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ahaṁ

, pron. 1. pers. [sa. aham], I; Kacc 139—
151, Sadd (267,16) 289,3—296,3, 656,10 ... 690,10;
Mogg II 215—217, 232—244; nom. sg. (Sadd 656,10),
besides ahakaṁ q. v., ahaṁ: 1 Phonetics: sandhi:
idhâhaṁ, MN I 12,30 (Sadd 617,21, but idâhaṁ, ib. 20
contains ved. idā), ath' ahaṁ bhaṇāmi tātarn, Thī 431
(Ee athâhaṁ against metre); tadâhaṁ, Th 408; muñ-
citv' ahaṁ, Bv II 52 (so metre and Ja I 13,27*); yam
ahaṁ (metr. correct), Ja I 311,7*; evâhaṁ, Bv II 28;
kathâhaṁ, Vin II 189,26; tesâhaṁ, Cp III 2,13; tâhaṁ,
Ap 36,21; 65,26; k' ahaṁ (?), Sadd 632,10; nandeyyâ-
haṁ, Ja III 495,20* (hence analog, med. vareyyāhe s. v.
ahe, 1), see 2 (A) d; api 'haṁ, AN II 215,29 (Mp III
207,22); iti 'haṁ, Sn 783; dāsy āhaṁ (Ee dassâhaṁ),
Ja III 413,20* (v. l. dāsâhaṁ), cf. Sadd 618,2; sodhem'
ahaṁ, Bv II 45; ky-āhaṁ, AN I 221,35 (ɔ: kim
ahaṁ); Ap 38,22; imasmâhaṁ, Ja V 207,30* (con-
struction doubtful; Ct.:
'imasmā' ti imasmiṁ, 'nan'
ti nipātamattaṁ); adās' ahaṁ, Bv XI 11; asev[ī/i]haṁ,
Thī 435 (so metre); sādhâhaṁ, Sn 482; sabbavidū
'ham asmi, Vin I 8,17*; amâhaṁ, DN I 213,10 =
214,2 (= amuṁ ahaṁ, Sv); saṅke 'haṁ, Ap 542,22
(v. l.) = Thī-a 156,12* (Ee saṅke taṁ); ty-āhaṁ,
MN I 13,1 (= te ahaṁ, Ps); dvâhaṁ, Sn 1116 ( — dve
vāre ahaṁ, Pj; *dvi ahaṁ, Pj-index p. 710); eso
'ham asmi, Vin I 14,9; so 'haṁ, Thī 436—442 (v. l.
sv-āhaṁ, DN II 286,8*); vo 'haṁ, Sn 600; khv-
āhaṁ, MN II 158,30; muttâhaṁ, Vin I 20,36—21,15*
(= mutto ahaṁ, Sp-ṭ); haplology: Serīsako nāma
ahamhi yakkho, Vv 974 (= ahaṁ yakkho amhi,
Vv-a); ajjâhamhi samuggatā, SN I 210,26* (but Spk:
ahaṁ hi ajja . . . samuggatā); possibly also (Tr.) in:
Ja IV 47,20* (Mss. aham pi, but cf. t(u)vaṁ si, ib.
48,6*), DN I 221,8-20 (Mss. aham pi and aham asmi),
Ja I 151,4 (Mss. aham pi); — 2. Morphology, (A) types
of connection
(resp. coalescence) with the verb: (α) aham
emi, Cp III 7,3; rājâham asmi, Sn 554; aham pi
sodhayissāmi, Bv II 44; nâhaṁ patthemi gihi-bhā-
vaṁ, nekkhammâbhirato ahaṁ, Cp III 4,6; ahaṁ . . .
gacchāmi, Bv II 38; e[va]mevâhaṁ ... gacchissaṁ,
Bv II 23; tadâhaṁ ... upaṭṭhahiṁ, BvV 16; (β)
dhuvaṁ buddho bhavām' ahaṁ, Bv II 110 foll.;
puccheyyām' ahaṁ, DN I 51,3; ajja dassāmi te
ahaṁ, Cp I 10,12; evaṁ cintes' ahaṁ tadā, Bv II 7;
avakujjo nipajj' ahaṁ, Bv II 52; adās' ahaṁ, Bv VI
11; so paradāraṁ asev[ī/i]ham, Thī 435 (so metre);
saṁsar[ī/i]ḥaṁ anibbisaṁ, Thī 159 (do.; v. l. °iṁ 'haṁ;
cf. Th 217 v. l. for alabhitthaṁ); (γ) ahaṁ (ca) tena
samayena ... isseraṁ vattayām' ahaṁ, Bv III 9;
do. . . . saraṇaṁ tass' agacch' (agañch') ahaṁ, Bv VI
10, cf. Cp I 2,9, Ap 89,18-19; — tato ahaṁ cavitvāna
cakkavattī ahos' ahaṁ, Ap 395,13 (cf. Bv I 47,
below nom. pl. β, with Bv-a); sv āhaṁ (Ee sâhaṁ)
dhammaṁ gavesanto kutitthe sañcariṁ ahaṁ, Ap
25,14 = Th-a Ce II 104,13*; yamh' okāse ahaṁ
ṭhatvā orā pāraṁ (so Cp-a) patām' ahaṁ, Cp III 7,2;
so 'haṁ nipamiako santo . . . tattha kālakato ahaṁ,
Ap 128,5-7, cf. Ap 537,23-24 — Thī-a 151,18*-10*;
ahaṁ Kapilavatthusmiṁ . . . Suddhodanassa put-
tassa Kanthako sahajo ahaṁ (v. r. for ahuṁ), Vv
911 (Vv-a 315,21-22') ≠ Mvu II 193,13* ... 18*
(ahaṁ Kapilavastusmiṁ . . . Çuddhodanasya putra-
sya sahajo āsi [cf. d] Kaṇṭhako); cf. ahañ ca parisā
c' eva . . . mayaṁ, Ap 91,1-2 = Th-a Ce 522,24*-25*;
(cf) besides bhaveyyâhaṁ, Mil 370,12* and kareyy'
ahaṁ, Cp II 8,6, or nânutapeyy' ahaṁ, Ja IV 241,19*,
Pali poetry (like Mvu) attests the beginnings of an
analytic pot.
"ahaṁ gacche, tvaṁ gacche, ayaṁ
gacche", for inst.: yadi 'haṁ labhe, Cp I 10,7 (= la-
bheyyaṁ, Cp-a); icchamāno ahaṁ ajja kilese
jhāpaye mamaṁ, BvII 54 (= jhāpeyyaṁ, Bv-a); jahe
ahaṁ, Ja III 14,15* (= jaheyyaṁ, Ct.), see MSL
1932 p. 170—171 and below, nom. pl. â, about dāsi
no, Ap 594,1-5; (e) -ăhaṁ replacing -ami: tasmā
tāta palāyahaṁ, Ja II 340,9* (: kasmā dāni pa-
lāyasi, ib. 5); samhā raṭṭhā nirajjahaṁ, Ja VI 505,17*
(cf. samhā raṭṭhā nirajjati, ib. 502,34*—503,23*);
ramahaṁ anusuyyake, Ja V 112,31* (C&; cf. ramati
cakka-bhañjanī, ib. 113,2*); dhammenam anusāsahaṁ,
Ja V 348,16* (Bd; cf. ib. 14* and 26', P. tt. pointing to
dhammenam anusāsasi), about agglutination of amhe
see below nom. pl. (β); — (B) without verb ('ellipsis'):
atha kho aham eva tattha bhiyyo, yad idaṁ adhisī-
laṁ, DN I 174,18; yathā vâhaṁ na, yathā câhaṁ
na vadāmi, MN I 140,10 (Ps II 118,1-10); ahaṁ pure,
Vv 1002—04 (= ahaṁ purimaṁ, ahaṁ purimaṁ,
Vv-a); ahaṁ . . . bhikkhu-samghassa dhuva-bhattena,
Vin I 243,24; ahaṁ ovādena . . . anusāsaniyā (q. v.),
SN III 109,11; handâhaṁ atirekāya, AN III 215,10
(= visesakāraṇatthāya [so, for °kar°, Ce Ee] paṭipaj-
jāmi, Mp); so 'haṁ namo Bhagavato, Vin II 110,19**
(— Bhagavato namo karomi, Sp-ṭ) = AN II 73,9** =
Ja II 147,24** (Ct. ≠ Sp-ṭ); see further Sadd 710,26-29
(≠ Padamañjarī ad Pāṇ I 4,32 p. 292,6). — 3. Seman-
tics,
(A) 'my ego': ahos' ahaṁ . . . bhavissām' ahaṁ
. . . atthâhaṁ, DN I 200,20-22 (cf. atthi tvaṁ, ib. 14);
ahosin nu kho ahaṁ . . . kiṁ hutvā kiṁ bhavissāmi
nu kho ahaṁ . . . ahan nu kho 'smi, MN I 8,4-13;
etaṁ mama eso 'ham asmi, eso me attā, SN II 94,18
- 96,8 (Spk II 98,22-28) = III 204,2-6; MN I 135,31
(Ps); 185,24 (Ps); 'ayam aham [metr. prob, ayâham]
asmī' ti anānupassī, Ud 74,16*, cf. SN IV 202,29
foll.; 'ahaṁ karomī' ti na tassa hoti, Ud 70,27* (cf.
ahaṁkāra (2)); 'ahaṁ vadāmī' ti pi so vadeyya, 'ma-
maṁ vadantī' ti pi s. v., SN I 14,12*—15,1*, quoted
Ps III 208,17*; ahan ti vā maman ti vā asmī ti vā,
MN I 185,33 (ɔ: tividho taṇhā-māna-diṭṭhi-gāho, Ps
II 225,12, cf. Ps I 23,13 (= Pj II 9,3), Ps II 110,6-9,
Dḥp-a IV 141,11', 180,8'); itth' asmī ti hoti ... api
'ha(ṁ) san ti hoti . . . aññathā bhavissan ti hoti,
AN II 215,29 (v. l.; Mp III 207,22, Mp-ṭ) ≠ Vibh
393,1—400,6 (Vibh-a 514,22); sammuti esā: ahan
ti mama ti, na paramattho eso, Mil 160,1; ahan
ti gahaṇe sati, Mp III 206,21; cf. related passages
with
mama(ṁ) or me only: yaṁ vadanti 'mama-
y-idan' ti, ye vadanti 'maman' ti ca . . . yaṁ va-
danti na taṁ mayhaṁ, ye vadanti na te ahaṁ,
SN I 116,8*-10* (Spk I 180,19) = 123,10*-10*; yassa
n'atthi 'idaṁ me' ti, etc., Sn 951 (Nidd I 437,10
440,16); — (B) opposed to tvaṁ, etc.: 'ahaṁ, tvan' ti
ākaḍḍhana-vikaḍḍhanaṁ, Ja IV 27,7' (explaining 'sā-
rambha'; cf. Ps II 75,21-22, expl. 'tuvaṁtuva');
āhar' ayya, aham eva dhovissāmi, Vin III 206,1
Mil 124,24 (re 'yya, aham e. dh.); vi(s)sajjito gato so,
aham pi ekākinī vicintemi, Thī 426; tumli' eva ho tu
assaratho, ... aham pi pabbajissāmi, Thī 326;
daharā tuvaṁ rūpavatī, aham pi daharo yuvā, Thī
139; pita pabbajito mayhaṁ . . . aham pi pabba-
jissāmi, Thī 328; together with demonstr. pron.:
esâhaṁ . . . saraṇaṁ gacchāmi, Vin III 6,10 (eso
ahaṁ, Sp); so 'ham ajja pajānāmi, Sn 190(—192);
sv āhaṁ . . . jeṭṭho seṭṭho lokassa, Vin III 4,2 (Sp);
so kho ahaṁ, ib. 4,6 (but so alone, ib. 4,17-20-(28)-36
foll.); [for ayaṁ kho ahaṁ read: yaṁ kho ahaṁ,
Sp I 57,24; 'van' ti yasmā, Sp-ṭ]; evam eva kho
ahaṁ . . . eko va, Vin III 3,38—4,1; eko ahaṁ . . .
no visahāmi, Sn 1069; coordinated with another sub-
ject
(verb 1st pl.): tevijjā mayam asm' ubho: ahaṁ
Pokkharasātissa, Tārukkhassâyaṁ māṇavo, Sn 594;
gopī ca ahañ ca . . . carāmase, Sn 32; (replaced by
amhi (AiGr III § 224 f): saṁviggo 'mhi tadā āsiṁ,
Ap 195,7; Ce saṁvego me tadā āsi);
acc. (α) maṁ; (a) mostly non-initial (opp. the dis-
syllabic mamaṁ): na maṁ migā uttasanti, Ja VI
79,4* (cf. ib. 9*); na maṁ vañcesi brāhmaṇo, Sn 356;
mā maṁ etaṁ pucchi, MN I 388,23; atha maṁ adāsi
tāto, Thī 420; yo maṁ icchati, Sn 564; ye . . . mam
eva upajīveyyuṁ, Ja VI 572,25*-26*; te maṁ pariyo-
nandhissanti [ - - ˇ - - !, Ja II] 398,29*; tasmā
man ñeva dehi, Ja VI 550,3; pita maṁ anumodeyya,
Ja VI 572,21*; aho vata mam eva, MN I 27,33;
iṁgha maṁ sāvehi, Mil 122,24; puccha maṁ tvaṁ
yathā-sukhaṁ, Mil 95,7 (a çloka-pāda); tena kho
pana maṁ samayena . . . paccupaṭṭhitā honti, MN
I 247,10; ekamantaṁ nisinnaṁ kho maṁ, MN I
394,4; kiṁ bhante maṁ diṭṭhena yuddhâbhinandinā,
Vin IV 104,16 ('to have seen me', diṭṭhena used as an
inf., see
adhiṭṭhita 3 (and Add.); Vjb: 'maṁ diṭṭhenā'
ti mayā diṭṭhena); (together with demonstr. pron.): taṁ
maṁ padhāna-pahitattaṁ, Sn 425; ('ellipsis'): so maṁ
pañhena, DN I 105,19; abbhuṁ (q. v.) me, pisāco
vata maṁ, MN I 448,35, etc. ( = pisāco maṁ khādi-
tuṁ āgato, Ps); mā maṁ kaṇṭako, SN IV 189,14
(= mā maṁ kaṇṭako vijjhi, Spk III 54,14); kiṁ maṁ
dhanena, jīyetha, kiṁ bhariyāya, marissati, Ja VI
27,24* (Sadd 344,21; = kiṁ maṁ tvaṁ dhanena niman-
tesi, Ct.); sa maṁ saṇhena mudunā "mā pādaṁ kha-
ṇi-y-asmani", Ja III 433,11* (= sa maṁ saṇhena . . .
vacanena "sāmi . . . tathā otarā" ti vatvā, Ct.); sa
mam annena pānena . . . attaṇā pi ca, Ja III 190,6*-7*
(= sa maṁ . . . anṇâdinā santappesi . . . attanā pi
maṁ abhiramentī santappesi, Ct.); (b) initial, followed
by particles:
maṁ nāma pucchitvā dhammadesanā-
mattam pi n'atthi, Ps I 145,11; (in protasis) man ce
pi tumhe . . . etam atthaṁ paṭipuccheyyātha, aham
pi . . ., MN I 114,4 = III 199,12 (cf. sace maṁ
. . ., tatra me, SN IV 61,13); man c'eva kho pana
. . . pañhaṁ puccheyya . . ., tatra ce maṁ . . .,
tena maṁ, DN I 118,4-9 = 119,11-10; (in apodo-
sis
): mam eva taṁ sammā vadamāno vadeyya,
MN I 21,28 = 83,17; maṁ yeva manussā nimantey-
yuṁ, Ps I 146,14; (c) rarely init. without particles:
maṁ hatthī maddati, Ps I 81,10; maṁ anāpucchitvā,
Ja I 102,1; (d) note besides: tañ ca man ca mahākā-
yaṁ, Ja III 398,12*; "man" ca "tañ" ca "kirn anta-
raṁ", SN I 201,24* (Spk I 295,8); tvam pi man
ñeva jhāyasi, Ja III 223,21* (= tvaṁ . . . maṁ upā-
dāya sata-guṇena... kapaṇatarāvâ hutvā jhāyasi, Ct.);
accord, to Ct.s = me, in: so maṁ ḍahati gattāni,
Ja III 509,11* (= so me ḍahati, ayam eva vā pāṭho,
Ct.; σχῆμα καθ' ὅλον καὶ μέρος); bhiyyo sokaṁ janetha
maṁ, Ja VI 576,28* (= janetha me, ayam eva vā pā-
ṭho, Ct.; sok° jan° constr. like socetha); te mam pariyā-
varuṁ maggaṁ, Ja VI 562,19* (= te maṁ disvā mag-
gaṁ ... rumbhitvā aṭṭhaṁsu, Ct.; two aces as in adin-
nam ādiyi? see adinna); addhā hi maṁ vo hitakāmā,
yaṁ maṁ samanusāsatha, Ja V 391,26* (Ct.: 'man'
ti mama, 'vo' ti tumhe; tmesis'!); — (β) mamaṁ (like
tava-ṁ [Sadd 288,32, 656,20], tumha-ṁ, amha-ṁ
[below and Sadd 289,19, AiGr III § 232], differentiated
from a presumptive genit.-acc.
[indo-eur. *meme], cf.
prākr. mama-m tuva-ṁ maha-ṁ tuha-ṁ, Pischel
§ 415—422, such accusatives being the starting point of
new ablatives:
mama-to (below abl. β), prākr. mamāo,
mamāhi, mamāhiṁto: tava-to, (Sadd 680,17-20), prākr.
tumāo, tumāhi, tumāhiṁto, and locc.: prākr. ma-
mammi, tumammi, tume); the sound volume of mamaṁ
makes it suited to begin a sentence or a pāda:
mamaṁ bharatha, Ja V 260,9* (Ee mama!); mamâyaṁ
ajjhabhāsatha, Ja V 346,14*; mamaṁ bhutvā vane
vasa, Ja III 55,5*; mamaṁ disvāna edisaṁ, ib.
226,10*, cf. 296,24*, 297,16*; handa tuvaṁ yakkha
mamam pi nehi, Ja VI 312,10*; rajjañ ca kārehi
mamañ ca passa, Ja III 394,7*, cf. V 176,28*; VI
187,12*; 308,29*; 557,14*; mamaṁ uddissa, MN I
463,3,7; mamaṁ hi kalyāṇamittaṁ āgamma, SN I
88,21 = V 3,3; mamam hi vo anussarataṁ, SN I
219,34; mamañ ce pi tvaṁ . . . etam atthaṁ puc-
cheyyāsi, MN I 304,35; 119,9; 158,27; SN II 221,25
= 274,2 = IV 263,28; api ca attānañ ca rakkha
mamañ ca rakkhāhi, Mil 88,7(10,12); mamaṁ rakkhi
mahāmuni, Ap 61,22 — Th-a Ce 394,4* (mama) ≠
Ps III 127,4*; — taṁ . . . mamaṁ, Ap 535,9; kiṁ
kāmahetu paribhāsase mamaṁ, Ja V 486,12* (Ck; Ee
maṁ, normalizing the triṣṭubh-stanza); hatthā mudū,
tehi mamaṁ phusitvā, Ja V 204,21* (Cks Ee maṁ
samphusitvā); rarely in Ct.s: Ja IV 430,16; VI 342,25';
— (γ) me (cf. genit.-acc. mama(ṁ) tava(ṁ) no vo);
taṁ me tapati, Ja II 443,14* (= taṁ . . . maṁ tapati,
Ct.); kaccin nu me piyyasi dassanena, Ja IV 216,10*
(= maṁ piyāyasi, Ct.; or gen.); mā me vijjhi, Ja IV
258,26*; evaṁ me paritātūna, Ja V 71,3*; parisāyam
pi me . . . udikkhati, Ja VI 476,11*; upetu me cak-
karatanaṁ, Mil 107,22 (or gen.1); na me bhayaṁ
anvagataṁ, Ja V 172,21* (cf. 17*); together with main
(cf. ahaṁ . . . ahaṁ above): na me tuvaṁ ālapasi
mam ajja, Ja V 201,28* (= mama putta ajja na me
tvaṁ ālapasi, Ct.; Tr. compares no amhe, Ja V
179,20*); atha kissa maṁ pāsa-vas[ū/u]panītaṁ, pamutta
me icchasi, Ja IV 337,20* (C*. cf. Ja VI 306,28*; Ee
pamuttave; = maṁ pamocetuṁ icchasi, Ct.) ≠
337,25*; — (acc. interchangeable with gen.:) ye me
ñāti-sālohitā petā . . . anussaranti, MN I 33,21 (v. l.
maṁ); ... me . . . upaṭṭhitā, MN I 247,10 (v. l.);
añño me (v. l. maṁ) sīho . . . anubandhanto n'atthi,
Ja IV 208,5 (blending with "n'atthi me" gen.-dat.); —
instr, (α) mayā: so mayā ... puṭṭho, MN II 31,10;
yaṁ mayā pakataṁ kammam, Th 80 (cf. dat. β in
fine
) ≠ 81; yaṁ may' ajja paribhuttaṁ, Th 91;
mayā vo ye pakāsitā, Sn 135; mayā pi na ssuta-
pubbaṁ, Mil 115,28; imam sattâharṇ mayā na rāja-
attho anusāsitabbo, Mil 90,23; ukkalissanti nu kho
mama sāvakā mayā vissajjāpiyamānā . . . sikkhāpa-
dāni udāhu ādiyissanti, Mil 143,13-15; — (β) me
(see for inst. VāmanaV 2,9; cf. mayhaṁ, mama,
booked as 'quasi-agenf below, dat. aβ); me-saddo tïsu
atthesu dissati (1) mayā, 2) mayhaṁ, 3) mama), Pj
I 101,17-23; evaṁ me sutaṁ, DN I 1,4 (Sv I 28,8-13,
Ud-a 11,21-32); Sn 1116; kicchena me adhigataṁ,
Vin I 5,8* (Sadd 291,6); so me attho anuppatto, Th
136; katā me rakkhā, AN II 73,8**; samuddhato me
'si, Ja VI 309,12*; amoghaṁ kira me puṭṭhaṁ, Sn
356; katā me kalyāṇā anekarūpā, Ja V 491,27* (Sadd
725,18); na me diṭṭho . . . na ssuto, Sn 955; — kiṁ
me ekena tiṇṇena, Bv II 56 (Sadd 718,12); —
abl. (α) mayā: compar. appa-maṁsataraṁ mayā,
Ja III 398,13*; añño nu ko te paṭimantako mayā,
Ja IV 18,2* (cf. tayā bahutare, Vv 374; Vv-a 152,1:
'tayā' ti nissakke karaṇavacanaṁ); — (β) mamato
(Sadd 680,15-23 ; see acc. β, above): compar. mamato pi
surūpiniṁ, Ap 574,18 = Thī-a 84,16*; — ((;') mama;
'bhinnaṁ vat' idaṁ kulaṁ mama' ti cintayato, Sv
(III) 719,8; pt: 'mama' ti mayā, ayam eva vā pāṭho);
— (â): me: na me samaṇa mokkhasi, Vin I 22,32*
= SN I 105,15 (= mama visayato, Spk); —
dat. (α) mayhaṁ: Sadd 291,21; na mayha
ruccasi, Ja V 399,28*; sabbaññutaṁ piyaṁ mayhaṁ,
Cp I 3,8; pabbajitum yuttam mayham, Ja V 132,1;
mayham eva dānaṁ dātabbaṁ, AN I 160,35 (Sadd
291,26); mayhaṁ khamatha, Ss 112,30 ("from Mp",
not traced); idha mayhaṁ . . . parivitakko udapādi,
SN IV 263,5; mayham pi kho ... etad ahosi ...,
tassa mayhaṁ . . ., MN I 17,6-11-21-31, cf. Mil 89,5;
sace mayhaṁ putto hoti, Ss 71,27; — as a quasi-
agent
(to pp.s, Sadd 725,12-20): assamo sukato may-
haṁ, Bv II 29 (Sadd 291,28); saha sacce kate
mayhaṁ, Cp III 9,11 (Sadd 733,14); see further β,
in fine
; — (β) mama(ṁ): [forms with -ṁ relatively
rare, given as completely as possible
]: so bhakkho
mamaṁ manāpo, Ja V 502,1*; na sa mamaṁ appiyā,
Ja V 219,8*; nandiṁ so janaye mamaṁ, Ja VI
526,33*; deh' imaṁ ratanaṁ mamaṁ, Ja VI 180,14*;
tena te denti Irandatiṁ mamaṁ, Ja VI 270,4*; dib-
bam pātukari mantaṁ kāmasā bhagavā mamaṁ,
Ja VI 181,28* (= mayhaṁ pakāsesi, Ct.; gen.,
governed by
kāmasā'?); mamaṁ āroceyyāsi, DN II
73,2; suṇisānaṁ mamañ ca kulaghara-gamanaṁ
anujānātha, Ja IV 151,18; quasi-agent: mama(m) pi
pahūtaṁ sāpateyyaṁ dhammikena balinā abhisaṁ-
khataṁ, DN II 180,10; sandhāvitaṁ saṁsaritaṁ ma-
mañ e'eva tumhākañ ca, DN II 90,11 (= mayā ca
tumhehi ca, atha vā . . . sandhāvanaṁ saṁsaranaṁ
mamañ c' eva tumhākañ ca ahosi, Sv) = 122,17; —
pabbajjā mama ruccati, Ja VI 18,8* (Sadd 292,2-32);
pabbajj[ā/a]-samayo mama, Ja I 138,24* (= mayhaṁ,
Ct.); aho vata idaṁ mam' assa, As 101,9 (quoted Ss
114,28) = Ps I 201,31; quasi-agent: tadā (v. r. tathā) hi
pakataṁ pāpaṁ mama tuyhañ ca, Ja III 47,12* (Sadd
725,19); ājīvo garahito mama, Mil 370,12*; do. with
prolepsis of
me: bahūni me puttasatā[ni] ... khāditāni
atītaṁse mama tuyhañ ca, Thī 314 (= mayā ca
tayā ca, Thï-a); — (γ) me: tena me samaṇā piyā, Thī
275 foll.; na me ruccati, Ja II 353,15*, cf. Ill 255,17*;
dadāhi me, Ja IV 97,25*; Mil 94,25; tvañ ca me
maggam akkhāhi, Th 168; sādhu me ... Bhagavā
dhammaṁ desetu, SN III 35,6 (quoted Sv I 28,10,
etc.); anujānāhi me, Sn 982; puttā m' atthi, Dhp 62;
tassa mêkā dutiyâsi [ ˇ - - ˇ ], Ja VI 420,5*; atthi
me ... āgamo adhigamo, Mil 115,26; kismiṁ me
Sivayo kuddhā, Ja VI 492,33* (see Sadd 695,17-19);
together with mama: ahañ ce taṁ jiguccheyyam
evaṁ-dhammesu pāṇisu, na me taṁ paṭirūp' assa
mama evaṁ-vihārino, AN I 147,12* (Mp II 242,17;
mama ev° epexegesis to me); —
gen. (α) mama(ṁ): adnominal: putto mamaṁ
orasako, Ja IV 47,14* (Ck and metre); pita mamaṁ,
Ja V 200,19*; pajā mamaṁ, Ja IV 291,4* (= mama
puttake, Ct.); te satthāro ubho mamaṁ, Ja VI 61,5*
(Ct.); advejjhatā 'suhadâyaṁ maman' ti, Ja IV
76,22* (Ct.); n'eso mamaṁ, Sn 253; etarahi vā
mamaṁ vā accayena, DN II 101,1; pettikaṁ bha-
vanaṁ mamaṁ, Ja VI 511,29*; yaṁ kho mamaṁ
deyya-dhammaṁ, Sn 982; mamaṁ yeva santike,
DN I 223,2 (Bin); mamaṁ yeva mukhaṁ, MN II
30,34 (Ps III 242,12); mamañ ñeva aguṇaṁ, Ja V
144,31'; mamañ ca āyu, Sn 694; mamaṁ . . . vā . . .
avaṇṇaṁ, DN I 2,33; 3,2; yo mamaṁ anukampako,
DN II 143,23-29(#en.or acc), cf. Th 1045; — gen.absol.
"anādare" (see Sadd 725,8-11): taṁ tattha avadhi seno
pekkhato sughare(?) mamaṁ, Ja VI 420,6*; mamaṁ
rodantiyā sati, Ja VI 188,2* (= rodamānāya satiyā,
Ct.; haplol. [AiGr I p. XVII], cf. esp. paññā viriyena
diṭṭhiyā, AN IV 98,4*, anāgatapajappāya atītassâ-
nusocanā, SN I 5,8*; kāe va āsá, Uttarajjh XII 7);
governed by saddhim [JPTS 1909 p. 60]: mamañ
ñeva saddhiṁ paṭisammodati, Vin II 154,36 (but see
ib.
155,7); — mama vacanāya, Vin III 178,29
mama vacanena, DN II 143,31 (Sadd 133,5); mam'
accayena, DN II 154,8 (Sadd 720,16); mātā-pitā
mama, Cp III 5,6 (Sadd 292,3); mam' eva anukam-
pāya, Th 623 (or. acc.); paccāgato 'si mama visayaṁ,
Mil 125,10; mama santike, Mil 147,13; mama tāva rājā
saccakiriyaṁ passatu, Mil 122,3; yāva mama āga-
manā, Ja IV 129,27; ye te mama sāvakā, MN II
7,5; mama attha-kāmo, Ja III 296,20* (Sadd 133,2);
alternating with mayhaṁ (metr.): paripakko vayo
mayhaṁ | parittaṁ mama jïvitaṁ, DN II 120,19*, cf.
mam' eva deva palitaṁ na tuyhaṁ, Ja III 394,1*; do.
with
me: pita Añjana-Sakko me ḷ mātā mama Sulak-
khaṇā, Ap 538,11 ; — adverbal (Sadd 712,22, 726,17): api
ca mama pi suṇātha, SN I 17,27 (C-mss.; Ee mamam
pi); Ap 537,16;'—(β)mayhaṁ: Sadd 291,21—295,5;
adnominal: arogā mayha mātaro, Ja VI 23,4* (Sadd
669,28); mayhaṁ amba-vane, DN II 126,23; mayh'
ete, Mil 160,6 foll.; mayhaṁ mātu mukhaṁ, Ja III
503,18; mayhaṁ puttassa, Ja I 57,7; na mayhaṁ bha-
riyāesā, Cp II 4,6 (see Sadd 291,27—292,1); mayh' eva
so vaṁso, Ps III 90,14 (: mama vaṁso, 91,1); see
further
Ps III 314,11, Ja IV 124,18,21 (: me, 124,25),
Dhp-a I 73,26; andhā mātā-pitā mayhaṁ, Ja VI 80,3*
≠ 81,27* (82,4*,6*); ko nu tav'attho maraṇena may-
haṁ, Ja VI 306,29*; mayha(m) . . . agāre, . . . gharesu
mayhaṁ, Ja VI 301,25*-26*; mayham eva sāvakānaṁ,
MN I 379,23, cf. SN IV 315,19—317,7; sakuṇo may-
hako nāma . . . 'mayhaṁ mayhan' ti kandati, Ja III
301,26* (Sadd 294,2); — gen. absol.: mayhaṁ tittira-
maṁsaṁ khāditukāmassa tīṇi saṁvaccharāni atik-
kantāni, Spk III 25,30 (quoted Ss 79,30); — adverbal:
suṇotha bhikkhavo mayhaṁ, Ap 299,6 (Sadd 649,7);
— (γ) me, adnominal: pubbe va me sambodhā . . .
etad ahosi, AN I 258,24 (Sadd 291,9, 707,23; or ad-
verbal
) ; mahā- (or mahato) gaṇāya bhattā me, Ja V
363,12* (Sadd 133,7, 738,23); hadayena me yadi te
atthi kiccaṁ, Ja VI 308,30*; tattha pi me savanaṁ
n'atthi, Mil 116,2; yadi me vacanaṁ n' ussahatha,
Mil 126,20; —- gen. absol.: yaṁ me vilapantiyā [ — —
[ ˇ ˇ - | - - , see Sadd 448 n. c] anapekho pabba-
jasi, Ja V 179,5*-10*; — adverbal: sunātha me, Sn
385; —
loc. mayi: sabba-bījāni mayi saṁvirūhantu,
Mil 99,12; kin ti vo . . . mayi hoti, MN II 238,12;
mayi brahmacariyaṁ cara, MN I 428,17; mayi cit-
taṁ pasādetvā, Ps II 17,1* — Pj I 151,5*; vinayassu
mayi kaṁkhaṁ, Sn 559; DN I 105,18; sace mayi
dayā atthi, Ap 531,25 = Thī-a 146,3*; — loc. absol.
mayi gate, Ja VI 299,6*; —
pl. nom. (α) mayaṁ: tevijjā mayam asm' ubho,
ahaṁ ... ayaṁ, Sn 594 (Sadd 290,23); mayaṁ
c'amha anarahanto (°ntā), Vin III 103,26 (Sadd
173,26, 665,12); kathaṁ mayaṁ . . . paṭipajjāma,
DN II 141,12; sumuttā mayaṁ tena mahā-samaṇena,
DN II 162,30; kathaṁ jānemu taṁ mayaṁ, Ja VI
13,14* ≠ Sn 999; na mayaṁ labhāma, DN II 139,25
140,12 ≠ 147,18 = 148,1; na taṁ mayaṁ anujānāma,
MN II 57,2 ; n'eva mayaṁ loka-dhammehi missayissā-
ma, Mil 126,16; te mayaṁ, Sn 180; ye mayaṁ, Sn 31;
te . . . mayaṁ ubho, Sn 597; with verb in 3 pl.:
ubho mātā ca dhītā ca mayaṁ āsuṁ sapattiyo, Thī
224 (= sapattiyo ahumha, Thī-a); (ellipsis see acc.
pl. α
); — (β) amhe (AiGr III p. 469,34): yena amhe
ten' upasaṁkami, upasaṁkamitvā amhe (acc.) etad
avoca, SN I 118,12; amhe mahallakā, Suddhodana-
mahārājassa puttaṁ . . . mayaṁ sambhāveyyāma vā
no vā, Ja I 56,20; amhe . . . āgacchāma, tumhe pana,
Ja I 100,17; kiṁ Dabbo . . . jānāti, amhe na jānāma,
Ja I 123,17; (imā yakkhiniyo) . . . amhe khādissanti,
etha, amhe palāyāma, Ja II 129,4 (ib. 6: tumhe gac-
chatha, mayaṁ na palāyissāma); amhe idāni āga-
tā, Ja III 137,10 (: mayaṁ 138,7); amhe pi taṁ . . .
na kārema, tumhe . . . kilamessatha . . ., mayam pi
. . ., tumhākaṁ . . ., Ps I 300,2-7; tumhe ca amhe
ca . . . eka-sadisā, Ps II 9,25; tumhehi . . . pasannâ-
kārokato, amhe pana ...,dema, Ps II 295,30; kathaṁ
amhe karomase, Ja VI 163,26* (Sadd 289,8, 659,19);
ehi Mātali, amhe pi bhiyyo bhiyyo mahemase, Vv
536 (= mayam pi, Vv-a); with following mayaṁ (cf.
nom. sg. 2 A γ): amhe pi tattha gantvāna vandis-
sāma mayaṁ jinaṁ, Bv I 47 (Bv-a: 'amhe'ti 'mayan'
ti imesaṁ dvinnaṁ saddānam purimassa gamana-
kiriyāya sambandho daṭṭhabbo, pacchimassa van-
dana-kiriyāya); interchange with amha (√as: cf.
aham: amhi): ten' amhe ukkaṇṭhitā, v. l. for ten'
amha, Sp I 83,13, cf. Ja III 521,11*-23' v. l.; about
*gacchāma amhe > gacchāmhe (1 pl. med. accord, to
Kacc-v 480 + Mmd, Sadd 25,29, 821,15,25, 828,9,
Mogg(-v) VI 1-2; not found in our texts) see Sadd 828
note 3 [bhavāmahe, Mhv I 65, is doubtful (v. l.
°āmase), and °āmahe > °āmhe (Geiger § 122) is un-
warranted
]; — [(γ) asmā, Mogg II 215 ɔ: 1 pl.
pr. of
atthi, q. v.]; — (δ) no (Kacc-v 151; Sadd 295,22,
657,25, Mogg(-v) II 239): [assumha no mayaṁ, SN
I 157,12 (C-mss; Ee kho)[; catu-saccaṁ phusimha
no, Ap 596.4 (Ce); pattā no āsava-kkhayaṁ, Ap
538,30 — Thī-a 152,24*; jīvitāni cajimha no, Ap
594,7-8 (hardly gen. refl.); dāsi no, Ap 594,1,3,5
(meaning dāsimha, cf. nom. sg. 2 A d") ≠ dāsi haṁ, Ap
586,17.19,21 (v. l., but Ce Ee dāsi maṁ, cf. Pūjāv 625,5*);
evakārī ahumha no, Ap 595,14; samādhi-gocarā
sabbā samāpatti-vasī tathā | jhānena dhamma-ratiyā
viharissāma no sadā, Ap 598,15; [in cakkhuṁ lacchā-
ma no bhavaṁ, Ap 419,30 (etc., Sadd 665,3) prob, the
same
nipāta as in abhijānāsi no, DN I 51,21 ɔ: nu
(so Sv ≠ Pj II 403,15, 595,21) or = dat. γ below,
cf. vo [AiGr III §236, d] Sp (II) 485,28, Pj II 509,19];
acc. (α) amhe, asme: mayañ ca bhariyaṁ
nâtikkamāma, amhe ca bhariyā nâtikkamanti, Ja
IV 53,21*; amhe vâyaṁ pasaṁsati, Ja III 311,9*;
e[va]m eva nūna amhe (pi), Ja VI 61,1*; further MN
I 132,22; 113,18; Mil 126,13; Ja VI 554,20'; Dhp-a
III 56,17; ellipsis: mā ca mayaṁ kañci, mā c'amhe
koci, DN III 73,9 (Sv (III) 854,28-31); — asmâbhi-
jappanti janā anekā, Ja III 359,21* (= amhe, Ct.)
= SN I 143,11* (= amhe, Spk), prob. = asma(ṁ)
abhi°, see next; — (β) amhaṁ: (Kacc(-v) 162; Sadd
289,14-21, 659,10-13): ty-amhaṁ tattha ramessanti
araññe jīva-sokinaṁ, Ja VI 509,30* (genit.-acc; Ct.:
te ... amhākaṁ ... avigata-sokānaṁ hadayaṁ rames-
santi) ; asma(ṁ), see Ja III 359,21* above ce; — [(γ) am-
hākam, amhānaṁ
, Kacc(-v) 162, etc., see β]; — (δ)
no: mā no ajjavikantiṁsu, Ja V 368,15*, (Sadd 295,23,
656,29); mā no . . . vihāya gami nibbutiṁ, Ap 540,1
= Thī-a 153,25*; anāthāyo vihāya no ḷ tayā na yut-
taṁ nibbātuṁ, Ap 531,7 = Thī-a 145,17*; upāsake no
bhavaṁ Gotamo dhāretu . . . saraṇaṁ gate, Sn
p. 55,1; saṁvibhajetha no rajjena, DN II 233,14 (acc.
personæ, instr, rei, as in sa.; "dat."
Sadd 295,25);
together with amhe: idha no bhante aññatitthiyā pari-
bbājakā amhe evaṁ pucchanti, SN IV 51,1-2 (Spk:
'no'-karo nipāta-mattaṁ); yaṁ no amhe jiṇṇe
anapekho pabbajasi, Ja V 179,20* ( = amhākaṁ
putto samāno amhe jiṇṇe . . . chaddetvā anapekho,
Ct.); yaṁ sutvā pajahāsi no gehe amhe ca kevale,
DN II 244,2* (= amhākaṁ gehe ca amhe ca kevale,
Sv, in spite of cæsura; cf. Mvu III 216,3*); —
instr. (α) amhehi: atithī. . . amhehi sakkātabbā,
DN I 117,4—133,14 - MN II 167,28; Ja I 150,13,
etc., etc.; — (β) asmā(b)hi (seemingly a ts.; found
only once, used of femals, thus prob, a special f., like
sinh
, tī, sa. yuṣmāḥ, AiGr III §221, a, β): asmāhi
pariciṇṇo 'si metta-cittāhi nāyaka | anujānāhi sab-
bāyo nibbānāya mahāmune, Ap 539,10 = Thī-a
153,3* [Ee asmābhi, but note anuprāsa on -āh- -āy-];
— (γ) no: na no vivāho nāgehi kata-pubbo, Ja VI
163,25* (Sadd 295,24; 657,20-23); tnyh' atthāya ma-
hāvīra puññān' upacitāni (so Ce) no, Ap 593,24 =
599,10, cf. 593,26; —
abl. amhehi: compar. amhehi abhikkantatarā
ca paṇītatarā ca, DN I 216,4 (. . . 220,25); —dat. [or gen.] (α) amhākaṁ, asmākaṁ: amhā-
kañ ca katā pūjā, Khp VII 6; khanti-r-asmāka rucca-
ti, Ja II 207,11* (= amhākaṁ, Ct.); together with no:
tesaṁ no bhante amhākaṁ etad ahosi, SN V 109,4
AN I 189,3; — (β) amhaṁ: vane vāḷamigâkiṛme hiṁ-
sā amhaṁ na vijjati, Ja VI 542,19*; khama amhaṁ,
Ap 592,16; atthe ... paṭibhāne ca vijjati ḷ ñāṇaṁ
amhaṁ . . . uppannaṁ tava santike, Ap 539,9 =
Thī-a 153,2* ≠ Ap 593,20; — (γ) no: tvaṁ no vada,
Sn 383, cf. 599, 649; tesaṁ no jāti-vādasmiṁ vivādo
atthi, Sn 596; yesaṁ no n'atthi kiñcanaṁ, Ja VI
54,28*; pabbajjaṁ anujāni no, Ap 534,25 = Thī-a
148,23*; 'dativus ethicus' (see DN I 51,21, above nom.
pl. â
): labhissāma no bhante, Ja I 236,4; Sn 457;
1077; —
gen. (α) amhākaṁ, asmākaṁ: ye keci . . .
amhākaṁ gāma-kkhettaṁ āgacchanti, atithī no te
honti, atithī kho pan' amhehi sakkātabbā, . . .,
atith' amhākam samaṇo Gotamo, DN I 117,4-7 =
133,14-17 ≠ MN II 167,27-31 (atithi 'smākaṁ);
amhākaṁ ambavane, DN I 49,14; amhākam man-
tesu, DN I 88,30; amhākaṁ ekaputtako, MN II 56,31;
amhākaṁ paṇḍhaka, DN I 107,18 ; amhākaṁ ācariya-
bhariyāya, SN IV 122,8—123,16; amhākaṁ tapo, Mil
126,25; amhākaṁ ... hadayam, Ja II 159,22; am-
hākaṁ pana gahaṇaṁ sugahaṇaṁ, Ja I 222,31; mā
tvaṁ amhākaṁ sammukha-bhāvaṁ upagaccha, Mil
126,17; together with no: amhākañ ca no gāmakkhette
Tathāgatassa parinibbānam ahosi, DN II 147,16-31
(Sv: 'no'-kāro nipāta-mattaṁ); —asmākaṁ Bhaga-
vatā, DN III 211,1; kākān' asmāka ñātinaṁ, .lal
486,11* (= amhākaṁ, Ct.); — adverbal (Pāṇ II 3,52):
kiṁ cintento nisinno 'si ... tumhākaṁ cintento
nisinno 'mhi . . . amhākaṁ kiṁ cintesi, Ja I 221,29
(see Sadd 726 note 15); — (β) amhaṁ: tasmā ti (v. r.
hi) amhaṁ daharā na mīyare, Ja IV 53,9*—54,2*
(= amhākam, Ct.), quoted Ja III 300,16*; amham
pi ete samaṇā paṭigaṇhanti dakkhiṇaṁ, Thī 287;
na dhanena na vittena labbhā amhaṁ Irandatī, Ja
VI 267,11* (= amhākaṁ dhītā Irandatī, Ct.); yaṁ
amham purimaṁ kammaṁ, Ap 593,23 (ib. 22 read
with Ce
: adhikārā bahū amhaṁ, Ee amhe); yo am-
haṁ anukampako, Th 1045 (≠ DN II 143,23-29), cf.
aho 'nukampikā amhaṁ sabbāsaṁ kira Gotamī, Ap
538,29 = Thī-a 152,23* (Ce and v. lI); amhañ ca
lābho tuyhañ ca [v. l. tumhañ ca], Mhv V 200 (or dat.);
— [(γ) amhānaṁ, above acc. pl. γ]; — (cf) no: na
no samaṁ atthi Tathāgatena, Khp VI 3; lābhā vata
no anappakā, Sn 31; parisāsu no āvikarohi Kap-
paṁ, Sn 349 (or dat.); kaṁkhaṁ vinaya no, Sn 1025,
cf. yo n'ajja vinaye kaṁkhaṁ, Ja VI 222,15* (= yo
no ajja, Ct.); ciraṁ jīvantu no ñ[ā/a]tï, Khp VII 5; aho
no appapuññatā, Ap 530,26 = Thī-a 145,10*; idaṁ
no ñātinaṁ hotu, v. r. for vo, Pv 16 (Khp VII 4),
see Pv-a 26,12; [nu for no (— amhākaṁ) accord, to
Ct.
(Sadd 687,11) in api nu [ ˇ ˇ - ] hanukā santā,
Ja I 498,21*]; —
loc. (a ) amhesu, [asmesu, Sadd 671,15]: iti
p'etaih bhūtaṁ iti p'etaṁ tacchaṁ, atthi c'etaṁ
amhesu saṁvijjati ca pan' etaṁ amhesu, DN I 3,29;
amhesu ekekaṁ, Ja I 222,4 (partit.); — (β) asmāsu
[ts.], asmasu (prākr. amhasu not in texts, Pischel
§ 415; about sa. -ā-, in instr, loc. pl., AiGr III §232,5),
both as yet only in Mahā- and Cullahaṁsajātaka
(Sadd 289 note 1): na câyaṁ kiñci-r-asmāsu sattū va
samapajjatha, Ja V 349,11* (= kiñci amhesu, Ct.; -r-
see next) ≠ Jāt-m 139,9*; yaṁ kicca [so Cks ≠ yat
kṛtyam, Jāt-m 141,1*; Ee yaṁ kiñci] parame mitte,
kata-r-asmāsu taṁ tayā, pattā nissaṁsayaṁ ty āmha
bhatti-r-asmāsu yā tava, Ja V 352,10-11* (= kataṁ
amhesu . . . yā tava amhesu bhatti, Ct.; sandhi-
consonant due to rhyme, cf. Ja VI 206,5*-6*); so kuddho
pharusaṁ vācaṁ nicchāresi ayoniso ḷ yān' asmāsu
na vijjanti, Ja V 378,20* (Ct.: yāni vajjāni amhesu
na santi); tad iṁgha samavekkhassu, hotu giddhi
tavâsmasu, Ja V 343,14* (= tava amhesu giddhi
hotu, Ct.: Sadd 671,13-17 reads asmisu and refers to
-gimhisu, Dhp 286 [also Sadd 128,14, 628,8], this
orig.
*-gimhasu from a possible *grīṣman-?) ≠ gṛddhir
bhavatu te mayi, Jāt-m 136,9*; — [(;/) a loc. pl. no is
unknown to texts and grammarians
], — Cpd.s: amha-
sadda
(Sadd 288,30 foll.; cf. 266,23—267,16; 656,10;
659.8; 690,5); ahaṁ-kāra, ahiṁ-kāra; — maṁ-
leṇa
(SN IV 315,23), maṁ-saraṇa (ib.), mam-
ka'te
(see Sadd 697,28), maṁ-tāṇa (SN IV 315,23),
maṁ-dīpa
(ib.), maṁ-nātha (Ja IV 253,13* read
~ā mama bhāriyā), mam-uddesika (DN II 100,5),
maṁ-paṭisaraṇa (see Sadd 690,6), maṁ-pāna (MN
II 123,28 Tr.; Ps: mama-yāna), maṁ-bhatta (ib.
Tr.;
Ps: mama-bhatta), ma(y)-yoga (Sadd 26,3;
690,10); — derivatives: ahamahamikā; — a-mama
(see Sadd 260,15 fell.); mamatta (DN II 241,12*-10');
mayhaka (Sadd 260,20); mādisa (Sn 482); māmaka
(Mil 184,25*, etc.).