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ekāsanika

, m(fn). (scdry fr. 3ekâsana), (he) who eats
one meal at one sitting, cf. Childers, s.v.
ekâsanikaṅgaṁ
(quoting Hardy, who summarises Vism 69,5 foll., which
is evidently a locus classicus in Sinhalese Buddhism; v.
infra
); the "one-sessioner" (Pe Maung Tin and Ñm, Vism-
Trsl.). "Einmal-Esser" (Nyanatiloka, Vism-Trsl., p. 78,
but v. p. 67); cf. BHSD s.v. ekāsanika, aikāsanika
(" observing the rule of using the same seat [for eating his
meal
]"); Kern, Manual, p. 76 (Seating at one sitting");
quasi-syn.: ekabhattika (q. v.), cf. sa. ekāhāra, mfn.;
Manu IV 62; — the term ~ seems to have been
increasingly favoured in systematic developments of the

dhutaṅgas;meaning: a Buddhist bhikkhu (exception-
ally a
sāvaka, v. Mil infra) engaged in one of the dhutaṅga
observances relating to alms (Vimuttimagga trsl. p. 27), a
precision implied, but not explicitly stated, in
Vism 82,16:
restricting his meal (asana) to the portion he eats in one
session
(āsana); — for discussions about the etym. and
real meaning of the word, and the possibility of its being
based on a pun, v. Burnouf, Introduction à l'histoire du
bouddhisme indien
(1844), p. 307; cf. Horner, Mil-Trsl.,
p.
27 n. 4 (eka + asana, and not eka + āsana, "though the
one meal is taken at one sitting"
), followed by EVIp.
270; v. s.v. 3ekâsana, but v. Vism, infra;etym.:
ekâsane bhojana-sīlo ~o, Rūp § 360 (Ce 151,27 qu. Sadd
p. 1285); cf. ekâsane bhojanaṁ ekāsanaṁ, taṁ sīlaṁ assā
ti ~o, Vism 60,26; ~o, Th-a III 54,6 ad Th 848
("ekāsanī"); — his behaviour is described in greater or less
detail depending on the texts, his place in the lists of those
who practise the
dhutaṅgas varying, the more systematic
lists and accounts being in
Vism 59,17-22 (v. s. v.
°-aṅga); 69,2-30; 82,2-83,12; cf. Vimuttimagga trsl. pp.
27, 31 (" one-eating");he is generally listed with other
bhikkhus practising the dhutaṅgas (for the fluctuating
number of which v. Kern, Manual, p.
76): 9 in M III
40,23-42,18 (~ the 9th, 42,6); 10 in A III 219,4-221,10
(220,5; ~ the 8th, 221,9); 13 in Vin V 131,9-19; 193,1-20
(131,17; ~ the 11th, 193,12); 13 in Th 844-56 (ekāsanī
the 5th, 848); 3 cited in Mil 20,13-27 (~ the 1st); 13 in
Vism (dhutaṅga-niddesa, cf. Th-a III 54,16-17) 59,17-22
(~ the 5th, 59,18) = Mil 359,18-22; — for the char-
acteristic observance of the
~, v. s.v. 3ekâsana:
°-khalupacchābhattikānaṁ pāto bhuttānaṁ antomajjh-
antike pi pacchābhattam eva, Sv 407,14-16 ≠ Ud-a 202,21
(pāto va, cf. Sv v. l.); further details in a scholastic
development entailing more minute and rigorous
observances and implying discussions:
tena pana ~ena
āsana-sālāyaṁ nisīdantena ... paṭirūpaṁ āsanaṁ sallak-
khetvā nisīditabbaṁ; sac' assa vippakate bhojane ācariyo
... āgacchati, uṭṭhāya vattaṁ kātuṁ vaṭṭati; tipiṭaka-
Cūḷābhayatthero pan' āha: āsanaṁ vā rakkheyya
bhojanaṁ vā, ayaṁ ca vippakatabhojano, tasmā vattaṁ
karotu, bhojanaṁ pana mā bhuñjatū ti, idam assa
vidhānaṁ, Vism 69,3-11; — three kinds or degrees of~
(pabhedato ... tividho): ukkaṭṭha, majjhima, muduka,
Vism 69,12-21; five sorts, according to the motive or state
of mind: pañca ~ā, Vin V 131,11-17 (cf. pañca āraññakā,
etc.), cf. A III 220,5; Pp 9,4; 69,25 (two only among
these being commendable
);the ~ is sometimes
arrogant, mistaking external asceticism for sanctity:
M III
42,5 foll.; Mil 216,6-10 (scil. sāvakā ~ā); ye kho te ...
bhikkhū ~ā nūna te pubbe paresaṁ bhoga-hārakā corā ...
etarahi ~ā bhavanti ... n' atthi brahmacariyaṁ, Mil
20,13-17; but v. Th 848 (s. v. ekāsani[n]); and v. s. v.
3ekâsana(-bhojana); — ifc. jāti-°; — °-tta, n., abstr.; M
III 42,8 foll.; — °(a)-aṅga, n., "one-sessioner's prac-
tice"
(Ñm, Pe Maung Tin, Vism-Trsl.; " die Übung des
Einmal-Essers", Nyanatiloka, Buddh. Wörterbuch, p.
72;
Vism- trsl. p. 78); cf. 3ekâsana, and v. s. v. ekāsanika;
one of the dhutaṅgas, the fifth in the enumeration at Vism
59,17-22 (cf. Vimuttimagga trsl., p. 27 and n. 8,
"austerity of 'one eating'", p. 31); Mil 359,18-22 ("the
practice of being a one-session-eater",
[Horner]);
etym.: ... ekāsaniko; tassa aṅgaṁ ~aṁ, Vism 60,26; opp.
to nānāsana-bhojana (cf. ekāsana-bhojanas. v. 3ekâsana);
cf. the formula used when undertaking the observance:
"nānāsana-bhojanaṁ paṭikkhipāmi, ~aṁ samādiyāmī" ti,
imesaṁ aññatara-vacanena samādinnaṁ hoti, Vism 69,2-3
(cf. Th-a III 54,5-6 ad Th 848 "ekāsanī"); "eating in two
places, eating frequently, taking food frequently, washing
the bowl frequently
the opposite of these is 'one-
eating"',
Vimuttimagga trsl. p. 31; — ~aṁ, Vism 69,1-32
(title); ~e samādāna-vidhāna-ppabheda-bhedânisaṁsa-
vaṇṇanā, 69,31 (cf. 62,3 foll. and v. s. v. ekāsanika);
imesaṁ ... tiṇṇam pi (scil. ekāsanikā) nānāsana-bhojanaṁ
bhutta-kkhaṇe dhutaṅgaṁ bhijjati; ayam ettha bhedo,
Vism 69,22-23; ayam pana ānisaṁso: appābādhatā,
appātaṅkatā, lahuṭṭhānaṁ, balaṁ, phāsuvihāro, anatiritta-
paccayā anāpatti, rasa-taṇhā-vinodanaṁ, appicchatâdīnaṁ
anuloma-vuttitā ti, 69,24-26 (v. s. v. 3ekâsana); — the
second of the three
sīs'-aṅgas, Vism 82,4; ~aṁ rakkhato
pattapiṇḍik'-aṅga-khalupacchābhattik'-aṅgāni pi surakkh-
anīyāni, 82,6-8; one of the five piṇḍapāta-paṭisaṁyuttas,
82,13; also practised by lay-believers: upāsaka-upāsik-
ānaṁ pana ~aṁ pattapindik'-angan ti imāni dve patirūpāni
c' eva sakkā ca paribhuñjitun ti dve dhutaṅgānī ti,
83,10-13 (" for lay-disciples male and female the two
practices... are suitable and practicable"
).