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iddhi

, f. [sa. ṛddhi], prosperity, affluence, success,
splendour, high position; mostly either including, or
restricted in meaning to, supernormal, miraculous
qualities and magic faculties
(e. g. flying, creating phan-
toms, etc.
); ascribed a) to men in high positions, kings,
etc.;
b) more often to superhuman beings (nāgas, devas,
etc.), to (brahmanical) saints and ascetics; c) the popular
notions of
~ being shared by Buddhists, ~ figures
prominently among the qualities of monks and nuns
and the Buddha himself and is d
) systematized in scho-
lastic psychology;
epex. definitions: ijjhan'atthena
~i, Paṭis II 205,5; ijjhan'atthena ~i, nipphatti-
aṭṭhena paṭilābhiaṭṭhena ca . . . aparo nayo: ijjhan'-
aṭṭhe ~i, upāya-sampadāy' etaṁ adhivacanaṁ . . .
aparo nayo: etāya sattā ijjhantī ti ~i, ijjhantī ti
iddhā vuddhā ukkaṁsa-gatā honti, Vism 378,3-16 (ad
D I 77,32); abbreviated: Vibh-a 303,4 (cf. 304,26; 307,
17; 308,2) = Paṭis-a 97,18 (cf. 51,1; 343,12 = 618,29)
= Ud-a 304,30 ≠ Bv-a 25,36 ≠ Sadd 484,23; ~ī ti:
yā tesaṁ dhammānam ~i samiddhi ijjhanā samij-
jhanā lābho paṭilābho patti sampatti phusanā sac-
chikiriyā upasampadā, Vibh 217,15 = 218,10 etc.;
a) tvaṁ no V issariyaṁ data manussesu mahanta-
taṁ, tay' amhā labbhitā ~i (high position), Ja IV
42,10*; tăy' ~iyā (my former honour and high position)
dakkhasi maṁ punâpi, Ja VI 373,19*; taṁ tādisaṁ
paccanubhossat' ~iṁ, Pv 449 = 452 ("nagarass'
imassa agga-kuliko bhavissati", Pv-a 199,20); eva-
Rūpāya ~iyā samannāgatassa (lotus ponds, luxurious
clothing and food, three palaces for the three seasons,
etc.
), A I 145,25; rājā Mahāsudassano catūhi ~īhi
samannāgato ahosi (personal beauty, long life, good
health, popularity
), D II 177,15—178,20 = M III 176,7
—177,12 (rājā cakkavaṭṭī); (Mahāsammato rājā)
catūhi ~īhi samannāgato ahosi: uparicaro hoti ākāsa-
gāmī, cattāro naṁ devaputtā catusu pi disāsu khagga-
hatthā rakkhanti, kāyato candana-gandho vāyati,
mukhato uppala-gandho, Ja III 454,20; rāj'~iyo of
Asoka described Sp 42,1—43,8: imāhi ~īhi saman-
nāgato rājā; sa ~ī so ca yaso [so read metri c] . . . ,
Bv II 219; kassakassa . . . natthi sa ~i vā ānubhāvo
vā (power to accelerate natural process of growing and
maturing of corn
), A I 240,4,14; — b) ~ī hi t' āyaṁ
vipulā Sakkasseva jutīmato (of nāga king), Ja VI 174,
4*; ~ī jutī bala-viriy'upapatti (of nāga king), 315,21*
= 316,15*,30* = 320,4*,17*,29*; ~iyā yasasā jalaṁ,
199,12* = S I 121,14* = A II 17,23* (dibba-sam-
patti-samiddhiyā ca parivāra-saṅkhātena yasasā ca,
Mp III 21,7) = Vv 588; ~iṁ passa yasañ ca me,
590 (samiddhiṁ, dibba-vibhūtiṁ, Vv-a 219,11); ~ of
nāga king, Ja V 107,9*; (vimāne) nārī mahânubhāvā
uccāvacaṁ ~i vikubbamānā, VI 117,8*; ~ī ca te ana-
dhivarā vihaṅgamā, Vv 140; yena kammena . . . me
~ī ca ānubhāvo ca, 414; (vimānaṁ) vehāsayaṁ
gacchati ~iyā mama, 480; (Nārada) kena vaṇṇena
tavâyam ~i ?, Ja VI 243,30*; (Inda appearing as
brahmin
) vehāsayaṁ gacchasi tiṭṭhasī ca, ~ī nu te
vatthu-katā subhāvitā, V 14,26*; — pubbe jaṭila-
bhūtassa yā me ~i parittikā, Th 377; ye hi keci . . .
samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā samattaṁ ~iṁ abhinipphā-
desuṁ (opp. ~-padesaṁ), S V 256,17; haṁsâdiccapathe
yanti, ākāse yanti ~iyā, nīyanti dhīrā lokamhā . . . ,
Dhp 175; ascetic arriving through the air and losing his
power through sexual intercourse,
Ja II 330,8*,9* =
IV 471,17*,18* (ib. io*: cuto so brahmacariyamhā
~iyā parihāyatha); (tāpaso) yāya jambuyā ayaṁ
Jambudīpo paññāyati, ~iyā taṁ jambuṁ upasaṁ-
kamitvā tato phalaṁ āharitvā, Bv-a 225,23; — c) ~i
pi me sacchikatā, Thī 71 = 228; kathaṁ tvaṁ ~iṁ
valañjesi ?, Th-a I 222,25; ~iṁ vikubbanti, Kv 329,
15,20; vikubbanāsu kusalo vasī-bhūto mhi ~iyā, Th
1183; ~īsu ca vasī homi dibbāya sota-dhātuyā, Ap
560,1 = 586,5, etc.; ~iyā ca vasī āsi, Ap 543,9
552,13; sāmaṇero 'nuruddhassa ~iyā ca visārado, Th
432; thero ~iyā abhisaṁkharitvā . . . aggi-papaṭikaṁ,
Mp I 37,3; yādiso Moggallāna-tthero ~iyā, aham
pi tādiso homi, II 157,15; Devadatto pothujjani-
kaṁ ~iṁ abhinipphādesi, Vin II 183,23; thero puthuj-
janikāya ~iyā samannāgato, Ja I 360,13; — flying:
satthā . . . manomayena kāyena ~iyā upasaṁkami,
Th 901 = A IV 235,21* = Ap 235,3; abhijānāti. . .
bhagavā ~iyā manomayena (cātu-mahābhūtikena)
kāyena ~iyā Brahmalokaṁ upasaṁkamitā, S V 282,
17,21; (eko thero) ~iyā Uttarakuruto piṇḍapātaṁ
àharitvā, Mp I 273,18 ≠ Th-a I 42,21; Mahāmoggal-
lāno bhagavantaṁ ~iyā upasaṁkami, S II 275,31;
tehi bhikkhūhi parivuto Sāriputto . . . laḷanto devo
gagane ~iyā upasaṁkami, Bv I 51; yānena vā ~iyā
vā gacchanto pi, Sp 505,19; sace pi ākāse ~iyā kiñci
iriyāpathaṁ kappetu, pācittiyam eva, Kkh 118,6; —
Vin III 67,9; Th 1104; Mp I 201,27; Th-a I 69,30;
II 226,6; III 92,6; Ap 541,13; Mhv-ṭ 50,13; — creating
phantoms etc.:
... mahāvīro bhikkhuniṁ dassay'
~iyā, ~ī anekā dassesi bhikkhunī sa visāradā, Ap
553,18; satthā . . . ~iyā ekaṁ itthi-rūpaṁ nimmini-
tvā, Mp I 364,16; ~iyā abhinimmitvā caturassaṁ
rathaṁ, Thī 229 = Ap 556,11; thero . . . dasabalassa
gandha-kuṭiṁ rattiṭṭhāna-divāṭhānāni ca ~iyā mā-
petvā, Mp I 228,9; ~iyā pulina-thūpaṁ suvaṇṇa-
mayaṁ māpetvā, Th-a II 16,27; other miracles: yo
~iyā Sarabhuṁ aṭṭhapesi (arrested flood of river), Th
38; satta-vassiko ~iyā abhibhotvāna pannag'indam
mahiddhikaṁ, 429; so ~iṁ nibbattetvā . . . paṭhaviṁ
kampeti, Mp IV 155,15; kosohitam vattha-guyhaṁ
~iyā dassayī munī, Ap 321,6; — stopping or with-
drawing of
~ : thero ~iṁ paṭisaṁhari, Sp 391,28; —
loss of ~ : saha citfuppādā va Devadatto tassā ~iyā
parihīno, Vin II 185,35 = A III 123,4,24; ~-paṭilā-
bhāyā ti: parihīnānaṁ ~īnaṁ viriyârambha-vasena
puna lābhāya, Paṭis-a 655,19; — d) 8 magic powers
such as flying, walking on water, etc. listed in frequent
cliche, q. v. s. v.
iddhi-vidhā; these 8 constitute the 1st
of the 5 or 6
abhiññās and the 1st of the 3 pāṭihāriyas
(see iddhi-pāṭihāriya); they are (D III 112,7—113,10)
opposed as ~i yā sâsavā sa-upadhikā no ariyā ti vuc-
cati to the ~i yā anāsavā anupadhikā ariyā ti vuccati;
and they are included as subdivisions of no. 1 in the
later scholastic list of 10
iddhis: adhiṭṭhānā ~, vikub-
banā ~, manomayā ~, ñāṇa-vipphārā ~, samādhi-
vipphārā ~, ariyā ~, kamma-vipāka-jā ~, puñña-
vato ~, vijjā-mayā ~, tattha tattha sammā-payoga-
paccayā ijjhan'atthena ~, Paṭis II 205,8-12; 207,1
214,16; Vism 378,17—384,9; Bv-a 26,1—27,21; cf. As
91,12-16 where bhāvanā-mayā ~ is substituted for
samādhi-vipphārā ~; on the 4 stages (bhūmiyo) of ~:
Paṭis II 205,13-18; iddhi-pāda see s.v.; 8 steps (pa-
dāni) and 16 roots (mūlāni) of ~ : Paṭis II 205,28
206,33 (cf. Vism 384,25—386,27); — — split cpd.s:
adhiṭṭhānā ~i, ñāṇavipphārā ~i, vikubbanā ~i, samā-
dhivipphārā ~i, see above as well as Vism 405,33;
406,17; — in a long cpd., see Kkh 163,3; Spk III
256,2; Paṭis-a 655,7; — — ifc. v. atireka-° (Spk I
15,1), adhiṭṭhāna-° (Sp 392,3; 1203,4; As 15,5;
adhiṭṭhān°, Th-a I 110,25; III 70,6; Paṭis-a 663,27;
666,28,30), abhiññâpādak° (Spk III 258,3), ariy°,
āmisa-
°, uppatt° (Th-a III 142,10), kammavipā-
kaj
° (Sp 440,12; Pj II 216,19), ceto-pariyāya-° (Th
997), dibba-° (Sv 686,1), dev° (Vv 450; 782; Sp
440,14,23; Thūp 86,2 foll.), dhamma-° (A I 93,32-33),
nāg° (Sp 440,13,17), pādak° (Spk III 260,28), puñña-
may° (Ja IV 232,6), puññ° (Pv-a 117,16; Ja I 445,22;
Mp II 241,14), bhāvanāmay° (Sp 441,6,11), mano-
may
° (As 50,36; Paṭis-a 666,6,31; vipassanāñāna-°,
Sp 495,4), yakkh° (Pv 525; Pv-a 117,24; 241,29; Sp
440,14,21), rāj° (Sp 42,1; 440,15; Mhv III 152; Thūp
86,3,24*), vikubbana-° (Sp 392,3; vikubban°, Spk III
261,19; Paṭis-a 663,23-24; Vv-a 58,10; Bv-a 259,22),
vipāk° (Mp IV 33,7), vivaṭṭa-pādak° (Spk III 257,
14; 258,7; 261,21), samādh°'(Spk III 256,1), supaṇṇ°
(Sp 440,14,18).