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ārammaṇa

, n. (prob. another form for ālam-
bana, q. v., but confounded with ārambhana; cf.
iārabbha sub 3 and āramma formed in regressive as-
similation from
ārambha), the primary and principal
meaning of 'point of support, hold' or 'starting-point'
is divided into the meanings of
1. paccaya or hetu,
foundation, base; (logical) ground, cause, reason, and
2.
visaya or gocara, object (of sense or thought); subject
(of cognition or meditation), theme; gen. object, thing
(in some instances both the meanings are interchanged
or equalled by the etc
.); Abh 94 d (syn. ālambaṇa;
cf. BHS ārambana), 1132 d (syns. hetu and gocara);
Rūp 583, p. 242,35; Sadd 231,11*; Kern, Toev. I 88;
Manual 57 n. 5; Lüders-Waldschmidt, Über die
Sprache des buddh. Urk.
§ 33; Paravahera Vaji-
rañāṇa, Buddhist Meditation 30—31; V. Bhatta-
charya, Vācârambhaṇam, IHQ XII 342—344; see
also
F. B. J. Kuiper and J. A. B. van Buitenen, IIJ,
vol. II (1958) 295 ff.; Abhidh-s trsl. 2, 10, 90 n. 2;
143 n.2; Dhs trsl. XLII, 2, 55, 185, 211; Kv trsl.
233 n.2; Ja trsl. IV 71 n. 3; — syns.: mūlaṁ hetu
nidānaṁ sambhavo pabhavo samuṭṭhānaṁ āhāro
~aṁ paccayo samudayo, Nidd II 231,8 (cf. Nidd-a
I 355,6; II 143,13; Spk II 71,1; III 53,11); ~aṁ āya-
tanaṁ, Vism 332,13-16 = Paṭis-a 558,15-18; Moh
178,2-4,13,28 (cf. Ps II 354,25-26; Spk II 199,7-8; Pa-
ṭis-a 553,25); — definitions: yā āhāraṭṭhitiyā punab-
bhavâbhinibbattikaṭṭhitiyā ca ponobbhavikā ṭhiti,
ayaṁ vuccati ~aṁ, Peṭ 219,19; appaṭikkhipitabbaṭ-
ṭhena attano phalena ālambiyatī ti ~aṁ, Yam-a 54,25
(ad Yam I 3,5* and 13,22*) = Nidd-a I 351,30 (but
phalaṁ ārametī, with the vv. ll. āramiyatī, ārāmīyatī,
and ārabhīyatī); ~am pi hi bāhirâyatanāni viya idha
bahiddhā ti vuttaṁ, Paṭis-a 553,25; patiṭṭhā pi hi
ālambīyatī ti ~aṁ nāma hoti, ib. 586,30; aññattha
pāḷiyam pi hi patiṭṭhā ~an ti vuccati, ib. 586,31;
āgantvā ā bhuso vă cittacetasikā dhammā ramanti
etthā ti ~aṁ, Abh-sūci 41,21 (cf. Abhidh-s-ṭ Se
123,14); — on ārammaṇa (objective support, sense-
object, as
rūpa, sadda etc.) in contrast to vatthu
(subjective support or physical basis of the sensation
proper to a sense-organ, as
cakkhu, sota etc.), see
Abhidh-s trsl. 15, 31; Dhs trsl. 209 n. 1 and 2; s. vv.
ārammaṇa-purejāta and vatthārammaṇa, as well as
the following refs.:
Vibh 319,18 foll.; Vibh-a 263,33;
403,23 foll.; Tikap-a 293,8; Vism 329,23; As 71,10;
201,31; 301,16,19; Paṭis-a 171,17,20; Sv 980,12,18;
1007,34; Ps I 65,35; 223,16; 275,6; Mp II 185,5; in
contrast to
dvāra (sense-'gate', sense-impression), see
Vism 481,24; 482,16,32 foll.; 529,1; 608,23; As 262,1;
264,10-li; Vibh-a 137,17; in contrast to vatthu and
dvāra, see Vism 482,16; 484,14; 546,32; 595,20; As
263,19; Vibh-a 404,12-13; Paṭis-a 84,1; Spk II 328,4;
for a summary of ārammaṇas as concomitants of
consciousness, viz. the 5 sense-objects and the object of
cognition, see
Abhidh-s 13,25—14,18; — ārammaṇa as
one of the fourfold cause
(paccaya) of sense of matter,
sound etc. by way of eye-contact, ear-contact etc.:
Vism
488,17; 566,26; as one of five meanings for sahagata:
Paṭis-a 124,10; 139,8; cf. Spk II 233,17; — numerical
sets of
ārammaṇa: (2) Vism 548,25; Vibh-a 403,5-6;
(3) Peṭ 250,21-22; Vism 548,21,26; Vibh-a 155,35;
156,33; (4) Paṭis I 84,20; Vibh 332,20; Vism 430,30
431,2; 434,4-11; Paṭis-a 299,4-8; 383,5,12; Ps I 230,18;
Spk III 273,14; (5) Vism 434,34—435,6; As 264,13;
275,12; Paṭis-a 92,18; 383,14; (6) Nett 191,19; Vism
455,32; 599,32; 608,24; As 71,8 foll.; 234,16,27; 255,5
foll.; 264,27; Kv-a 146,8; Vibh-a 121,11; Paṭis-a
195,21; Spk I 270,14; II 64,27; 260,6,13 ; Th-a I 106,19 ;
Cp-a 303,26: Abhidh-s 13,27; 38,6; Moh 47,30; 88,18;
218,33 foll.: 303,4; (7) Vism 429,33—430,29; Paṭis-a
383,4; Sv 227,12-14; (8) Vism 431,3—433,6; 433,7
434,3; 434,12-33; Paṭis-a 383,8,10,17; (16) Ps I 118,30;
(18) Spk III 72,12 ; (38) Vism 187,5; Sp 229,16; 417,6;
490,28; Sv 644,23; Ps I 168,25; 195,25; II 236,27; III
236,22; Spk III 111,16; Mp II 329,3; III 57,1; 230,27;
266,20; IV 95,14; 111,15; Ud-a 303,14; 407,8; Th-a I
90,27; Cp-a 302,10; 305,36; Paṭis-a 166,22; As 158,9;
Dhp-a III 421,1'; IV 110,11'; —
nom. sg. yañ ca ceteti . . . ~am etaṁ hoti viññā-
ṇassa ṭhitiyā, S II 65,16 foll. (etaṁ cetanâdi-dham-
majātaṁ paccayo hoti, paccayo hi idha ~an ti
adhippeto, Spk II 70,27), quoted Nett 153,33 foll.;
cf.
Peṭ 218,14; rāgassa pahānā vocchijjat' ~aṁ,
patiṭṭhā viññāṇassa na hoti, S II 153,21,25; 55,16,21
(paṭisandhiṁ ākaḍḍhanasamatthatāya abhāvena ~aṁ
vocchijjati, Spk II 272,1); ājavaṁ brūmi jappanaṁ
~aṁ pakappanaṁ kāmapaṅko duraccayo, Sn 945
(dummuñcanaṭṭhena, Pj II 568,1; cf. Nidd I 429,25;
Nidd-a I 434,8,15); ñāṇassa ~am pi ñāṇapatho,
Nidd I 269,30 foll. (ñāṇassa paccayo pi taṁ ālam-
bitvā uppajjanato ñāṇapatho, Nidd-a I 355,6-7);
~aṁ mamaṁ etaṁ, Ap 516,9; yaṁ tesaṁ tesaṁ
dhammānaṁ ~aṁ nirodho nibbānaṁ, idaṁ susamaṁ,
Paṭis I 173,11; yaṁ tassa gocaraṁ, taṁ tassa ~aṁ,
ib. 180,15; atthi rūpaṁ cakkhusamphassassa + ~aṁ,
Dhs 126,3 foll. (As 301,19); 149,22 foll.; 159,31 foll.;
aññaṁ cakkhuviññāṇassa + vatthu ca ~añ ca,
Vibh 319,31 foll. (Vibh-a 404,6-16); atthi tesaṁ
anusayānaṁ (tassa rāgassa) ~aṁ?, Kv 408,26,32;
taṁ jhānaṁ tassa jhānassa ~am?, ib. 483,22,24
(Kv-a 144,24-27); esa hetu etaṁ ~aṁ eso upāyo
sāvakassa niyyānassa, Peṭ 2,21; tividhaṁ ~aṁ:
manāpikaṁ amanāpikaṁ upekkhā-ṭhāniyañ ca, ib.
250,21; diva yeva ~aṁ vavatthapetabbaṁ, Vism
77,3 (Vism-mhṭ Se I 148,11-12); ~aṁ nīlâdisu vaṇ-
ṇakasiṇesu yaṁ kiñci aparisuddhavaṇṇaṁ, ib. 108,20
≠ 109,21; buddhânussati-ādīnañ ca n' eva paṭi-
bhāganimittam ~am hoti, ib. 113,12; tassā ~aṁ
diṭṭhasutena gahetabbaṁ, ib. 114,6; atidūre ṭhitassa
hi ~aṁ avibhūtaṁ hoti, accāsanne bhayaṁ uppajjati,
ib. 182,33; jhānam pi ākāsânañcâyatanam + ~am pi,
ib. 332,12; 334,11; 335,29; cf. Paṭis-a 558,2,15; upayo-
galaddhaṁ ~aṁ hoti (scil. the body or the mind),
Vism 430,5,9 = As 413,23,27; khaṇapaccuppannaṁ
cittaṁ cetopariyañāṇassa ~aṁ hoti (the consciousness
of the momentary present is the support of understand-
ing the course of others' thoughts
), Vism 432,9 =
As 421,3 ≠ Moh 89,13; cattāro pi khandhā cetopa-
riyañāṇa-yathākammupagañāṇānaṁ ~aṁ honti, Vism
433,30 (cf. As 422,24); cakkhāyatanam eva uppattidvā-
raṁ, rūpâyatanam eva c' ~aṁ, ib. 483,4; aniṭṭhaṁ
aniṭṭhamajjhattaṁ vā ~aṁ, ib. 546,31 ≠ Vibh-a
152,25; paṭisandhiyā ~aṁ, Vism 548,6 = Vibh-a
155,24; yaṁ bhavaṅgassa ~aṁ hoti, taṁ manasika-
roto phalasamāpatti-vuṭṭhānaṁ hoti, Vism 701,15
Paṭis-a 269,14 = Ud-a 36,25; ekekaṁ ~aṁ dvīsu dvā-
resu āpāthaṁ āgacchati, As 279,23; cf. Vibh-a 158,1;
159,27; Vism 549,15; 551,2,19; kiriyaṁ ākāsânañcâya-
tanaṁ kiriyaviññāṇañcâyatanass' eva ~aṁ hoti na
itarassa, As 424,14; supupphitacampakarukkho viya
~aṁ, Vibh-a 91,19 ≠ Vism 515,6; ~aṁ nāma rūpâ-
rammaṇaṁ +, Tikap-a 29,4-6; tassa ñāṇassa tasmiṁ
khaṇe ~aṁ n' atthi, tasmā ñāṇaṁ anārammaṇaṁ,
Kv-a 118,8; asukacittaṁ nāma vitakkass' ~aṁnahoti,
ib. 118,26; anindriyabaddhaṁ hi dukkhadomanassā-
naṁ ~aṁ hoti, ib. 166,15; idhaloka-paralokesu dāna-
sadiso avassayo patiṭṭhā ~aṁ tāṇaṁ leṇaṁ gatiparā-
yanaṁ n' atthi, Sv 472,1 = Ps III 90,4 (Ee idhaloke
para°) ≠ 91,6 = Mp IV 99,10 ≠ 100,18,24; tiṇukkā
viya kilesuppattârahaṁ ~aṁ, Spk II 153,13; vaṇṇo
purisassa cakkhuviññāṇassa ~aṁ hutvā upakappati,
Mp I 22,3; yāva pana kasiṇarūpaṁ ~aṁ hoti, tāva rū-
paṁ samatikkantaṁ nāma na hoti, Mp IV 199,8; kiṁ
pana te ~aṁ ahosi, Ja III 366,3 (trsl. 'what was your
theme'
); ~aṁ parittam pi yatraṭṭhassâmanāpiyaṁ
dullabhaṁ, Saddh 251; cakkhudvārikacittānaṁ sab-
besam pi rūpam eva ~aṁ tañ ca paccuppannaṁ,
Abhidh-s 13,32;
acc. sg. (na) lacchati Māro ~aṁ, D III 58,21
S II 268,8 foll.; V 147,18 foll. (quoted Nidd I 474,10);
labhati tassa Māro ~aṁ, M III 94,30 foll. (= kile-
suppattipaccayaṁ, Ps IV 145,16); Ajātasattu Vedehi-
putto + na labhati otāraṁ (na) labhati ~aṁ, S II 268,3
foll. (= paccayaṁ, Spk II 230,7) ≠ IV 185,12 foll. -
Nidd II 85,26,28; labheth' eva aggi otāraṁ, labhetha
aggi ~aṁ, S IV 185,19 ≠ Nidd II 85,33 (quoted Paṭis-a
587,1); ~aṁ yajamānassa yaññaṁ, Sn 506 (Pj II 417,
18-25); ~aṁ brūhi samantacakkhu, Sn 1069 (= nissa-
yaṁ, Pj II 593,15) - Nidd II 22,19; 104,27 (Nidd-a II
30,4); ~aṁ pucchati, Nidd I 256,7; 258,7; yaṁ kiñc'
~aṁ katvā, Pv 10 (aññataraṁ yaṁ kiñci ārabbha
uddissa, Pv-a 17,21-22); ~aṁ paṭisaṅkhā, Paṭis I
1,11 = 57,28,30 ≠ 58,11,26*,31 (rūpakkhandhâdi-~aṁ
bhaṅgato paṭisaṅkhāya jānitvā passitvā, Paṭis-a
20,30-31; taṁ rūpârammaṇaṁ paṭisaṅkhāya jānitvā,
khayato vayato disvā ti attho, ib. 258,17-19; purimañ
ca rūpâdi-~aṁ jānitvā, ib. 260,14-15); cf. Vism 641,23
and 695,14 (commented Vism 642,7-8 and 643,36-37
as well as Vism-mhṭ Se III 532,17-18); yo koci jarā-
maraṇā muccitukāmo so tesu aññataraṁ ~aṁ
gaṇhāti, Mil 332,27; manasā ~aṁ ālambitvā, ib.
374,15; taṁ ~aṁ vaṇṇato . . . daḷhaṁ patiṭṭhāpetvā,
ib. 405,16; dhamme bahiddhā ~aṁ anabhiharitvā,
Peṭ 1,20; phusitvā ~aṁ katvā, Vism 308,14 — Vibh-a
377,13 = Paṭis-a 554,31 = Moh 180,30 ad D II 186,29;
M I 127,6; S V 115,28 'pharitvā'; viññāṇaṁ nīlaṁ
pītakan ti ~añ ca jānāti lakkhaṇapaṭivedhañ ca pā-
peti (the consciousness knows the object to be blue or
yellow and causes to reach the penetration into its cha-
racteristics
), Vism 437,4 foll.; cittaṁ ~añ ca saṅ-
ghaṭṭeti, ib. 463,24; cf. As 108,13; paññā ... ~aṁ
nicchetuṁ (na) sakkoti, Vism 515,18,24; Vibh-a
91,31; 92,4; Paṭis-a 512,8,13; ~am ārabbha, Vism
546,35 foll.; Vibh-a 152,28; 153,4; 157,25; cf. Abhidh-s
25,19,27; yo ~aṁ phuṭṭho phusanto uppanno, ayaṁ
phasso, Vism 580,21 - Paṭis-a 242,7; cf. Ps I 276,
6,20; As 107,25; Vibh-a 264,31; 265,7 foll.; ~aṁ katvā
atikkamaniyato oghehi atikkamitabbā, As 49,12;
mahantaradukesu ~aṁ agahetvā, ib. 49,23; rūpâram-
maṇaṁ vā ārabbha ~aṁ katvā, ib. 106,10; cf. 358,
11,31; 393,1,5 ; nīlâdibhedam ~aṁ sañjānātī ti saññā,
ib. 110,19; ~aṁ cintetī ti cittaṁ, ib. 112,13 = Paṭis-a
98,29 = Moh 12,4 (cf. As 63,31); vitakkaṁ nissāya
cittaṁ ~aṁ ārohati, As 114,19; ~aṁ anumajjati, ib.
115,15; cittacittatāya cittaṁ ~aṁ minamānaṁ jā-
nāti, ib. 140,11; ~aṁ ogāhitvā anupavisitvā, ib. 144,1;
~aṁ anupekkhamāno viya tiṭṭhati, ib. 143,10; ~aṁ
gahetvā, ib. 260,9; 280,31; 294,6; 417,22; Spk II 100,
22; Pj II 125,11; Thī-a 188,34; Ap-a 198,16; Dhp-a
I 89,20; II 146,18; ~aṁ pariggahetvā, Vibh-a 219,31;
Paṭis-a 175,35; Sv 722,14; 758,15; ~aṁ sampa-
ṭicchitvā, As 264,31; cf. Dhp-a I 304,2,9; ~aṁ disvā,
Ja II 193,18; 194,19; 195,21; III 379,29; ~aṁ katvā
na sakkā jānituṁ, Kv-a 159,20; ~aṁ manati jānāti,
Paṭis-a 85,8; ~aṁ abhibhavitvā, ib. 100,6; ~aṁ
visesento, ib. 303,25; ~aṁ ṭhapeti ~aṁ patiṭṭhāpeti,
ib. 512,25-26; ~aṁ (a)niyametvā, ib. 586,22-23; yogâ-
vacaro ~aṁ vitakkâhataṁ vitakkapariyāhataṁ ka-
roti, Sp 144,15; As 114,27; vatthuṁ ~aṁ vā nissāya,
Ps I 212,36; ko añño etaṁ ~aṁ vibhāvetuṁ sa-
mattho, ib. 288,5 = Sv 784,19; yaṁ ~aṁ vedanā
vedeti, saññā pi tad eva sañjānāti; yaṁ ~aṁ
saññā sañjānāti, viññāṇam pi tad eva vijānāti,
Ps II 343,22,24; ~aṁ gilitvā, Spk II 384,14 = Th-a
I 214,22; evarūpaṁ ~aṁ labhanto, Mp I 175,26 =
Th-a III 130,17; ~aṁ anubhavitvā (°bhavāma), Mp II
49,15,17; Paṭis-a 173,27; ~aṁ parigaṇhati, Mp III
85,5; ~aṁ dassetvā, Pj II 75,3 = Ap-a 160,18; —
katvā (karitvā) with double acc, in the sense of 'making
anything the object or taking it as object'; e. g.
bhik-
khuss' atthāya bhikkhuṁ ~aṁ karitvā, Vin III
222,10 = 259,16 (Sp 736,25); idam pi ~aṁ karitvā
evam idh' ekacce sattā visujjhanti, A III 312,16 foll.
(Mp III 355,7-9), quoted Vism 227,3 and commented
Vism-mhṭ Se I 414,6; maṁ yeva ~aṁ katvā (taking
me as a warning
), Ps III 250,20; attano pilotika-
khaṇḍam eva ~aṁ katvā, Dhp-a III 85,11; Rāhu-
gahitaṁ candamaṇḍalaṁ ~aṁ katvā, Ja III 365,26;
phalarukkhaṁ ~aṁ katvā, ib. 377,4; pītabhāvaṁ
~aṁ katvā, Ja IV 114,10; ~aṁ karot' eva aññâbhā-
vena tarn idaṁ (it makes just that its object, because
there is no other
), Vism 340,17* ≠ As 211,13*; java-
nassa ārammaṇaṁ ~aṁ katvā (taking the object of
apperception as its own object
), Vism 460,3; further-
more with
attānaṁ, As 42,32; 48,23; Paṭis-a 109,8;
Moh 96,30; atthaṁ, Vibh-a 393,12,16; abhāvaṁ, Vism
335,14; ek(ek)aṁ saccaṁ, Vism 691,29-30; kammaṁ,
Tikap-a 271,8; kamma-kammanimitta-gatinimittā-
naṁ, aññataraṁ, Vism 457,25,35; kasiṇaṁ, Sv 513,15;
Mp IV 146,24; jīvitindriyaṁ, Vibh-a 384,9; ñāṇaṁ,
Vism 442,5; Vibh-a 393,1,9; taṁ, As 44,16; 221,34;
222,26 (Abhidn-mṭ Ce 1938 33,1; 41,9); Dhp-a III
85,3; Mp II 38,20; Cp-a 284,32; Ras I 39,13; tad eva,
Spk II 134,2; Mp IV 204,7; tāni, As 333,25; dham-
maṁ, Vibh-a 393,5; Mp II 154,10; dhātuṁ, As 334,2
foll.; nibbānaṁ, Vism 658,15 foll.; 668,34; 672,24;
673,35; 675,2; As 50,21; 232,15; 233,5,7; Vibh-a 53,23;
420,1; Paṭis-a 162,22; 385,10,12; 550,7 foll.; 562,26;
565,19,22,31; 608,12; 640,14; Ps I 105,24 foll.; Spk I
112,18; III 97,16; Mp II 78,15 ; III 42,11 ; Ud-a 395,30;
Th-a I 138,32; nimittaṁ, Vism 126,20; Mp II 76,19:
nirodhaṁ, Vism 510,28; 690,9; Vibh-a 114,29,32;
Paṭis-a 162,19; 332,26; Sv 314,9,12; Spk I 157,31,34;
Mp II 70,28; IV 102,9; Moh 139,5; pathavīkasiṇaṁ,
Vism 137,27; 164,32; pahānaṁ, Mp II 78,10; pītiṁ,
Vism 289,13; Sp 433,19; bhavaṅgavisayaṁ, Vism
548,33 foll.; Vibh-a 157,17 foll.; maraṇaṁ, Mp II
77,19; rūpam, Vism 327,13; 429,11 foll.; 458,14;
662,11; As 75,4; Vibh-a 404,11; Paṭis-a 378,15-16;
Sv 980,11,17; 1034,11; vannaṁ, As 75,7; vatthuṁ,
Sv 773,33; 774,1; Ps I 275,8,10,17; Vibh-a 156,3;
263,35 foll.; virāgaṁ, Mp II 78,12; vivekaṁ, ib. 100,2;
vedanaṁ, Ps II 342,27,29,30; saṅkhāre, Vism 669,27
foll.; Vibh-a 385,10; saddaṁ, Vism 430,34; Vibh-a
392,35; 393,7,23; 394,17;
instr. sg. ~enâpi parittakena paccekabodhiṁ
anupāpuṇanti, Ap 7,13 ('by means of, according to
the object'
); tena ~ena rāgā vimuccati, Mil 332,27;
ten' ev' ~ena vimuttirasam asecanakaṁ pātabbaṁ,
ib. 405,18; manāpikena ~ena lobho akusalamūlaṁ
samuṭṭhahati, Peṭ 250,23; cf. 251,5; ~ena atthikatā
paccupaṭṭhāno, Vism 466,19; appavattito saha ~enā
ti sârammaṇā, As 49,23; bhagavā hi arūpadhammaṁ
dassento vatthunā vā dasseti ~ena vā, ib. 71,10;
~ena vedanā parivattetabbā, ib. 269,3 ≠ 271,5 =
286,28; ~ena pasāde ghaṭṭite (pasādassa ghaṭṭitakālo),
ib. 274,10; 279,14,21; 280,30; ~ena pana vedanāni-
yāmaṁ katheti, ib. 284,14; ~ena pana nibbānaṁ
rāgâdīhi suññattā suññaṁ nāma, Spk III 97,13; ime
dve dhammā ~ena kathitā, vyāpādo ~ena ca upa-
nissayena ca, ib. 141,1; kilesā hi ~ena saddhiṁ cittaṁ
missīkaronti, Mp III 392,13; ariyamaggañāṇassa tad-
ubhaya-viparītasabhāvena ~ena bhavitabbaṁ, Ud-a
396,27; maggo nāma . . . nāmaṁ labhati . . . ~ena,
Paṭis-a 550,35 = Vism 668,17;
abl. sg. (a) ~ā anvayena ubho ekavavatthānā,
Paṭis I 58,24*; (b) ~ato ('by way of object'), Kv 313,16;
Vism 110,17 (commented ib. 113,14-28; cf. Vism-mhṭ
Se I 189,8 sabhāvadhammanimitta-navattabbava-
sena calitâcalitavasena ca ārammaṇavibhāgato);
287,29-30,32 (Vism-mhṭ Se II 73,20 ārammaṇamu-
khena; cf. 78,5 foll.); 459,35; 553,19; 567,28; 668,36;
As 45,1; 71,8; 101,26 (commented ib. 101,34—102,4);
104,5,13 (commented ib. 104,13-17); 221,21,35; 222,1,3,
27,30; 224,5,7; 289,25 foll.; 334,23 (cf. Abhidh-mt Ce
1938 84,3); Vibh-a 179,21; 382,8; 384,3 (commented
ib.
382,13-16 and 384,8-9); 416,7 (kiccato ca ~ato
ca); Kv-a 87,2; 118,25 (vitakkânupatitā nāma du-
vidhā: ~ato ca sampayogato ca); 159,6 (duvidho ma-
nasikāro: nayato ca ~ato ca); 160,1; Tikap-a 285,16
foll. (sahajātato c' eva ~ato ca); Paṭis-a 31,2 (ayaṁ
me dhammo ~ato paṭiladdho); 223,12 (commented
ib.
223,20-28); 225,7 (commented ib. 225,14-19); 331,10
foll.; 551,13; 565,20,22,31; 569,12; 689,24; 690,23; Sp
229,17 (~ato vutthāya); 405,25; 431,28; 432,1,3 (~ ato
pīti paṭisaṁviditā hoti); Sv 231,10,13; 460,6; 762,29;
1003,35 (commented ib. 1004,14-17); 1049,25 (commen-
ted ib.
1049,32—1050,3 and 1050,26-31); Ps I 73,24;
105,26 (asammohato na~ato); 132,19,21; 162,8 (~ato
cavipākatoca); 204,31; 205,4-9; 223,13,19,30; 247,26;
II 345,35 (vipassanāpaññāya lakkhaṇapaṭivedhena
~ato jānanaṁ); 353,30-35; Spk I 138,14 (~ato paṭi-
viddhaṁ nibbānaṁ); 158,31; 292,27,29,30; II 148,26;
149,2-11; 151,5,12-17; 307,20,27; II 198,8 foll.; 272,10,12;
Mp II 98,30 (~ato nissaraṇavivekanissitaṁ satisam-
bojjhaṅgaṁ bhāveti); 109,4,6; IV 44,4 (nibbānaṁ
~ato pakkhandati); Pj I 28,1-9; 35,3; 180,6 (sampa-
yogato ca ~ato ca); Cp-a 303,26 (rūpârammaṇaṁ yāva
dhammârammaṇan ti ~ato chabbidhaṁ); Dhp-a II
126,18 (lokuttaradhammaṁ kāyena phusanto ~ato
sacchikaronto); ib. III 252,9 (n' atthi kutoci bhavato
~ato vā etesaṁ bhayaṁ); see also Moh 26,35;
33,8,33; 37,29; 38,26,28; 156,24; 164,19-20; 166,4;
328,6;
gen. dat. sg. ~assa gocaraṭṭho abhiññeyyo, Paṭis
I 16,7 (sīle patiṭṭhāya kammaṭṭhānavasena gahitassa
~assa bhāvanāpavattiṭṭhānattā gocaraṭṭho, Paṭis-a
95,1-3); ~assa upaṭṭhānaṁ samaṁ (paṭivijjhati), ib.
180,18,23 (Paṭis-a 513,4-8); dubbalattā ~assa vitak-
kabalen' eva cittaṁ ekaggaṁ hutvā, Vism 194,18
(Vism-mhṭ Se 1314,1-2) = As 199,31; sabhāva-
dhammattā pana saṁvejanīyattā ca ~assa appanaṁ
appatvā, Vism 238,33 (Vism-mhṭ Se II 14,11); ~assa
paṭisaṁviditattā, ib. 287,33 (Vism-mhṭ Se II 74,1) ≠
Sp 432,4; ākiñcaññâyatanaṁ aññassa ~assa abhāvā
~aṁ karot' eva, Vism 340,21 (Vism-mhṭ Se II 177,19
178,1) ≠ As 211,17; saññā . . . hoti nīlâdivasena ~assa
upaṭṭhānâkāramattagahaṇato, Vism 437,24 (Vism-mhṭ
Se III 5,9) ≠ Paṭis-a 577,19; paccakkhato diṭṭhassa
~assa anvayena, Vism 643,22 = Paṭis-a 260,2; tassa
ca ~assa tad-~assa ca cittassa bhaṅgaṁ disvā, Vism
695,16 (trsl. 'seeing the breaking-up of that object and
the identifying consciousness'
, maung tin); cf. Paṭis-a
260,16; nibbānato aññassa ~assa amanasikārā nibbā-
nassa ca manasikārā, Vism 700,16 (Vism-mhṭ Se III
635,8) = Paṭis-a 268,14 = Ud-a 34,29; ~assa iṭṭhâ-
kāram eva sambhuñjati, As 110,13; patanakālo viya
~assa pasādaghaṭṭanakālo +, ib. 271,26 foll.; cf. 280,4
foll.; ~assa vibhāgadassanatthaṁ, Kv-a 117,5; ~assa
natthitāya anārammaṇena, ib. 118,17;
loc. sg. ~e sati patiṭṭhā viññāṇassa hoti, S II
65,16,24 (tasmiṁ paccaye sati, Spk II 71,2); ~e taṁ
balasā nibandhisaṁ, Th 1141 (Th-a III 160,38 foll.);
imāni indriyāni + imasmiṁ ~e samodhāneti, Paṭis
I 180,13 foll. (Paṭis-a 512,34-35); uppannasmiṁ vat-
thusmiṁ uppanne ~e uppajjanti, Vibh 319,20 foll.
(Vibh-a 403,24); ~e ekaṁ (dve, tīṇi, and so on),
Dukap 4,2 passim; Tikap 84,3 passim (Tikap-a
252,15 foll.); ~e cittaṁ allīyati, Mil 405,15; pari-
suddhena cittena ~e patiṭṭhāya, ib. 405,22*; yoginā
yogāvacarena ~e abhiramitabbaṁ, ib. 412,17; ~e
cittaṁ upanibandhetvā pañcakkhandhe dukkhato
passati, Peṭ 133,26; yo pana avaḍḍhite ~e pavatto,
ayam parittârammaṇo and vice versa, Vism 88,1,4;
sampiyāyamāno tasmiṁ ~e cittaṁ upanibandhati,
ib. 123,13 = 181,23 = 188,33 (quotation from the
Porāṇaṭṭhakathā); tasmiṁ yev' ~e cattāri pañca vā
javanāni javanti, ib. 137,28 ≠ 164,33; svāyam ~e
cittassa abhiniropanalakkhaṇo, ib. 142,2 = As 114,
16 = Paṭis-a 51,9; vitakko ~e cittaṁ abhiniropeti,
Vism 146,19 ≠ 147,6 ≠ As 143,1; bandheyy' evaṁ
sakaṁ cittaṁ satiy' ~e daḷhaṁ (so firmly he should
bind his own mind with the subject of meditation by
mindfulness
), Vism 269,17* (quotation from the Po-
rāṇā; Vism-mhṭ Se II 40,5 kammaṭṭhānârammaṇe)
= Ps I 247,35*; tisso sikkhāyo tasmiṁ ~e tāya sa-
tiyā tena manasikārena sikkhati, Vism 274,9; ~e cit-
taṁ samaṁ ādahanto, ib. 289,16,21 ≠ 464,12 ≠ As
122,16 = Sp 433,22; Spk III 205,26; Paṭis-a 86,14;
~e avirattassa saññāsamatikkamo na hoti, Vism
329,9 = As 201,17 ≠ Paṭis-a 556,10; Moh 177,4; na
ekasmiṁyeva ~e paṭhamajjhānâdīni viya, Vism 329,19
= As 201,27 = Paṭis-a 556,10; manodvāre pana chab-
bidhe pi ~e āpāthagate (when the sixfold object also
comes into the sphere at the mind-door'
i. e. at the thre-
shold of the consciousness
), Vism 458,17; bhavaṅgass'
~ato aññasmiṁ ~e javitaṁ javanam anubandhaṁ, ib.
459,35; alobho ~e cittassa agedhalakkhaṇo, ib. 465,7
= As 127,18 (Ee misprint ~o); tasmiṁyeva~e paṭisan-
dhicittaṁ uppajjati, Vism 549,11,23 = Vibh-a 157,30;
158,9 ≠ Vism 550,30 = Vibh-a 159,19; ~asmiṁ hi cit-
tassa paṭhamâbhinipāto hutvā phasso ~aṁ phusamāno
uppajjati, As 107,24; saddhiṁ attanā sampayutta-
dhamme ~e atisandahati, ib. 111,8; ~e cittaṁ āropeti
(scil. vitakko), ib. 114,17 (Ee ~o misprint); ~e cetaso
abhiniropanabhāvena pavatto vitakko, ib. 115,12; cf.
Paṭis-a 181,28; ekaggaṁ cittaṁ ~e appenti, As 142,
35 ; ~e caraṇakavasena cāro, ib. 143,5; acalabhāvena
~e tiṭṭhatī ti ṭhiti, ib. 143,34; sampayuttadhamme
~amhi sampiṇḍetvā, ib. 143,36 ≠ Paṭis-a 522,1; tas-
miṁ yev' ~e ten' ev' ākārena pavattitvā, As 232,
6,11; taṁ asampiyāyanabhāvena ~asmiṁ paṭihañ-
ñati, ib. 256,30; iṭṭhe ~e sukha-sahagataṁ kāyaviñ-
ñāṇaṁ uppajjati, aniṭṭhe dukkha-sahagataṁ, ib. 263,
17; javanassa ~e javitakālo, ib. 279,18; ekasmiṁ ~e
sakiṁ uppannā taṇhā nandī, ib. 363,3; ~e (attho),
Paṭis-a 124,18; ~e caratī ti cariyā, ib. 292,4; ~e
abhirativasena, ib. 558,26; ~e santiṭṭhati patiṭṭhāti,
ib. 586,2 = Mp III 144,1; aniccânupassanāya ~e
gocarajjhatte yeva, Paṭis-a 589,30 ad Paṭis II 101,7
'ajjhattaṁ yeva'; cittaṁ ~e patiṭṭhāpeti, Paṭis-a
623,3; aññasmiṁ ~e cittaṁ paṇidaliati yāpeti, Kv-a
147,10; viññāṇavīthiyā nānappakārena ~e pavatti-
bhāvappakāsanaṁ, Spk I 6,25,27; ~e kileso uppajjati,
ib. 36,25; pañcasu kāmaguṇesu cakkhudvārâdīnaṁ
~e rāmaṇeyyakamattaṁ n' atthi, Spk II 309,17; ~e
āpāthaṁ gate kilesānaṁ uppatti (kilesapariḷāhassa
anuppatti), Spk III 53,14,20; ~e sammā ṭhapitaṁ
hoti, Mp III 337,20 ad A III 285,15 foll. 'samādhiyati';
cf. Mp II 243,31; 265,4; 357,23; yattha katthaci ~e
pavattanakassa kiriyamayacittassa vasena, Vv-a 11,8;
adiṭṭhapubbe ~e sahasā samuppannena kilesasamu-
dācārena pariyuṭṭhitacitto, Pv-a 279,29; - double: ~e
~e; ārammaṇaṁ hi idha padan ('thing') ti adhip-
petam, Spk I 36,23 ad S I 7,16* 'pade pade';
nom. pl. ~ā yassa na santi keci, Sn 474 (=
paccayā, punabbhavakāraṇānī ti vuttaṁ hoti, Pj
II 410,3-4); ~ā vuccati taṇhā: yo rāgo sārāgo . . .
pe . . . abhijjhā lobho akusalamūlaṁ, Nidd I 429,25;
kathaṁ ime tayo dhammā ekacittassa ~ā na honti,
Paṭis I 171,3 (quoted Vism 281,22 and commented
Vism-mhṭ Se II 63,9 foll.); pañca dhammā dhamma-
paṭisambhidāya + ~ā c' eva honti gocarā ca; ye
tassā ~ā, te tassā gocarā and vice versa, ib. II 150,13
foll. (~ā ti upatthambhanaṭṭhena, gocarā ti visa-
yaṭṭhena, Paṭis-a 614,23-24); pañcannaṁ viññā-
ṇānaṁ vatthū ajjhattikā ~ā bāhirā, Vibh 319,25
(Vibh-a 403,31 foll.); iti vipallāsā ca ~ā sappaccaya-
tāya paccayo kusalamūlāni ca sandissayatāya pac-
cayo, Peṭ 169,10; iti manāpikā (amanāpikā, upekkhā-
ṭhāniyā) ~ā, ib. 250,25; 251,7,19; asubhasaññāpari-
citacittassa pan' assa dibbāni pi ~āni lobhavasena
cittaṁ na pariyādiyanti, Vism 98,8; dibbapaṭibhā-
gāni pi ~āni cittaṁ cāletuṁ na sakkonti, Dhp-a II
195,19; anāpāthagatān' eva hi rūpârammaṇâdīni
dibbacakkhu-ādīnaṁ ~āni, As 7,12; cattāro pi khan-
dhā cetopariyañāṇa-yathākammūpagañāṇānaṁ ~ā
honti, As 422,24 (cf. Vism 433,30); pañcaviññāṇā . . .
cakkhuviññāṇâdīnaṁ ~ā na honti, Vibh-a 403,19 (v. l.
~āni); rāgâdayo pi ~ā honti, Kv-a 84,25; ~āni nāma
. . . chabbidhāni bhavanti, Abhidh-s 13,25 (v. l. ālam-
baṇāni); cf. Maṇis Be 1964 II 388,1 ~ānī ti ettha vat-
thuchakka-bhāvadvaya - jīvita - āpodhātu - kabalīkārâ-
hārā chaṭṭhârammaṇan ti veditabbaṁ;
acc. pl. ~e labhitvāna pahitattena bhikkhunā,
Mil 412,21*; pāṭi-ekke pāṭi-ekke ~e bandhati, As
365,8 = Nidd-a I 40,8; samādhi sakkoti ~e ekag-
gabhāvena appetuṁ, Vibh-a 91,20,27; devatā . . .
nānāvidhāni ~āni upasaṁharanti, ib. 407,16; abhi-
bhavanti. . . paccanīkadhamme pi ~āni pi, Sv 561,11;
muṭṭhassatīnaṁ duggandhāni ~āni payojesuṁ, Pj I
234,4; cittaṁ samaṁ ādahati ~e ṭhapeti, Bv-a 44,33;
icchanti tāya ~āni, Nett-a 219,14 ad Nett 24,2 'icchā'
= As 363,7 (but etāya);
instr. abl. pl. chadvārikehi ~ehi nimmathito, Ps
II 298,6; ~ehi ārammaṇavantāni jhānāni, Paṭis-a
299,7; catasso arūpasamāpattiyo ~ehi vuṭṭhānato
bahiddhāvuṭṭhāno vimokkho, ib. 553,24; ~ehi cittaṁ
vimocetabbaṁ, Mp III 174,15;
gen. pl. cakkhādīnaṁ vatthūnaṁ rūpâdīnaṁ
~ānañ ca paṭighātena samuppannā saññā (the per-
ception which is produced by the collision of the physi-
cal bases as eye etc. and the sense-objects as form etc.
) pa-
ṭighasaññā, Vism 329,23 = As 201,31 ≠ Paṭis-a 132,30;
556,14; Moh 177,8; cf. Vibh 261,34; ~ānaṁ aññata-
rasmiṁ idaṁ mahācittaṁ uppajjati, As 72,28; ~ānaṁ
asanato āsā, ib. 365,11 = Nidd-a I 40,11; ~ānaṁ ni-
kāmanā nikanti, As 366,6 ≠ Nidd-a I 41,10;
loc. pl. yoginā yogâvacarena ~esu yeva cittaṁ
upanibandhitabbaṁ, Mil 412,8; ~esu c' assa anu-
ssatiṭṭhānam pi vaṭṭati, Vism 109,31; cittekaggatā
pi . . . ~esu phusitā (maung tin reads ~e suphusitā)
hutvā uppajjati (the onepointedness of mind also ari-
ses, when it is well-touched by the subject of concentra-
tion
), ib. 147,11 (Vism-mhṭ Se 1249,20); bhikkhuno
dīgharattaṁ rūpâdisu ~esu anuvisataṁ cittaṁ, Vism
268,32 = Sp 405,15 = Sv 762,20 - Ps I 247,16; ma-
noviññāṇadhātu ~esu vavatthānâbhāvato arañña-
makkaṭo viya . . . daṭṭhabbā, Vism 490,1 (Vism-mhṭ
Se III 162,13 foll.); ~esu pavattamānā pana paṭisan-
dhi, Vism 548,21; ~esu añ