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udāna

, n. and m. [ts.], lit. "the breathing up-
wards";
1. (medic.) one of the five vital airs, rising up
the throat and entering the head;
2. a solemn utterance,
mostly, but not necessarily, in metrical form, inspired
by intense emotion and made without regard to any
listeners
(cf. Geiger, Mhv trsl. 130 n. 4; O. Franke,
D trsl. 207 n. 7); 3. the fifth of the nine aṅgas (divi-
sions
) of the Buddhist scriptures (cf. Lamotte, Histoire
du Bouddhisme Indien p.
157 — 159); 4. the third book of
the
Khuddaka-Nikāya divided into 8 vaggas and con-
sisting of 80
suttas each of which contains an udāna
introduced by the standing phrase imaṁ udānaṁ
udānesi; — 1. Bhes 1:32; cf. Abh-ṭ Be p. 40 ~o
kaṇṭha-dese tu; — 2. defin. Ud-a 2,16: . . . yaṁ pīti-
vega-samuṭṭhāpitaṁ vitakka-vipphāraṁ hadayaṁ
sandhāretuṁ na sakkoti, so adhiko hutvā . . . bahi
vacī-dvārena nikkhanto paṭiggāhaka-nirapekkho udā-
hāra-viseso ~an ti vuccati (quoted Sadd 382,26); —
in very frequent standing phrase ~aṁ udāneti (udā-
nento, °nesi, °netvā), e. g. Vin I 2,2; D I 47,9; M I
177,34; S I 20,8; A I 67,6; Ud see 4.; Ja I 141,14;
II 140,14; 437,12; Dhp-a I 100,26; IV 127,20; Ps III
451,23; Spk III 160,13; Mp I 324,3,5; Th-a I 166,16;
193,19; Bv-a 8,27; 154,2, etc.; ~aṁ + other verbs:
~aṁ abhāsi, Vin IV 54,15; Ap-a 166,29; ~āni bhaga-
vatā bhāsitāni, Ud-a 31,16; °-vasena ... gāthā
(-dvayaṁ, gāthaṁ) abhāsi, Th-a I 216,25; 228,21 etc.;
gāthā °âdi-vasena abhāsiṁsu, III 209,33; ~aṁ bha-
ṇati, Vin IV 54,25; ayaṁ pi ~o vutto bhagavatā, Ud
9,9; ~aṁ pavatti, Ja I 61,30; ~aṁ abhisaṁkharitvā
gīta-vasena udānento, V 249,5; ~aṁ udapādi, Spk I
80,11; ~aṁ udāhari, II 273,2; ~assa udāharaṇa-
nigghoso, III 298,20; ~aṁ katvā, Dīp I 14; ~aṁ
abbhudīrayaṁ, Saddh 514; udān' udīrayi, Jināl 170;
[~am kathetha, kathesi Ja VI 37,26; 38,6 w. r. for
uddānaṁ]; °-kāle pana thero sayam eva attānaṁ
vadati, Th-a II 168,17; — 3. defined: somanassa-
ñāṇa-mayika-gāthā-paṭisaṁyuttā dve-asīti suttantā
~an ti veditabbaṁ (°bā), Sv 24,7 = Ps II 106,18 =
Mp III 6,4 = Nidd-a I 270,7 = As 26,22 = Gv 57,23
≠ Ud-a 2,23; mentioned in list of nine aṅgas, see under
Itivuttaka; — 4. Gv 57,2; Piṭ-sm § 25; mentioned Sp
18,12; 742,10; Sv 15,23; 17,10; Mp III 159,8; Pj I 12,7;
II 312,23; Dhp-a II 33,21; III 474,6; Th-a II 97,25;
Ss 9,6; As 18,29; Vism 380,25; Mhbv 94,26; Mi]-ṭ 42,
12; Ee by P. Steinthal, London 1885 (reprint 1948);
cf. E. Windisch, Notes on the Edition of the Udāna,
JPTS I 890, 91 — 108; K. Seidenstücker, Das Udāna,
Leipzig
1913; trsl.: by D. M. Strong, London 1902;
K. Seidenstücker, Augsburg 1920 (German); F. L.
Woodward ("Verses of Uplift", Minor Anthologies of
the Pāli Canon
II), London 1935; — °-aṭṭhakathā,
f., the ct. on the ~ named Paramatthadīpanī, by
Dhammapāla; Ee by F. L. Woodward, London 1926;
see Gv 60,6; 69,23 (-gandho); Pit-sm § 119; mentioned
Th-a I 36,19; II 155,12; Sās 33,9; — °-ṭīkā, f., the
sub-ct. on the
~; see Piṭ-sm § 216.