Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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iva

, ind. [ts.], 1. particle of comparison (opamma-
vacanaṁ, Pj II 12,11): like, as; as well as; (with verbs)
as if, as it were
(references see below under sandhi etc.);
2. particle of emphasis, similar to
eva; after adj. and
adv. also "a little, somewhat";
porāṇam etaṁ, Atula,
n'etaṁ ajjatanām ~, Dhp 227; bhāti-r-~ bhagavato
mukha-vaṇṇo, D II 205,9 (Sv 638,1: ativiya bhāti,ati-
viya virocati); mukhaṁ cāru-r-ivâbhāti, Ja V 322,9*;
migī va bhantā . . . mandam ivā (thus read metri c.)
udikkhasi, Ja V 400,16*; (meaning 2 or 11) na idaṁ
paññāvatām ~, V 387,20*; VI 314,26* ≠ V 366,26*;
yatha-r-~ "just as" (sa. yatheva; Kacc 22 ≠ Sadd
618,10: evâdissa ri pubbo ca rasso), D I 90,17; yatha-
r-~ — tatha-r-~, Kacc-v 22* = Sadd 618,11*; cf.
Mogg I 32; Sadd 636,15; see also ati-r-~, ativiya, and
va (va in this meaning usually explained as shortened
from
eva, but phonetically rather < iva), and cf. na
viya maññe, M II 121,14; — — sandhi, metrical and
other variants (cf. Geiger p. 72 bottom): a) -am ~, e. g.
Th 104; 118; Sn 576; Mil 74,13; Ja III 364,26; Vism
32,24; Ps III 395,18; metr. lengthening -am ~ and
-amm ~: acc. f. kasām ~, Dhp 134; gen. pl. passatām
~, Sn 763; nom. sg. n. nabhaṁ tārâcitām ~, Ja VI
529,34*; mām ~, Ja III 468,4*,12'; mamm ~, IV 71,
23*; sappaṁ ghora-visamm ~, V 18,4* (read thus, cf.
19,22'); uragamm ~, III 334,3*,5'; -aṁ iva > -aṁ
ñeva: ulūkaṁ ñeva vāyasā, Ja VI 508,14* (thus Ee
with mss.) or -an ñeva (thus Se Be Ne); — b) -o ~,
e. g. Thī 2; Ja V 366,26*; — c) -iṁ ~, Sn 687; -iṁ
iva > -îva: acc. aggîva, Ja I 122,22; — d) -a iva >
-êva (cf. Kacc-v 14 bandhussêva samāgamo), frequent
in verse and prose, e. g.
D II 157,15; Sn 962; Th 454;
Ja II 440,15; A IV 177,29 foll. = M I 357,27 foll.; Ja
III 348,7; — e) -i iva > -îva (in verse), phalān[ī/i]va, M
II 74,9*; vuṭṭhîva, It 83,8*; inda-laṭṭhîva, Ap 33,21;
urasîva, Ja III 148,13*; 193,1* etc.; yānîva, 525,28*;
aggîva, VI 583,1*; -i iva > -êva (in verse), ālāpūnêva,
Dhp 149 (but cf. Brough, Gāndhārī Dharmapada
p.
226); vyagghehêva surakkhitaṁ, Ja VI 125,34*;
sanatêva brahâraññaṁ, 507,16* (= nadati viya) ≠
S I 7,36*; dhaj'agganeva dissare, Ja VI 529,33*; sam-
madatêva gandhena . . . vanaṁ, 530,18* (ct.: madayati
viya) = 536,12*; cf. also ateva = ati-viya; — f) san-
dhi-consonants: α) -r- (chiefly in verse), e. g. thambho-
r-~, Sn 214; go-r-~, Ja V 15,27*; so-r-~, II 228,1*;
ār'agge-r-~ sāsapo, Dhp 401; jana-majjhe-r-~, Thī
394; rājā-r-~, Ja IV 99,8*; narā sagga-gatā-r-~, III
151,14*; vaṭṭani-r-~, Thī 395; dharaṇī-r-~, Ja V 379,
13*; vijju-r-~, 14,*23*; in prose: bhāti-r-~, D II 205,9
(above 2.); karonto-r-~, Ap-a 325,6; cf. ati-r-~; with
shortening of prec, syllable:
haṁsa-r-~ (pl.), Sn 1134;
vyaggha-r-~ (pl.), Ap 19,14; jalanta-r-~ tejasā, Ja V
322,2* (ct.: jalantaṁ viya); — β) -m- (in verse): nīca-
kulā-m-~ (pl.), Sn 411; vijju-m-~, Tel 63; kakkaṭakā-
m-~ (abl), Ja I 223,27*; giri-m-~ (nom. sg.), II 219,
21*; cito bhānumatā-m-~, III 468,10*; gāvo sa-usa-
bhā-m-~, V 100,14*; na idaṁ paññavato-m-~, 366,
26*; with shortening of prec, syllable: aṅgāra-m-iv'acci-
manto, Ja VI 248,18*; — g) metr. lengthening ivā: Ja
III 350,12*; V 400,16*; ivaṁ: tattam ivaṁ kapālaṁ,
Vv 958 (Vv-a 335,18: gāthā-sukh' atthañ c'ettha sânu-
nāsikaṁ katvā vuttaṁ); — h) viya (Geiger § 66) q. v.
(chiefly in verse after -ā, -o, and -ṁ); — i) vyā or byā,
q. v.; — k) va (Geiger § 66) q. v. (mostly in verse;
prose:
Sn p. 107,5 sīhā va ekacarā); see Trengkner,
Notes 422; — — °-sadda, m. (Gr.), the word iva; Sadd
614,12.