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ā-gacchati

, pr. 3 sg. [ts.], (a) to come, come near,
approach, arrive at, reach, attain
(acc. & loc); (b) to
come
(along) with, accompany, follow; (c) to come back,
return
(with or without puna); (d) to fall into a par-
ticular state or condition;
(e) to attain existence, be
(re)born; (f) with gen. (but also acc.) of person, to come
upon, occur, befall, happen to; to get, obtain, come by,
come to;
(g) to be recorded, handed down by tradition
(cf. āgata, āgama); with gen. of pers., to be revealed,
mastered, learned by heart; pr. 3 sg.,
(a ) Vin I 28,8;
M II 99,4; Ja II 153,13; 154,7; ayaṁ ~ "here comes",
Vin I 8,36; M I 171,22; II 23,25; maggena ~, Vin II
191,34; cirena ~ "comes late, tarries", Vin II 193,6;
in guestion for ~atu ("shall he come ?", answered by
"~tu!"), Mil 29,32; 30,2; (b) pacchato vilambamāno
~, Dhp-a I 81,11; (c) D II 321,24; Ja I 355,5; (e)
itthattaṁ ~: tamhā kāyā cavitvā ~ ~, D I 18,25
etc. = III 30,6 etc.; so (sa) ce tato cuto (°tā) ~ ~,
A II 82,7, 12, 17 = 203,23 etc.; manussattaṁ ~,
M III 169,26 = 177,26; III 203,22 = 204,9 etc.;
(f ) me taṁ bhaya-bheravam ~, M I 21,5 foll.;
bhikkhuno (candassa) yā ratti vā divaso vā ~, A III
434,16, 26 ≠ A V 19,7, 10, 14; 123,13 etc.; S II 206,10
foll.; kaṭṭha-kaliṅgarassâpi jarā ~, Dhp-a III 122,12;
purā maṁ so dhammo (ɔ: jarā etc.) ~ ("will soon
come upon me"
), A III 103,12, 28 etc.; sahadhammiko
vādânuvādo gārayhaṁ ṭhānaṁ ~ (cf. gārayha), Vin I
234,20; D I 161,17 (furtherrefer, cf. ZDMG 109 p. 317 ff.);
3 sg. med. ~ate, purā ~ etaṁ anāgataṁ maha-
bbhayaṁ, Th 978; 2 sg. ~asi, (a) kuto ~, Vin III
148,3; kuto bho ~, D II 345,4; (c) ~ mam'antike,
Ja VI 425,11*; 1 sg. ~āmi, (a) pāden' ~, Mil 26,32;
(b) thokaṁ sālāya nisīditvā ~ ("shall follow, catch
you up"
), Ja I 396,27; gacchâvuso, ahaṁ pi ~, Vin
III 43,33; 3 pl. ~anti, (a) Vin I 125,19; 129,10 ff. (cf.
Sp 1064,26); ete ~, Vin I 42,32,35; Ud 4,3; (d) amhā-
kaṁ upaṭṭhānaṁ ~ amhākaṁ pāricariyaṁ, D II
271,28; (e) tato cutā itthattaṁ ~, A III 33,10; nâ~
punabbhavaṁ, Sn 730, 733, 743; It 93,18*; 95,8*;
109,2*; 2 pl. ~atha, (d) devānaṁ ~ pāricariyaṁ, D
II 273,15; 1 pl. ~āma, (c) yāva mayaṁ ~, tāva . . .
idh'eva vasa, Ja IV 3,4;
imper. 2 sg. ~a, (a) iminā maggena ~, Vin II
191,33; ~āhi, (a) Vin I 95,2 = II 273,5; 3 sg. ~atu,
(a) Vin I 80,3, 6; 92,35; Ap 65,18; Dhp-a I 34,8; (b)
Vin II 200,27 ("shall follow us"); añño ~, Ja I 222,18;
2 pl. ~atha, (a) Vin II 191,35, 37 etc.; (b ) mama
pacchato ~athā ti purato ahosi ("follow me!"), Dhp-a
IV 211,7; 1 pl. ~āma, (b) "idh'eva tiṭṭhatā" ti . . .
"mayaṁ pi ~āmā" ti ("will accompany you"), Ja I
396,17; — pot. 3 sg. ~eyya, (a) idha ~, M I 377,21, 31;
S I 144,13; imaṁ parisaṁ ~, D III 38,18; 53,15;
svātanāya nâ~, Vin I 27,36 = 28,15; (f) na ca vata
no jāti ~, M III 250,16; D II 307,4; without gen.:
parâpavādo ~ (you, I, might be blamed by others),
Mil 88,9, 11; 2 sg. ~eyyāsi, (a) Dhp-a II 201,7; (c)
Ud 22,17; (d) tatth'eva maraṇaṁ ~, S V 361,14;
1 sg. ~eyyaṁ, (c) gantvā . . . dhammaṁ assa suṇitvā
~ ("return"), Dhp-a III 114,14; [āgame Thī 341;
w.r. for āgahe, cf.* āgahati]; 3 pl. āgaccheyyuṁ, (a)
vivadamānā tava santike ~, Mil 47,24 = 48,7,22;
(f) na ca vata no soka- + ~, D II 307,13 = M III
250,24; 1 pl. ~eyyāma, (a) dūrato 'pi ~ ("we would
come . . ."
), M I 14,5 = 46,24 = A V 102,29; — part.
m.
~anto, (b) sakaṭa-satthassa piṭṭhito ~, D II 130,16;
pacchā ekako ~, Vin I 96,15; (c) nahāna-titthaṁ
gantvā nahātvā ~, Dhp-a I 3,9; acc, (a) stock phrase:
addasa(ṁsu) kho......dūrato va ~antaṁ (~ante,
~antiṁ, ~antiyo), Vin I 8,35; 15,26; 16,16 etc. (cf.
PTC); fern. dat. ~antiyā, Vin IV 231,4 = 310,2 etc.;
part. med. m. acc ~amānaṁ, (a) Dhp-a II 266,9; fern.
~amānā, (f) Ja I 134,4; pl. masc. ~amānā, (c) Pj II
359,16;
aor. (1) conjug. āga, āgu; āga, āguttha; āgaṁ,
āgumha, Sadd 464,12 ff.; 3 sg. āgā, (a) Ja III 165,7*;
IV 410,11*; VI 512,25* (ath'ettha pañcamo ~, quoted
Sadd 464,22, Ee reading āgă); Vv 890 (Vv-a 310,33:
~ ti āgacchi); Mhv XXXVII 231; āga, (a) D II
257,6* (so p'~ samitiṁ vanaṁ, quoted Sadd 464,22);
258,19*, 260,1*, 25*; 2 sg. āgā, (d) pamohaṁ ~, Sn
841; 3 pl. āgu, (a) D II 258,8*; 17-19*; 259,17* (āgu
devā yasassino, quoted Sadd 464,23); 23-25* etc.; āguṁ,
(a) Ja VI 568,4*; Ap 331,13 (v. l. āgu); 1 pl. āgamha,
Sn 570 = Th 838 yan taṁ saraṇaṁ ~ (v. l. and
Ee
Se Th, Se Sn āgamma; Nidd II 102,23 āgamhā
ad 40,15, 23); Sn 597 = 1110 = M II 196,10* bhavan-
taṁ (v. l. and Ee 1110, Se M II 196 bhaga°) puṭṭhuṁ
āgamhā (v. l. and Ee Se 1110, Se M II 196 āgamma);
(2) 3 sg. āgamā, (a) Ja III 128,3* (= Ps II 3,14*);
420,17* (EeSe ăg°, Ba āg°); V 158,9*; VI 556,16*; Vin
II 291,20; Sn 191; (a) idhâ~, Ja III 117,23*; IV
384,3*; ~ idha, D I 108,15 (Ee °ma, read °mā), 17 ≠
M I 376,3 foll.; (f) mā kañci pāpam ~, Ja II 146,16*
= Vin II 110,15* = A II 73,5* (v. l. kiñci); mā ca te
vyādhi ~, Ap 394,21; Ja VI 271,28*; 272,32* (metr.,
Ee
Se ăg°); 2 sg. āgamā, (a) Ja III 344,22*; 1 sg.
āgamaṁ, (a) Sn 510; 1096 (Pj II 598,5; Nidd II
102,19; Nidd-a II 38,5); Th 285 = 880 = M II
105,12* buddhaṁ saraṇaṁ ~ (āgamaṁ probably
metr.; cf.
Th 286 saraṇa-gamanaṁ); Sn 957 = 1043
= 1105 = 1112 = 1118 = Ap 488,1 atthi pañhena
~ (Sn new Ee 957: °miṁ v. l. °mam; 1043 °maṁ
v. l. °miṁ); (b) Ap 244,23 ~ pacchato ("followed";
Ee
ag°, but v. l. and Ap-a āg°); (e) Ja VI 238,20* tato
cutâhaṁ . . . Vajjīsu kulam ~ (v. l. °mā); Ap 266,16
saṁsaritvânupubbena mānussaṁ punar ~; 3 sg.
āgamāsi, (a) cirena ~ (s. above), Vin I 96,19; (f) Ja
IV 329,26*; 330,14* rāgo (kodho) mamaṁ mā punar
~; 2 sg. āgamāsi, (a) Vin I 28,7; 1 sg. āgamāsiṁ, (e)
A IV 89,6 na-y-imaṁ lokaṁ punâ~ (v. l. °si; in metr.
version of same passage
, A IV 90,1*, replaced by
°âgamaṁ); 3 pl. āgamuṁ, (a) Ja V 172,27* (175,1' ɔ:
āgatā); 398,24*; Sn 311; Ap 156,20 read metr. āgamuṁ
(Ee °maṁsu, Se ăgamuṁ); āgamaṁsu, (a) Vin III
39,1; Ap 56,13; Ja I 68,19; IV 448,5' (explains āga-
cchuṁ); 1 pl. āgamamha, (e) manussattaṁ ~ (s.
above
), Ap 469,17; (3) 3 sg. āgami, (a) Ja IV 238,25;
239,7; 248,26; VI 366,24; 583,27*; Dhp-a I 18,21*;
2 sg. āgami, (a) mā ... ~, Ja V 231,29; (e) mā lokaṁ
punar ~, Sn 339 = Ja V 231,29*; mā jātiṁ [Ee °ti]
punar ~, Thī 14; 1 sg. āgamiṁ, (c) punar ~, Ap
453,32; (e) idhâ~ Ap 226,17; 3 pl. āgamiṁsu, (a) Ja
VI 515,3; 548,15; As 135,32; Ps II 398,8; (g) saha
paṭisambhidāhi yev'assa tīṇi piṭakāni ~ ("he attained
......with the analytical insight(s) also a knowledge
of the three piṭakas, came to know them by heart"),
Ja I 118,7 = Dhp-a I 247,3; 2 pl. āgamittha, (a)
Dhp-a III 297,1; Ja I 263,4; 1 pl. āgamimha, (d) na
rakkhasīnaṁ vasam ~, Ja I 470,21*; (4) The most
frequent aor. is
āgacchi/āgañchi; on forms with cch
and ñch cf. Trenckner, Pāli Miscellany I 71 foll.;
in most cases
, cch forms quoted below have ñch variants
and vice versa; 3 sg.
āgacchi, (a) Ja IV 373,21* idhâ~;
416,23 vegenâ~; V 231,24; 390,9; Sn 379 ~ te santike
nāgarājā (Pj II 368,23; 369,13; 372,4: āgañchi); As
135,33 foll.; (c ) Ja II 380,9; V 288,28; āgañchi, (a)
Sn 979; Ja IV 471,7*; VI 272,33*; III 9,24; 273,10;
287,1; 294,1; 440,28; IV 16,12; 165,14; V 120,12; VI
168,12; Dhp-a II 201,8; 237,12; (b) puttassa pacchato
va paridevamānā ~, Ja III 179,10; (c) Ja I 358,12;
IV 316,12 (Takkasilaṁ gantvā sippaṁ uggahetvā ~);
III 190,19; 209,23; V 92,20; (ɔṝ) hatthatthaṁ ~, Ja
IV 459,28*; V 172,16*; — Ja V 48,11* ovādaṁ [EeSe
opātaṁ, but 48,26' C*s tassā ovādaṁ!] ~ ("followed
[the queen's] instruction"); 2 sg. āgacchi, Ja II 355,20
mā puna ~; V 232,27' mâ~; S I 178,5; āgañchi, (a)
Ja I 117,13; IV 404,7*; (c) Ja V 94,3*; 1 sg. āgaccham,
(e) Ap 266,15 tamhā kāyā cavitvāna ~ tidasaṁ
puraṁ (y. t.°cchiṁ,); āgañchiṁ, (a) D I 81,29, 31 =
M I 278,24, 26 - II 20,30,32; Ja II 410,29; VI 58,10*
(sakāse ~); 543,6*; 3 pl. āgacchuṁ, (a) Ap 411,21;
Kacc-v 519; āgacchiṁsu, (a) Ja II 31,14; Dhp-a I
223,14; Mhv XXIII 53; āgañchu, (a) Ja IV 447,16*;
āgañchuṁ, (a) D II 261,9*; S I 127,18* = Ja I
469,17*; Ja IV 447,16*; (d) Sn 138 ~ tass'upatthanaṁ;
fut. (1) āgamissati [sometimes inexact spelling for
~essati from caus. āgameti, q. v.], 3 sg. ~ati, (a) D I
102,2; Ap 334,10; Ps III 53,11; 329,24; Dhp-a I 14,18;
(b) Dhp-a II 190,18; Ja VI 304,1, 5*, 13*; (d) mara-
ṇaṁ ~, MH 60,3; saṁbhedam loko ~, A I 51,24;
mayhaṁ upaṭṭhānaṁ ~ (s. above), Dhp-a III 115,6;
(f) Ja III 418,18* ~ me pāpaṁ ~ me bhayaṁ; ib.
420,30* ~ me bhayaṁ; Dhp 121 foll. na man taṁ
(ɔ: pāpaṁ, puññaṁ) ~; Ja V 7,19* asiloko mayi pete
~; — tuyhaṁ yā ratti vā divaso vā ~ (s. above),
S V 143,29 = 165,25 [Ee wrong ~asi] = 187,29; 2 sg.
~asi, (b) Dhp-a II 100,23; (c) Ja VI 425,12* [Se ~asi,
Ee wrong ~ati]; 1 sg. ~aṁ, Vin III 147,4*, 7* = Ja
II 284,22*, 26*, 285,6' na câpi te assamaṁ ~; (c)
~āmi, (b) Ja VI 176,7*; 3 pl. ~anti, (a) S I 185,26*
= Th 1211; D I 138,27; (d) upaṭṭhānaṁ ~ant'imaṁ
naraṁ, Ap 366,16; (f) imassâpi attabhāvassa evam
evaṁ jarā-vyādhi-maraṇāni ~, Dhp-a III 117,7; 1 pl.
~āma, (b) mayaṁ pacchato saṇikaṁ ~, Dhp-a II
190,16; (2) āgacchissati (not in Suttapitaka); 3 sg.
~ati, (a) Vin II 158,22; III 196,3; (b) Dhp-a I 73,10
("will follow"); (c ) gantvā . . . pema-vasena puna ~,
Mp IV 165,2; (f) Vin I 92,31 yadā nissaya-dāyako ~
("when I shall find . . . ."); Ps III 390,6 manāpā nu
kho me yāgu ~; 1 sg. ~āmi, (a) Dhp-a I 14,2; (c)
Ja III 462,22; 3 pl. ~anti, (a) Vin I 139,16; II 299,26;
Dhp-a I 443,18; — fut. periphr. āganta(r), q. v.;
inf. āgantuṁ, (a) D III 13,25; (b) Ja I 396,17; (f.)
Ja III 418,21; āgacchituṁ, (a) Pj II 175,21; — abs.
(1) āgamma, q. v.; (2 ) āgantvā, (a) Sn 415; Vin I
196,12; A III 241,14; 242,17; 370,6; 371,4; Ja V
230,30; 442,11; Dhp-a III 83,8; Mil 36,4, 6; pa-
ṭhamataraṁ ~, Vin I 30,4, 9, 11,19 etc.; 46,27;
94,37; II 221,22 (Sp 979,3); pacchā ~, Vin II
165,5; idhâ~, Ja IV 344,24*; (c) S I 201,4*; Ud 14,6;
Ap 559,5; (a,c) D II 320,26; 321,1 etc.; (e ) devalokā
idhâ~, Ap 325,28; Tusitāhi idhâ~, Ap 49,11; manussa-
lokaṁ ~, Ap 84,23; 329,25; manussa-yoniṁ ~, Ap
421,13; kuto 'pi nūna ~, Thī 129; stock phrase:
sakid eva imaṁ lokaṁ ~, D I 156,15; II 92,19; 93,6;
200,14; 201,11 (further refer, cf. PTC); [Ja II 420,3*
read āgantā; S I 22,20* read anāgantā with Spk; Ja
VI 524,2*, 3* read ăgantvā]; (3) āgantvāna, (a) Khp
VIII; Ap 51,21 (Ap-a expl. āgantvā); (e) ~ manus-
sattaṁ, Ap 95,6; 280,24; 345,7; 455,2. — (4) neg.
anāgantūna, Nett 141,8 (Ct. explains anupagantvāna,
cf. Nett 243,10); — ger. (1) āgantabba, (a) Vin I
94,36 = II 273,1 na ekato ~; Vin III 212,14, 25; Vin
IV 69,35 hiyyo 'pi idh'eva ~ bhavissati; abstr.
āgantabbatā, q. v. (2 ) āgamanīya, q. v.pp. āgata,
q. v.caus, āgameti, q. v.
Rem. āgacchati used idiomatically with prec.
abs. (:Tam. abs. with varu); Ja II 19,15 so kammaṁ
katvā nadiṁ otaritvā kīḷitvā āgacchati, having fini-
shed his work, he would descend into the river and play
in the water.
K. de Vreese.