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Isipatana

, n. [BHS Ṛṣipatana, °paṭana, °paṭ-
ṭana, °pattana, °bhavana, °vadana, n. m., cf. BHSD
s. vv.], name of a place 6 km north of Banaras (modern
Sarnath
), cf. PPN I 324; St. Julien, Histoire de la vie
de Hiouen-Thsang, p.
132 foll.; Foucher, La vie du
Bouddha, p.
197 foll. (In oldest occurrences, Isipatana
is always followed by migadāya which thus looks like a
gloss on it; was it originally "Game, Deer Park":
isi
misunderstanding of isa < sa. ṛś(y)a, patana < eastern
vayana < sa. vṛjana [cf. Lüders, Beobachtungen §
106: vadāmi < eastern vayāmi <sa. vrajāmi] ?; see
Caillat, JAs. 256 (1968), 177-183). — "Etym.":
the place where the
isis alight, meet, wherefrom they
take their flight
(cf. Lüders, AKM 26:3 p. 42-44):
~e ti Buddha-Paccekabuddha-saṅkhātānaṁ isīnaṁ
dhammacakka-pavattan'atthaya ceva uposatha-
karan'atthaya ca āgantvā patane sannipātaṭṭhāne ti,
Mp II 180,26 foll. (ad A I 110,33); isīnam patan'uppa-
tana-vasena taṁ ~an ti vuccati, Paṭis-a 610,3; —
is the 2nd of the 4 sacred places where all Buddhas are
bound to turn the Wheel of
Dhamma: sabba-Buddhā-
naṁ pana cattāri avij ahita-ṭṭhānāni honti. . . dham-
macakka-pavattanaṁ ~e migadāye avijahitaṁ eva
hoti, Bv-a 131,9 = 298,2 ≠ Sv 424,8; cattāri hi aca-
lacetiya-ṭṭhānāni nāma: . . . ~e dhammacakka-pavat-
tana-ṭṭhānaṁ . . ., Ps II 166,18; thus, esp. in ct.s, many
allusions to former
Buddhas living and preaching there:
M II 49,15 foll. (Kassapo bhagavā); Pj II 281,20 foll.;
Sv 471,19 foll. (yathā ca Vipassī bhagavā evam aññe
pi Buddha); and to Paccekabuddhas being established
in that place,
Dhp-a III 446,15; Pj II 80,24; 99,4; Ap-a
164,25; Mp I 338,9 foll. = Thī-a 140,13 foll.; pun
with
isi: Bodhisatto . . . isipabbajjaṁ pabbajitvā
isigaṇa-parivuto ~e vāsaṁ kappesi, Ja II 354,19; —
at ~, the Buddha joins, soon after the bodhi, the
group of five monks who had shunned him, Vin I 8,8
= M I 170,30; 171,19; Mp I 100,7 foll.; 145,28; 147,3
foll.; Ja I 68,5; 81,26; Thūp 22,16 ≠ Mhv-ṭ 70,7
As 35,18; Ap-a 86,10; Jinak 29,21; he preaches his first
sermon to them
("sets rolling the Wheel of Dhamma"),
bhagavatā Bārāṇasiyaṁ ~e migadāye anuttaraṁ
dhammacakkaṁ pavattitaṁ, Vin I 11,38 foll. ≠
M III 248,7 foll. = 18 foll. = 249,5 foll. ≠ Nett 8,24
foll.; Mp I 100,7; 122,24; 238,12; Paṭis-a 616,19,27;
~aṁ gantvā dhammacakkaṁ pavattesi, Spk I 203,17;
Sv 577,1; 651,31; 653,3; Āsāḷhi-puṇṇamāyaṁ ~aṁ
gantvā dhammacakka-pavattanasuttantaṁ desesi,
Th-a III 2,24 ≠ Ap-a 297,8 foll.; Mil 20,1; 350,1;
— Yaso kulaputto yena ~aṁ migadāyo ten' upa-
saṁkami, Vin I 15,22 = Ap-a 545,5 (Ee ~-miga°);
at ~ have been preached, among others, the Rathakāra-
sutta, A I 110,31; Kaṭuviya-su., 279,31; Samaya-su.,
III 320,3, Metteyya-su., 399,18; two Pāsa-su., S I
105,3,20; Dhammadinna-su., V 406,32; — ~ sojourn
of
sambahulā therā bhikkhū, A III 320,3; 392,22;
finally, a big monastery (cf. Julien, Histoire p. 132;
Beal, Si- Yu-Ki II p. 45), sahassān' ~ā bhikkhūnaṁ
dvādasâdiyā Dhammaseno mahāthero cetiyaṭṭhānam
āgamā, Mhv XXIX 31 (Mhv-ṭ: °-mahāvihārato);
°-mahāvihāra, Dhp-a III 291,11; Pv-a 55,29; Thūp
72,27.