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upādāna

, n. [ts.] 1. basis, esp. said of a
fire,
= fuel; 2. clinging, grasping, attachment; Abh 36;
indhanaṁ ~aṁ, Sadd 394,7; gaha ~e ~aṁ gahaṇaṁ,
Sadd 502,27 = Dhātup 388 = Dhātum 731; —
Lovejoy, JAOS XIX, 1898, 126 foll.; Oldenberg,
Buddha
8-9, 1921, 266 foll; id., ZDMG 52, 1898, 690
foll. = Kl. Schr. 966 foll.; Frauwallner, Gesch. d. ind.
Philos.
I, 192; 468 n. 104; Ñm, Nett-trsl., LX foll;
K. Bhattacharya, Melanges Renou,
1968, 90 foll.;
Heimann, Signif. of pref. in SM. philos. terminol.
(RAS
Monographs XXV), 1951, 27,50; — 1. in similes in-
separable from
2.; laddhā hi so ~aṁ mahā hutvāna
pāvako, S I 69,24*; II 85,24; 87,14; ~aṁ n' atthi,
Vv 957 (Vv-a 335,10 foll: kiñci pi bhakkhaṁ n'
atthi ~aṁ vā aggissa indhanamattaṁ pi n' atthi);
imassa . . . Gotamo kim ~asmim paññāpeti, S IV
399,25 = 400,3 ("what does Gotama declare to be the
basis of this?"
); taṇhā hi 'ssa . . . tasmiṁ samaye
~aṁ, 400,8 ("for thirst is at that time [i. e. when a being
is migrating from one body to another
] its basis");
aggi . . . ~e dinne bhiyyo pajjalati, Mil 175,27; aggi
~ena na tappati, Ja III 342,19; ~aṁ ḍahanto, Dhp-a
I 283,1; — [~esu lokesu] ḍayhamānesu nibbuto,
Ja V 251,10* (perhaps spurious, not in Cks); — 2.
definitions: upādiyatī ti ~aṁ, Vism 527,24 = Moh
142,23 ≠ Ps IV 92,21 (Ps-pṭ Be 1961 III 282,12:
etaṁ mama eso me attā ti upādiyanti daḷhaggāhaṁ
gaṇhantī ti ~ā); gahaṇavasena ~aṁ, Sv 116,31;
1024,6; Ps IV 66,19 (Ps-pṭ Be 1961 III 258,12); ~e ti
taṇhādiṭṭhigahaṇe, Mp II 232,14; Ps II 311,18; bhu-
saṁ gaṇhātī ti ~aṁ, Paṭis-a 89,35; 241,28; 416,5;
gahaṇalakkhaṇaṁ ~aṁ, Ud-a 43,4 = Vibh-a 137,6
= Vism 528,25 ≠ Mp I 107,21 (cf. F. Bernhard,
WZKSO XII/XIII, 1968/69, 61); °-vasena gaṇhātī ti
~aṁ, Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 118,24; ~an ti daḷhagahaṇaṁ
daḷhattho hi ettha upasaddo, As 385,6 = Vibh-a
181,1 = Vism 569,5 ≠ Moh 105,7; bhusaṁ ādiyantī
ti ~ā, Moh 105,6 ≠ Vism-mhṭ Be 1960 II 495,25;
Sadd 884,7; ādānaparihananalakkhaṇaṁ ~aṁ, Peṭ
117,4 (read -parigahaṇa- ?) ("clinging has the char-
acteristics of seizing and acquiring"
[cf. Ñm, Peṭ-trsl.
162 n. 469/4]); ~assā ti vaṭṭassa, vaṭṭaṁ hi daḷhehi
kammakilesehi upādātabb'-aṭṭhena ~an ti vuttaṁ,
Th-a III 202,23 foll.; upagamanaṁ ~aṁ, Paṭis I 52,
20 (Paṭis-a 241,22 foll.: yaṁ kammabhavassa pac-
cayabhūtaṁ . . . upagamanaṁ daḷhagahaṇaṁ) =
Ps I 53,25 = Vism 600,29 ("undertaking is clinging");
opapaccayikaṁ ~aṁ, Nett 28,30 ("clinging opens the
way to reappearance"
[cf. Ñm, Nett-trsl. p. 48 n.
164/3; 164/9]); — different from upādānakkhandha,
q. v.; tanhāpaccayā ~aṁ, ninth link of the paticcasam-
uppāda,Vin I 1,14 = D I 45,15 = II 33,1 = M I
262,5 = S II 1,20 = A I 177,10 = Ud 1,15 = Paṭis I
114,9 = Nidd I 94,10 = Vibh 135,6 = Kv 511,5 =
Dhātuk 53,35 = Mil 50,18 = Peṭ 11,4 = Nett 32,16
— Moh 144,19 = Abhidh-s 36,12; ime cattāro ~ā
taṇhānidānā taṇhāsamudayā taṇhājātikā taṇhāpa-
bhavā, M I 67,16 foll. ≠ Paṭis II 111,26 foll. (same
wording with
upadhi S II 108,18, with āhāra M I 261,8
foll.); avijjā saṁkhārā taṇhā ~aṁ ayaṁ samudayo,
Peṭ 15,6 (in contrast to the other links of the paṭiccasam-
uppāda, which are dukkha) ≠ 100,11 (same wording
with
hetu); Peṭ 157,9; — taṇhā upayantī ~am
upayāpeti, ~am upayantam bhavam upayāpeti,
S II 118,33 foll. (id. with apayāti S II 119,13); taṇhā
~ena sahajātā, Kv 511,8; sa.(i. e. taṇhā) ~assa
padaṭṭhānam, Peṭ 117,23 ≠ Nett 28,28; tad (i.e.
taṇhā) ass' ~aṁ ~ena bhavaṁ upādiyati, Vism 583,
18; taṇhā iminā pariyāyena ~aṁ, Vism-mhṭ Be 1960
II 242,2; — yā vedanāsu nandī tad ~aṁ, M I 266,32
= 267,9 (id. with rūpa, saññā, saṁkhāra, viññāṇa
S III 14,11 foll.); sabbaṁ me khamatī ti tesam ayaṁ
diṭṭhi . . . ~āya santike, M I 498,14 foll.; yad api te
. . . ñāṇabhāgamattam eva pariyodapenti tad api
tesaṁ . . . ~am akkhāyati, M II 234,14 ("that mere
fraction of knowledge that they keep clean, even that is
pointed to as their clinging"
); yo tattha (i. e. rūpe etc.)
chandarāgo taṁ tattha ~aṁ, S III 167,11 = IV 89,18
= 108,20; M I 299,34 foll.; III 16,17 = S III 100,32;
D I 25,30 foll.; — ~e bhayaṁ disvā, M III 187,7* =
A I 142,18* = III 311,19*; ~e pāṭikkulyatā, A III
32,10; ~e ñāṇaṁ, S II 57,8; IV 33,5,15; Paṭis I 8,15;
Vibh 316,14; — paṭipadā etesam ~ānam pahānāya,
S IV 258,14,21; Peṭ 156,4; pariyādinnam me ~aṁ,
S IV 34,3 ("exhausted is my clinging"); addasa bha-
gavā ādiṁ ~assa, Sn 358 = Th 1278; ~ānaṁ . . .
asesavirāganirodhā n' atthi dukkhassa sambhavo,
Sn 144,20 foll.; ~aṁ yattha loko vihaññati, Sn 170
(Pj II 212,3 dukkhasaccass' etaṁ adhivacanaṁ);
aniccānupassanāñāṇaṁ niccato ~ā muccati, Paṭis II
45,24 ("contemplation and knowledge of anicca frees
from nicca-clinging"
); ~añ ca citte asamūhataṁ, Peṭ
108,6 (thus restored by Ñm, Peṭ-trsl. 148 n. 421/6);
~ato muccanesu, Paṭis-a 560,17; Mp V 27,13; ~ehi
anupādāno, Nett 31,28; — ~ā dhammā, Dhātuk 29,
35; ārammaṇavasena ~aṁ, Peṭ 218,22; ~e sati bhavo
hoti, Mil 52,16; nibbattamānassa . . . ~aṁ . . . hetu,
Vism 598,29; pakappitan ti ~ān' ekattāya paññattaṁ
(?), Peṭ 223,2; paṭhame vipallāse paṭhamaṁ ~aṁ,
Nett 114,8; — fourfold upādāna: cattāri ~āni:
kām[ū/u]°, ditth[ū/u]°, sīlabbat[ū/u]°, attavādū°, D III 230,21;
M I 66,1 foll. = S II 3,14; V 59,17 foll. ≠ IV 258,9
= Dhs 1213 = 1536; Peṭ 116,21 foll.; 162,26; 248,24;
Ud-a 213,33; Paṭis-a 110,15; 363,26; Vibh-a 180,26*;
Nett 41,23 = 47,21; 124,31; Vism 569,3; 684,10;
Abhidh-av 130,9 foll.; cattāro ~ā, Peṭ 87,3; 244,13;
Mp I 85,17; Abhidh-s 36,12; cattāri ~āni tesaṁ paṭi-
pakko cattāri jhānāni, Nett 124,7; cattāri ~āni te hi
pañcūpādānakkhandhā bhavanti dukkhañ ca samu-
dayo ca, Peṭ 205,7 (so read with ms. Bi); catūhi ~ehi
pañcakkhandhā, Peṭ 94,21; ~e pañcakkhandhe aga-
hetvā, Ap-a 375,6; catūhi ~ehi upādiyati, Paṭis I
129,29; Ud-a 143,26; Dhp-a IV 158,21; catūhi ~ehi
kiñci anupādiyitvā, Dhp-a II 163,2 ≠ I 134,12;
IV 194,11; — catubbidhe ~e, Mp III 353,24; ~aṁ
kāmūpādānādivasena catubbidhaṁ, Ud-a 42,5; Vism
575,18; ~am . . . catubbidhā lobhadiṭṭhiyo va, Moh
143,30; — taṇhā dve ~āni kāmūpādānañ ca sīlabba-
tūpādānañ ca, avijjā dve ~āni diṭṭhūpādānañ ca
attavādūpādānañ ca, Nett 41,20 foll. (cf. 115,1 foll.);
Kv-a 152,21 foll.; imesu dvīsu dhammesu (i. e. avijjā,
tanhā) pahīnesu cattāri ~āni nirujjhanti, Nett 42,7;
47,31; — ~ā duve vuttā (Ce 1960 200,2 v. l.: ~ā duve
dhammā), Abhidh-s 33,4* (Abhidh-s-sn Ce 1960 200,20
lobhadṛṣṭi, cf. Dhs 1536, Moh 143,30); dve va ~āni
gahaṇūpādānañ ca paccayūpādānañ ca, Ps II 156,5
(Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 118,21 foll.); — in enumerations: one
of the
abhijjhākāyaganthas Dhs 1136; as lobha Dhs
1059; together with sārāga, saṁyoga, abhinandana,
ajjhosāna M I 498,16; with nīvaraṇa, anussaya, mic-
chatta Sp 1278,11; with āhāra, vipallāsa, yoga, gantha,
āsava, ogha Nett 31,28; 114,2; Pet 244,13; Ud-a 143,26;
Moh 157,17; cattāro vipallāsā ... ~aṁāha, Peṭ 225,5;
with anussaya, pariyuṭṭhāna, saṁyojana Peṭ 105,23;
ifc. atta-vādū° (Peṭ 94,20; 245,2; 246,21;' As 385,
16; Ps II 12,14; Ud-a 214,2; Vism 480,15; 574,35;
[cf. attano vādū°, As 385,16]); an-°; indhan° (Kv-a
25,27); upāy°; ekū° (Paṭis II 46,32); kāmū° (Ja V
251,19; Ps II 12,12; Spk II 14,15; Pet 94,18; Vism
141,21); gandho° (Sadd 334,17 = 478,1); gahaṇū°
(Ps II 156,5 [Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 118,21]); catur- c(Moh
105,15); catur-ogha-yogâsava-gantha-° (Moh 157,
17); taṇh° (S IV 400,7; Vism 211,2; °-bhava, Moh
150,35; 151,8); taṇhā-paccayā-° (°-dassanavasena,
Ps II 10,26 [Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 10,3], cf. paccay[ū/u]°);
tad-° (M II 265,4 = S IV 102,8); tina-kaṭṭh° (M I
487,20); diṭṭhū° (Ps II 12,13; Peṭ 94,19; Vism 480,
19); nir-° (Ps IV 102,13; Bv-a 295,1; °-mānasa,
Abhidh-av 64,20*); nissaṭṭha-tiṇa-kaṭṭh° (M II 203,
21); paccayū° (Ps II 156,V [Ps-pṭ Be 1961 II 118,24];
Th-a III 79,30); paritassanā-° (S III 133,6 [cpd. acc.
to
Spk II 318,19,28; Ee 2 words]); bhavo° (Pet 94,19;
Nett 115,1); rukkh° (Kv-a 25,26); rūpādi-° (Kv-a
25,28); lokāmis° (M I 365,3); vattamāna-kālo°
(Mogg-p IV 78 (Ce 1931 p. 235,4)); vāt° (S IV 399,27);
vādū° (As 385,16); sa-° (Vin III 19,36; M I 65,2;
Nett 41,23; Mil 32,17); sīla-bbatū° (D II 58,2; Vibh-a
181,6; Peṭ 244,27; Vism 569,2).