Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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upāya

, m. [ts.], way, means (in canonical Pāli
instr. only
): a. eten' (ten', eken') (eva) ~ena "in this
way, thus";
b. kena nu kho ~ena in which way, how;
c. α. ~aso, β. ~ena in an adequate way, skilfully;
d. means, stratagem, device; — a. eten' eva ~ena yāva
saṁghanavakaṁ ajjhesiṁsu, Vin I 116,18; eten' eva
~ena ubhato vinaye pucchi, Vin II 287,8; III 135,20;
etena ~ena pañcahi yugasatehi rañño . . . sarīraṁ
veṭhetvā, D II 142,1 ≠ 162,1 "thus they wrapped the
body of the king with 500 yuga-lengths; 148,26; Ja I
254,26; VI 368,11; Ap 395,14; Sp 48,12; 611,2 (Vjb
Be 1960 206,8); Dhp-a II 93,15; ten' eva ~ena, Ja I
278,25; Dhp-a I 49,24; eken' ~ena, Ja I 221,26; —
b. kena nu kho mayaṁ ~ena samaggā . . . vaseyyāma,
Vin I 157,7 - III 87,10 ≠ IV 42,29; 161,16; kena
nu kho ~ena Upāli . . . sukhañ ca jīveyya, I 77,13 =
IV 128,29 ≠ 186,14; Ja I 456,8; kena nu kho me
~ena anuppannā . . . bhogā na uppajjanti, Nidd I
266,23; kena nu kho ~ena visaṁyutto bhave ahaṁ,
Ap 76,16 (kena kāraṇena, Ap-a 346,7); kena nu kho
~ena ñāti dukkhā pamocaye, Cp 325; c. ce. dhammena
ñāyena ~aso nayaṁ, Ja III 443,23* (ct. upāyakosal-
lena); vapanti bījāni karonti 'pāyaso, V 401,9* (ct.
upāyena karonti); visaghātāy' ~aso, Ap 41,2 (upāya-
bhūtaṁ, Ap-a 279,5); ~ena ~aso, Sadd 804,6; —
β. jīvikatthā ~ena saṁkaḍḍhanti bahuṁ dhanaṁ,
Th 941 (parikathādinā ~ena paccayuppādānanaye-
na, Th-a III 79,30); ~ena kammaṁ karontānaṁ,
Ja I 136,22'; dhanaṁ ~ena attano gehaṁ āharitvā,
Ja I 256,21; 254,26; ~en' ekaṁ yottaṁ gahetvā, IV
139,22; 140,14; ~en' assa sīlaṁ bhindissāmi, V 193,17;
saṇikaṁ ~ena pucchissāmi, Dhp-a I 222,19; ~ena
sokatanukakaraṇatthaṁ ... āha, Ud-a 427,27; ~en'
assa rāgaṁ vūpasamessāmi, 171,10; Pv-a 93,27;
handa ne ~ena gaṇhāpemi, As 204,1; — in ct.s ~ena
explains yoniso (cf. eten' eva ~ena saṁsarissati
yoniso, Ap 424,28): yoniso manasikāsī ti . . . ~ena
manasi akāsi, Ps II 416,12 ad M I 332,11 (pathena
ñāyena, Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 320,21); yoniso padahantī
ti ~ena padhānaviriyaṁ karonti, Mp II 38,18 ad
A I 36,18 (Mp-ṭ Be 1961 I 232,3); Pj I 229,1 (cf. Ñm,
trsl. p.
260 n. 19); yoniso āhāraṁ āhāretī ti . . .
~ena āhāraṁ paribhuñjati, As 402,23 ad Dhs 1348;
paṭisaṅkhā yoniso ti ~ena pathena paṭisaṅkhāya ña-
tvā, Vism 30,25 cf. M I 9,25; † tamākāro yoniso dvāro
vidhi ~o †, Peṭ 1,22 (cf. Ñm, Peṭ-trsl. 1 n. 4/2); —
d. uccāvāceh' ~ehi paresaṁ abhijigīsati, Th 743
(nayehi, Th-a III 25,8); attti' eso ~o, Ja I 456,9 =
II 3,15 = V 458,22 = VI 350,16 = Dhp-a III 65,16;
atthi eko ~o, Ja I 447,27 = II 159,6 = III 123,26;
evarūpo ~o n' atthi, I 186,9' ("there is no way like
this"
); atthi ... koci ~o, Pv-a 45,28 ≠ 104,27;
rajjalābhass' ūpāyo 'yam, Saddh 389; sundaro ~o
... evaṁ karissāma, Ja VI 410,20; Dhp-a I 190,4;
tathā me ~o kato, Dhp-a I 190,12; imañ ca imañ ca
~aṁ katvā, Spk I 154,28 ("having applied all sorts
of stratagems"
); kiñci (read kañci ?) ~aṁ karoma,
Pv-a 20,5; Ja I 434,33; maraṇatthāya vā ~aṁ gāhā-
peyya, Sp 442,10; imaṁ ~aṁ ācikkhitvā, Ja I 383,6;
~aṁ cintesuṁ, VI 350,15; Ap 550,5; ekaṁ no ~aṁ
kathetha, Ja IV 83,10; upajjhāyato ~aṁ sutvā, Sp
982,26; āpajjantassa ~añ ca kālañ ca + ... dassetuṁ,
Sp 522,25; paṇḍitā kañci ~aṁ jānissanti, Ja V 315,10;
yena tena (Bd kenaci) ~ena gaṇha, II 159,4; yena
kenaci ~ena rājānaṁ māretvā, III 123,7; yena kenaci
~ena gahetvā, Pv-a 113,14; yena yena ~ena yattha
katthaci jīvituṁ sakkā, Saddh 385; iminā ~ena, Ja
I 434,20; III 280,22; kinti mayan ti kena nāmena, Mp
III 303,1; Sp 1335,14; vividhehi ~ehi atthaṁ pap-
ponti māṇavā, Ja VI 371,17* (cf. Mvu III 15,3*);
Pv-a 151,17; 160,12; tehi tehi ~ehi sāriyamāno, Sp
597,1; 491,33; — katamo ~o, Pet 44,10 ≠ Nett 6,26
(Nett-pṭ Be 1961 29,1) "which is the way (leading to
nibbāna)?"; phalañ ca ~o ca, Peṭ 45,1; phalaṁ ~o
āṇatti, 23,9 ≠ Nett 5,17 (yaṁ nibbattakaṁ so ~o,
Nett-pṭ Be 1961 27,16); sadā sato ti ~o, Nett 7,6
(maggo vā ~o, Nett-pṭ Be 1961 29,5); āyo . . . apāyo
. . . tassa tassa kāraṇaṁ ~o, Sv 1005,7; padan ti ~o
maggo, Dhp-a I 229,1; dhammānaṁ ~esu nipphatti-
kāraṇesu . . . kosallaṁ, Vism 440,9; ~o accāyikakic-
cādisu ṭhānuppattikaupāyajānanapaññā, Moh 192,22;
— upāya syn. of naya in ct.s: tatrāyam ~o, Ps I 73,1;
iminā ~ena ... attho veditabbo, Ps III 40,23; As
216,14; — bhedo daṇḍo sāmadānāny ~o caturo ime,
Abh 348 (cf. Am-k .Ee'1839 2.8.1.20; Manu VII 198);
caturo 'pāye, Mhv LVIII 3 (Geiger, Cult, of Ceylon
§ 149); — ~o, S III 53,9 foll.; Peṭ 170,8 read upaya,
q. v.; upāyo so, Ja IV 469,21* read upāyāso, q. v;
ifc. adhigamū° (Pj I 24,27; Paṭis-a 2,25); an-°
(Ud-a 352,27); ājīv°; āharaṇū°; ucito° (Mhv LXVI
143); uppajjana-°; otaraṇū° (Ud-a 107,8); kathaṁ-
kathā-pahānū
° (Pj II 552,20); khamanū° (Ja I
230,1); gabbha-pātan° (Pv-a 31,25); gamanū° (Ja
V 262,18); gahaṇū° (Ja I 385,8; Saddh 12 (-o-));
gahito° (Ja V 372,5'); jānan° (Ud-a 333,15); jīvan°
(Pv-a 161,28; Dhp-a II 107,9 (so read)); jīviko° (Mp
I 280,9 (read jīvano- ?)); jīvitū° (Dhp-a II 107,9
(read jīvanū°)); taṇhā-nirodhū° (Vism 497,27);
taṇhū° v. upaya; tatr'° (Vin I 71,3; A V 90,19; Vibh
326,11 quoted Vism 440,11); damanū° (Th-a II 33,11);
ditthū° v. upaya; dhana-gahaṇū° (Ja I 226,n);
nip'phajjan
° (Ja IV 83,13); niṝ-° (Ja V 316,5);
nissaraṇū° (Ud-a 107,9); patiṭṭhādhigam° (Paṭis-a
97,22); paribhogū° (Sp 687,7); pavesita-° (Ja VI
340,18'); pahānū° (Ps I 108,1); bhuñjana-° (Ja
IV 469,24'); maraṇū° (Ja III 438,21'; V 263,18);
yathādhippeta-parisamāpan° (Sp-ṭ Be 1960 I
4,22); yuddho° (Mhv LXX 57); rakkhanū° (Ap-a
292,21); rūp° v. upaya; lobha-ppahānū° (Pj II
22,23); vijāyanū° (Ja VI 340,31'); vinayanū° (Sp
120,24); vinayo° (Saddh 350); vedan° v. upaya; sa-°
(As 156,7; Vism 497,24; Ud-a 356,2); saṁkhār°,
saññ
° v. upaya; sabba-thāman° (Cp-a 55,4);
sampanna° (Vism-mhṭ Be 1960 II 10,5); sammā-°
(Th-a III 155,27); savaṇo° (Saddh 10); sāsanopakār°
(ZDMG 112, 1962, 367 § 15 = Nidānakathā of Be
1956); soka-vinayan° (Pv-a 39,10); sodhan° (Vmv
Be 1960 II 264,12); haraṇū° (Ja III 465,19).