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udaka

, n. [ts.; cf. 1uda-, 2oka, ka, and daka],
water; Abh 661 (15 syn.s) Mogg VII 15; Sadd 236,4*
(~añ ca dakaṁ kañ ca); 237,13 (declension); 408,16-
19* (18 syn.s); 922,9; — ~ is by far the most common
designation of water in all its forms, aspects and applica-
tions and in all periods of pali lit.; for canonical usage
cf.
PTC; below are given some specimen references both
canonical and post-canonical;
opp. thala: satta me
(uddena) rohitā macchā ~ā thalam ubbhatā, Ja III
53,16*; yathā °âlayato ubbhato thale khitto maccho
~aṁ alabhanto pariphandati, Dhp-a I 289,9; thalaṁ
kareyyaṁ ~aṁ, ~am pi thalaṁ kare, Cp 171; metaph.
for rescue, salvation:
passāmi vo ham attānaṁ ~ā
thalam ubbhataṁ, Ja I 268,12* = IV 269,24*,28* =
VI 43,16*,20*; asakkhiṁ vata attānaṁ uddhātuṁ ~ā
thalaṁ, Th 88 (saṁsāra-mahogha-saṅkhāta-~ā, Th-a
I 196,28); asataṁ samāgamo anaddhaneyyo ~aṁ
thale va, Ja V 508,2*; — opp. paṭhavī in cliche: paṭha-
viyā pi ummujja-nimujjaṁ karoti seyyathā pi ~e,
~e pi abhijjamāno gacchati yathā paṭhaviyaṁ, D I
78,5 etc. (see s.v. iddhi-vidha); — ~aṁ hi sabhāvato
seta-vaṇṇaṁ, Ud-a 403,1; — tasito v' ~aṁ sītaṁ
(rushes for . . .), Sn 1014; (mātā-pitā) ~assa câlābhena
maññe andhā marissare, Ja VI 80,8*; cattāro pañca
ālope abhutvā ~aṁ pive, Th 983; (bhikkhu to upaj-
jhāya) yāguṁ pītassa ~aṁ datvā . . . , ~aṁ datvā
piṇḍapāto upanāmetabbo . . . , bhuttāvissa ~aṁ
datvā pattaṁ paṭiggahetvā . . . , Vin I 46,8,32,34; ma-
nussā ekasmiṁ pakkhe ~aṁ denti, ekasmiṁ pakkhe
cīvaraṁ denti "saṁghassa demī" ti, 307,34; ~e diy-
yamāne ubhohi hatthehi pattaṁ pariggahetvā ~aṁ
paṭiggahetabbaṁ . . . nīcaṁ katvā paṭiggahe ~aṁ
āsiñcitabbaṁ, mā °-paṭiggāhako ~ena osiñci, mā
sāmantā bhikkhū ~ena osiñciṁsu, mā saṅghāṭi ~ena
osiñci, II 213,33; ~e ṭhitā ~aṁ adāsiṁ bhikkhuno,
Vv 330; upajjhāyassa ~aṁ Anotatta-mahāsarā āha-
rāmi, Th 430; ~aṁ lābunâhatvā buddha-seṭṭhaṁ
upānayiṁ, Ap 389,16; theft of ~ : Vin III 47,30; 51,9-
20; — (for guest) āsanaṁ ~aṁ pajjaṁ, Ja III 120,24*
= IV 396,7* - 476,29* = D II 240,16*; (donation)
mahāseṭṭhi suvaṇṇa-bhiṁkāraṁ ādāya dasabalassa
hatthe ~aṁ pātetvā "imaṁ Jetevana-vihāraṁ saṁ-
ghassa dammī "ti adāsi, Ja I 93,13 = Ap-a 97,35, cf.
Ja VI 344,12; kamaṇḍalunā ~aṁ āharitvā ~aṁ
hatthe pātetvā bhariyaṁ brāhmaṇassa adāsi, 570,4;
brāhmaṇassa hatthe ~aṁ āsiñcanto "imaṁ te . . .
bhariyaṁ . . . dammī" ti vatvā deti, Pj II 316,27; —
saccakiriyaṁ katvā tassa sīse ~aṁ āsiñcantī, Ja V
94,27; — deve vassante yathā-ninnaṁ ~āni pavat-
tanti, A III 31,19 = 342,17 ≠ S II 32,4: taṁ ~aṁ
yathā-ninnaṁ pavattamānaṁ, V 396,3 = A I 243,
28 = II 140,23 = V 114,7 foll.; Rāhu asur' indo pāṇinā
~aṁ paṭicchitvā mahā-samudde chaḍḍeti, ayaṁ
tatiyo vassassa antarāyo, A III 243,14; — (irriga-
tion
) ~aṁ hi nayanti nettikā, Dhp 80 = 145; (khet-
tassa) mariyādāya ~aṁ rakkhitvā dhaññaṁ paripā-
centi, Mil 416,15; dhañña-bījaṁ ~ena vikalaṁ ma-
reyya, 307,14; — catūsu mahā-samuddesu ~aṁ, S II
179,30 foll., cf. Dhp-a III 176,8; hoti . . . samayo yaṁ
mahā-samudde yojana-satikāni pi ~āni ogacchanti,
dvi-yojana-satikāni . . . satta-yojana-satikāni pi ~āni
ogacchanti, . . . yaṁ mahā-samudde satta-tālam pi
~aṁ saṇṭhāti . . . , M I 187,17-36 ≠ A IV 101,18
102,11; nāvā-lakanakaṁ . . . hattha-sate pi ~e nāvaṁ
laketi, Mil 377,29; kus'agge ~aṁ ādāya samudde
~aṁ mine, Ja V 468,18*; mahā-samudde na sukaraṁ
~assa pamāṇaṁ gahetuṁ, A II 55,20 = III 52,16 =
336,32; sakkā samudde ~aṁ pametuṁ āḷhakena vā,
na tv eva . . . , Ap 20,30; candodaye samuddassa ~aṁ
viya . . . vaḍḍhati, Dhp-a II 78,14; (cosmic water)
ayaṁ mahāpaṭhavī ~e paṭiṭṭhitā, ~aṁ vāte paṭiṭṭhi-
taṁ, vāto ākāsa-ṭṭho hoti . . . , mahā-vātā ~aṁ kam-
penti, ~aṁ kampitaṁ paṭhaviṁ kampeti (cause of
earthquake
), D II 107,22 = A IV 312,18, quoted Mil
68,25; . . . acetanā paṭhavi acetane ~e, acetanaṁ
~aṁ acetane vāte, acetano vāto ākāse patiṭṭhito, Mp
II 186,2; (chab-baṇṇa-rasmiyo) paṭhaviṁ bhinditvā
heṭṭhā ~aṁ gaṇhimsu . . . ~aṁ pi vinivijjhitvā vātaṁ
aggahesuṁ . . . , As 14,18; imaṁ ~aṁ aggimhi tap-
pamānaṁ cicciṭāyati + , kin nu kho . . . ~aṁ jīvati
+ ? na hi ~aṁ jīvati, n'atthi ~e jīvo vā satto vā, Mil
258,27 — 261,2; — (at bodhisatta's birth) dve ~assa
dhārā antalikkhā pātubhavanti, ekā sītassa ekā uṇ-
hassa, D II 15,4 - M III 123,12 - Kv 284,34; —
(lotus similes) yathā padumaṁ ~e jātaṁ ~e saṁvad-
dhaṁ an-upalittaṁ ~ena, Mil 375,1; paduma-pattato
~am iva vinivaṭṭetvā gato (gacchati), Ja VI 331,24;
586,34 ≠ I 69,22;' [Ja VI 537,5 ~āni and Th 345 ~aṁ
w. rr., see 1odaka;] — ifc. akaddamo°, akappiya-°
(Sp 617,24), aggo°, accho°, ati-°, ati-sukhumo°,
an-ābhato°, an-°, an-ū°, Anotatta-°, Anotatta-
daha-
°, Anotatta-daho° (Bv-a 9,29), Anotatto°,
anto-°, appa-mattaka-° (Dhp-a III 256,8), appa-
vattana-
° (Sp 1040,1), appo°, abhiseka-° (Ja VI
588,23), amba-pakko°, āgantuka-° (Sp 692,18),
ācamana-°, āsan'ū°, āsitta-°, āsitto°, uggac-
chana-
°, uggato° (Ja IV 141,15), ucchiṭṭho°, uṇho°,
uppajjana-° (Sv 218,14), ubbhido° (D I 74,20; Sp
692,16 w. r. ubbhitô°), ubbhinna-° (Sv 218,12), eko°
(Ja I 100,24), kaṭhifū (Sp 823,15), kaddamo° (Vin
II 262,4; Vism 127,31), kappiya-° (Sp 615,13), ka-
maṇḍalû
° (Pj I 200,21), kasato° (Ja II 97,1), ka-
sāvo
° (Vin I 205,32), kāḷa-° (Mp III 119,14), kiles'u°
(Pj II 513,28), kīḷana-° (Ps IV 184,10), kusumo°
(Ap 131,14), kusumbho° (Ap 268,7), kevalo° (Mp-ṭ
ad Mp I 234,9), khanti-metto° (Dhp-a I 51,10),
khāra-loha-°,-lohô° (Ja V 273,30; III 46,21), khār'ū°
(Vism 420,8,11), khāro° (Dhp-a I 189,10; Vism 264,
33), khīna-dārû° (Ja III 361,20'), khīro° (M I 207,7
etc.), Gaṅgô° (Dīp XI 32; Ja II 344,14), gandho°
(Ap 16,10; frequent post-can.), Gandho° (-thera, Ap
106,13), gambhīra-° (Ja IV 268,26), gahita-° (Ja I
102,14), gulo° (Vin I 226,20; Thūp 78,24), chāy'ū°
(Ps IV 220,25 etc.; chāy° Mhbv 71,20), chinno° (Ps
II 267,6), ñāno° (Pj I 237,25), tiṇa-kaṭṭho° (Sp 295,
15,25), tiṇa-ghāso° (M III 133,3), tino° (M I 152,7;
Ja III 156,4), thuso° (D I 166,10 etc.), dakkhiṇo°
(Ja I 118,13, frequent post-can.), danta-kattho° (Mû-
las IV 13), dārû° (Ja I 98,20). dhovana-° '(see pāda-,
maṁsa-, mukha-, hattha-), nadī-° (Ja VI 522,19'),
navo° (Sās 141,15), nahāna-° (Sp 1208,6), nahāno°
(Ja I 305,24 etc.), nhāna-mukho° (Khuddas XXIX 1),
nibbahana-° (Sp 344,18), nimbo° (Sp 1043,16), nir-°
(Nidd II 264,9; Dhp-a I 98,5), nir-ū° (Ja I 282,3; Sp
121,9), nīlo° (Dhp-a I 23,14), paṭhavī-sandhāraka-°
(Sp 1041,18; 1043,5), patta-dhovana-° (Sp 1284,6),
patta-dhovano° (Mhbv 125,15), pariggahita-° (Sp
389,2), paritto° (Nidd I 50,18; Ja II 62,16), pari-
bhoga-
° (Sp 898,9), pavisana-° (Sv 218,22; Mp III
234,2), pasanna-° (Ja IV 402,14), pasanno° (Ja VI
431,8), pākatika-° (Vism 430,22), pāda-dhovana-°
(Ps III 74,13 foll), pāda-dhovano° (Ja V 202,5'),
pādo° (Vin I 9,8; Thī 114 etc.), piñjaro° (Ja VI
563,7*), piṭṭho° (Sp 621,10), piyaṅgû° (Ja I 419,29),
pīṭhaka-dhovana-° (Ps III 338,4), purāna-° (Sv
485,28), phāṇito° (Ja III 372,24), bavh-o° (Th 390,
cf. trsl. Norman p. 188), bahi-° (Ja VI 400,25), bahu-°
(Pj II 329,31), bahû° (-kāla Ja II 79,27), bahu-
maṁsa-suro
° (Ja IV 134,28*), bhaṅgo° (Vin I 205,
22), Bhāgīraso° (Ja V 255,13*), bhājana-dhovana-°
(Sp 299,29), maṁsa-dhovana-° (Vism 256,26),
maṁsa-dhovano° (Pj I 54,2), magg'ū° (As 208,
34), maggo° (Ps II 234,4), maṇi-vanna-° (Mp III
119,15), madhuro° (Ja VI 519,10 etc.), madhû° (Ja
VI 420,2), mano-silo° (Thūp 70,4), manto° (Vism
603,30), mahā-° (Sp 786,12), maho° (Ja IV 260,9*
etc.), māso° (Pj I 237,23), micchā-vitakk'ū° (Dhp-a
IV 108,10), mukha-dhovana-° (Ja I 80,14), mukha-
dhovano
° (Sp 978,7), mukha-vikkhālano° (Sp 1205,
8), mukha-vikkhālana-° (so read Ps III 62,22),
mukho° (Vin I 46,6 etc., frequent), megha-vutthi°
(Spk II 331,10), megho° (Th-a III 159,31), Yamuno°
(Ja VI 412,20; Sp 491,27), raso° (Mhv XXIX 11),
loṇ° (Vv-a 99,23), loṇ'ū° (Ja VI 2Ī3,12*), loṇo° (Sp
853,18), vappo° (Dīp XV 49), vasso° (Sp 692,18 etc.),
vāḷa-maccho° (Ps V 12,22), vālo° (Ja II 97,5*, v.r.
vāḷ'ū°), vāsita-° (Ja I 265,25), vigacchamāna-°
(bhvr. Spk I 39,32), vippasanna-° (Spk II 87,5) vyā-
pannarasū
° (bhvr. Ja VI 213,9*), sa-° (Vin I 46,15),
sakkharo° (Ja II 106,15), saṭṭhi-kuṭo° (-gaṇḥanaka,
Dhp-a IV 135,17), sa-tandulo° (Sp 851,24), sa-tina-
kattho
° (D I 87,8; M II 164,7), sabba-gandho° (D
II 164,18), samudda-° (Ja I 497,29) samudd'ū° (Ja
498,12), samuddo° (Sp 853,17), sah'ū° (Ja V 407,9*),
saho° (Mhv IV 13), sāto° (Vin III 108,16; M I 76,
28), sādu-raso° (Ap-a 213,5), siñcito° (Ap-a 384,19),
sīt° (Sp 1126,18), sīta-° (Sp 512,10), sīt'ū° (Mil 259,5;
Dīp XIII 22), sīto° (Vin III 108,14; D II 266,3*,
frequent), sītala-° (Sp 512 n. 12), sukho° (Vism 338,1),
sutto° (Khuddas XXXVI 6), seto° (Vin III 108,15;
Ud 83,13), so° (Mhv XXX 38; Ps II 167,29), hattha-
dhovana-
° (Sp 1284,21), himo° (Ja II 450,6; Spk II
331,4,6).