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1

āhāra

, m. (n. Mil 406,25) [ts.], 1. taking, only
in
~[ū/u]pahāra q. v. (Vin III 136,22); 2. food; esp. as a
philos. term; "food", nutriment, supply, substratum,
fuel
( upādāna); support, cause ( paccaya);
see Encycl. of Buddhism s. v.; Ñtl., Buddhist Diet,
s. v.;
Geiger, Samyuttanikāya trsl. II 16 and 69; —
Pay II 90; Abh 465, 856; — ~an ti yaṁ kiñci yāva-
kālikaṁ vā yāmakālikaṁ vā sattâhakālikaṁ vā
yāvajīvikaṁ vā sabbaṁ h'etaṁ ajjhoharaṇiyattā
~o ti vuccati, Kkh 113,29 foll.; mukhadvārakaṁ ~aṁ
("nutriment taken by the mouth"), Vin I 84,32; oḷā-
rikaṁ ~aṁ, M I 247,9; upādiṇṇakā pi anupādiṇ-
ṇakā pi ~ā missetvā kathitā, Ps I 214,18; ~e udare
yato, S I 172,33* (Spk I 253,15) - Sn 78; kayo
āhāraṭṭhitiko ~aṁ paṭicca tiṭṭhati, S V 64,13; ~o
... kāmacchandassa, 102,27; 65,29 foll. (quoted Ps I
289,31 foll.); A IV 108,2 (four kinds of supplies to a
royal citadel compared to the four
jhāna); V 113,6;
269,19 foll. (food for four kinds of beings); ko c' ~o
bhavataṅhāya ? Avijjā, 116,20; ~ena sambhūto ~aṁ
nissāya vadḍhito, Mp III 136,3; ~e anissito, Dhp 93
(Dhp-a II 175,17) = Th 92 (Th-a I 202,24 fot/.); ~ānaṁ
... asesavirāganirodhā, Sn 145,18; 747; Pv-a 27,28;
Th 123; Th-a II 5,9; 5,34 (= bhojana); catupaňcâlo-
pamattenâpi ~ena, III 99,20; Nidd I 25,24; ~aṁ
paccavekkhitvā nibbikāro paribhuñji, Bv-a 285,34;
Mil 245,9; 352,8; yogino . . . dullabhaṁ ~aṁ (nom.l),
406,25; ~ā c'assa pariññaṁ gacchanti, Nett 31,28;
Vism 70,26; ~ato ca ututo . . . satta vitthārena vipas-
sati, 618,24*; tidhā jīvitaṁ etesaṁ ~o ca pavattiyaṁ,
Vibh-a 176,3*; Sacc 324; Moh 149,9; sahajātaṁ pure-
jātaṁ pacchājātaṁ ~aṁ indriyaṁ, Tikap 178,4 (cf.
Moh 331,36) ≠ Vism 540,30; dhātī viya kumārassa
~o dhārako bhave, Abhidh-av 116,20; Saddh 395 ; 406;
some special connections: ~aṁ āhāreti, D I 166,14;
Sv 191,21 = Ps I 259,29 = Ap-a 147,18; M II 138,27
≠ Pj II 208,1; A IV 167,18 etc. (see also sub āharati,
āharīyati and āhāreti); paṭisandhiviññāṇassa āha-
raṇena manosañcetanā ~o ti vuttā, Mp-ṭ Be 1910
II 458,8 ad Mp V 24,26; asitapītakhāyitasāyitavasena
catubbidham pi ~aṁ dasseti, Pv-a 25,5; As 330,4 foll.;
attano phalaṁ āharatī ti ~o, Yam-a 54,24; Moh
282,14; — katame . . . tayo ~ā honti? Phassâhāro,
manosañcetanâhāro, viññāṇâhāro, Dhs 19,4; Vibh
427,26; Moh 225,1; — cattāro 'me ~ā bhūtānaṁ vā
sattānaṁ ṭhitiyā sambhavesinaṁ vā anuggahāya ka-
baḷiṁkāro ~o (oḷāriko vā sukhumo vā), phasso . . .,
manosañcetanā . . ., viññāṇaṁ, . . . ime cattāro ~ā
taṇhānidānā taṇhāsamudayā taṇhājātikā taṇhāpa-
bhavā, M I 261,5 (cf. 67,15 ime cattāro upādānā taṇ-
hānidānā taṇhāsamudayā etc.) — S II 11,22 ≠D III
228,3; cattāro lokā cattāro ~ā, Ud-a 207,12 =
Nidd II 241,10 (§ 551) = Paṭis II 34,4; Nidd-a II
88,6; Nett 114,2 ≠ Peṭ 244,13 ; Vism 538,30; Vibh 404,14
foll.; Abhidh-s 33,22 (-mhṭ Se 222,10); in cpd.
157,17; pañca ~ā atthi, . . . nanu paccayo ~o ti, Mp
V 25,1 foll.; Paṭis-a 66,22; — dasannaṁ dhammānaṁ
. . . dullabhānaṁ . . . dasa dhammā ~ā, A V 136,19
(= support, help opp. to 10 paripanthā); nippa-
riyāyena āhāralakkhaṇā va dhammā ~ā ti vuttā,
Sv 975,10 = Mp V 23,27 = Paṭis-a 65,22; sabba-
sattānaṁ ṭhitihetu ~o nāma eko dhammo, Mp V
23,20 = Paṭis-a 65,11; Peṭ 156,23; paccayasaṅkhā-
tena āharaṇaṭṭhena tayo c'ettha dhammā ~ā honti,
avasesā no ~ā, As 153,4; — ~aṁ ti paccayaṁ.
Paccayo hi āharati attano phalaṁ, Ps I 207,8 foll.
Paṭis-a 109,28; Spk II 22,27; Mp V 24,3; Pj I 77,13;
mūlaṁ hetu . . . ~o, Nidd II 231,8; ~o pi hi kamma-
jarūpassa upatthambhakapaccayo, Paṭis-a 290,6;
dhātūnaṁ kammaṁ cittaṁ ~o utū ti cattāro
paccayā, Vism 369,11; 600,2; ~o atthi-avigatâ-
hāravasena tidhā paccayo, Vism 564,25 = Vibh-a
176,7; Kv 509,9; Moh 18,16; — among 9 saññā: ~e
paṭikkūlasaññā, D III 289,27; ~e paṭikkūlasaññaṁ
upatthapetvā, Sv 191,19 = Ps I 259,27; A II 150,35
(Mp III 140,11); III 79,13; IV 49,18; Mp II 77,25;
Abhidh-av-nṭ Ce 1961 334,12, (definition); Vism
341,22; — for more examples see PTC;ifc.
aḍḍhakosaka-°; addhabeluvâ°; an°; appâ°; utu-°
(Pv-a 148,4); utucittâ° (Vism 451,38); upādiṇṇakâ°
(Spk II 25,2); evam° (D I 13,21; A I 256,1); kab-
aḷiṅkārâ
° (Spk II 110,4; Mil 245,11; Vism 341,7; Pet
246,9; As 153,17); kosakâ° (M II 6,34; Pj II 207,28);
tad° (D III 86,12; M I 260,8); nippariyāyâ° (Mp V
24,7); nir° (Ja II 367,21 (v. l.)); paccayâ° (Mp V 24,6);
parittâ° (Spk I 53,25); pariyāyâ° (Mp V 24,6);
phassâ° (S II 99,22; Vism 341,8); beḷuvâ° (Pj II
207,28); maggâ° (Vism-mhṭ Be 1960 I 360,1);
manosañcetanâ° (Spk II 113,9; Peṭ 244,18; Vism
341,8); mitâ° (Sn 707; Ja II 293,27*; Mil 407,2*);
missakâ° (Dhp-a II 101,15); yad° (Mhv XLVIII 18);
lūkhâ° (Ss 47,3); vanamūlaphalâ° (M I 156,26; A I
295,28); viññāṇâ° (As 153,15; Peṭ 246,21; Vism
341,8); visâ° (Dhp-a IV 44,12); samannâ° (Vism
336,21); sālâ° (D III 89,22); ° (D II 96,20 [= sa-
janapada Sv 545,20; cf. Lüders, List of Brahmi
Inscr. p.
214; āhāra, district]; S III 54,28; A V 113,5);
sukhâ° (Mhv V 155); [suttâ°, Kv 69,22 Ee prob, w.r.,
cf.
āharaṇa; ] sudhâ° (Sp-ṭ Be 1960 III 212,25).