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1

uposatha

, m. [sa. upavasatha; BHS upoṣadha,
poṣadha, poṣatha; Amg. posaha; Aśoka posatha;
Turner, Comp. Diet. 2242; H. W. Bailey, Asia Major
NS
11, 1964/5, 116; cf. posatha, q. v.], I-Tsing trsl.
Takakusu
1896 p. 188; L. de La Vallée-Poussin, Mél.
chinois et bouddhiques
5, 1937, p. 260; E. Lamotte,
Traité de la grande vertu de sagesse, Louvain
1949
II 825; H. Härtel, Karmavācanā, Berlin 1956 p. 93;
Geiger, Cult, of Ceylon §§72, 183, 199; 1. day on
which the Buddhist
saṁgha assembles to recite the
pātimokkha, and to confess; 2. day on which the
dhamma is recited for the upāsakas, who keep the eight
uposathaṅgas (q. v.) on this day (this meaning is often
very close to
uposathaṅga); — definitions: upavasantī
ti ca sīlena vā anasanena vā upetā hutvā, Sv 139,14
= Ps IV 74,14 (Ps-pṭ Be 1961 III 262,9) = Spk
I 276,16 = Ud-a 296,2 ≠ Sadd 449,28 ≠ Pj II 199,16;
Abh 780: 1. uddese pātimokkhassa, 2. paṇṇattiyaṁ
'name', 3. upavāse 'fast', 4. aṭṭhaṅge '8 precepts',
5. uposathadine; — 1. date of u. (14th in the first
half of
Puṣya, Phālguna, Vaiśākha, Āṣāḍha, Bhādra-
pada, and Kārttika according to Sp 1035 foll., cf.
v. Hinüber, ZDMG
119, 1969, p. 126 [differently, acc.
to the Burmese
amānta-calendar (A.M.B. Irwin, The
Burmese Calendar,
1901, § 30): Vinayālaṅkāra-ṭ
Be 1977 I 379 foll.]): dve 'me ... ~ā cātudda-
siko ca paṇṇarasiko ca, Vin I 111,25 (on pātimo-
kkhuddesa "cf. Vin I 104,32); IV 315,28; V 148,8*;
Khuddas XLIV 1; Kkh 3,14; Sn 153; Cp 81;
~amhi divase candaṁ disvā pūritaṁ, 129 (Cp-a
103,20); Ap 439,9; 522,19 qu. Upāsak 241,2; Dīp I 74;
kāḷapakkho ... ~o, Nidd I 449,18 = 355,15 (kāḷapakkhe
cātuddasīuposathadivaso, Nidd-a I 377,29); anupo-
sathe ti cātuddasiko ca paṇṇarasiko cā ti ime dve
~e ṭhapetvā aññasmiṁ divase, Sp 1066,31; Spk III
296,16; — dated u.: cittamāsassa kāḷapakkhe ~e,
Mhv 146; jeṭṭhamāsass' ~e, XIII 14; Dīp XI 40;
visākhamāse ~e, XI 39; āsāḷhamāse ~e, XIV 76;
Mhv XXIX 63; — dates at the time of former Buddhas:
Mp I 261,5 foll. = Th-a I 65,16 foll. (cf. D II 49,11
foll.); — procedure of the u.: Khuddas XLIV 1 — 22;
sīmaṁ sammannituṁ, Vin I 106,4; 340,11; ~assa . . .
pubbakaraṇaṁ, Sp 1063,4* — Kkh 11,5*; ... āro-
cetum ajj' ~o, Vin I 117,30; Sp 1060,13 (read ajj' ~o);
~e pātimokkhaṁ uddisituṁ, Vin I 104,25; Vin-vn
2577; Utt-vn 809; — confession of an āpatti on u.-day:
Vin I 125,30 — 128,33; — u. for 4, 3, or 2 monks:
Vin I 124,1 — 125,7; Vin-vn 2589; — u. for one monk:
ajja me ~o ti adhiṭṭhātabbaṁ, Vin I 125,20; Sp
1062,26; Mūla-s 129,31 (VI 13); Vin-vn 2573; Utt-vn
499; Mp II 328,28; Mhv XXXIX 18; — forbidden
forms of
u.: na tveva vaggena saṁghena ~o kātabbo,
Vin I 108,35; Sp 1062,1; Vin-vn 2586; na sāpattikena
~o kātabbo, Vin I 125,32 (Sp 1063,19); III 164,18;
Ps II 382,16; ukkhittakena saddhiṁ ~aṁ . . . karoti
āpatti pācittiyassa, Vin IV 138,1; na parivāsikassa
pārisuddhidānena . . . na anuposathe ~o kātabbo,
Vin I 136,6 foll.; āveṇikaṁ ~aṁ, Sp 1276,8 (Vin
I 104,35); — on āgantuka-mon/cs: Vin I 128,34
134,22; — on date-disputes: Vin I 132,18 (Sp 1065,15);
leaving the āvāsa on u.-day: Vin I 134,23 — 135,24;
Vin-vn 2597; — ~o sāmaggatthāya, Vin V 161,25*;
Vin-vn 2599; bhikkhuno ~aṁ ṭhapeti, Vin II 6,2
("stops (i. e. suspends) the u. for a monk"); 32,8;
276,21; Sp 1354,31; Ud-a 417,18; ~aṁ . . . na kopeti,
Sp 1320,30; — the 9 u.: divasavasena hi tayo ~ā
cātuddasiko paṇṇarasiko sāmaggiuposatho, Kkh 3,14;
saṅghe ~o gaṇe ~o puggale ~o ti evaṁ kārakavasena
tayo ~ā, 9,27; suttuddeso pārisuddhiuposatho adhi-
tthānauposatho ti evaṁ kattabbākāravasena tayo
~ā, 9,30; Sp 875,8; Vin-vn 2570 foll.; Vin I 116,2
V 131,21 (Sp 1339,8); Sp 1371,15; — u. of the nuns:
terasiyaṁ gantvā ~o pucchitabbo, Sp 794,15 (ad
Vin IV 52,22); Kkh 12,7; ~aṁ pi pucchantiyā, Vin
V 66,26; 114,6 (cf. Vin IV 315,24** foll.); — ~aṁ
āgacchantā, Vin I 106,23; ~aṁ ācikkhāmi, Nidd I
388,26 ("/ shall point out the (characteristics of) the
u."); Asokârāme satta vassāni ~o upacchijji, Sp
53,22; Mhv V 235; saṁgho ~aṁ karissati, Vin I
120,15; Ud 53,2; Sp 61,11; 793,25; 1303,24; Dhp-a
IV 149,17; Sās 8,11; Saddhamma-s 36,3*; ~am ...
pavisanti, Sp 53,6 ("they intrude into the u. (-cere-
mony
)"); Dīp VII 36; ~aṁ samp[ā/a]puṇissāma, Sp
1166,21; ~aṁ sakkarissati, Vin I 105,28; ~aṁ na pi
sarati, 123,6; — 2. anujānāmi... cātuddase pannarase
aṭṭhamiyā ca pakkhassa sannipatitvā dhammaṁ
bhāsituṁ, Vin I 102,18 (cf. suttuddeso, Kkh 9,30);
cātuddase pannarase aṭṭhamiyā ca pakkhassa ~aṁ
upavasa, Vin I 87,30 (cf. Ja IV 455,21 foll.); M II
74,27 (Ps III 310,13); S I 208,24* = A I 144,1* = Vv 130
= Thī 31 = Ja IV 320,19* = Dhp-a IV 21,5*
Ja V 172,25* qu. Vism 304,25* ≠ Sn 402 (Pj II 378,2);
māsassa aṭṭha ~e karotha, Mp III 129,20 (5th, 8th,
14th and 15th day of each
pakkha according to Mp
II 233,6-11); aṭṭhamīcātuddasīpannarasīpāṭihāriya-
pakkhesu ~aṁ upavasi, Vv-a 109,19 (Ee -pāṭihārika-);
Ja IV 321,14; ~esu . . . aṭṭhasu, Mhv XXXII 41 (or
aṭṭhasu . . . vihāresu; thus Geiger trsl.); — observan-
ces kept on
u. (Geiger, Cult, of Ceylon p. 207):
aṭṭhaṅgasamannāgato . . . ~o, A IV 248,24; V
83,18; enumerated A I 214,34* foll. (Mp II 328,13
foll.) qu. Sp 1342,3* foll. = Thī-a 38,13* foll.;on
paccuggamana 'entering' and anugamana 'completing'
the
u.: Spk I 307,10; Mp II 233,5-12; Ja IV 321,14';
VI 118,32' foll.; — ~aṁ upavasanti, A I 142,26;
S I 208,26*; Ja IV 320,21*; rājā sīlaṁ samādiyitvā
~aṁ upavasanto, Ja V 194,3; Mhv XLVIII 10;
LX 21; C 131; ~o upavuttho, Pv-a 209,18; ~aṁ
samādiyitvā, Ja IV 1,18; 326,12; Sp 83,23; Sv 318,29;
Dhp-a III 81,14; Mhv XXXVII 203; ~aṁ na bhin-
dissāmi, Ja III 445,28; IV 455,27; V 173,4*; upapajji
~aṁ, Ap 522,29; Ja II 450,25* (ct. uposathavāsaṁ
upagato); ~aṁ karoti, Ja II 401,1 (v. l. mss. Bid
uposathakammaṁ); IV 456,13 (v. l. Bd uposatha-
kammaṁ); ~aṁ kārāpeti, Sv 318,22; — suddhass'
~o sadā, M I 39,19* (Ps I 179,7) qu. Sv 139,20; ~ass'
idaṁ phalaṁ, Ap 523,22 (qu. Upāsak 242,4* as upa-
vāsass' [sic] idaṁ phalaṁ); Kv 212,3; ~e . . . gantvā
(i.e. thūpaṁ), Vv 421 (uposathadivase, Vv-a 172,7);
uposathadivase pāto va ~aṁ adhiṭṭhāya dānaṁ
datvā . . . Jetavanaṁ gantvā dhammasavanavelāya,
Ja VI 157,26; III 445,11; ~e vasaṁ . . . annapānaṁ
na bhuñjasi, VI 232,33*; 119,21*; Vv 304; kahāpaṇa-
sahassaṁ . . . ~e . . . datvā, Mhv LIII 29; mātaraṁ
anusāsetvā saraṇe sīle ~e, Dīp XII 15; Upāsak
245,4*; — cf. Ja III 444 foll. passim; °(a)tthāya, Sp
1062,7; Vism 75,11; °-vasena, Mp II 251,1; Vin-vn
2993; — ifc. aṭṭhaṅgika-° (Pj II 378,4); aṭṭhaṅg°;
aṭṭhamī-
° (Spk I 307,9; Mp II 233,9); aṭṭhito°
(°âvāsa, m., a (monks') residence where the u. is not
suspended,
Khuddas XL IV 22 [no sindī pavatná
saṁghūposatha äti veherin, Khuddas-sn]); adhi-
tthānū
° (Sp 186,11); an-°; ariyū°; āveṇika-°;
upaḍḍh
° (Sv 318,27 = Mp I 434,3); upamita-° (Mp
II 320,19); upavasana-° (Mp II 320,20); upavasita-°
(Pj II 378,20); upavutth° (Sn 403; Mp II 328,8);
ekaratt° (Mp II 328,10; Upāsak 238,6); ekâh° (Saddh
439 = Upāsak 237,11*); ek° (Vv 329; Vin I 110,28);
kāḷapakkh° (Sp 720,10; Vism 634,18; Jinak 35,26;
Ud'-a 217,9); gaṇū° (Sp 186,10); gopālakū° (A I
205,25); catuddasa-° (Ja IV 456,22); cat° (°-kaṇḍa,
n., Ja VI 262,1 [cf. L. Alsdorf, Kleine Schriften 1974
p. 381]); cātuddasi-° (Jinak 123,5); cātuddasika-°
(Jinak 122,16); tad-ah° (S I 61,6 [Spk I 115,18]; Sp
34,5; [but cf. tadahu bhikkhave ~e, A I 143,3 split
cpd.1
]); devatū° (A I 211,12) dhammū° (A I 208,15);
nigaṇṭhū° (A I 205,25); nibaddha-° (Mp II 234,26);
pañcamī-° (Mp II 233,7); pane° (°-jātaka, Upāsak
192,5; Ja IV 332,24); pannarasa-° (Mp II 233,11);
pannarasika-° (Mp II 320,11); pannaras° (Ja III
343,21); pārisuddhi-° (Sp 186,10; 1056,34; Vin-vn
2573; 2639; Utt-vn 499); puggalū° (Sp 186,10);
puṇṇam° (Ps III 209,13; Thūp 71,31); phussa-
kāḷa-
° (Jinak 31,15); brahmū° (A I 207,24); bhi-
kkhu-
°, bhikkhuni-° (Sp 1350,33); mūl° (Suttas Ee
1957 47,20); vagg° (Dīp VII 36); vass° (Vin I
136,27*); vissaṭṭha-° (Sp 1066,15); saṁghū° (A
I 209,12; [-U-] Sp 186,9; 1059,29); samādinn° (Ja
VI 256,30); sāmaggī° (Sp 1152,27; Kkh 3,15); sīlū°
(A I 210,4); soceyya-sīlâlay° (D III 147,6* [Sv
923,7]).