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ākāsânañcâyatana

, n. [BHS ākāśānantyāya-
tana, see BHSD], 'space-infinitude-sphere'; applied to
(a) the sphere or plane of infinite space (the first of the
four subjects of meditation
cf. kammaṭṭhāna —
called "formless", āruppa, q. v.), considered as the first
of the immaterial states of existence
("the name of the
first of the
Arūpa-brahmalokas, so called because it is
peopled by beings who have mastered the idea that space
is infinite"
, Childers following Sinh, tradition; first
of the Arūpa-worlds, Sinh, catechism on
Abhidh-s
(1909) p. 1; see s. v. arūpa-brahma-lokā, m. pl.), and
(b) the state of consciousness the sphere or object of
which is infinite spaceused as designation of the
first
arūpajjhāna, q. v., (the fifth of nine anupubba-
vihāra, q. v. and -samāpatti) or one of a varying
number of
vimokkha, q. v.; the applications (a) and
(b) are not kept apart; interpretations of the term may
be found e. g.
Kern, Manual p. 55; Keith, Buddhist
Philosophy p.
124, Mrs. Rhys Davids, Dhs transl.
p.
72, cf. her note (2) p. 90 of Abhidh-s transl. (S. Z.
Aung); Edgerton, BHSD p. 87, cf. p. 101, āyatana;
in Ct. exegesis explained e. g. Abhidh-s-mht (on
Abhidh-s 3,32 foll.) Se 89,9 foll., Ce (1933) 52,29 foll.:
. .
. ākāsānañcam eva āyatanaṁ assa sasampayutta-
dhammassa jhānassa adhiṭṭhānaṭṭhena devānaṁ de-
vāyatanaṁ viya ~aṁ, tasmiṁ appanāppattaṁ paṭha-
māruppajhānam pi ~an ti vuttaṁ, yathā paṭhavikasi-
ṇārammaṇaṁ jhānaṁ paṭhavikasiṇan ti; less elaborate
definition
Vism 331,22 foll. in the treatment of ~-kam-
maṭṭhānā as the first paragraph of the āruppa-niddesa
p. 326—331; for the application both to jhāna and
ārammaṇa (object, support) see Paṭis-a 557,24 foll.:
. . .
jhānam pi ~aṁ ārammaṇam pi . . . ubhayam p'
etaṁ ekajjhaṁ katvā '~aṁ samatikkamā' ti idaṁ
vuttaṁ (Paṭis II 39,34) ≠ As 205,9 foll. (Dhs 266); —
manner of attaining ā°: sabbaso rūpa-saññānaṁ sama-
tikkamā . . . nānatta-saññānaṁ amanasikārā "ananto
ākāso" ti ~aṁ upasampajja viharati, D II 112,6
(quoted Vism 328,24 with comment 328,2—331,25);
similar at numerous places, e. g. D III 224,12 ≠ M III
27,9 ≠ 43,21 ≠ S V 119,32 ≠ A II 184,23 ≠ Paṭis
II 39,30 ≠ Vibh 245,19 (for full ct. see Paṭis-a 555,30
557,35); catutthajjhānā vuṭṭhahitvā ~aṁ samāpajji,
D II 156,8, and viññāṇañcāyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭ-
ṭhahitvā ~aṁ samāpajji, 156,25 (the nine stages the
Buddha passed through in ascending and descending
order before the
parinibbāna); ā° can be produced in
the fourth
jhāna: Ps II 345,16-20 (on M I 293,32 ~aṁ
neyyaṁ); — the consciousness of form has ceased in
one who enters the state of
ā°: ~aṁ samāpannassa
rūpasaññā niruddhā hoti, A IV 409,13; his state of
mind:
~assa lābhiṁ rūpasahagatā saññāmanasikārā
samudācaranti hānabhāginī paññā, Vibh 331,10; see
also ib.
262,10 foll.; na ~e ~-saññī assa, A V 7,14;
— ā° not in nibbāna: yattha (yasmiṁ nibbāne) n'eva
paṭhavi na āpo . . . na ~aṁ . . ., Ud 80,10 (quoted
Ud-a 151,15; ct. Ud-a 391,12); — in the discussion "Is
ā° unconditioned!": ~aṁ asaṅkhataṁ, Kv 325,14
foll. (Kv-a 91,19); ~e sattā jāyanti etc., 326,12; ~e
atthi vedanā etc., 326,18; — as moral, productive, or
unproductive:
~aṁ. . . kusalato ca vipākato ca
kiriyato, Abhidh-av 82,6 cf. Abhidh-s 3,32 foll.; ~an
ti tambhūmikā (ɔ: āruppabrahmalokā) cattāro
kusala-vipāka-kiriya-kkhandhā, Ps I 36,21 (on M I
2,31); tattha 'na ~an' ti (Ud 80,10) saddhiṁ āram-
maṇena kusala-vipāka-kiriya-bhedo tividho pi ~-cit-
tuppādo n'atthi, Ud-a 391,12 foll.;wrong views
on
ā°: ~aṁ sampannassa sato rūpasahagatā sañ-
ñāmanasikārā visesāya saṁvattatī ti na yujjati
desanā, Nett 26,13; — see further M I 2,31 foll.
(assutavā puthujjano etc.) ~aṁ ~ato sañjānāti . . .
~asmiṁ maññati (etc.); ~assa upanissaya-pac-
cayena paccayo, Tikap 165,27 foll.; paṭhamajjhān'-
~ānam pi abhāvo bhaveyya, Abhidh-av 81,17; ~ā
(abl. or adj.) upekkhā, Ps V 26,19, see ~-nissita be-
low. — — °-kammaṭṭhāna, n., the subject of medita-
tion on the sphere of infinite space, title of Vism X 1
(pp. 326—331). — — °-kiriya, n., Tikap 156,28 (~aṁ
viññāṇañcāyatana-kiriyassa ārammaṇapaccayenapac-
cayo) = °-kriyā-citta, n., Abhidh-s 4,2, unproduc-
tive thought dependent on
ā°. — — °-kusala, n.,
Tikap 154,25 (~aṁ viññāṇañcāyatana-kusalassa āram-
maṇapaccayena paccayo) = °-kusala-citta, n.,
Abhidh-s 3,32 (and mhṭ), moral thought dependent on
ā°. — — °-kusala-vedanā, f., moral feeling de-
pendent on
ā°, Vibh-a 17,11 (~ā sukhumā, ~ā oḷārikā).
— — °-khandha, m., Ps V 26,20, see °-nissita be-
low.
— — °-citta, n., thought of ā°; paṭhavīkasiṇādisu
rūpāvacaracittaṁ viya ākāse ~aṁ appeti, Vism
328,7. — — °-jjhāna, n., the meditation of (called )
ā°, Vism 453,29 (~ena parallel with viññānañcāyata-
nādīhi). — — °-dhātu, f., S II 150,2 (Spk II 135,1
ākāsānañcāyatanam eva ā°-dhātu); cf. ākāsadhātu.
— — °-nissita, mfn., dependent on ā°; atthi upekkhā
~ā, M III 220,27 (Ps V 26,19 foll. ākāsānañcāyatanā
(abl. or adj., cf. upekkhā nānattā nānattasitā, upekkhā
ekattā ekattasitā, M I 364,25-26 = III 220,21-23)
upekkhā sampayuttavasena ~ā, ākāsānañcāyatana-
khandhe vipassantassa vipassanūpekkhā ārammaṇa-
vasena ~ā); na ca me ~aṁ viññāṇaṁ bhavissati,
M III 260,34. — — °-bhava, m., state of existence
called
ā° (cf. Paṭis-a 297,35 ākāsānañcāyatana-
saṅkhātaṁ bhavaṁ); ~aṁ upagato, Sv 120,28 (ad
D I 34,35); Nidd-a II 64,29. — — °-bhūmi, f., Abhidh-s
21,19 (translated "the sphere of the conception of in-
finite space"
). — — °-vipāka-citta, n., productive
thought of
ā°, Abhidh-s 3,35. — — °-saññā, f., per-
ception in the stage of
ā° (and ~-sahagata, endowed
with this perception
); paṭhavisaññaṁ ~aṁ paṭicca
manasikaroti ekattaṁ, tassa ~āya cittaṁ pakkhan-
dati, M III 105,26-28 (Ps IV 152,14 foll.); ~ā nirud-
dhā hoti, S IV 217,11; ~aṁ pajahato, Paṭis I 32,2;
~aṁ harati, i&. 97,18; sabbaso rūpasaññaṁ sama-
tikkamā . . . ~-sahagataṁ sukhassa ca pahānā . . .
catutthaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati, Dhs 265
(As 204,24 tasmiṁ ākāsānañcāyatane appanāppat-
tāya saññāya sahagataṁ ~-sahagataṁ). — —
°-saññi(n), mfn., tathārūpo samādhipaṭilābho, yathā
. . . na ākāsānañcāyatane ~ī assa, A V 7,15. — —
°-samāpatti, f., attainment (attained stage) of ā°; ~i
abhisaṅkhatā abhisañcetayitā, M I 352,6; Paṭis I 8,9
(Paṭis-a 88,26); 199,30 (among 9 samādhicariyā);
II 36,26 (first of bahiddhāvuṭṭhānā cattāro vimokkhā);
acc. ~iṁ bhāvento, Nidd I 7,14; abl. ~iyā vuṭṭha-
hitvā catutthajjhānaṁ samāpajji, D II 156,26; gen.
~iyā paṭilābho vā vipāko vā, Paṭis II 38,4; ~iyā
vaṇṇaṁ kathesi, As 203,20; loc. ~iyā paññā, Vibh
335,28 (navasu anupubbavihārasamāpattisu paññā);
pañcah' ākārehi ~iyaṁ ciṇṇavasībhāvena, Vism
331,28. — — °-samāpatti-adhimutta, mfn., Nidd
II 250,9. — — °-samāpatti-araṇavihāra, m., Paṭis
I 97,8, see araṇavihāra. — — °-samāpatti-kusala-
citta, n., Rūpār 152,3. — — °-samāpatti-kriyā-
citta, n., Rūpār 157,10. — — °-samāpatti-paṭilā-
bha, m., Nidd I 280,13. — — °-samāpatti-vimok-
kha, m., Paṭis II 39,27. — — °-sahagata, mfn.,
accompanied by or endowed with
ā°; ~ā saññāmana-
sikārā samudācaranti, A IV 445,13 foll. ≠ Paṭis I
36,17; ~ā saññāmanasikārā samudācaranti visesa-
bhāginī paññā, Vibh 331,6; ~ā vā saññāmanasikārā
hānāya saṁvattantī ti na yujjati desanā, visesāya
samvattantī ti yujjati desanā, Nett 26,9; ~aṁ . . .
catutthaṁ jhānaṁ upasampajja viharati, Dhs 501.
— — °-sukhuma-sacca-saññā, f., and ~i(n),
mfn., D I 183,28 foll.