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ārambha

, m. [ts.], (a) beginning, inception; (b)
initial act, attempt, undertaking, preparation, arrange-
ment, work, action;
(c) initial effort, initiative, exertion,
energy, perseverance;
(d) evil act, offence, injury; Abh
852 a (syns. ādikamma, kamma, viriya, vikopana);
Mogg-p 185,11; Sadd 409,9; 603,6; 717,21; for the
different meanings, see
Nidd-a I 408,16-26 ≠ Paṭis-a
44,22—45,2 = As 145,28—146,6 (but ārabbha°) =
Pp-a 246,15-22 (id.) = Sadd 409,13-25; cf. Dhs-trst.
p. 15 n. 2, As-trsl. p. 192 foll.; on the special meaning
of
(b) instigation i. e. 'initially prompting subject-
matter', peculiar to
Nett and Peṭ, see Ñāṇamoli:
The Guide, p. 101 note; — (a) acc. sg. pāsādaṁ Can-
danaṁ nāma kātuṁ Maricavaṭṭiyaṁ akâ~aṁ, Mhv
LIV 40 (v. l. ārammaṁ); abl. sg. nisinnānaṁ vo ~ato
paṭṭhāya yāva mam' āgamanaṁ, Ps III 226,1; gen.
sg.
~assa ca avasānassa ca vemajjhaṭṭhānaṁ, Sp
808,30; — (b) nom. sg. nâyaṁ ~o appamattakaṭṭhānat-
thāya, Dhp-a I 112,12; ~o ādikammikassa sukaro,
Vism-mhṭ Se III 497,9; yadā bodhisatto dukkara-
kārikaṁ akāsi, n' etādiso aññatra ~o ahosi, Mil
244,21; cetasiko ~o, cetanākammaṁ kāyikaṁ vā-
casikaṁ, Peṭ 35,25 (Ee corrupt); sodhano ti ettako
es' eva ~o niddisitabbo suttattho, ib. 157,16; yaṁ
hi ārabbha bhagavatā idaṁ suttaṁ bhāsitaṁ, so
~o niddiṭṭho, ib. 181,16(i?e ārabbhanidd°); suddho
~o, ib. 189,27-29 (Ee here ārabbho); 194,14; 217,20;
227,4; Nett 71,6,20,33; 72,1-3; 107,21-23 (Nett-a Ee
225,14-23; Ce 108,23-31); sodhano ti ~o suttassa pa-
veso niyutto, Peṭ 236,22; ayuñjantānaṁ (v. l. āy°) vā
sattānaṁ yoge yuñjantānaṁ vā ~o, Nett 41,3 (Nett-a
Ee 221,13-20; Ce 88,33—89,3); ~o cetaso kāmānaṁ
panūdanāya, Mp I 49,1 (quoted from the Aṭṭhakathā);
~o . . . kāyiko cetasiko cā ti duvidho, Ud-a 233,1;
acc. sg. gāthā ekaṁ ~aṁ bhāsissanti, Peṭ 101,21
(or ekena ~ena ? Ee very corrupt); bhagavā padaṁ
sodheti no ca ~aṁ, Nett 70,34 foll. (v. l. ārabbh°;
Nett-a Ee 225,12-13; Ce 108,22-23); tadadhigamāya
~am pi akurumānā, Ps I 101,29; instr, sg. yen' ~ena
idaṁ suttaṁ bhāsati, so ~o niyutto, Peṭ 206,14;
sodhanā ti yen' ~ena idaṁ suttaṁ desitaṁ, so ~o
sabbo suddho, ib. 230,27 ≠ 241,8; gen. sg. atthi tāva
imassa ~assa anābhāsitaṁ, ib. 102,3 (Ee ārabbh°); —
(c) nom. sg. pabbajituṁ ~o ussăho, Ud-a 310,3; nom.
pl.
niṭṭhaṁ dhammupasaṁhitā sīghaṁ gacchantu
~ā, Sp 1415,24* (Ee ārabbhā); vividhā puññâbhisaṅ-
khārâdikā ~ā, Nidd-a I 436,31 ad Nidd I 442,3 'viyā-
rambhā'; — (d) gen. pl. ~ānaṁ nirodhena n' atthi
dukkhassa sambhavo, Sn 744 (v. l. ārabbh°), quoted
Nidd-a I 408,19; Paṭis-a 44,27; As 145,32, and Sadd
409,16; — in a long cpd., see Vism 487,5; — ifc v.
aññâdhikāra-vacanâ°, an-° (+ Sp 568,17; 569,8;
570,13; Cp-a 296,22), upâ° (v. PED), kammaṭṭhānâ°
(Ud-a 174,11), gantha-° (Kacc-sāra Ct. p. 9), ñāyâ°
(Th-a 117,17; v. l. ñānâ°), thirâ° (Mhv LXXVIII 15),
thūpâ° (Mhv XXXII 33), dur-° (Cp-a 296,22), nigga-
manâ
° (Mhv XXXI 45), nir-° (S I 76,24* = A II
43,4*; Spk I 146,11; Mp III 83,19), pakaraṇâ° (Sadd
409,12 < Mmd Ce 2,10), paccayâ° (Nāmar-p 1609),
paṭhamâ° (Nidd-a I 436,33), pucchâ° (Ud-a 83,26),
pubbâ° (Mhv-ṭ 43,16), bhāvanâ° (Vism-mhṭ Se I
228,16), maranâ° (Nāmar-p 1741), mahâ° (S I 76,21 *
= A II 43,1*; Spk I 146,10; Mp III 83,5; Nidd-a I
408,21; Paṭis-a 44,30; As 145,27; Pp-a 246,18; Sadd
409,19; kappuṭṭhāna-°, Nāmar-p 1715), yuddhâ° (Mhv
LXVI 64), vacanâ° (see aññâdikāra-°), vigatâ° (Ap
498,6), vipassanâ° (Th-a I 28,18 ; II 200,20; As 388,30
foll.), viyā° (Sn 953; Pj II 569,11; Nidd I 442,3*,27;
443,2,5; Nidd-a I 436,33; 437,1,3), viriyâ° (Vin II
197,1,4; D III 252,22-23; S II 202,23 foll.; 209,2 foll.;
IV 175,22; A I 12,5; 16,10; II 218,30; IV 15,14-15;
280,23; Ud 37,5; Paṭis I 103,27 foll.; Vibh 107,9;
194,33; 208,32 foll.; Dhs 12,17,36; Sp 222,7,28; Ps I
97,21; 245,3; Spk I 255,5; II 119,19; Mp III 159,19;
Ud-a 221,20; 232,30; 284,9-10; 352,28; It-a I 105,21;
II 66,30; 172,4-5; Pj II 122,9,11; Th-a I 94,5; 95,22;
179,23,31; Ap-a 195,35; Cp-a 279,6; Nidd-a I 408,15;
II 146,2-3; Paṭis-a 44,14 foll.; As 146,7; 407,8; Vism
132,22; Ja I 127,5; III 342,24; Sadd 409,13; °-kathā,
M I 145,24; Ud 36,15; 37,5; Ud-a 232,30 foll.; It-a
II 90,32), vihatâ° (Ap 498,6 v. l. and Ce; bat Ee vigatâ°
= Th-a Ce II 196,11), saṁvaṇṇanâ° (Sp-ṭ Be 1960
I 2 foll.; vinaya-°, Sp 112,7), sajjhāyâ° (Sv 12,29),
sabbâ° (Sn 745), sam-° (Vin IV 67,16 foll.; D I
5,4; M I 180,5; S V 470,3; A II 197,29; 209,18; Pp 58,4;
Sp 809,7,9; Sv 77,6; Mp II 78,19; III 83,6 foll.; 190,26;
191,2; As 146,5; Sadd 409,10), sammasanâ° (Vism
613,10), sâ° (Vin III 149,15; A II 42,18; Sp 568,16;
569,8; 570,12 foll.; Sadd 409,11), sesâ° (Paṭis-a
44,21; As 145,27); — — °-gahaṇa, n., use of the
term 'beginning';
ārambhamattam ev' ettha na
atthasiddhī ti dassanatthaṁ ~aṁ, Sadd 919,19; —
°-ja, mfn., born of actions, esp. of offensive actions;
m. nom. pl.
āyasmato ~ā āsavā saṁvijjanti, A III
166,15 foll. (Ee ārabbha°; ct. āpattivītikkamasam-
bhavā, Mp III 289,15) - Pp 64,6 foll. (Pp-a 247,2 =
Mp); acc.pl. ~e āsave pahāya, ib.; — °(a)ṭṭha, m.,
sense of 'beginning'; instr, sg. ~ena viriyaṁ, Nett
54,11; mfn. 'pa-miṇantī' ti ettha ~o pa-saddo (the
prep
, pa) ti āha: tuletuṁ ārabhantī ti, Mp-ṭ Be 1910
II 262,23 (°attho) ad Mp III 375,14 ad A III 329,23;
— °tta, n. abstr.; ifc. katâ° (Sadd 144,28); — °-daṭ-
hatā
, f. abstr., firmness of an initial act; Cp-a 319,35;
— °-dhātu, f., the element of initial effort; nom. sg.
atthi ~u nikkamadhātu parakkamadhātu, S V 66,11
= 104,16; 105,30; 107,1 (= pathamaviriyaṁ, Spk
III 141,19), quoted Vism 131,25;' Ps I 284,5; 292,30
and Sp-ṭ Be 1960 II 227,8, commented Vism 132,4 (as
Spk), Ps I 283,34 (paṭhamârambhaviriyaṁ) and Sp-ṭ
II 227,20 (paṭhamavīriyaṁ); A I 4,25 (Mp I 48,22 =
Ps); III 338,3 (Ee ārabbha°; ārabhanavasena pavatta-
viriyaṁ, Mp III 366,7); Ud-a 233,2; It-a II 180,28;
Vism 486,7; 487,5; acc. sg. ~uṁ upādāya, Peṭ 37,23;
loc. sg. ~uyā sati, A III 338,4-5 (Ee ārabbha°); °mana-
sikārâdivasena, Vism 151,28 (Vism-mhṭ Se I 259,3-5);
°saṅkhātaṁ viriyaṁ karotha,Th-a II 105,19; —°-pac-
cayā, abl. adv., by reason of, caused by an initial act;
yaṁ kiñci dukkhaṁ sambhoti, sabbam ~, Sn p. 145,2
and 744, 745 (v. l. ārabbha°; Pj II 507,12 kammasam-
payuttaviriyappaccayā), quoted Nidd-a I 408,18; Pa-
ṭis-a 44,26; As 145,31 and Sadd 409,16; — °-pañ-
ñatti, f., an expression for 'initiative'; ~i viriyin-
driyassa, Nett 59,26; — °-lakkhaṇa, mfn., having
the characteristic of initiative;
~aṁ viriyaṁ, Nett
28,12; — °-vatthu, n., base of inception of energy;
nom. pl.
aṭṭha ~ūni, D III 256,24—258,9 (Ee through-
out
ārabbha° in text and ct.; Sv 1044,11 viriyakāra-
ṇāni) = A IV 334,1—335,32 (Ee throughout ārabbha°;
Mp IV 157,19 = Sv); °-vasena, Nett-a Ce 223,9; ifc.
viriyâ° (Sp 222,26; Th-a I 96,2; Paṭis-a 44,19; Ap-a
349,4 Ee °ârabbha°); — °-viriya, n., initial (mental)
effort; acc. sg.
~aṁkarotha, Spk I 222,5; ifc. pathamâ°
(Ps I 283,35; Mp I 48,23; It-a II 180,23); — °-sud-
dhi
, f., purity of instigation; nom. sg. mano ti āram-
bho, n' eva padasuddhi na ~i, Nett-a 255,31 (v. l.
ārabbha°).