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ekâsana

, n. (conflation of 1ekasana with 2ekâsana;
the "having one single meal' [cf. ekâsi(n)] conflated with
the
[partaking of food] at one session only; cf. CPD I s. v.
3asana; II s. v. 2āsana); — etym.: Vism 69,2 foll. evidently
connects with
2āsana (v. s. v. ekāsanika), but ~ is prob.
first a syn. of eka-bhatta (q. v.) which it replaces in def.
of
brahmacariya (esp. in non-disciplinary texts; cf. ~aṁ
ekaseyyaṁ methuna-viratiṁ, Ud-a 168,9, but ekaseyyaṁ
ekabhattaṁ brahmacariyaṁ, Vin I 194,34 [v. s. v. eka-
seyya; cf. infra °-bhojana]), then taken as a syn. of
ekaseyya: ~aṁ ekabhattaṁ paṭisevamānā ... brahma-
cariyaṁ carantā, Spk I 36,15; — meaning: only one meal
in one session; referring, in earlier texts, to the rules
prohibiting more than "one meal"
(= alms-food eaten in
the morning
), or, in later texts, to ascetic practices, esp.
the
dhutaṅgas (a meaning perhaps extracted from ~ika); ~e
bhojanaṁ ~aṁ; taṁ sīlaṁ assā ti ekāsaniko; tassa aṅgaṁ
ekāsanik'-aṅgaṁ, Vism 60,25 (" one session is food taken
at one sitting",
[Pe Maung Tin, cf. Nyanatiloka's Trsl. p.
67]; iriya-path'-antarena anantaritāya ekāya yeva
nisajjāya, Vism-mhṭ Se I 132,17 [= Saṁkhepatthajotanī
(ed. Jion Abe, 1981) 90,19 (ekāya eva)]); ~e bhojana-sīlo
ekāsaniko, Rūp § 360 (Ce 151,17); rata ~e, Mil 342,20*
("delighting in one meal [a day]", [Horner]); It-a I 74,17; —
°-bhojana, n., the consuming of one meal only (= only in
the morning
); ahaṁ kho ... ~aṁ bhuñjāmi; ~aṁ kho
ahaṁ ... bhuñjamāno ... tumhe pi bhuñjamānā, M I
124,10-14 (" I have only one meal each morn-
ing",
[Chalmers]; ekaṁ pure-bhatta-bhojanaṁ; suriy'-
uggamanato hi yāva majjhantikā sattakkhattuṁ bhutta-
bhojanam pi idha ~an tv eva adhippetaṁ, Ps II 97,9 foll.)
= 437,19-23 (ekasmiṁ pure-bhatte asana-bhojanaṁ
bhuñjitabbaṁ, Ps III 148,10-11); 437,27; cf. ekabhattika
(D I 5,5 [Sv 77,11-15]); — for advantages of ~, cf.
appābādhatañ ca saṁjānāmi appātaṅkatañ ca lahuṭṭhānañ
ca balañ ca phāsuvihārañ ca, M I 124,10-12 = 437,20-21
124,14-16 = 437,23-25; expanded at Vism 69,24 foll.;
°-bhoji(n), mfn., eating only "one meal"; ~-itāya (f.
abstr.
) ca parimitabhojitāya ca "appāhārā", Pj II 207,21.