Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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ora

, mfn. and n. [< *avara; cf. sa. avara], below
(relative to time, space or quantity), hence 1. (relative to
time
): a. ([mf] n.) below the terminal point with respect to
which time is measured; hence: before, sooner than;
(either used in the neuter as a preposition/postposition
[with abl.] or in the instr. as a preposition [with acc. and
gen.
]); b. below the point from which time is measured;
hence: after, since
(used in the neuter as a postposition
with abl.
); 2. (relative to space) a.(i) below; (ii) below
(from the point of view of the speaker), hence: near (by),
close
(to the speaker); here, on this side (used adverbially
in acc.
(n.) and instr. and as a postposition with abl.; opp.
pāraṁ); b.(i) (n.) this bank, shore (as opposed to the far
shore
[pāra]; in this sense ~ is analysed by the ex. lit.
[q.v. infra] as a scdry deriv. from *avara); ~ is also used
fig. in
Nidd II in exeg. [ad Sn 1048], q. v. infra); (ii) this
side
(with pāraṁ; cf. ~ato pāraṁ ... pārato ~aṁ: "from
this side to the other side and vice versa", i.e. "back and
forth"
); 3. (relative to quantity), ([mf]n.) below a certain
quantity, hence: less
(than; used in the neuter as a
postposition with abl.; opp.
paraṁ); — lex. lit.: pāraṁ
paramhi tīramhi, ~aṁ tv apāram uccate, Abh 665 (-an tu
tīraṁ aparan tûccate; avare tīradese bhavaṁ ~aṁ, Abh-ṭ
Be 1964 ad loc.);gramm. lit.: ~e 'pari ... uddhâdho
'nto vā chaṭṭhiyā. °âdayo vā saddā chaṭṭhiyantena sah'
ekatthā vā honti: ~aṁ ... puna vā-vidhānā Gaṅgā ~am
iccādī pi honti, Mogg-v ad Mogg III 8; dīgh'-~ehi.
dīgha-~a ice etehi smāvacanassa so ādeso hoti vā:
dīghaso, dīghamhā; ~aso, ~amhā, Kacc 106 (= Rūp 302)
and Kacc-v ad loc. ≠ Sadd 650,22; — 1.a. ([mf]n.) appaṁ
vata jīvitaṁ idaṁ, ~aṁ vassasatā pimiyyati, yo ce pi
aticca jīvati, atha kho so jarasā pimiyyati, Sn 804
(appaṁ vata jīvitaṁ idaṁ ~aṁ vassasatā pimiyyati ti.
kalalakāle pi cavati marati antaradhāyati vippalujjati ...
navutivassiko pi cavati marati antaradhāyati vippalujjati
ti, ~aṁ vassasatā pimiyyati, Nidd I 120,1) qu. Nidd I
117,3*; ~aṁ odanapākamhā tamhā ṭhānā apakkamiṁ, Th
317 (~aṁ odanapākamhā ti, odanapākato ~aṁ, yāvatā
kālena suparidhota-tinta-taṇḍula-nāliyā odanaṁ pacati,
tato ~am eva kālaṁ, Th-a II 136,3); navaṁ pana
bhikkhunā santhataṁ karāpetvā chabbassāni dhār-
etabbaṁ. ~ena ce channaṁ vassānaṁ taṁ santhataṁ
vissajjetvā vā avissajjetvā vā aññaṁ navaṁ santhataṁ
kārāpeyya, Vin III 228,9 foll. (~ena ce channaṁ vassānan
ti channaṁ vassānaṁ orimabhāge anto ti attho, Sp
685,11); yo pana bhikkhu ~en' addhamāsaṁ nhāyeyya,
pācittiyan ti, IV 117,23 foll.; ~ena dasarattassa bhātaraṁ
passa āgatan ti, Ja VI 190,12*; diṭṭhe va dhamme pāsaṁsā
dhammā ete pasaṁsiyā ti santike maraṇaṁ tuyhaṁ ~am
māsehi pañcahi, Vv Ee 1977 984; samūlho mohapāruto
micchādiṭṭhi ca dussīlo kadariyo paribhāsako ~aṁ me
chahi māsehi kālakiriyā bhavissati, Pv Ee 1977 691; sā
(adhigamappicchatā) ca arahattādhigamato ~aṁ veditabbā,
Pj II 494,30; — 1.b. eko va theravādo so ādivassasate
ahu, aññâcariyavādā tu tato ~aṁ ajāyisuṁ, Mhv V 2;
sattarasāpi dutiye jātā vassasate iti, aññâcariyavādā tu
tato ~aṁ ajāyisuṁ, 11; mahābodhipatiṭṭhānā ~aṁ
Laṅkāya bhūmipā, yāva dvādasamaṁ vassaṁ bodhipūjaṁ
akāriyuṁ, XXXVIII 57; — 2.a.(i) antaravāsakassâpi
ovaṭṭikaṁ karontena saṁghaṭitaṭṭhāne chiddaṁ na
bhindati, tato ~aṁ bhindatī ti, Sp 646,11 (cf. aṭṭhaṅgula-
ppamāṇassa padesassa ~ato chiddaṁ adhiṭṭhānaṁ
bhindati, 645,27,30); — 2.a.(ii) kâyaṁ balākā sikhinī con
laṁghīpitāmahā, ~aṁ balāke āgaccha, Ja II 363,18*
(ambho balāke ito ehi, 363,25') = III 226,7*; ehi māṇava
~ena, 328,5*; mâssu ~ena-m-āgamā, V 72,6*; bhuñjassu
pāragaṅgaṁ tvaṁ, mâgā ~aṁ tato iti, Mhv X 49; —
2.b.(i) (n.) yassa darathajā na santi keci ~aṁ āgamanāya
paccayāse, so bhikkhu jahāti °-pāraṁ, Sn 15 (~an ti
sakkāyo nāma vuccati, Pj II 24,16); ~aṁ samuddassa
atittarūpo pāraṁ samuddassa pi patthayetha, Th 777
(~aṁ samuddassa ti, anavasesaṁ samuddassa °-bhāgaṁ
[v. l. orabhaṁ] labhitvā pi tena atittarūpo pāraṁ
samuddassa dīpantaram pi patthayeyya, Th-a III 39,19) =
M II 72,32* (~aṁ samuddassa ti yaṁ samuddassa ~ato
sakaṁ raṭṭhaṁ tena atittarūpo ti attho, Ps III 307,22);
manussā aññe nāvaṁ pariyesanti aññe uḷumpaṁ
pariyesanti aññe kullaṁ bandhanti ~ā pāraṁ gantukāmā,
Vin I 230,14 = D II 89,16 (with reading apārā pāram [so
read
]; cf. Ud 90,5 [with v.l. aparâparaṁ]; D I 244,17; S
IV 174,8; v. s.v. 1a-pāra); Sp 654,18; — in exeg.:
paroparānī ti ~aṁ vuccati sakattabhāvo, paraṁ vuccati
parattabhāvo, ~aṁ vuccate sakarūpavedanāsaññāsaṅkhāra-
viññāṇaṁ ... vibhāvayitvā vibhūtaṁ katvā ti saṁkhāya
lokasmi paroparāni, Nidd II Be 1960 58,26 (ad Sn 1048;
cf. Pj II 590,6 ad loc.: parovarānī ti parāni ca ~āni ca,
parattabhāvasakattabhāvâdīni parāni ca ~āni cā ti vuttaṁ,
= Nidd-a II 15,32) ≠ Pj II 13,7 (ad Sn 1); — 2.b.(ii) rājā
(Kasanto) ~ato vā pāraṁ gacchati pārato vā ~aṁ
āgacchati, etasmiṁ ṭhāne mahāsampattiṁ anubhosi, Ja I
57,34; rājā pana ~ato ca pāraṁ gacchati, pārato vā ~aṁ
gacchati, Ps II 290,34; — 3. jātakabhāṇakena sâṭṭha-
kathaṁ jātakaṁ uggahetabbaṁ, tato ~aṁ na vaṭṭati, Sp
789,21; tañ (i.e. vanaṁ) ca kho heṭṭhimaparicchedena
catupañcarukkhamattaṁ pi, tato ~aṁ na vaṭṭati, tato
paraṁ yojanasatikam pi vaṭṭati, 1031,22 foll.; 1041,29.