Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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ovāda

, m. [vb. noun from ovadati; Buddhist sa. and
BHS
avavāda (q.v. in BHSD, s.v.) is a Sanskritizing
backformation from m.i.
ovāda; v. s.v. ovadati], lecture,
admonition; order, injunction; more specifically
~ denotes
the ritual lecture, on the
uposatha day (cf. the expression
"to go to or attend the lecture"
[~aṁ/~āya gam- or
āgam-]), given to the bhikkhunīs about their eight
garudhammā (q. v.); sometimes ~ appears to be used
synonymously with
anusāsanī, anusiṭṭhi or sāsana (qq. v.;
cf. infra); elsewhere ~ appears to be used in contrast to
uddesa, paripucchā (qq.v.) and anusāsanī (v. infra);
Rem.: the alternative interpretations suggested by the ct.s
(q.v. in exeg. infra), contrasting ~ with anusāsanī, do not
seem to be supported by canonical usage; the claim that
~
refers to direct communication
(sammukhā-vacanaṁ),
whereas anusāsanī refers to indirect communication
(parammukhā-vacanaṁ), is probably influenced by the
canonical usage of
sammukhā in the context of ~ ; cf. Ml
421,12, q. v. infra;lex. lit.: ~o cânusiṭṭhī pumavajje
'nusāsanaṁ, Abh 354; — gramm. lit.: vādo ~o paṭivādo +
... ice evamādīni nāmikapadāni yojetabbāni, Sadd 386,9; —
exeg.: anusāsatū ti punappunaṁ anusāsatu (delete anu-):
purimaṁ hi vacanaṁ ~o nāma, aparâparaṁ anusāsanī
nāma. otiṇṇe vā vatthusmiṁ vacanaṁ ~o nāma, anotiṇṇe
tantivasena paveṇivasena vuttaṁ anusāsanī nāma. api ca
~o ti vā anusāsanī ti vā atthato ekam eva,
byañjanamattam eva nānaṁ, Spk II 250,4 (ad S III 1,17);
ettha ca sakiṁ-vacanaṁ ~o ... sammukhā-vacanaṁ ~o.
pesetvā parammukhā-vacanaṁ anusāsanī (so read; Ee -i).
otiṇṇe vatthusmiṁ vacanaṁ ~o, otiṇṇe vā anotiṇṇe vā
tantiṭhapanavasena vacanaṁ anusāsanī (so read; Ee -i).
evaṁ viseso veditabbo. paramatthato pana ~o ti vā
anusāsanī ti vā ese eke ekaṭṭhe same samabhāge tajjāte
tañ ñevā ti, Mp I 71,7 (ad A I 10,2); ~o ti anotiṇṇe
(CeEe so; read otiṇṇe; cf. supra) vatthusmiṁ idaṁ karohi
idaṁ mā karitthā ti vacanaṁ. anusāsanī ti otiṇṇe (CeEe
so; read
anotiṇṇe; cf. supra) vatthusmiṁ. api ca otiṇṇe vā
anotiṇṇe vā paṭhamavacanaṁ ~o, punappunaṁ vacanaṁ
anusāsanī ti, Sp 982,15 (ad Vin I 50,29); — anusāsi maṁ
ariyavatā ... amogho tuyham ~o, Th 334; tassâhaṁ
vacanaṁ sutvā akāsiṁ anusāsaniṁ, amogho ayyāya ~o,
Thī 126; tasmā-t-iha tvaṁ Soṇa viriyasamataṁ
adhiṭṭhaha ... tattha ca nimittaṁ gaṇhāhī ti ... atha kho
bhagavā āyasmantaṁ Soṇaṁ iminā ~ena ovaditvā ...
antarahito Gijjhakūṭe pabbate pāturahosi, Vin I 183,5;
taṁ mayaṁ sakkareyyāma garukareyyāma māneyyāma
pūjeyyāma tassa ca mayaṁ ~e tiṭṭheyyāmā ti, II 161,25;
anujānāmi bhikkhave ~aṁ ṭhapetun ti, 263,13; ~aṁ ayya
gaṇhāhī ti. ahañ ca hi bhagini bālo, kathâhaṁ ~aṁ
gaṇhāmī ti. gaṇhāh' ayya ~aṁ, evañ hi bhagavatā
paññattaṁ: bhikkhūhi bhikkhunīnaṁ ~o gahetabbo ti ...
anujānāmi bhikkhave ṭhapetvā bālaṁ avasesehi ~aṁ
gahetun ti, 264,38-265,5 ≠ 265,7-27; kacci bhikkhuniyo
~o iddho ahosī ti. kuto bhante ~o iddho bhavissati, IV
50,10,11; sace vattant' ayyā ti bhaṇanti eso bhaginiyo ~o
ti niyyādetabbo, 52,14; ~aṁ aniyyādetvā aññaṁ
dhammaṁ bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa, 52,37 (~aṁ
anīyādetvā ti eso bhaginīyo ~o ti avatvā, Sp 800,25);
handa bhagini imaṁ cīvaraṁ yathāsaṁhaṭaṁ haritvā
nikkhipitvā yadā bhikkhunīsaṁgho ~aṁ āgacchati tadā
imaṁ cīvaraṁ pārupitvā ... āgacchā ti, 61,10 = 61,13;
314,25-26; 315,3 = V 66,22; ~āya vā saṁvāsāya vā na
gacchissāmī ti dhuraṁ nikkhittamatte āpatti pācittiyassa,
IV 315,8 (~āyā ti garudhammatthāya, Sp 938,24); atha
kho āyasmā Rāhulo: ko n' ajja Bhagavatā sammukhā ~ena
ovadito gāmaṁ piṇḍāya pavisissatī ti ... aññatarasmiṁ
rukkhamūle nisīdi, M I 421,12; yo so, bhante, Pukkusāti
nāma kulaputto bhagavatā saṁkhittena ~ena ovadito so
kālakato, III 247,26 = 270,1 ≠ S IV 63,17; atha kho
āyasmā ca Sāriputto āyasmā ca Anando Anāthapiṇḍikaṁ
gahapatiṁ iminā ~ena ovaditvā uṭṭhāy' āsanā
pakkamiṁsu, M III 261,30; āyasmā Puṇṇo Bhagavantaṁ
etad avoca: sādhu maṁ, bhante, Bhagavā saṁkhittena
~ena ovadatu yam ahaṁ Bhagavato dhammaṁ sutvā eko
vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto vihareyyan ti;
267,8; 276,1; abhirama Tissa abhirama Tissa aham ~ena
aham anuggahena aham anusāsaniyā ti, S III 109,11
Spk I 19,3; so amhe iminā ~ena ovadati upādāya āvuso
Ānanda asmī ti hoti no anupādāya, S III 105,12 = 106,2;
Mālukyaputta kiṁ dahare bhikkhū vakkhāma yattha hi
nāma tvaṁ jiṇṇo vuddho mahallako Tathāgatassa
saṅkhittena ~aṁ yācasī ti, A II 248,19; atha kho bhagavā
Bāhiyaṁ Dārucīriyaṁ iminā samkhittena ~ena ovaditvā
pakkāmi, Ud 8,15; rājā pi tassa ~e ṭhito dānādīni puññāni
katvā yathākammaṁ gato, Ja I 345,8; evaṁ devatā tassa
~aṁ adāsi, 416,1; so pana Dīghāyukumāro ... asiṁ
ukkhipanto tasmiṁ khaṇe mātāpitūhi dinnaṁ ~aṁ saritvā
jīvitaṁ cajanto pi tesaṁ ~aṁ na maddissāmī ti... cintetvā
... āha, III 211,16,17; rājā pi Buddhassa ~e ṭhatvā
āyupariyosane devanagaraṁ pūrento agamāsi, IV 136,13;
mā puna samuddaṁ pavisitthā ti ca tesaṁ ~aṁ datvā,
143,2; tassa mayhaṁ bhikkhave abhiññāya dhammaṁ
desayato, no anabhiññāya + ... karaṇīyo ~o, karaṇīyā
anusāsanī, Nidd I 272,1; tenânusiṭṭhā miga-y-~ena (v. l.
migayuvedhena) ahañ ca mātā ca tass' ~ena, Ap 474,32;
483,5; 609,5; ~aṁ na sahati na kkhamatī ti akkhamo, Sp
613,4 (ad Vin III 178,20); kuto ayye ~aṁ uddesaṁ
paripucchaṁ labhathā ti pucchantānaṁ asuko ca asuko ca
thero ovadatī ti, 786,24 (ad Vin IV 49,30); vuttaṁ h'
etaṁ abhikkhuko nāma āvāso na sakkā hoti ~āya vā
saṁvāsāya vā gantun ti, 793,2 (ad Vin IV 52,19
"abhikkhuke āvāse"); tena kho pana samayena sabbo
bhikkhunīsaṅgho ~aṁ gacchati, 794,29 (ad Vin IV 52,19);
chandapārisuddhi utukkhānaṁ bhikkhugaṇanā ca ~o
uposathassa etāni pubbakiccan ti vuccati, 1063,6* (ad
Vin I 119,1); ~aṁ ṭhapetun ti ettha na bhikkhunī-
upassayaṁ gantvā ṭhapetabbo, 1293,2; ~aṁ anusiṭṭhiñ ca
datvāna ... nibbuto so sasāvako, Bv Ee 197 '4 VII 28;
tassā me aṭṭhamī rattī ti yato paṭṭhāya Anandattherassa
santike ~aṁ paṭilabhi, Thī-a 44,31 (ad Thī 37);
Ānandattherassa ~aṁ sutvā vipassanaṁ paṭṭhapetvā ...
saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṁ pāpuṇi, 44,11; Kvu
561,19; Pv-a 11,8; Sāriputtamoggallānā pi ... te bhikkhū
ovadiṁsu anusāsiṁsu, ekacce ~aṁ paṭicchitvā sammā
vattiṁsu, ekacce vibbhamiṁsu, Dhp-a II 110,11; ye tassa
~e patiṭṭhitā aveccappasādena samannāgatā honti, It-a I
10,20; evam sante pi thero dvattikkhattuṁ ovaditvā ~aṁ
agaṇhantaṁ nâyaṁ mama vacanaṁ karotī ti ñatvā, 66,28;
ath' assa Satthā ~aṁ paṭippassambhento, paññāyissasī ti
ādim āha, Ps II 105,6; so pi antaraghare Bhagavantaṁ
~aṁ yācitvā, tasmā-t-iha te, Bāhiya, diṭṭhe diṭṭhamattaṁ
hotū ti Bhagavatā saṅkhittena ovadito ariyabhūmiṁ
pāpuṇi, 127,15; mamaṁ yevā ti evarūpesu pana ṭhānesu
sāvakā mamaṁ yeva ānusatthiṁ ~aṁ paccāsiṁsati, III
242,13 (ad M II 10,12); Satthu sāsanaṁ ti Satthu ~aṁ, V
27,13 (ad M III 221,9); te Adhimuttattherassa ~e ṭhitā
sabbe aggaphalaṁ arahattaṁ pāpuṇiṁsu, Spk I 57,24; II
200,31; tvaṁ iminā saddhiṁ gantvā, sace so ~e na
tiṭṭhati, sīsam assa chindā ti, III 61,14; te tesaṁ ~e ṭhatvā
sīlādīhi guṇehi vaḍḍhamānā sāmaññatthaṁ anupāpuṇanti,
Mp IV 19,20; tesaṁ ~e ṭhatvā vaṭṭadukkhato muñcissāmī
ti, Ud-a 84,4; so dasabalasamannāgato Satthā ~ena
sāvake na visaṁvādayati, Nett 91,33; ~o ti bhikkhun'-~o;
na hi bhikkhunīhi yācitaṁ ~aṁ anārocetvā uposathaṁ
kātuṁ vaṭṭati, Kkh 12,6; gilānā ti na sakkoti ~āya vā
saṁvāsāya vā gantuṁ, 98,16; Thūp Ee 1971 197,3;
bhaginīsūsunā saddhiṁ attano ... sute ... ice ete pañca
āhūya pesale channaṁ etesam evaṁ so ~aṁ datum ārabhi,
Mhv LXXXVII 17; — ifc. an-°; Anāthapiṇḍika-° (M III
258-63 [~-sutta]); appamād° (Ja VI 66,28); abhiṇh° (Sn
335); Ambalaṭṭhikarāhula-° (M I 414-20 [~-sutta]);
kakacûpam°; kātha-piṇḍika-°; Cullarāhula-° (M III
277-80 [~-sutta]); channā°; dinna-° (Sp 47,18; Mp III
285,18 (-karāya]); Mahārāhula-° (M1420-26 [-sutta]);
nandaka-°; nikkhanta-° (Spk II 200,16 [~-vasa]);
puṇṇa-°; bhikkhu-° (Spk I 103,17); bhikkhun° Sp 787,9;
Vin II 23,26 [~-sammuti]; Sp 938,26 [~-sikkhāpada-
vannanā]); yathā-° (It-a I 66,33); rājovāda-° (Ja V 98,22;
III 439,6 [~-sutta]); Rāhul° (Mhv XXX 83; Thūp Ee
1971 233,34); Sakuṇ° (Ja II 58,23 [-sutta]); satthun° (S
1160,16); sī(ṅ)gāla-°; Sugat° (Ja I 119,9; Ps II 105,9); —
°-vasa, m.; idaṁ Satthā Jetavane Kosala-rañño ~ena
kathesi, Ja V 109,3; ovadeyyā ti bhikkhunīsaṅghaṁ vā
sambahulā vā ekabhikkhuniṁ vā vassasatûpasampannāya
vā bhikkhuniyā tadahûpasampannassa bhikkhuno
abhivādanaṁ paccuṭṭhānaṁ añjalīkammaṁ, sāmīci-
kammaṁ kātabban ti ādike aṭṭha garudhamme ~ena
osarento ovadeyya, Kkh 97,15; Cp-a 103,8; Pv-a 11,17; —
°âdi, mfn.; thānan ti ~ayo nāma bahussutānaṁ bhāro, Ps
I 147,19 (ad M I 29,9).