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2

ājīvaka

or -ika, m. [ts., BHS ājīvaka; a deriva-
tion from
ājīva], a naked ascetic; theformed a
religious community, which was a dangerous and
eagerly combated rival of the Buddhist monks; a strict
determinism was the chief opinion of
Makkhali Gosāla,
the founder of the community; for the austerities of the
see e. g. Dhp-a II 55 sg.; see also the articlein
PPN with references and A. L. Basham, History and
doctrines of the Ājīvikas
, 1951; ~o ti naggapabbajito,
Mp III 334,9 (ad A III 276,25); ~o ti naggasamano,
Ps I 151,25; Ja VI 223,8; D II 162,11; M I 31,32 sg.;
170,33; 'atthi nu kho Gotama koci ~o kāyassa bhedā
dukkhass' antaṅkaro?' ti; 'n'atthi'; 'atthi....
saggūpago?' ti; 'nâbhijānāmi kañci ~aṁ saggūpagaṁ
aññatra ekena, so p' āsi kammavādī kiriyavādî' ti,
M I 483,14 sg.; Vin I 8,11 sg., II 284,8 sg.; IV 74,3;
91,16 sg.; Dhp-a I 377,22 sg.; acc. rājā kiñci ajānantaṁ
naggabhoggaṁ nissirīkaṁ andhabālaṁ ~aṁ pucchi,
Ja VI 225,14; 181,25; 257,3 sg; Dhp-a I 376,16 sg.;
II 52,9; IV 71,19 sg; instr. ~ena, Pj II 258,26; (Gv
68,19 saha ~ena, accord, to index "together with an
Ā°", but see 1ajrvaka;) gen.-dat. taṁ atthaṁ ~assa
kathetvā, Dhp-a I 377,1; Vin IV 91,17; ~assa vasa-
naṭṭhānaṁ gantvā, Dhp-a I 377,8 sg.; M I 32,1; voc.
~a, Ja II 384,8*; '~â' ti ājīvahetu pabbajita paduṭ-
ṭhatāpasa, 384,12'; nom. pl. ~ā kāyaṁ ovassāpenti,
Vin I 291,7; Sn 381; A III 384,4; Nidd II 238,28; ~ā
matā nāma tesaṁ mātā puttamatā hoti iti ~ā put-
tamatāya puttā nāma honti, Ps III 235,6; Pj II
372,11-14; Mhv-ṭ 190,31; acc. pl. ~e uyyojesi, Vin IV
224,9; ~e pana paramasukkâbhijātî ti vadanti, Ps
III 121,14; gen.pl. ~ānaṁ santikaṁ gantvā, Kkh
18,27; ~ānaṁ gehaṁ akāresi, Mhv X 102 (about Paṇ-
ḍukābhaya); ~ānaṁ micchātapaṁ ārabbha kathesi,
Ja I 493,17; loc.pl. rañño ñāti sālohito ~esu pab-
bajito hoti, Vin IV 74,2; — cpd. with Npr. e.g.
Paṭhavikâ°, Dhp-a I 376,14; Jambukâjīvakasamā-
gama, Mil 350,10. — — ājīvika-pabbajjā, /., in ~aṁ
pabbajati, to become a (professional) ascetic, to join
the community of the
Ā°; ~aṁ pabbajitvā, Ja I
390,17; ~aṁ pabbajitakāle, III 542,18'. — — ājīvaka-
sāvaka, m.; a follower of the Ā°; nom. ~o, A I 217,24
sg.; gen.-dat. ~assa mahāmattassa saṁghabhattaṁ
hoti, Vin II 165,3; nom. pl. tirogāmakā ~ā āgantvā,
Vin III 135,23; II 130,31; III 136,1 sg.; Ps III 121,18;
acc. pl. manussā te ~e etad avocuṁ, Vin III 135,28
sg; instr.pl. sambahulehi ~ehi saddhiṁ, Vin II
130,30; gen.-dat. pl. sa gaṇakītesaṁ~ānaṁ dhītaraṁ
adāsi, Vin III 136,11; Nidd II 173,31; loc.pl. sa
gaṇakī tehi ~ehi apasāditā, Vin III 136,24 sg. — —
Ājivaka(-sutta), n.; title of A I 217,21—219,16
(uddāna Se 294,5); see PPN. — — ājīvika-seyyā,
f., a sleeping-place for the Ā°; acc. ~aṁ, Vin IV
224,9. 2ājīvaka