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utu

, m. [f. Th 529; n. utūni S IV 231,17; sa.
ṛtu], 1. (right) time, moment; 2. a woman's courses and
the subsequent fertile period
(Abh 238 [Be 1964: 239];
3. season (Abh 78); 4. the main characteristics of the
changing seasons being changes in temperature and
weather,
~ may sometimes be translated as "weather",
"climate", "temperature", without, however, losing sight
of the basic meaning "season";
5. (post-canonical)
pleasant physical sensation, refreshment (cf. utu-
sukha); 6. as philosphic term: temperature; physical
change
(cf. Shwe Zan Aung, Abhidh-s trsl. p. 161
n. 4: "utu, or temperature. As every change in physical
nature is attributed to
utu, the element or manifestation
of
tejo (heat), utu, ttt. 'season', has come to be identified
with physical nature itself, or with physical causes, in-
cluding chemical causes, or all physical forces;" cf. also

I. B. Horner, Mil trsl. p. 86 n. 4); ~ is, besides kamma,
citta and āhāra, one of the four causes (paccaya) of the
elements
(bhūta), the cause of material form (rūpa); —
Sadd 432,1-2; 873,13-15; Mogg VII 71; Vutt 99, 100.
— 1. pāpakānaṁ ca dhammānaṁ kilesānaṁ ca yo
~u, Th 930 (= kālo, Th-a); cf. utu'kkhana, utûpase-
vanā (aruṇa-° Dhp-a I 165 trsl. CPD I "morning air";
but
megha-~uñ ca pabbata-~uñ ca aruṇa-~uñ ca
gahetvā jātattā rather with Burlingame: "Because
the child was born at the time
[utu] of a storm, at the
time when she was upon a mountain, and at the time
when the sun rose";
PED "aruṇa-utu occasion or time
of the sunrise"
); 2. ~to virataṁ °-veramaṇiṁ pati
bhariyaṁ, Pj II 317,22 (ad Sn 291; see °-veramaṇī);
cf. utu-kāla, utu-samaya, utu-sināta; 3. saṁvacchare
~umhi māse pakkhe, Ud-a 21,10; — three seasons:
cattāro māsā ~u, tayo ~ū saṁvaccharo, Sv 868,21;
tiṇṇaṁ ~ūnaṁ anucchavikesu tīsu pāsādesu . . . rajja-
siriṁ anubhavanto, Dhp-a I 84,20; — Jinak 27,8; —
six seasons: channaṁ ~ūnam katarasmiṁ ~umhi
jāto dīghâyuko hoti, Ja V 331,15'; VI 524,13'; —
4. sukhā ~ū (so read metri c.) addhaniyā, Th 529
(f. ! Th-a sukhā iṭṭhā, ~u addhaniyā ti addhāna-
gamana-yoggā ~u); paṭhama-vasanto sukho ~ū (so
read metri c
), Thī 371; kāya . . . ratiyā rattiṁ viha-
remu imaṁ ~uṁ, Ja VI 221,19*; pittaṁ semhaṁ ca
vāto ca sannipātā ~ūni ca (as causes of illness), S IV
231,17 (= utu-pariṇāma [q. v.] 230,30); ~u pi kassaci
sīto kassaci uṇho sappāyo hoti, tasmā yaṁ bhojanaṁ
vā ~uṁ vā sevantassa phāsu hoti . . . taṁ bhojanaṁ
so ca ~u sappāyo, itaraṁ bhojanaṁ itaro ca ~u
asappāyo hoti, Vism 128,3; ~u yeva °-parissayo, Vism
34,7 foll.; bhojanaṁ ~u senâsanaṁ ajjhattaṁ ca,
Abhidh-s-mhṭ Se 249,5; kāyikaṁ dukkhaṁ ~uṁ
bhojanaṁ senâsanaṁ, Tikap II 169,37; bāhiraṁ āhā-
raṁ ~uṁ asañña-upādā-rūpaṁ, Moh 347,26; site
uṇhe vā kismiñci ~umhi samāgate tato suddh'
aṭṭhakaṁ uppajjati, tassa so ~u samuṭṭhānaṁ,
As-mṭ Be 1960 157,24; 5. odāta-vatthe kāyaṁ
aphusante pi taṁ-samuṭṭhānena ~unā sabbattha-
kam eva kayo phuṭṭho hoti, Ps II 323,18; idiom,
expr.
sarīraṁ (kāyaṁ, gattāni) ~uṁ gaṇhāpeti
"to refresh the body, make oneself comfortable, take
the air",
Ja I 9,27; dve udaka-dhārā . . . bodhi-
sattassa ca mātu c'assa sarīre ~uṁ gāhāpesuṁ, 53,7;
so . . . karaṇḍakaṁ uggilitvā tato nīharitvā nahāpetvā
vilimpitvā alaṁkaritvā "thokaṁ tava sarīraṁ ~uṁ
gaṇhāpehī" ti . . . thokaṁ dūraṁ gantvā nahāyi, III
527,28;... -udakena gattāni ~uṁ gāhāpeti, Mp I 66,10;
(kāyaṁ) Ps II 419,19; (gattāni) Sv 47,13; 6. dhātū-
naṁ hi kammaṁ cittaṁ āhāro ~ū ti cattāro paccayā,
Vism 369,11 (mhṭ: yo koci ~u, atthato tejo-dhātu);
rūpassa pana kammaṁ cittaṁ ~u āhāro ti ayaṁ
kammâdiko catubbidho paccayo. tattha .... °-āhārā
°-āhāra-samuṭṭhānassa (se. rūpassa) ṭhiti-kkhaṇe
paccayā honti, 600,2 (cf. 613,27: idaṁ rūpaṁ nāma
kammâdi-vasena catūhi kāraṇehi nibbattati); tattha
~u nāma catu-samuṭṭhānā tejo-dhātu, uṇha-~u
sīta-~ū ti evaṁ pan' esa duvidho hoti, 616,33; saka-
paccayena arati pavattatī ti ~u, sīfuṇha-saṅkhātā
tejo-dhātu, Maṇis Be 1964 II 435,10; kammaṁ cit-
taṁ ~u āhāro ceti cattāri rūpa-samuṭṭhānāni nāma,
Abhidh-s 28,23; °-samuṭṭhānānaṁ ~u janaka-pac-
cayo hoti (Ee w. r. utujanaka), Vism 369,19; utujesu
pi ~u, °-samuṭṭhānaṁ, °-paccayaṁ, °-paccaya- °-sam-
uṭṭhānaṁ, °-paccaya-āhāra-samuṭṭhānan ti esa
vibhāgo veditabbo (followed by definitions of all these
terms
), Vism 616,30-617,14; yaṁ pana cittato ~to ca
jātaṁ, taṁ dvijaṁ nāma, yaṁ °-cittâhārehi jātaṁ,
taṁ tijaṁ nāma, 451,37; saddo ~to ca cittato ca
samuṭṭhātī ti eko dvi-samuṭṭhāno nāma, As 340,24;
(cakkavatti-cakkaratanassa) kattā vā kāretā vā
n'atthi, kamma-paccayena ~to (v. l. ~nā) samuṭṭhāti,
Pj I 172,9; kamma-paccayena ~unā samuṭṭhitaṁ
Vetaraṇiṁ dassesi, Ja VI 105,11'; megho ~uto samuṭ-
ṭhahitvā, Mil 410,25; — cf. °-ja, °-nibbatta, °-maya,
°-samuṭṭhāna; — ifc. aruṇa-° (cf. above 1.), uṇha-°
(above 6.), megha-° and pabbata- (Dhp-a I 165,14
Ps III 324,14; cf. above 1.); visamô° (Ras I 6 [vs. 106;
Ce 1961 p. 15,36]); sīta-° (Vism 624,1).