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usabha

, mn. [sa. ṛṣabha; prakr. usabha; cf. Berger,
Zwei Probleme p. 37], 1. bull, ox; Abh 495; 996; 2.
eminent, prominent; Abh 996; usati paṭipakkhe nidahatī
ti ~o seṭṭho, Mogg-v VII 126; Sadd 613,29; in long cpd.
at
924,20; 3. the second of the seven musical notes; Abh
132 (yasmā pana so saro ~o viya nadati, tasmā ~o ti
vuecati, Abh-sūci); 4. a bulbous medicinal plant [sa.
ṛṣabha(ka) or vṛṣabha]; Abh 590 (syn. siṅgī); 996; 5.
(n.) a measure of length equal to 20 yaṭṭhis; Abh 996; 6.
a sign of the zodiac, Taurus; Abh-ṭ 61; — 1. ~ā gopita-
ro gopariṇāyakā, M I 220,12 = 222,24 = 225,26 = A V
347,22 = 350,31; ~o suññāya gosālāya gambhīraṁ nadi-
tabbaṁ maññati, A I 188,6 (= goṇo, Mp II 304,20); ~o
chinnavisāno sorato, A IV 376,19; ~o pi gavampatī ca
atthi, Sn 26 ≠ 27 (Pj II 39,11 foll.; ~o-r-iva chetvā
bandhanāni, Sn 29 (Pj II 40,17 foll.); ~o va mahī nada-
ti, Ap 427,13; ~o va ālakaṁ bhetvā, Bv XXV 2; ~aṁ
passanti, Nidd I 88,1; ~ena balakkakunā saddhiṁ yu-
gaṁ samāgamā samāgantvā, 177,15; ettakā~ā haññantu
yaññatthāya, Pp 56,22; ~ā rukkhā gāviyo gavā ca, Ja I
336,11* = 344,16*; yatthū~añ ca sīhañ ca bhakkhayanti
migādhamā, III 151,7*; ~âhaṁ addaṁ yūthassa majjhe,
380,18*; ~o ahū balavā gāmikassa, IV 330,7*; ~añ ca
gavaṁ sataṁ, 422,6* (°-jeṭṭhakaṁ katvā gavasatañ ca te
dammi, ct.) = 461,12*; majjhe Sivīnaṁ ~o 'mhi jāto, V
223,8* (227,2'); ~ehi ājāniyehi . . . yajitabbaṁ, VI
133,3* (sabba-seta-usabha-rājūhi, ct.);~e pi yūthapatine
gavampatine mayham ānetha samupakarontu, 136,1*
(v. l. ~aṁ; see Alsdorf Āryā-Strophen p. 282); gavaṁ
sahassaṁ ~añ ca nāgaṁ . . . dadāmi te, 261,28* =
363,18* (tassa gavasahassassa ~aṁ katvā alaṁkatapa-
ṭiyattaṁ ārohanīyaṁ nāgaṁ dammi, ct.); tatīha balava-
vacchā tāsaṁ dhenūnaṁ ~ā ahesuṁ, Dhp-a I 396,16;
adāsi pīṭhasappīnaṁ ~e balino balī, Mhv LX 74; gāvī
~assa evaṁ saddena gabbhagahaṇaṁ hoti, Sp 214,28;
~assa idan ti āsabhaṁ, Ps II 26,32 = Mp III 8,4 = V
11,18 ≠ Paṭis-a 626,7; gavasatajetthako ti~o, Ps II 26,27
≠ Spk I 80,16 = II 45,27 = Mp III 7,24 = V 11,13 =
Paṭis-a 626,2 ≠ Pj II 40,18 = Vibh-a 398,13; ~o yathā
chinna-visāṇako, Spk III 223,15*; Aḷavako taṁ disvā
chinna-visāṇo viya ~o, Pj II 226,10; — 2. ~aṁ pavaraṁ
vīraṁ . . . tam ahaṁ brūmi brāhmaṇaṁ, Dhp 422 (ac-
chambhitattena °-sadisatāya '-am, Dhp-a IV 231,22) =
Sn 646 (Pj II 470,15 = Dhp-a; cf. Udāna-v XXXIII 50);
disvā ~aṁ pavaraṁ vīraṁ, Ap 24,19 ≠ 113,20; 211,22;
217,14 (Ap-a 388,10-22); ~o jitasaṅgāme sampakampesi
mediniṁ, Ap 323,15; — 3. chajjo ~o gandhāro majjhi-
mo pañcamo dhevato nisādo ti ete satta sarā, Sv-pṭ II
312,13 ad Sv 699,34; — 4. jīvakô~aṁ (n. dv.), Bhes 2:40
(cf. usabhaka); — 5. vīsatiyaṭṭhikaṁ ṭhānaṁ ~aṁ, Spk-
pṭ Be 1961 II 233,6; in long cpd. at Ud-a 299,29; Ja II
91,20; Mhv LXXXV 4; — 6. Jinak 113,6*; 118,27*; —
ifc. aṭṭh° (Ja II 91,21'); aḍḍha-° (+ Spk III 186,29);
uragū° (Sadd 924,22); chinnavisāṇa-° (Pj I 144,27
[-samo]); jetthaka-° (Ja V 226,32'); puṅgavū° (Ja V
259,12*); puris° (Vin III 39,3); Bharatū° (Ja V 99,26*);
maṅgala-° (Ja VI 340,19'; Sv 871,36); mahā-° (Pj II
41,7); vara-° (Ja VI 504,6); vyaggh° (Sn 416); sa-° (Ja V
100,14*); seta-" (Ud-a 281,33); — °-kkhandha, mfn., with
shoulders like a bull, broadshouldered;
Sadd 762,24; ma-
hāhanu ~o Dīpaṁkara-sanāmako, Ja I 28,25* = Bv II
194 (Bv-a 124,4-6) quoted Thūp 8,9*; cf. Sadd 576,14;
sīhahanu ~o, Bv XIII 1 (Bv-a 204,5-6); — °-gaṇa-pari-
vuta
, mfn., surrounded by a herd of bulls; ~o viya
usabharājā, Mhbv 83,13; — °-gati-vilasitā, f., name of a
metre
; Sadd 8.7.1,14; Vutt-ṭ 3,80; — °-gandha, m.,
smell of a bull; gāvī . . . ~ena gabbhaṁ gaṇhanti, Sp
214,29; — °-gāvī, f., a cow like a bull, a giant cow;
suvaṇṇa-vaṇṇā (so read) ~ī, Pp-a 174,7; — °-camma, n.,
bull's hide;
~aṁ saṁkusatena suvihataṁ vigatavasikaṁ,
M III 105,8 (Ps IV 153,7-10); Vism 153,9; — °-chinna-
visāṇa-sama
, mfn., like a bull with its horns cut off;
~ena cetasā viharāmi, A IV 376,22 (usabhassa chinnavi-
sāṇassa cittasadisena, Mp IV 172,16); — °-tara, m. [sa.
ṛṣabha-tara; see Pāṇ 5.3.91], a small bull; Mogg-v IV
57; Pay II 160; — °-dāna, n., gift of a bull; itthidānaṁ
~aṁ +, Vin V 129,33 (= gogaṇassa antare usabhavis-
sajjanaṁ, Sp 1335,7); — °-nayana, n., a bull's eye; ~āni
te, Sīh Ce 1959 23,18*); — -ppamāṇa, n., the size of an
usabha; ~e pi vālaggaṁ vijjhituṁ samatthabhāvena
kata-hattho, Spk I 117,2; ifc. catu-° (Spk II 361,29); —
°-bala, n., strength of a bull; nisabhasaṅkhāto usabho
~ena samannāgato, Ps II 26,35 = Mp V 11,21 = Paṭis-a
626,9 = Vibh 398,20; — °-matta, (mf)n., (having) the
size or distance of an
usabha; ~aṁ atikkamitvā pati, Ja
IV 17,5; (pupphâsanaṁ) saṅgha-navakassa ~aṁ ahosi,
Dhp-a I 108,10; ~e ṭhāne, 396,9; ~aṁ ujukaṁ vīsati-
~âdilaggana-vasena, Spk II 285,20; ~e ṭhito, III 302,1;
ifc. aṭṭhū° (Ja IV 142,25); puthulato °-ṭṭhāne ubhosu
passesu tiṭṭhatha, Dhp-a I 396,3; tena saddhiṁ °-ṭṭhā-
naṁ atikkamitvā, Cp-a 31,13; — °-yuddha, n., bull-
fight;
~aṁ, D I 6,14 (one of the diverting performances
not attended by the
Buddha) = 65,16; ~aṁ passissāma,
Ja I 336,20; cf. Nidd I 366,25; 474,2; 499,21; II 116,36; —
°-rāja, m., a bull-king, a very excellent bull; ~ā va
sobhanto, Ud-a 414,25*; ~assa sakkāraṁ kayiramānaṁ
disvā, Ja II 224,21; usabhagaṇaparivuto viya ~ā, Mhbv
83,14; — -lakkhaṇa. n., auspicious mark on a
bull
(such marks were interpreted by lakkhaṇa-pāṭha-
kas, see Nidd I 381,24 foll.); ~aṁ, D I 9,21 = 67,31; cf
Nidd I 381,30 and Ja I 374,13'; — °-vitthata, mfn.,
extended (the distance of) an usabha; ifc. aṭṭha-° (Sv
609,34; Spk II 361,28); — °-vitthāra, m., breadth of an
usabha; ifc. aṭṭha-° (Ja I 64,22; 70,27); — °-vissajjana,
n., giving of a bull = usabha-dāna q. v.; — °-sata, n.,
one hundred bulls;
satta ~āni, D I 127,12; A IV 41,10;
— °-sadisa, mfn., similar to a bull; rathesu ~o mahāra-
tho, Pv-a 163,16; rathe ṭhitānaṁ yodhānaṁ ~o, Sadd
614,1; — °-sadisatā, f., abstr. of prec; acchambhitattena
~āya usabhaṁ, Dhp-a IV 231,21; — °-samagati, mfn.,
having the even gait of a bull; munivasabho ~ī, Bv-a
179,6; — °-samāna-kkamatā, f., the 12th anuvyañjana of
the
Buddha (cf. vṛṣabha-vikrānta-gāmin, Mvu II 43,17);
Mil-ṭ 17,15; Dp 13,12 ad Mhbv 1,4*; — °âjānīya, m.,
thoroughbred bull; sakatāni uttāretuṁ samattho ~o, Ja
I 194,24; cf. Spk II 285,7 and Dhp-a III 49,7 (Ee -eyyo);
— °ûpama, mtn., like a bull; ~o mahāvīro, Ap 319,4.