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ubhato

, indecl. (abl. adv. of ubha; cf. ubhayato
and dubhato), both, two-fold, in both ways or directions,
on both sides;
rajanaṁ ~ galati, Vin I 286,27; ekato
vā ~ vā ukkhipitvā antaraghare gacchati, IV 187,7;
~ ca Vibhaṅgāni Khandhakā yā ca Mātikā, V 86,14*;
~ sujāto mātito ca pitito ca, D I 113,25,28 (qu. Sadd
680,29) = 115,7 = 120,13,34 = 121,17 = 130,4 =
131,17 ≠ M II 165,20 foll. ≠ A I 163,9 = 166,16 =
III 151,15 = 223,16 = IV 188,18 = Sn 115,13; ~
sujāto putto, Sadd 702,21; puriso ~ naṅgalamukhāni
vivareyya (pidaheyya), A III 64,5,22; puggalā ~
ekaṅgahīnā, V 144,4; kan nu tattha na ramenti
jambuyo ~ tahiṁ, Th 309; udicco ~ ahuṁ, 889
(mātito ca pitito ca ~ udito saṁsuddha-gahaṇiko,
Th-a III 64,3); ~ vimānaṁ upasobhayanti, Vv 594 =
596 (~ anto c' eva bahi ca saṅgītâdīhi upecca sobha-
yanti, Vv-a 225,18); tassā te ~ passe vanagumbā
sumāpitā, Vv 903; ~ puṇṇaghatā 'neke, Ap 2,17
(= pāsādassa ubhosu passesu, Ap-a 106,22); ~
viniveṭhetvā rasato osāreyy' ahaṁ, Ap 43,8 (=
Vinayato pi Khandhakato cā ti ubhayato nibbaṭṭetvā
vijaṭetvā nayaṁ āharitvā, Ap-a 283,18); ~ ca akkhi-
kūṭāni bhagavato lohitakāni honti, Nidd I 449,8;
majjhe gahetvā ~ osāpeti, Ja I 25,18; ~ paduṭṭho
kammanto, 483,30* (= dvīsu pi ṭhānesu kammantā
paduṭṭhā yeva bhinnā yeva, ct.); ~ parihīno sokâbhi-
bhūto, III 402,19'; udakaṁ ~ nīhariyamānaṁ, V
412,19 (v. l. ubhayato) = Spk I 67,30 (BeCe ubha-
yato); ~ jāt' ettha Pañcālā, Ja VI 475,6*; assamaṁ
~ ṭhanti, 535,22*; ~ saraṁ Mucalindaṁ pupphā
titthanti sobhanā, 536,7*; Sp 525,9; 710,3; 887,17
(ad Vin IV 178,26); 1087,4; 1310,26; Mp II 260,20
(ad A I 163,9) ≠ III 284,8; — although it is not always
clear whether
~ before a noun forms a cpd. with it,
such combinations are here taken as cpd.s, where the
meaning permits it;
— °-avassuta, n., mutual lust;
Vin IV 214,34 (cf. avassuta); — °-kāja, m., carrying
pole with the weight at each end, a pingo;
bhikkhū
~aṁ haranti, Vin II 137,20; na vahe ~aṁ, Vin-vn
2818 (= ubhato-koṭiyā bhāravahana-koṭikājaṁ, ṭ
Be 1962 II 291,17); — °-kūla, n., a river-bank on
either side;
nadī ~āni saṁvissandantī gacchati, M
II 117,3 ≠ Mil 36,3; dvīhi padehi ~e jalaparipuṇṇa-
bhavam eva dasseti, Ud-a 424,9 (v. l. ubhokūlānaṁ);
— °-koṭi, f., both ends; ~isu gahetvā majjhe osāpeti,
Ja I 25,18; °-vasen' eva sajjhāyaṁ karonto gacchati,
Vism 351,19 (tassa tassa vārassa ādi-anta-ggahaṇa-
vasen' eva, mhṭ Be 1960 I 432,22); — °-koṭika, mfn.,
two-edged
(of a question, to which both positive and
negative answers present a difficulty to the person who
is asked
); ~aṁ pañhaṁ puṭṭho samāno n' eva sakkhīti
uggilituṁ n' eva sakkhīti ogilituṁ, M I 393,10 =
S IV 323,31; ayam pi ~o pañho, Mil 119,20 et passim;
— °-tīra, n., a river-bank on either side; ~e phalaṁ
patati, Ja V 6,5*; — °-daṇḍaka, mfn., two-handed;
~ena ce pi kakacena corā ocarakā aṅgamaṅgāni
okanteyyuṁ, M I 129,15 = 186,11 qu. Vism 298,11
(ubhato dvīsu ṭhānesu daṇḍo etassa, mhṭ Be 1960
I 355,20); — °-dasa, mfn., with a fringe on either side;
uddalomī ti ~aṁ uṇṇāmayattharaṇaṁ, keci ekato
uggata-pupphan ti vadanti, Sv 87,5 ad D I 7,9; —
°-dhāra, mfn., two-edged; maṭajan nāma āvudha-
jātaṁ ~aṁ pītanisitaṁ, M I 281,29: ekato-dhārā ~ā
asi-satti-kkhurappâdayo dhūmāyantā, Spk I 323,17
= Ja I 73,12 (reads dhūpayantā); ekatodhāra-~assa
satthassa paramā gati, IV 12,7; — °-nidāna, at M
III 158,29 read tato for ubhato with v. l. and Be 1957;
— °-pakkhaṁ, acc. adv., in two ways; yassa kassaci
evaṁ ~aṁ uppannā pi sukhā (dukkhā) vedanā, M
I 239,22,37 (sukhaṁ ekaṁ pakkhaṁ, dukkhaṁ ekaṁ
pakkhan ti evam ~aṁ hutvā, Ps II 286,15); —
°-pakkha-jāta, mfn., divided into two parties;
tumhākaṁ buddho, amhākaṁ buddho ti ~ā bha-
veyyuṁ, Mil 238,27,32 ≠ 238,29; — °-pakkhika,
mfn., favouring both sides; ~o esa samaṇassa Gota-
massa sahāyo, Ps III 452,1 (Ee °-pakkhito); ~ā, II
273,21; — °-paññatti, f., a laying down for both
(Orders); ekato-paññatti ~i, Vin V l,io (ubbhinnam
pi paññattattā ~i, Sp 1303,6) = 115,15; — °-paditta,
mfn., lit at both ends; chavâlātaṁ ~aṁ, S III 93,17 =
A II 95,16 (v. l. ādittaṁ) = It 90,4 (ubhato dvīsu
koṇesu ādittaṁ, It-a II 114,20 with v. l. koṭīsu for
konesu) = Ja I 482,20 qu. Vism 299,8 (= ubhosu
koṭīsu daḍḍhaṁ, mhṭ Be 1960 I 356,10); — °-padu-
ṭṭha
, mfn., lost in both cases; ~o kammanto: udakamhi
thalamhi ca, Ja I 483,30* (dvīsu pi ṭhānesu kammantā
paduṭṭhā yeva bhinnā yeva, ct.); — °-paribāhira,
mfn., excluded from both (communities), failed as both
(monk and layman); Devadatto . . . ubhato-bhaṭṭho
~o jāto, Ja I 482,22; chavâlātam iva ~o, Vism 54,12
(sāmaññato gihibhogato ca parihīno, mhṭ Be 1960
I 85,16); — °-parihīna, mfn., failed at both; bhikkhu
ubhato-bhaṭṭho ~o, A IV 419,7 qu. Vism 154,6; —
°-pasanna, mfn., pleased on both sides; Suppiyo ca
upāsako Suppiyā ca upāsikā ~ā honti, Vin I 216,33;
kulaṁ ~aṁ hoti, IV 178,26 (dvīhi pasannaṁ: upā-
sakena upāsikāya pi, Sp 887,17; see BD III 110 n. 1);
— °-passa, mn. either side; tassa ~e vadhakā uppa-
teyyuṁ, M III 158,29; dijakaññāyo ~e denti, J V
417,9** = 420,22**; ubhato-mukhan ti mukhassa
~esu caranti, VI 219,1'; maggassa ~e vividhaphala-
dhārino rukkhe disvā, 513,17 (v. l. ubhosu passesu);
~e yāva sattamaṁ kulaṁ samugghātāpeyyāma, Mil
193,13 ≠ 193,18 (but ubhato-pakkhe ti mātupitu-
pakkhasaṅkhāte ubhato-pakkhe, Mil-ṭ 33,13); heṭṭhā-
bhāgaṁ upari-bhāgaṁ ~esu pāṇiṁ sañcāresi, Spk
II 169,18; vīthiyā ~e āpanāni pasāriya, Mhv XXXIV
76; — °-pātimokkha, n., both pātimokkhas, viz.
of monks and nuns;
~ānaṁ . . . attho aṭṭhakathāsāro,
Vin-vn 2439; — °-balakāya, m., either army; saṅgāme
~e asīti kavandharūpāni ahesuṁ, Mil 292,6 (Se
°-nikāye); — °-būḷha, mfn., with an array on both
sides
(cf. °-viyūḷha); ~e saṅgāme sampahāre vatta-
māne, Ja I 387,5; — °-bhaṭṭha, mfn., fallen away
from both, deprived of both;
bhikkhu ~o ubhato-
parihīno, A IV 419,7 qu. Vism 154,6 (= ubhayato
jhānato bhaṭṭho, mhṭ Be 1960 I 178,16); Devadatto
. . . ~o ubhato-paribāhiro jāto, Ja I 482,22; 483,27; —
°-bhāga, m., both sides, both respects; passa . . .
Sāriputtaṁ sudassanaṁ vimuttaṁ ~e, Th 1176 (~ato
vimuttattā °-vimuttaṁ, ~ehi arūpa-samāpattiyā
rūpa-kāyato, maggena nāma-kāyato, Th-a III 170,
27-28); — °-bhāga-vimaṭṭa, mfn., of delicate finish
on both sides;
vatthaṁ Bārāṇaseyyakaṁ ~aṁ, D
II 110,27 = 111,5,16,26 (Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ; dvīsu pi
passesu maṭṭaṁ mudu siniddhaṁ, Sv 563,4) = III
260,25 (Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ with v. l. vimaṭṭaṁ) = 261,
8,18,28 = M II 13,31 (Ee vimaddhaṁ) = 14,5,14,23
(Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ; Ps III 259,27 = Sv) = A V 61,23
(Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ; Mp V 26,17 = Sv) = 62,1,10,20
(Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ); icchām' ahaṁ imaṁ makkaṭa-
cchāpakaṁ . . . ~aṁ, M I 385,8,13,24 (Ee vimaṭṭhaṁ;
veṇumaṇipāsāṇena ubhosu passesu suṭṭhu vimaṭṭhaṁ
ghaṭṭetvā uppāditacchaviṁ, Ps III 94,24); —
°-bhāga-vimutta, mfn. [BHS ubhayato bhāga-
vimukta; cf. Vyu 46:20], freed in both ways, viz.
paññā-vimutta as well as saddhā-vimutta; bhikkhu
~o, D II 71,24 ( = dvīhi bhāgehi vimutto: arūpasamā-
pattiyā rūpakāyato vimutto maggena nāma-kāyato
vimutto, Sv 514,3); D III 105,27; 253,27; A IV 10,26
(Mp IV 2,25 = Sv); A IV 77,4-6; 215,9; M I 439,25,36;
477,23,25-29 (Ps III 188,7 = Sv); Pp 3,3; 10,8,18;
14,21; 72,23; 73,22; saṭṭhi bhikkhu ~ā, S I 191,23
(Spk I 278,12 ≠ Sv); asuko bhikkhu ~o, A I 73,31;
74,11 (Mp II 147,26; 148,29; 149,8) ≠ IV 453,7-20
(Mp IV 207,2-5); Vism 659,15,24; 660,14 (mhṭ Be
1960 II 466,19); Nett 190,9; A V 23,6; Kv 58,12;
°-niddese, Pp-a 190,6 — 191,20; in a longer cpd. at Pj
I 228,28; cf. also Moh 254,22-32; 255,38; 256,8,17; —
°-bhāga-vimutti, f., freedom in both ways; ~iyā
aññā ~i uttaritarā vā paṇītatarā vā n' atthi, D
II 71,25; — °-bhāsa, mfn., t. t. gr.: occurring in both
(active and passive) voices; ~ā ti vadanti, Sadd 341,30;
— °-mukha, mfn., 1. with an opening at both ends;
2. with a head or mouth on either side;
3. with a hook
on either side;
4. (acc. adv.) on both sides of the face;
5. (abl. adv.) from both sides; — 1. ~ā mutoḷi, D
II 293,18 (heṭṭhā ca upari cā ti dvīhi mukhehi yuttā,
Sv 769,19) = M I 57,20 (Ps I 270,33 = Sv) = III
90,19; na jātu bhastam ~aṁ chupe, Th 1134 (so Be
1959 and Th-a III 159,19 for Ee dubhato mukhaṁ;
mutoḷiyā ~am, Th-a III 159,20); — 2. ~aṁ assaṁ
addasaṁ, tassa dvīsu passesu yavasan denti, Ja I
338,5; — 3. baḷisa-maṁsikan ti ~ehi baḷisehi paharitvā
camma-maṁsa-nahārūni uppāṭenti, Ps II 59,20; —
4. tapaññamaṇidaṇḍāni caranti ~aṁ, Ja VI 218,6*
(= mukhassa ubhato-passesu caranti, 219,1'); —
5. ~ato tassa raṭṭha-majjhaṁ upâgamuṁ, Mhv
LXIII 27; — °-rāsi-bhūta, mfn., = °-viyūḷha q. v.;
Ps II 57,32; — °-lohitakûpadhāna, m(fn)., having a
red cushion on either side
(of a couch); cf. Vyu 245:
1253 ubhayato lohitakṛtopadhāna; — dhārenti . . .
~aṁ, Vin I 192,10' II 163,26; D I 7,12 (sīsûpa-
dhānañ ca pādûpadhānañ cā ti mañcassa ubhato
lohitaṁ upadhānaṁ, Sv 87,29); D I 65,38; caturāsīti-
pallaṅka-sahassāni ahesuṁ . . . ~āni, II 187,15; 191,10;
A IV 394,2; pallaṅko . . . ~o, A I 137,11 (Mp II 226,7
≠ Sv) ≠ 181,24,28; III 50,10; IV 94,21; ~ehi dibba-
sayanehi, Ja I 396,8; — °-vaḍḍhana, n., growth or
accretion on both sides;
ekato-vaḍḍhanaṁ ~aṁ, Ps
II 256,16; — °-vaṇṭika-mālā, f., garland with a
stalk on both sides;
~aṁ karonti, Vin II 9,34 = III
180,3 (ubhohi passehi puppha-vaṇṭe katvā katamā-
laṁ, Sp 617,6); — °-vinaya, m., both disciplines, viz.
that for monks and that for nuns;
~e pucchi, Vin II
287,8; — °-Vibhaṅga, mn., both Vibhaṅgas, i.e.
Vin III and IV; ~e dvattiṁsavārā, Sp 1304,33; ~o
nāma catusaṭṭhi bhāṇavārā ti ṭhapesuṁ, Sv 13,16;
Parivāra-Khandhakesu antarahitesu ~e ṭhite ṭhitam
eva hoti, Ps IV 116,18; ~aṁ pana suttaṁ, Khan-
dhaka-Parivārā vinayo, Mp III 158,26; vinayo ti ~o,
V 7,2; ~aṁ vinayaṁ Parivārañ ca Khandhakaṁ
uggahi vīro nipuṇo, Dīp VII 43; ~āni pi vācuggataṁ
akāsi, Sās 134,27; in longer cpd.s at Sp 644,10; Mp
III 5,18; Sās 24,27; — ifc. sa-° (Pj I 97,10); —
°-viyūḷha, mfn., with an array on both sides; ~aṁ
saṅgāmaṁ pakkhandanti, M I 86,29 (= ubhato-
rāsibhūtaṁ, Ps II 57,32) = Nidd II 122,22 = Mp
II 156,16 (Ee -byūḷhaṁ; yuddhatthāya ubhato sanni-
patitaṁ, Mp-ṭ Be 1961 II 55,6); ~e saṅgāme pavisitvā,
Vism 305,18 (Ee -vyūḷhe; ubhatobyūḷhe ti sampahāra-
ttaṁ dvīhi pi pakkhehi gāḷhasannāhe, mhṭ Be 1960
1361,3); — °-visuddha, mfn., of pure blood on both
sides;
~aṁ brāhmaṇaṁ māretvā, Ja IV 246,7; —
°-vyañjana, mf(n)., bearing the marks of both (sexes),
i. e. hermaphrodite;
dissanti. . . ~ā pi, Vin II 271,20
271,26; akkosati nāma ... ~' āsī ti, III 129,26
(vacanaṁ pana purisa-nimittena asaṅghâdi-sesava-
tthunā missa-vacanaṁ, Vjb Be 1960 188,19); paṇḍako
ca tiracchāno ~o pi ca, Vin-vn 321 (itthipurisa-
vyañjana-sādhakehi ubhato kammato jātāni thanâ-
dikāni vyañjanāni yassā ti nirutto itthi-~o purisa-
~o ti duvidho ~o ca, ṭ Be 1962 I 159,25); sikharaṇī
'si sambhinnā ~ā ti ca, Vin-vn 355; ~añ c' eva tathā
bhikkhuni-dūsakaṁ, 2537; ~am itthim ṭhapetvā
paṇḍakaṁ pana, 2841; ~ā itthī gabbhaṁ gaṇhāti
attanā, Utt-vn 707; ~assâpi ekam ev' indriyaṁ siyā,
Abhidhiav 68,24*; — ifc. itthi-° (ṭ ad Vin-vn 321);
purisa-° (ibid.); — °-vyañjanaka, m(fn)., = prec.;
cf.
Vyu 271:2 ubhaya-vyañjanaka; aññataro ~o bhi-
kkhūsu pabbajito hoti, Vin I 89,17 foll.; ~o paṭijānāti,
121,8,13,17 = 307,21,31; II 173,29,32; na ~assa
nisinnaparisāya pātimokkhaṁ uddisitabbaṁ, I 136,4;
na ~assa . . . pavāretabbaṁ, 168,10; ~o appatto
osāraṇaṁ taṁ ce saṁgho osāreti dosārito, 322,13;
ṭhapetvā paṇḍakaṁ mātugāmaṁ ~aṁ, II 169,20;
tayo ~ā, III 28,24 (Sp 260,32); ~aṁ ... ūnavīsati-
vassaṁ puggalaṁ upasampādeti, V 222,12; ~assa
supaṭipannassâpi dhammâbhisamayo na hoti, Mil
310,15; ~assa pana kiṁ ekaṁ indriyaṁ udāhu dve ?,
As 322,30; ... ~o ti ime vīsati puggalā vajjanīyā
nāma, Kkh 9,18; cf. also Sp 263,9; 869,15 (in long
cpd.
); 1025,5,17 (in long cpd.); 1323,10; 1383,26 (in
long cpd.); — ifc. amanuss° (Vin III 28,25,31; 29,7;
30,4); itthi-° (As 322,31; 323,9); tiracchānagat° (Vin
III 28,25,32; 29,7; 30,5); purisa-° (As 322,32; 323,11);
manuss° (Vin III 28,24,31; 29,5; 30,4); — °-vyañ-
janaka-catuttha, mfn., of which the fourth is a
hermaphrodite;
Vin I 320,15; — °-vyañjanaka-
paṇḍakā
, do., hermaphrodites and eunuchs; niyata-
micchādiṭṭhikā c' eva ~ā ca, Vism 177,17 (= ubha-
tobyañjanakā paṇḍakā ca, mhṭ Be 1960 I 199,26); —
°-vyañjana-paṇḍakā, do., = prec.; Jinak 20,18*; —
°-vyūḷha, mfn., see °-viyūḷha; — °-saṅgha, m., the
Order of both
(monks and nuns); ~assa deti, Vin I
309,24 (Sp 1141,22 — 1143,23); ~e upasampadā pari-
yesitabbā, II 255,20 = A IV 277,10; bhikkhunī nāma
~e upasampannā, Vin III 206,27 (bhikkhunīsaṅghe
ñatticatutthena bhikkhusaṅghe ñatticatutthenā ti
aṭṭhavācikā-vinayakammena upasampannā, Sp
660,17) = IV 60,14 = 176,17 ≠ 52,3; cf. also 214,9,11;
242,14; 287,18; 314,15; V 66,17; Buddhapamukhe ~e
dānaṁ deti, M III 255,29-30 (Ps V 73,20-24); cātuddisas-
sa.~assa mahato mayā mahādānaṁ . . . pavattitaṁ,
Mhv XXXII 34 (Mhv-ṭ 594,15); bhikkhunī ~e vassam
vutthā tu tīhi pi, Utt-vn 249; — °-suñña, mfn., see
dubhato-; — °-suddhi, f., freedom from faults in
both respects;
~iyā vuttehi tīhi saraṇagamanehi pabba-
jjaṁ . . . anujānāmi, Sp 970,3; ~i yāva vaṭṭati, Vjb
Be 1960 412,9 foll.; — °-suddhika, mfn., free from
faults in both respects;
sāmanera-pabbajjâpi hi ~ā
vaṭṭati, Ps IV 30,9.