Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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o-vadati

, pr. 3 sg. [either < *ud + vadati (for pa. o- <
ut-/ud-, v. s.v. 4o), or < *ā + vadati (with ā > o before
-v-); in contrast to apavadati and upavadati (qq. v. s.vv.),
the few recorded instances of pa.
āvadati (q. v. s.v.) are
found exclusively in post-canonical pa., while there are
no recorded instances of pa.
*ubbadati < *udvadati; cf.
Vedic sa. āvadati and udvadati; Buddhist sa. and BHS
avavadati (v. BHSD, s.v.) is a Sanskritizing back-
formation based upon the assumption that pa.
o- is < ava-;
cf. Sadd infra; cf. ovadeti, q. v.], to speak to (someone),
to address
(someone), hence: to teach, to instruct
(someone in spoken words), to lecture; with acc. and
instr.;
(in this sense ~ is often combined with anusāsati);
to exhort, to admonish, to command, to warn (someone
in spoken words; with acc. and instr.
);forms: pr. 1 sg.
~āmi; 2 sg. ~asi; 3 sg. ~ati; 1 pl. ~āma; 3 pl. ~anti; imper.
2 sg. ~a, ~āhi; 3 sg. ~atu; 2 pl. ~atha; 3 pl. ~antu; pot. 2
sg.
~eyyāsi; 3 sg. ~eyya; 1 pl. ~eyyuṁ; f.wt. 1 sg. ~issāmi;
1 pl. ~issāma; aor. 1 sg. ~iṁ; 3 sg. ~[ī/i]; 2 pl. ~ittha; 3 pl.
~iṁsu; part. pr. ~a(t), ~anta, ~amāna; abs. ~itvā, ~itvāna;
lnf. ~ituṁ; ger. ~anīya, ~itabba, ~iya, ~eyya, qq. v.; pp.
~ita, q. v.; pass. -[ī/i]yati, ovajjati, qq. v.;gramm. lit.:
vada viyattiyaṁ vācāyaṁ: ... vadati... ~ati ovadeti, Sadd
385,30; o vā viparīto. atha vā okāro viparītasañño hoti
avasaddassa viparitattā: ~ati, 609,28; — itthaṁ sudaṁ
Bhagavā ... Rāhulaṁ imāhi gathāhi abhiṇhaṁ ~atī ti, Sn
59,10 (ad Sn 335-42); te câpi nūna pajaheyyu dukkhaṁ
ye tvaṁ muni aṭṭhitaṁ ~eyya, 1058; so 'haṁ eko
araññasmiṁ viharanto atandito akāsiṁ satthu vacanaṁ
yathā maṁ ~ī jino, Th 626; tato maṁ ~itvāna paramatthe
niyojayi, Thī 125; ~eyyânusāseyya asabbhā ca nivāraye,
Dhp 77 (tattha ~eyyā ti uppanne vatthusmiṁ vadanto ~ati
nāma, anuppanne ayaso pi no siyā ti ādivasena anāgataṁ
dassento anusāsati nāma, sammukhā vadanto pi ~ati nāma
parammukhā dūtaṁ vā sāsanaṁ vā pesento anusāsati
nāma, sakiṁ vadanto pi ~ati nāma, punappuna vadanto
anusāsati nāma, avadanto eva anusāsati nāmā ti evaṁ
~eyya anusāseyya asabbhā ca akusaladhammā nivāreyya
kusaladhamme patiṭṭhāpeyyā ti attho, Dhp-a II
109,18-110,2) = Nidd I 503,23 (with w.r. ovād-); ime me
bhante cattāro gihisahāyakā Bārāṇasiyaṁ seṭṭh'-
ânuseṭṭhīnaṁ kulānaṁ puttā Vimalo Subāhu Puṇṇaji
Gavampati, ime cattāro bhagavā ~atu anusāsatū ti, Vin I
19,15; atha kho bhagavā te bhikkhū dhammiyā kadiāya ~i
anusāsi, 19,34 = 20,31; 20,15; kathaṁ hi nāma tvaṁ
moghapurisa aññehi ~iyo anusāsiyo aññaṁ ~ituṁ
anusāsituṁ maññissasi, 59,26; 83,27; atha kho āyasmā
Sāriputto ādesanāpāṭihāriyânusāsaniyā bhikkhū dhamm-
iyā kathāya ~i anusāsi, āyasmā Mahāmoggallāno iddhi-
pāṭihāriyânusāsaniyā bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya ~i
anusāsi, II 200,18; 264,27; handâvuso mayam pi
bhikkhuniyo ~āmā ti, IV 49,31 = 51,14; atha kho
chabbaggiyā bhikkhū ... etad avocuṁ: ... mayam pi
~issāmā ti, 50,1 = 51,17; tena kho pana samayena therā
bhikkhū sammatā bhikkhuniyo ~antā tath' eva lābhino
honti cīvara- ... -parikkhārānaṁ, 51,8; ~ati payoge
dukkaṭaṁ. asammato bhikkhuniyo ~anto dve āpattiṁ
āpajjati, V 38,30; āmisahetu bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo ~anti ti
bhaṇanto dve āpattiṁ āpajjati, 38,35; iṅgha tvaṁ mārisa
... mā paraṁ ~āhī ti, M I 331,9 (Ps II 415,26); sādhu
maṁ, bhante, Bhagavā saṁkhittena ovādena ~atu, III
267,8; 270,16; tena hi tvaṁ, Nandaka, sve pi tā
bhikkhuniyo ten' ev' ovādena ~eyyāsī ti, 276,20 (tena
kāraṇena tvaṁ sve pi tā bhikkhuniyo ten' eva ovādena
~eyyāsī ti, Ps V 97,9); ~a, Nandaka, bhikkhuniyo,
anusāsa Nandaka, bhikkhuniyo, 270,27; akāle ~aṁ
bhikkhu mando va paṭibhāti maṁ, S I 198,31; Kassapena
vā hi vo bhikkhave ~issāmi yo vā Kassapasadiso, II
195,16; ~a Kassapa bhikkhū karohi Kassapa bhikkhūnaṁ
dhammikathaṁ, 208,17; yaṁ pana mayā kattabbaṁ
kammaṁ tvaṁ karohī ti puttaṁ ~itvā ... araññaṁ pāvisi,
Ja II 19,20; na so taṁ etaṁ disaṁ pucchi aññaṁ pucchi,
tayā pana diṭṭhasutaviññātato adiṭṭha-asuta-aviññātaṁ
eva bahutaran ti ~anto dve gāthā abhāsi, III 233,24;
tiṭṭhatha tumhe, tumhehi saddhiṁ kathentam eva
vyādhijarāmaraṇāni upagacchantī ti ~itvā ... Hatthi-
pālakumārass' eva santikaṁ gato, IV 480,30; dānādīsu
appamattā hothā ti ~itvā uyyojesi, V 332,18; yamhi kale
mahāvīro ~ī, Bv Ee 1974 V 8; yadā ca Padumo buddho ~ī
... tadā asītikoṭīnaṁ tatiyâbhisamayo ahu, IX 5 ≠ X 9;
idh' evâham etarahi ~iṁ mama atrajaṁ, XXVI 4; mam
evam ~ī tadā, Ap 474,28; tadā ... bhikkhunīnaṁ ~ataṁ
agge ṭhāne ṭhapesi maṁ, 500,6; thero amhe gāḷhena
ovādena ~ati (v.l. ~i), gaccheyya nu kho ti, Sp 82,5; te pi
therā dasabhātikasamākulaṁ rājakulaṁ pasādetvā
mahājanaṁ ~amānā Cetiyagirimhi vassaṁ vasiṁsu, 83,2;
te bhikkhū mā tumhe bhikkhave bhikkhuniyo ~itthā ti
vuccamānā adiṭṭhasaccattā tathāgate āghātaṁ bandhitvā
apāyūpagā bhaveyyuṁ, 787,9 (ad Vin IV 51,19); athavā
sayaṁ kīsako tāpaso samāno ca ~amāno ca aññe ~anto
anusāsanto ti attho, 972,21 (ad Vin I 36,15); ayaṁ kir'
assa adhippāyo ime bhikkhū kodhâbhibhūtā satthu
vacanaṁ na gaṇhanti, mā bhagavā ete ~anto kilamitthā ti,
1150,19; ~antu, anusāsantū ti attho, Ps II 66,2 (ad M I
95,12 "vadantu"); tāpasâpi sve rājagehe bhuñjissāmā ti
aññamaññaṁ ~iṁsu, III 68,4; thero sabbakāle ~ati:
sāmaṇera mā evam akāsi, 247,4 (ad M II 11,20); ~antā ca
dve tathāgatā sukhaṁ ~eyyuṁ, anusāsamānā sukhaṁ
anusāseyyuṁ, IV 119,2; evam evaṁ aham pi pavāhetvā
pavāhetvā punappunaṁ ~issāmi anusāsissāmi, 166,23; so
pi seṭṭhī dhītaraṁ evaṁ ~i, Dhp-a I 397,17; so ovādako
anusāsako na tvaṁ amhākaṁ upajjhāyo na ācariyo kasmā
amhe ~asī ti evaṁ mukhasattīhi vijjhantānaṁ appiyo hoti
ti, II 110,8; Sāriputtamoggallānā pi tattha gantvā te
bhikkhū ~iṁsu anusāsiṁsu, 110,11; ten' eva vyādhinā
thero patto āyukkhayantikaṁ, ~itvâppamādena nibbātuṁ
mānasaṁ akā, Mhv V 219; kuddho mahājano rañño taṁ
atthaṁ paṭivedayi, rājā te saṁñapetvāna puttaṁ ~i
sādhukaṁ, VI 40; keci pana anumodantī ti padassa ~anti ti
vadanti, It-a II 77,23 ("some use ~anti as a substitute for
anumodanti"; ad It 76,19); ahan tadā ti yadâhaṁ sasako
homi tadā ete makkaṭâdayo tayo sahāye ~ami, Cp-a
102,30 (ad Cp 126); — ~itvā at Thī-a 250,27 and 251,18
is w.r. for ovaritvā, q. v. s.v. ovarati; ~iyāna at Thī-a
250,26 is w.r. for ovariyāna, q. v. s.v. ovarati.