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etarahi

, ind. [sa. etarhi; cf. tarahi and carahi],
demonstrative adv. of time, commonly used in opposition
to the past and the future: at this time, i.e. at the present
time, at present, now, today, nowadays, currently;

Rem.: even though ~ , adhunā, idāni and ajja (qq. v.) are
regarded as synonymous by the grammarians and
commentators, they are never used interchangeably in
canonical narrative prose, where their usage is clearly
marked by distinctive features. From a semantic point of
view
~~ contrasts with idāni, adhunā and ajja in the sense
that the time reference of" is less restricted in scope,
referring, from the point of view of the speaker, both to
the near past and the future as well as to longer periods of
time
(for the corresponding usage of sa. etarhi v. Ai.Gr.
III § 255b foll.]. In the limited number of instances where
~ is used in narrative prose in combination with idāni or
ajja, the latter would seem to have a restrictive force: "just
now, today". From a morphological point of view
~ and
idāni contrast with ajja and adhunā in not forming
compounds
(v. s. vv. ajja and adhunā); — eta rahimhi.
sabbass' eva ima-saddassa etādeso hoti rahimhi paccaye
pare: etarahi, Kacc 236 and Kacc-v ≠ Sadd 676,25-26; —
imass' eto kale rahi ca imasmiṁ kale: etarahi, Mogg-v ad
IV 119; — Exeg.: "appaṁ vassasataṁ āyu idān' ~ vijjatī"
(= Bv XXVI 21) ti pāḷiyaṁ idāni-etarahi-saddānaṁ
samānatthānam pi vevacanabhāvena samāgamo dissati,
Sadd 683,18-21; — sandissanti nu kho ... ~ brāhmaṇā
porāṇānaṁ brāhmaṇānaṁ brāhmaṇadhamme ti, Sn 50,20
≠ 50,22; kahaṁ nu kho ... ~ so Bhagavā viharati arahaṁ
sammāsambuddho, Vin I 247,36 ≠ D I 89,21 ≠ M I
229,20; ~ kho me mahāyañño paccupaṭṭhito kevalakappā
ca Aṅgamagadhā ... abhikkamissanti ... aho nūna
mahāsamaṇo svātanāya nâgaccheyyā ti, Vin I 27,31 =
28,9; ~ kho mayaṁ ... upaddutā, II 170,7; so dāni tvam -
kiso lūkho dubbaṇṇo ... pajjhāyasi, III 19,23 ≠ 110,29;
kāya nu 'ttha bhikkhave ~ kathāya sannisinnā, D I 2,25 =
M I 161,25; yo vā te ~ paccuppanno attapaṭilābho, D I
201,4 ≠ 201,12; imasmiṁ yeva kho bhikkhave
bhaddakappe ahaṁ ~ arahaṁ sammāsambuddho loke
uppanno, D II 2,27 ≠ 3,9,21; evaṁpasanno ahaṁ bhante
Bhagavati, na câhu na ca bhavissati na c' ~ vijjati añño
samano vā brāhmano vā Bhagavatā bhiyyo 'bhiññataro, D
II 82,4 foll. = III 99,9 foll. = S V 159,8 foll.; na câhu na
ca bhavissati na c' ~ vijjati, Dhp 228; ahaṁ kho pan'
Ānanda ~ jiṇṇo vuddho mahallako addhagato vayo
anuppatto, D II 100,12 ≠ M II 66,16; ye hi keci Ānanda ~
vā mamaṁ vā accayena attadīpā viharissanti, D II 101,1;
yathā kho pan' Ānanda ~ bhikkhū aññamaññaṁ
āvusovādena samudācaranti, na vo mam' accayena evaṁ
samudācaritabbaṁ, 154,9; ~ vā paccuppannaṁ addhānaṁ
ārabbha kathaṁ katheyya "evaṁ hoti ~ paccuppannan" ti,
III 220,12,14; ~ vā paccuppannaṁ addhānaṁ ajjhattaṁ
kathaṁkathī bhavissati, S II 27,5 ≠ M I 8,12 (~
paccuppannaṁ addhānan ti idāni vā paṭisandhiṁ ādiṁ
katvā cutipariyantaṁ sabbam pi vattamānakālaṁ gahetvā,
Spk II 42,13 = Ps I 69,18); ye pi te brāhmaṇānaṁ
pubbakā isayo mantānaṁ kattāro ... , yesaṁ idaṁ ~
brāhmanā porānaṁ mantapadaṁ ... tad anugāyanti, M II
169,27 ≠ Vin I 245,18 ≠ D I 104,10,22 ≠ 238,18 = 239,4
A III 224,2 = 229,26; ayaṁ vo mam' accayena
paṭisaraṇaṁ bhavissati ti, yaṁ tumhe ~ paṭidhāveyyāthā
ti, M III 9,8 ≠ 9,12 foll.; bhīruttānagatena kho dāni
mayaṁ ~ attanā viharāma, A IV 433,1 foll.;
Jinarahassaṁ ajj' ~ loke ... pākaṭaṁ katan ti, Mil 144,10;
152,18; — ~ contrasts with (a) pubbe (frequent): ahaṁ
kho pubbe ākiṇṇo na phāsu vihāsiṁ ... , so 'mhi ~ eko
adutiyo sukhaṁ phāsu viharāmi, Vin I 353,16; pubbe kho
kumāra manussā dīghâyukā, ~ appâyukā, II 190,17; ahaṁ
kho pubbe ābādhiko ahosiṁ ... , so 'mhi ~ tamhā abādhā
mutto, D I 72,11 foll. = M I 275,22 foll.; pubbe câhaṁ,
Ānanda, ~ ca suññatāvihārena bahulaṁ viharāmi, M in
104,14 (~ ti idāni pi, Ps IV 150,17); pubbe c' eva rūpā ~
ca sabbe te rūpā aniccā dukkhā avipariṇāmadhammā, M
III 217,31 foll. ≠ S III 43,5 foll.; ahuvā me nūna pubbe
attā, so ~ n' atthī ti, S IV 401,11; ahu pubbe lobho tad
ahu akusalaṁ, so ~ n' atthi, A I 197,5; — (b) atītaṁ
addhānaṁ, atītaṁsaṁ and anāgataṁ addhānaṁ (frequent):
ahosi tvaṁ atītam addhānaṁ, ... , bhavissati tvaṁ
anāgataṁ addhānaṁ, ... , atthi tvaṁ ~ , D I 200,14; n'
eva atītaṁse samanupassāma, na pan' ~ aññatra tena
Bhagavatā, II 222,19 foll.; ye kho keci atītaṁ addhānaṁ
samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā ... kaṭukā vedanā vedayiṁsu, ye
hi pi keci anāgataṁ addhānaṁ ... vediyanti, ye pi hi keci
~ ... vediyanti, etāvaparamaṁ, na-y-ito bhiyyo, M I
246,26; ye ca atītā sambuddhā, ye ca buddha anagatā, yo
c' ~ (v. l. carecarahi) sambuddho, S I 140,12* = A II
21,20*; — (c) tadā (rare): tadā pi etaparamo yeva kolo
ahosi seyyathā pi ~ , M I 80,9 ≠ 81,6; tadā pi mahārāja ~
pi sā yeva paṭipadā, Mil 245,6; tadā Bodhisatto yathā ~
Sakko purime attabhāve Magadharaṭṭhe Macalagāmake
nibbatti, Ja I 199,2; 422,2; — (d) tena samayena (rare):
yathā kho pana ... ~ manussā pisāce pisācā ti sañjānanti,
evam eva kho ... tena samayena manussā pisāce pi Kaṇhā
ti sañjānanti, D I 93,9; — (e) āyatiṁ (rare): yaṁ pan'
ettha ~ kāyena saṁvutā ... , taṁ āyatiṁ pāpassa
kammassa akaraṇaṁ, M I 93,4; Ud-a 295,12; — (f)
tatthabhāviṁ (rare): tatr' Ānanda yo so rūpiṁ parittaṁ
attānaṁ paññāpento paññāpeti, ~ vā so ... paññāpeti,
tatthabhāviṁ (Ee so; BeCe two words; v.l. tathā-) vā so
... paññāpeti, D II 64,12 foll.