuttaṁ hoti, Mp-ṭ Be 1961 II 109,9); — 2.b. yathā ...
issāso ... sampatte mahāyuddhe ~eyya, Mil 232,14
232,20; sâpi tasmiṁ evaṁ kathente pi an-~itvā
thaddhavacanaṁ vatvā ... āha, Ja V 295,21; punappunañ
c' eva vapantī ti, ekasmiṁ sassa-ṭṭhāne vuttam "alam
ettāvatā" ti an-~itvā aparâparesū pi sassavāresu ca
vapanti yeva, Spk I 257,30; Cittaguttatthero ... ekacce na
saddahissantī ti maññamāno ~itvā kathesi, Thūp Ee 1971
236,4.