Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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3

ū

, form of prev. u(d) before h; in some cases also
= upa, and in traditional grammar regarded (with u) as
an alternative
(viparīta) of o, the alternative form of ava
(Sadd 609,27-30, 810,4-7; 1.1.2; cf. the frequent vv. ll. uh-,
ūh-, oh- in mss.); — expl. as "Magadhism" by L.Als-
dorfin Pāli Miscellanies
(pp. 110—117: Pāli ū < sa. upa
and ud), Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik, 1, 1975,
with ref. to Hemacandra, Geiger § 28, and esp. to Lü-
ders, Bharhut und die buddhistische Literatur
(p. 45,
bhagavato ūkraṁti), Beobachtungen § 110 (Exkurs über
ū-had); — accord. to R. L. Turner, Early Shortening of
Geminates with Compensatory Lengthening in Indo-
aryan, BSOAS
XXXIII, 1, 1970, pp. 171-78 (repr.
Collected Papers, pp.
421-29), ud + h- (from ĝh,
*g
wh + palatal vowel, irrespective of the intermediate
stages
) became ūh-, which survived in Middle and New
Indo-aryan; he points out that
upa and uva are normally
maintained in Pāli and Prakrit, and semantically
ud- is
quite as satisfactory;
similar views are expressed in
notes written by H. Smith in
1922 (briefly stated in
Saddanīti V, p. 1282: ū . . . [uṣ + h]).