Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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2

ā-kāra

, m. [ts.], lit. 'the (way of) making' or
'the act
(of beckoning)'; i.e. 1. hint, sign, token; in-
dication of sentiment by gesture or movement;
Abh
764 c ('iṅgita, iṅga') = 981 d; nom. sg. ayaṁ hatthâ-
dīnaṁ ~o cakkhuviññeyyo hoti, As 83,31; acc. sg.
tass' ~aṁ viditvāna tatthâhosi kutūhalaṁ, Mhv XXX
23 (theraṁ punappunaṁ vavatthāpanatthāya
~am akāsi, Mhv-ṭ 536,28); instr, sg. tattha ṭhitaṁ
bhāgineyyaṁ ~ena nivedayi, Mhv XXXI 51
(ekena kāyavikārena jānāpayi, Mhv-ṭ 571,16-18);
adhivāsetha tāvâ ti hatth'~ena vārayi, Mhv XXXII
65 (hatthavikārena, Mhv-ṭ 599,34); ~en' eva
aññāsi, Mil 24,12; 2. characteristic, mark; distinctive
property, quality, attribute; abl. sg.
~ato ca vokārato
ca āsayajjhāsayassa adhimutti, Peṭ 37,25; nom.pl.
~ā (liṅgā, nimittā), M I 360,3 (= vyañjanāni, Ps
IIII 38,14 ff.); ~ā (opp. uddesa), Sp (I) 161,13 =
Paṭis-a (I) 376,5; ete bhavanti ~ā amittasmiṁ pa-
tiṭṭhitā, Ja II 131,24* (kāraṇāni, 132,5') ≠ IV
197,27*; instr, pl. yehi ~ehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi
pārājikassa dhammassa ajjhāpatti hoti, tehi ~ehi . . .,
Vin II 243,35 (Sp 1288,11); id. with sikkhā paccak-
khātā, Vin III 27,28 (Sp 254,20 ff.: vevacanāni sik-
khāpaccakkhānassa kāraṇattā ~ā buddhâdīnaṁ);
yehi ~ehi + nāmakāyassa paññatti hoti, tesu ~esu
. . ., D II 62,14 ff. (Sv 500,36: ~ā vuccanti vedanâdī-
naṁ aññamaññaṁ-asadisa-sabhāvā; cf. Sv-pṭ Be II
93,5) ≠ M I 360,3; yehi ~ehi + iddhipādaṁ bhāveti,
so tehi ~ehi..., S V 278,18 ff. (Spk III 260,12); 3.
appearance, form, shape; countenance; Abh 981 d
; ('saṇṭhāna'); tividho pâyaṁ ~o Sakkaṭabhāsāsu na
labbhati, Sadd 221,22; dhammasaṁvegavasenâpi
ayam ~o labhate va, Ud-a 2,20; therassa ~aṁ sal-
lakkhetvā, Vv-a 27,25 ; rañño ~aṁ ñatvā, Pv-a 283,8;
4. state, condition; nature, natural disposition; acc. sg.
akkantapadānam + ~aṁ parigaṇheyya, Vism (I)
150,12 (dhanujiyāsarānaṁ gahitâkāraṁ, Vism-
mhṭ Se I 257,15); nom.pl. sūdena viya (bhojanasap-
pāyâdayo) ~ā pariggahetabbā, ib. 150,9, 19, 28
(mhṭ I 257,11); acc.pl. adhigatakkhaṇe bhojanâdayo
~e gahetvā, ib. 150,26 (pubbe jhānassa adhiga-
takkhaṇe kiccasādhake bhojanâdhigate ~e, mhṭ I
258,1); ~ato (opp. sabhāvato), Ps I 215,26; Spk'll
11,27; As 328,4; ādivacanena ~-mattam eva dassitaṁ,
Ps IV 50,12; 5. cause, reason, ground, motive, account;
purpose, object;
Abh 981 c ('kāraṇa'); ke ~ā ke
anvayā yen' āyasmā evaṁ vadesi, M I 319,8 (~ā
ti kāraṇā, anvayā ti anubuddhiyo, Ps II 386,17) ≠
III 292,35; dvīhi tāva ~ehi assā samāpajjanaṁ hoti,
Vism (II) 700,15 (= kāraṇehi,Vism-mhṭ Se III 634,20);
imassa kammassa katassa ~-mattam pi na jaññā,
Ja V 224,3'; 6. way, method; manner, sort, kind; re-
spect, means; nom.sg.
~o jānitabbo, Vin V 166,29;
bhaddako ~o, Sv 30,9; Ps I 6,21; Spk I 8,6; Mp I
9,9; It-a I 27,9; acc. sg. ~aṁ ye upanayhanti (way of
thinking
), Ja III 489,7'; hatthapādasitahasitakathita-
vilokitâdibhedaṁ ~aṁ na gaṇhāti, Vism (I) 20,28
(tathā tathā sanniviṭṭhānaṁ bhūtupādāyarūpā-
naṁ sannivesâkāro, Vism-mhṭ Se 112,5); taṁ ~aṁ
pakāsetuṁ, As 309,13, 30; sandhāya, ib. 377,26; pas-
sati (abhisameti, anubujjhati +, gahetvā, ogāhetvā,
samaṁ sammā ca pekkhati, paccavekkhati, pajāni-
tuṁ na deti), Vibh-a 140,8 foll.; instr, sg. dānâdinā
~ena yathā na sampasārīyati, As 376,17; idam eva
saccan ti ādinā ~ena nâbhinivisati, ib. 377,16; na
bhavissatî ti ~ena niviṭṭhā, ib. 392,33; bhaddakena
~ena, Sv 30,11 etc.; madhuren' ~ena saddaṁ karonti,
Spk I 244,20; assā hasimsu, Ud-a 149,24; viraviṁsu,
ib. 149,27; ujuken' ~ena, As 151,16; samena ~ena
cakkhūni ummīletvā, Vism (I) 125,6; cf. ~ena samen'
eva ummīletvāna locanaṁ, Abhidh-av 93,1*; abl. sg.
saṁgho + ~ato jānitabbo, Vin V 166,29—167,11; te
~ato vīsatividhā honti, Vism (I) 200,25 = Sp (I)
114,22 (saruppato avuttā pi tasmiṁ tasmiṁ
saṅgahe ākiriyanti avijjāsaṅkhārâdiggahaṇehi pakā-
siyantî ti ~ā, atītahetu-ādīnaṁ vā pakārā ~ā, Vism-
mhṭ Se I 325,3 ff. = III 380,5 ft.); gen. sg. ñāṇup-
pādanâdino ~assa dassanatthaṁ, Vism (I) 274,16;
loc. sg. ~e (āgato, dissati), Sv 27,4; Ps I 3,17; Spk I
4,21; Mp I 4,19; Pj I 100,13; Sadd (III) 905,7; ekas-
miṁ ~e saṇṭhātuṁ asamatthatāya, As 259,31; nom.
pl.
saddhâdayo ~ā sundarā, Spk I 200,28; gen. pl.
imesaṁ catunnaṁ ~ānaṁ aññataraṁ, Mp II 109,23;
loc. pl. tathaṭṭhâdisu dvādasasu ~esu visuṁ visuṁ
ekena saṅgaho, Paṭis-a (I) 46,18; — esp. in instr, sg.
and pl. with pron, or num.;
yen' ~ena, Pv-a 99,10;
yen' ~ena . . . ten' ev' ~ena, ib. 64,10; Ps V 38,6
(inasmuch as . . . therefore; as . . . so); yena yena ~ena
. . . tena tena pakārena, Peṭ 76,22; yena kenaci eken'
~ena, Ud-a 190,13; ten' ~ena, Mp II 287,31; As
393,28; iminā va ~ena (in this way), Dhp-a III 80,10;
As 377,6; kenaci ~ena, Abhidh-av 84,16; aññen' ~ena
nisinno, Ja II 382,26; vibhajituṁ, As 365,24; aparena
~ena, Nidd I 342,30; sabbena ~ena in every way,
Bv-a 207,27 (cf. sabbâkārena, ib. 64,5; Vism 241,13;
Ps I 52,9; II 366,5; 385,2; Spk III 298, 26; Mp II
283,5; As 198,18; 368,2); yehi ~ehi sato kārī hoti,
Vism (I) 271,25; imehi ~ehi dhātuyo manasikātabbā,
ib. 364,23; katīhi ~ehi, Mil 78,11; Abhidh-av 135,28;
katamehi ~ehi, Vin V 150,26; vividhehi ~ehi dhamme
passati, As 131,22; bahukehi ~ehi passantānaṁ
buddhānaṁ, Paṭis I 126,20 = Ud-a 142,12; anekehi
~ehi pasaṁsitvā, Vism (I) 240,4; vibhajjamāno, As
148,31; saṅkathīyati, ib. 390,19 ≠ Abhidh-av 83,10;
anekavidhehi ~ehi phuṭṭho, Nidd I 351,13; uccā-
vacehi ~ehi, Vin III 74,8 ad 73,14 = anekapariyā-
yena; — sabbehi ~ehi sampanno, Ps III 261,26 ad
M II 17,9, 14 (cf. D II 175,12; III 126,13; Th-a I 10,6;
Pj II 365,14); id. paripuṇṇo, Mp V 3,5 ad A V 11,15
(cf. Mp I 110,2; Ps I 50,21; It-a II 125,13; Ja
II 352,7); id. paripūro, Mp IV 156,12 ad A IV 315,17 (cf.
D II 172,11, 17; III 126,13; Sv 462,28); sabbâkārava-
rûpeto, Bv XIII 31 (sabbena ~ena varehi yeva
upeto, Bv-a 207,27; cf. D II 157,19* = Th 1046; Sv
595,26; Sv-pṭ Be II 171,7 ff.); sabbâkāramanoramaṁ,
Mhv XXX 62 d (Mhv-ṭ 543,3); sabbâkārato (com-
pletely
), Sp 114,26 = Vism 200,28 (Vism-mht Se I
325,12); Ps I 49,32; Ud-a 189,9; It-a II 88,21; Vism
287,23; — eken' ~ena santi pi santipadam pi, Nidd I
342,23 (Nidd-a I 373,14); ekena ~ena bhayam pi
bheravam pi, ib. 370,29 (Nidd-a I 395,13); mayā pi
eken' ~ena sutaṁ, Mp I 5,20 ad evam me sutaṁ;
Paṭis I 140,2-3; dvīhi ~ehi dhātuyo parigaṇhāti,
Nett 73,25; dvīhi ~ehi pīti paṭisaṁviditā hoti, Vism
(I)287,29 (Vism-mhṭ Se II 73,16); dvīhi tāva ~ehi
assā samāpajjanaṁ hoti, ib. (II) 700,15 (-mhṭ III
634,20); ~ehi pana dvīhi samādhīyati mānasaṁ,
Abhidh-av 94,9*; tīhi ~ehi ṭhānaṁ hoti, Vism (II)
701,3 (Vism-mhṭ Se III 406,8); arūpadhammā tīhi
~ehi upaṭṭhahanti, ib. 591,31 (-mhṭ III 406,8); tīhi
~ehi tīsu padesu pakkhipitvā, Mp II 287,28; catūhi
~ehi tejodhātuṁ vitthārena parigaṇhāti, Nett 73,30;
74,13-18; pañcahi ~ehi saṅgho bhijjati, Sp (VII)
1377,27—1378,15 (= Ud-a 316,27—317,17) ad Vin V
201,12; ~ ~ ciṇṇavasinā bhavitabbaṁ, Vism (I)
154,9; ~ ~ anodhiso pharaṇā, ib. 309,26 ad Paṭis II
130,22; ~ehi ca pañcahi suciṇṇavasinā hutvā,
Abhidh-av 98,3*; chahi ~ehi vihaññati, Dhp-a II
28,5; chahi ~ehi vāyodhātuṁ vitthārena parigaṇhāti,
Nett 73,30; 74,19-24; sattahi ~ehi uggaha-kosallaṁ
icchitabbaṁ, Vibh-a 56,31, 34 (cf. ib. 224,14,17; 226,11;
231,11; Vism 241,24, 27; 243,20; 248,19; 353,9); ~ ~
odhiso pharaṇā, Vism (I) 309,30 ad Paṭis II 130,23;
aṭṭhahi ~ehi patiṭṭhitā, Spk I 44,23 ad S I 11,21*;
navahi ~ehi indriyāni tikkhāni bhavanti, Vism (II)
613,14 ff. (Vism-mhṭ Se III 467,3); dasahi ~ehi
manasikāra-kosallaṁ icchitabbaṁ, Vibh-a 56,31; 57,2
(cf. sattahi ~ehi); ~ ~ disāpharaṇā mettācetovimutti
veditabbā, Vism (I) 310,10 ad Paṭis II 130,23; ~ ~
pesuññaṁ upasaṁharati, Vin V 139,27 (Sp 1344,18);
~ ~ diṭṭhippabhedo va vutto, As 370,29 ad Dhs
195,18-29 (§ 1099); ekādasahi ~ehi paccayo hoti,
Abhidh-av 135,33; dvādasahi ~ehi āpodhātuṁ vit-
thārena parigaṇhāti, Nett 73,29; 74,7-12; ~ ~ āpo-
dhātu niddiṭṭhā, Vism (I) 364,31 (~ehî ti pakārehi,
athavā: ākiriyanti dissanti ettha dhātuyo ti ~ā
koṭṭhāsā, Vism-mhṭ Se II 224,8); vīsatiyā ~ehi pa-
ṭhavīdhātuṁ vitthārena parigaṇhāti, Nett 73,28
74,5; ~ ~ paṭhavīdhātu niddiṭṭhā, Vism (I) 349,33
(-mhṭ II 202,12) = 364,30 (-mhṭ II 224,8); pan-
ñāsāya ~ehi sampatati, Peṭ 42,12; ~ ~ pane' indri-
yāni jānāti +, Spk I 201,19; ~ ~ pavattaṁ bhaga-
vato indriya-paropariyattiñāṇaṁ, Ud-a 141,8; ekūna-
navutiyā ~ehi vibhajanaṁ kataṁ, ib. 144,23;
further examples see PTC; — 7. mode, aspect, factor,
constituent part; ye paññā sa ~ā sāsane niddiṭṭhā,
Peṭ 42,12; e.g. the 12 modes of ñāṇadassana: dvāda-
sannaṁ ~ānaṁ vasena uppannaṁ ñāṇa-saṅkhātaṁ
dassanaṁ, Spk III 297,35 ad S V 422,32; 423,5 =
Vin I 11,20, 25 (cf. Spk III 298,5-6; Paṭis-a 46,18); the
16 modes of
paññā (citta, sati): mahatiyā soḷasavi-
dhāya soḷasehi ~ehi cittaṁ sandassesi +, D I
139,10—141,24; soḷasâkārasampannā atṭhaṅgasusam-
āgatā, A IV 271,23* = 273,22* (Mp'iv 131,17-20);
soḷasahi ~ehi sati uppajjati, Mil 78,11—80,15; ~ ~
uddhataṁ cittaṁ, Paṭis I 162,24; ~ ~ āneñjatā
cittassa veditabbā, Vism (II) 386,10 (cf. Paṭis II
206,14-33); ~ ~ bhāvito, Sp (II) 435,11; soḷasannañ
ca ~ānaṁ pāripūriyā, Th-a II 234,15; cattāri sac-
cāni solas' ~ehi . . . vibhajitvā, Mp III 71,13
73,15; ekekassa soḷasānaṁ (v. l. °sannaṁ) ~ānaṁ
vasena cittâcāraṁ aññāsi, Dhp-a III 215,20; cf. Paṭis
II 189,30—202,11 = Mp II 80,27—86,18; Spk I 119,16
foll.; Bv-a 44,30; Vibh-a 23,12; the 20 aspects of paṭi-
ccasamuppāda: vīsatākāraṁ tisandhiṁ paṭiccasamup-
pādaṁ sabbâkārato jānāti +, Vism 200,28 (Vism-mht
Se 1325,11 ff.) = Sp (I) 114,25; cf. Paṭis I 52,33 (Paṭis-a
241,6); vīsatākārā tisandhi catusaṁkhepā, Abhidh-s
36,17; 37,1 (atītâdisu tattha tattha ākīriyanti,
Abhidn-s-mhṭ Se 238,19; Ce (1898) 139,32 ākirīyanti);
the 32 parts of kāya: D II 293,12 ff.; Khp III (Pj 137,30
— 75,21) = Vism (I) 240—266; 353,10; Spk III 207,8;
kesâdayo dvattiṁsâkārā, Ps I 271,4 = Vibh-a 223,13
= Vism 241,9 (cf. Mp II 118,3); dvattiṁsâkāraparig-
gāhikā sati dukkhasaccaṁ, Ps I 271,10; ajjhatta-
kesâdiko dvattiṁsâkāro kayo, Ud-a 190,5; dvattiṁ-
sâkārapāḷiṁ adāsi, Vism 242,1 = Vibh-a 224,24;
cattāro māse dvattiṁsâkāraṁ sajjhāyantā va sotâ-
pannā ahesuṁ, ib. 224,26 = Vism 242,3; rattiṭṭhāne
vā divāṭṭhāne vā nisinnena dvattiṁsâkāraṁ saj-
jhāyitvā, Dhp-a III 168,16; the 42 factors of the
elements
(dhātu): dvācattālīsāya ~ehi vitthārena
dhātuyo sabhāvato upalakkhayanto, Nett 74,25, 33;
id. vitthārato dhātuyo uggaṇhitvā, Vism (I) 352,26;
(II) 592,27 (Vism-mhṭ Se III 403,5; Nidd II 78,20); the
64 ingredients of
indriyānaṁ vasībhāvatā paññā:
catusaṭṭhiyā ~ehi, Paṭis I 2,36 (Paṭis-a 53,24); 115,27
—118,14 (Paṭis-a 385,30 :~ā ti parivārakoṭṭhāsā); 8
t. t. gr.: one of the 6 'vyañjanapada' (akkhara, pada,
vyañjana, ~, nirutti, niddesa) = vibhāga, division,
distinction, detailing, modification;
Nett 4,4*, 29*;
8,30; 9,7, 12, 15,28; 38,27; Pet 5,3, 7; Sadd (III) 907,3;
910,11*; cf. Vism (I) 214,18 (-mhṭ I 395,5-19); Sp (I)
127,15 = Pj II 445,18; Nidd-a I 2,19; imehi ~ehi
imehi padehi imehi vyañjanehi attho vibhatto, M I
114,2 (imehi kāraṇehi: papañcuppattiyā pātiyek-
kakāraṇehi c' eva vaṭṭavivaṭṭakāraṇehi ca, Ps II
78,14); imehi ~ehi + Tathāgate saddhā niviṭṭhā hoti,
M I 320,16 (Ct. imehi satthuvīmaṁsanakāraṇehi, Ps II
388,20); vyañjana-vibhāgappakāso ~o, Nidd-a I
3,14-17; Sadd (III) 907,19 (°ppakāro). — °ākāra is very
often used
(as it were like a suffix) after a) a verbal noun,
b) a past participle and c) another noun. Examples:
a) attano āgamanâkāraṁ sabbaṁ vitthārato kathesi,
Ja I 266,26; kiṁ bhante ayyānaṁ gamanâkāro pañ-
ñāyati, Dhp-a I 14,7; 15,7; kaddamalimpanâkārena
sarīre sannicitarajo, ib. III 77,22; bhattaṁ bhuñ-
janâkāraṁ olokentu, 88,13; thero olokanâkāren' eva
ñatvā, Ps II 398,14; therassa saṅghāṭipattadhāraṇâ-
kàraṁ sallakkhetvā, ib. Ill 346,15; lagganâkāro, ib.
IV 102,23; 103,14 ad M III 61,11 ff.; olambanâdi-
akārena (Se -ākārehi) hi tāni upaṭṭhahanti, ib. IV
211,4; bhikkhavo (āvuso) ti āmantanâkāra-dīpanaṁ,
Mp I 17,12 ≠ Sp-ṭ Be I 56,26; chandovuttīnaṁ
rakkhaṇâkārena pavattanti, Cūla-Sadd (according to
Childers); b) nipannâkāren' eva tassa anto paññāyi,
Dhp-a I 26,10; attano dhanassa laddhâkāraṁ (Se
laddhakāraṇaṁ) satthu ārocesuṁ, Ja II 295,5; tuṭ-
ṭhâkāra-vevacanāni, V 345,21'; cattāro pi h' ete
tuṭṭhâkārā yeva, 494,27'; aruṇuggamanakāle bad-
dhâkāren' eva sayāpetvā, VI 574,1; buddhānaṁ pana
hasitam haṭḷhapahaṭṭhâkāramattam (Ee hatthip°,
Se haṭṭhapp°) eva hoti, Ps III 279,10; bhagavato
pahaṭṭhâkāramattaṁ (Ee paṭṭhak°, Ce upaṭṭhâk°)
hasitaṁ uppādesi, ib. 279,21; upasaggo ti upasaṭṭhâ-
kāro, ib. IV 102,23; cf. 103,14; patvā pabbajitâkārā
sabbā tā tattha otaruṁ, Mhv VIII 24 (Ct. pabbajita-
vaṇṇā gahitapabbajitavesā vā, Mhv-ṭ 272,1); dhanu-
jiyāsarānaṁ gahitâkāraṁ, Vism-mhṭ Se I 257,15 ad
Vism 150,12; c) vassikāpupphāni viya vaṇṇagan-
dharahitāni nibbaṇṇâkāra-sīlā, Mil 251,27; maṇira-
tanâkārena dussahassaṁ abbhuggañchi (by the ap-
pearance of
), Ja I 60,10; buddhānaṁ āciṇṇo . . .
paresaṁ dhammaṁ adesetukammatâkārappavatto
vitakko udapādi (expressing itself as), ib. 81,8;
dummukhâkāro hutvā aṭṭhāsi (with sad expression
of face
), ib. II 393,10; catūhi gāthāhi aniccatâkāram
dīpento (notion, idea of), III 97,3; rūpâdisu subhâ-
kāraṁgahetvā (conception, imagination of), III 464,18';
itthiyo ca kumārikā ca pasayhâkārena gaṇhituṁ
āṇāpeti (in a violent manner), VI 231,11'; usumâkāra-
mattam pi gahetuṁ na sakkonti ('they could not even
have caused him
, i. e. the paccekabuddha, to feel the
heat', trsl.
), Dhp-a I 225,13; aniccadukkhânatta-asu-
bhâkāra-samūhânupassī yeva, Ps I 242,20; usumâkā-
ramattam pi nâhosi, ib. II 366,27; 'jīvitaṁ me dehi
sāmī' ti maraṇabhītānaṁ vacanâkāro ca hatthapā-
davikāro ca āpāthaṁ āgacchati ('lament', Tr.), ib. Ill
338,21; upaddavo ti anekaggatâkāro (characterized
by
), ib. IV 102,22; hatthâkārâdi-vasena, As 83,32;
hitâkārappavattilakkhaṇā mettā, ib. 193,7 (mettā is
marked by the manifestation of a kind or friendly
character
); cf. also dukkhâpanayanâkārappavattilak-
khaṇā karuṇā (a), ib. 193,10; chattâkāraṁ jinopari
dhārayanto (like a parasol), Mhv I 53 (chattam
iva katvā, Mhv-ṭ 105,6); dvādasa-padiko paccayâkāro
gahito va hoti, Spk II 78,10; hutvā-abhāvâkāro
aniccalakkhaṇaṁ, Paṭis-a (II) 523,15; amejjha-
potthakâkāraṁ (dehaṁ), Saddh 363; — (a) fre-
quently with
karoti (kāreti), in the meaning: to
have the appearance of, pretend to be
(or that),
make as if;
(na) pasannā pasannâkāraṁ karonti,
D I 175,19 (Sv 360,19); id. with kareyyuṁ, S II
199,15 (cīvarâdayo paccaye dadeyyuṁ, Spk II
169,25); te tattha dhammaṁ bhāsanti tesaṁ gihī
pasannâkāraṁ karonti, ib. 269,24, 33 (pasannehi
kattabbâkāraṁ karonti, cattāro paccaye denti, Spk
II 231,5, 8; Ee of text and ct. both times pasannā kāraṁ,
Ee of ct. kattabba-kāraṁ); Milindo rājā pasanno
pasannâkāraṁ na karoti, Mil 88,11; imasmiṁ vihāre
etassa avasanâkāro mayā kātuṁ vaṭṭati (/ 'must not
settle down there', trsl.
), Ja I 237,20; gehā nikkhama-
nâkāraṁ kāresi, ib. II 113,17; ajja mayā purisâ-
kāraṁ kātuṁ vaṭṭati, ib. Ill 479,12; mātăpitaro
māretukāmo yānakena araññaṁ netvā corānaṁ
uṭṭhitâkāraṁ katvā ('pretended that they were attacked
by robbers', trsl.
), ib. V 126,13; atha ne assāsetvā
corānaṁ palātâkāraṁ katvā ('pretending that the
robbers had been put to flight', trsl.
), ib. 126,18; evaṁ
pasannâkāraṁ kāretvā (showed his pleasure), ib.
371,3; santuṭṭhena nāma tuṭṭhâkāro kattabbo (a
person who is pleased must show himself to be pleased
,
ɔ: offer gifts), ib. VI 355,15; assa rajjaṁ labhanâ-
kāraṁ karissāmi, Dhp-a I 167,10; upāsake pasanne
pasannâkāraṁ karonte, Ps I 145,23; palāyanâkāraṁ
karonti, ib. II 214,21 = III 152,18; bhīto pi abhītâ-
kāraṁ katvā, ib. Ill 85,8 (feigning to be fearless);
nivattanâkāraṁ karissāma, ft?. 174,23; bhagavā . . .
supupphita-satapatta-sassirīkaṁ mahāmukhaṁ adhip-
pasannâkāraṁ katvā, Ud-a 357,27; (β) with dasseti
(dassita), in the meaning: to make a show of; to give
oneself airs, assume an air of, look as if; to imitate
the manner of;
rājā attano chātakâkāraṁ dassesi
('gave to understand that he was hungry', trsl.), Ja I
266,1; eko pi pahaṭṭhâkāraṁ na dassesi (not one
showed joy
), ib. II 249,5; tāpaso uppatanâkāraṁ das-
setvā samudde pati (making as if he would rise up
into the air
), ib. 330,4; tasmiṁ gāravena apacitâ-
kāram dassesi (EeSe °eti), ib. Ill 454,4; udakato
uṭṭhānâkāraṁ dassento, ib. IV 18,30'; gilānâkāraṁ
dassetvā (pretending to be sick), 16. V 40,9; tassa
dātukāmatâkāraṁ dassesi (made a show of wishing
to give
), ib. 228,12; Sakkassa devarañño paṇḍukam-
balasilâsanaṁ uṇhâkāraṁ dassesi, Dhp-a I 17,11
Th-a I 209,12; khujjā hutvā tassa vicaraṇâkāraṁ
dassesi (imitated his manner of walking), Dhp-a I
226,5; satthā pi . . . Ānandattheraṁ oloketvā nisī-
danâkāram dassesi (made signs that he wished to sit
down
), ib. Ill 323,13; kāyasaṅkhāte vatthusmiṁ kāy-
ânupassanâkārass' eva dassanena, Ps I 241,31; bud-
dhassa bhagavato sammukhā viya nipaccâkāraṁ
(EeSe nipaccak°) dassetvā, ib. 255,22; bhikkhusaṅgho
. . . cittena anupasanto upasantâkāraṁ dasseti, ib.
III 4,19; 'aho vata sirī' ti kāruññâkāraṁ dassesi,
Pv-a 75,19; paharaṇâkāre dassite 'ayaṁ no panaritu-
kāmo' ti ñatvā, As 84,12; thero nisīdanâkāraṁ
dassesi janatāhito Mhv XV 40 (v. l. janataṁ hito);
(γ) sometimes in composition with °patta; for inst.
apanetabbâkārappattā ahesuṁ, Ja I 138,12; kila-
matho hatthipiṭṭhaṁ dūsanâkārappatto vighāto, ib.
359,12'; so tassā paṭibaddhacitto hatthikkhandhato
patanâkārappatto viya hutvā, Dhp-a II 1,17; ak-
khīni nikkhamanâkārappattāni ahesuṁ, ib. III 36,2;
telapuñchanâkārappatto viya hoti, Spk III 244,18;
nikkhamitvā patanâkārappattāni viya honti,
ib. 264,15; sar[ī/i]raṁ ākāse laṅghanâkārappattaṁ
viya hoti, Paṭis-a (II) 497,33 = Sp (II) 424,5,14;
— — ifc. also akammaññatâ°, akammaññâ°
(Nidd-a I 433,1), atuṭṭhâ°, atulyâ°, atthac-
chāyâ
°, adussanâ°, adhiccasamuppatti°, anattâ°,
anādariyanâ°, anādāniyâ°, aniccatâ°, aniccâ°,
anuddâ
°, anekaggatâ° (Ps Ee IV 102,22), anekâ°
(-vokāra, Th-a I 9,13, 27), apacitâ°, apanetabbâ°,
abhāvâ° (+As 343,22; It-a II 88,15), abhinivesâ°,
abhūtâ
°, amatâ°, ambujâ°, alajjanâ°, alubbhanâ°,
āvisadâ°, avūpasantâ° (It-a II 181,17), avekkhitâ°,
asaraṇâ
° (As 405,26), asārajjanâ° (As 150,2), ākad-
dhamānâ
° (Spk I 24,19, 22), āgantukâ°, āgamanâ°,
ābandhanâ
° (Vibh-a 65,16—68,35), āmodanâ° (As
143,14), āvāsikâ° (Vin I 133,8, 22), issâ° (As 373,10),
ujjukâ° (As 152,10), uṇhâ° (As 291,15, 17; Vibh-a
69,12), uddhatâ° (As 260,22; It-a II 177,18), upat-
ṭhānâ
° (Vibhia 438,27, 29), uppatti° (Ud-a 283,32),
ubbilāvitâ° (Dhp-a I 237,22), ubhayamuttâ° (Sadd
215,22—224,29), usmâ° (As 338,26), olīyanâ° (Nidd-a
I 433,7; As 377,24), olokitâ° (Dhp-a III 172,21),
kathanâ° (Ja VI 413,9), kammaniyâ° (As 151,10),
kalasâ° (Ap 548,7), kākapadâ° (As 197,35), kuk-
kuccāyanâ
° (As 384,1), kujjhanâ° (As 367,26), kha-
manâ
° (As 395,30), khīnâ° (Mp II 283,25), gamanâ°
(As 321,14), gayhâ° (Pay fol. gr v. 2), gahaṇâ° (As
370,33; 371,6,12), gonisannâ° (Ja-ṭ ad Ja I 163,8),
cetanâ° (Sv 501,6), jappanâ° (As 365,24), jānanâ°
(As 314,31), jīranâ° (As 328,1), thitâ° (Spk III
274,22), tad° (It-a I 24,33; Mhv XXVII 29), tanukâ°
(As 239,2), tamâ° (? Pet 1,22), tāsâ° (Ja II 186,18
v. l.), dātabbâ° (Pj I 209,3; Pv-a 26,9), ditthâ° (Spk
III 58,6), du° (Pay fol. kī 8), duṭṭhâ° (Ps II 385,33),
dussanâ° (As 258,9), dvattiṁsâ° (see above, under
7), dvâ° (Vin I 6,27; D II 38,24; M I 169,9; S I
138,6,18; Pj II 442,15; Paṭis-a 391,18-19), dvācat-
tālīsâ
° (see above, under 7), dvādasâ° (Spk III 298,6),
nā'nâ° (Ps I 5,18; Spk I 7,1-2; Mp I 7,25; Pj I 102,19;
It-a I 24,23), nikāmanâ° (As 366,6), niggilānâ° (As
151,15), pakatinisinnâ° (Ja VI 554,27), paccatta-
purisâ
° (Mil 96,14, 27; 97,16 v. l.), paccayâ° (Ap
545,5; 550,13; Ps III 187,5; Mp II 283,10, 13; 198,19;
Vibh-a 208,15-16), pajānâ° (As 147,24), paṇṇâ° (Ja
III 319,7; Dhp-a I 214,3; Ps V 36,8; 38,6; ' Spk II
395,2; As 280,4, 9; 357,4), patipīḷanâ° (Mp IV 195,1s),
pamodanâ° (As 143,14), paramanipaccâ° (Mp II
109,22); paripācanâ° (Vibh-a 69,34; 70,1), pari-
pīlanâ
° (Mp Se III 351,14), parivajjanâ° (Vism
102,13-14), parisuddha° (Ps III 261,20), pallaṅkâ°
(Vv-a 9,3), pavatti° (It-a I 24,25; II 177,24; Vism-
mht Se II 199,16), passambhanâ° (As 150,20), pa-
hatthâ
° (Ja II 249,5; IV 198,16'; cf. Ps III 279,10),
pīḷanâ° (Spk III 264,13), puggalâ° (It-a II 62,21),
pucchanâ° (Bv-a 59,5), pupphâ° (pt ad Sv 87,1),
purisâ° (Ja III 479,12; V 401,29'), phusanaka° (As
136,24), phusanâ° (ib.), bahi° (Peṭ 105,4), makula-
khārakâ
° (Ap 575,17; cf. pt ad Sv 649,10 = ṭ ad
Mp IV 58,6), maccharāyanâ° (As 375,29), maj-
jhattâ
° (Ps I 277,25, 35; IV 143,13; Spk III 242,13-14;
274,19, 24; As 193,17), matakâ° (Ja I 164,12), mitta-
santhavâ
° (Ps V 2,23, 26), mudukâ° (As 151,6),
rujanâ° (Mp IV 195,19; Se III 351,15 rujj°), rup-
panâ
° (Sv 501,18), lahukâ° (As 150,26, 34), loluppâ°
(As 365,27), vadāpanâ° (As 333,8, 10, 12), vijānanâ°
(Sv 501,7), viññāpanâ° (As 324,19), vitthambhanâ°
(Vibh-a 71,8), vipannâ° (Mp IV 73,14), viparivat-
tanâ
° (As 367,24), viruddhâ° (As 258,13), vividhâ°
(Abhidh-av 138,7*), visadâ° (Sadd 220,34 foll.), vī-
sati
° (see above, under 7), vedayitâ° (Sv 501,3),
vyāpajjanâ° (As 258,11), sañjānanâ° (Sv 501,4; As
140,8), saddhâ° (Pj II 365,14 v. l.), sabbanipaccâ°
(Bv-a 44,4), sabbâ° (see above, under 6), samaṇâ°
(Mp IV 156,12), samūha-gahaṇâ° (Ps I 206,9), sa-
raṇakâ° (As 147,7), sassatâ° (Ps I 68,28), ° (Vin
III 4,30; Sp 161,9; M II 32,9; Paṭis I 114,26; Paṭis-a
376,1), su° (Pay fol. ki 7), sutâ° (It-a I 26,6), soḷasâ°
(Ja IV 197,27* ≠ 198,13; cf. II 131,24*; see also above,
under
7), svâ° (Vin I 6,27; D II 38,24; M I 169,9;
S I 138,6, 17; Ps II 179,19; Spk I 200,29; Pj II 442,15;
Paṭis-a Se 456,18; Pay fol. ki v. 1), haṭṭhapahaṭṭhâ°
(As 143,19), hitâ(di)° (As 196,10, 19). — — °-akovida,
mfn., ignorant of the cause; m. nidānaṁ ~o pubbā-
param na jānāti, Vin V 165,1* (Sp 1367,2-16); —
°-(a)ttha, ni., sense of ākāra, modal meaning; nom.
~o, Ud-a 14,23; It-a I 24,8, 24; instr. ~ena, Sv (I)
27,21; Ps I 3,33; Spk I 5,10; Mp I 5,14; Pj I 100,29;
209,3; II 135,4; As 140,34; loc. ~e, Sadd (III) 804,1, 3;
— °-kovida, mfn., knowing the motives; m. nidānaṁ
~o pubbāparaṁ pajānāti, Vin V 165,8*; — °-das-
sana, n., the pointing out, showing of the mode; tassa
uppatti-~atthaṁ, Ud-a 283,33; tena dātabb'~aṁ
kataṁ hoti, Pv-a 26,9; attano ñātīnaṁ thoman' ~aṁ,
ib. 27,7; idaṁ tadā sapathassa kat' ~aṁ, ib. 35,1; —
°-dassanaka, mfn. of prec; m. pl. ~ā abhinayā,
Spk III 103,5; — °-nānatta, n., the variety or di-
versity of mode; instr.
~ena, As 327,24; abl. ~ato,
Vism (II) 449,12 (Vism-mhṭ Se III 45,15); ~ā, Abhidh-
av 71,14*; — °-nidassana, n., the indicating of the
mode;
evaṁ-saddena dātabb'~aṁ kataṁ hoti, Pj I
209,3; tesaṁ pucchan' ~aṁ, Pv-a 121,2; — °-nid-
desa
, m., the signification of mode or manner; nom.
~o, Ps I 215,23,27; Spk II 11,28; As 328,5; 377,31;
Nidd-a I 433,10; ifc. nānâ°, Sv (I) 29,8; Ps I 5,18;
Spk I 6,33; Mp I 7,25; Pj I 102,19; It-a I 24,23; —
°-nirodha, m., suppression or destruction of the
natural disposition
(as cause of this life); ~ā daṇḍani-
rodho, Peṭ 105,5; — °-paññatti, f., designation of the
manner or mode;
evan ti hi ayaṁ ~, Sv (I) 29,9 =
Ps I 5,19 = Spk I 7,1 = Mp I 7,26 ≠ Pj I 102,19
It-a I 24,24; — °-pariccheda, m., determination or
definition of the conditions of; acc.
iti pî ti iminā
tesaṁ paṇḍitâdi-~aṁ dasseti, Mp II 260,10; —
°-parivitakka, m. [Buddh, sa. -parivitarka], con-
sideration of the condition, reflection on the cause; nom.
sg.
Peṭ 131,7; 133,7; saddhā ruci anussavo ~o diṭ-
thinijjhānakhanti, M II 170,28 = 218,17; instr, sg.
mā ~ena +, A I 189,10 (Mp II 305,23) = II 191,3;
192,1; 193,7; Nidd I 360,22; 400,14; 482,13; II 108,21
(Nidd-a I 388,7); abl. sg. aññatr' eva saddhāya . . .
aññatra ~ā, M II 234,8 = 234,30 ≠ S II 115,24
117,12 (Spk II 122,25) ≠ IV 138,32 (Spk II 403,21; cf.
also
III 208,26); — °-pavatti, f., the manifestation of
a mode of;
As 193,7, 10; — °-pucchā, f., the question
as to the conditions;
~ā ti gihiliṅge vā titthiyaliṅge
vā pabbajitaliṅge vā, Vin V 170,32, 35; — °-bhāva-
niddesa, m., signification of mode and state; As 372,23;
377,28; 378,12; Nidd-a I 433,6,9; 436,22; — °-rūpa,
n., matter as mode, modal form (opp. rūpa-rūpa);
Vism-mhṭ Ce 448 (according to Ñāṇamoli); — °-va-
cana
, n., the term, expression of mode (opp. lak-
khaṇa-); Vism (I) 349,26; — °-vikāra, m., the al-
teration of mode;
Vism (II) 448,1, 10 (Vism-mhṭ Se III
42,2); ib. 640,18 (Vism-mhṭ z' ib. 524,19 = ākaravikati
(sic) or ākāravisesa); As 83,22 (cf. Ps III 338,21);
Abhidh-av 70,7*; °tā, f.abstr.; ib. 69,30*; — °-saṅ-
khāta
, mfn.,calledā°; Vism (II) 579,19; — °-saṇṭhāna,
dv., mark and shape; vinâpi ~ā, Spk II 293,16; —
°-samūha, m., a multitude of marks or modes; Ps I
242,20; 243,2; cf. Paṭis II 232,10—233,13; — °-sam-
patti
, f., the attainment of characteristic signs; Ud-a
369,2; — °-sahita, mfn., ib. 171,9; — °âbhihlta,
mfn., expressed by ā°; Nidd-a I 3,18; Vism-mhṭ Se I
395,11; — °âra, m., spoke scil. ā°; vīsati ~aṁ, Vism
579,4*, 16,19 (Vism-mhṭ Se III 380,5-7).