Truncation sign : * (asterisk) - e.g. kamm*

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asura

, m. [ts.], (a) pl.: 'the former gods' (pubba-
devā [Ja V 18,10*, Ct.], sura-ripū, Dānavā, Abh 14,
Sadd 429,29-30*; Hob s. v. ashura, Abhidh-k-vy-
Trsl. Ill p. 11 n. 2; Cosmol. Bouddhique, p. 227,11,
301,19 foll.; Kl. Turf. IV 179 n. 3); etymm.: (1)
a + surā, Spk I 338,21-22; Pj II 485,8-9, (2) surā
nāma devā, tesaṁ paṭipakkhā, Ud-a 299,18; (3)
na suranti na īsanti na virocanti, ib. 17 (> Sadd
429,17-27; Hôb p. 41); as opposed to other classes
of living beings: devā manussā ~ā [ - - ˇ - - ˇ ˇ - ],
nāgā gandhabbā, ye c'anne santi puthu kāyā [ - - ≃
- ˇ - - ˇ ˇ ], DN II 269,17 = 276,4, quoted Ps I
181,30; ~ā nāgā gandhabbā (scil. mahāsamudde),
AN IV 207,1 = Ud 54,16 = Vin II 238,16; devā
pitaro Indo ~a-rakkhasā, Sn 310; ~ā garuḷā nāgā
yakkhā, Mil 117,28; Vibh 412,29—416,39; tav' eva
hetu ~ā bhavāmase . . . nerayikā . . . tiracchāna-
gatā . . ., petattanaṁ vā pi tav' eva vāhasā, Th
1128, cf. It 92,18*—93,1* (It-a II 118,17) ≠ Ja V
186,21*-24*; Pv 785; Vism 501,21* — Vibh-a 97,31*;
two distinct classes accord, to Kv 360—361: (1) Kāḷa-
kañjakā ~ā, petānaṁ samānavaṇṇā . . . petehi saha
āvāha-vivāhaṁ gacchanti, Kv 360,12, cf. Sv (III)
1061,9-10; ib. 820,27-31; Ud-a 140,14; Pañca-g 69;
sabba-nihīno ~a-kāyo, DN III 7,17, further Bv-a Ce
224,10* - Ja I 44,32*; Spk II 290,26—291,14 =
Vibh-a 5,6-30; DN II 259,9*; (2) the Vepacitti-
parisā (Kv 360,21), similarly related to the devas,
possessed of asura-māyā (q. v.), and led by chiefs
(see asur'-inda below-and DN II 259,7* foll.Kl.
Turf
. IV 179,11*); about their wars with Sakka and
his
devas (devâsura-saṅgāma, DN II 285,6; MN I
253,2; SN IV 201,18; V 447,25; AN IV 432,4; Spk
I 346,15; cf. Sn 681) see Sakka-saṁyutta (SN I
216—240) and for details (the rise of Sakka, the
wedding of
Sujā (asura-kaññā), the drinking of surā,
the asura-bhavana, etc.): Sv (III) 710,23—718,21; Ps
II 302,12—303,20; Spk I 338,8—340,20; Pj II 484,24
—485,20; Ja I 199,1—206,14; Dhp-a I 263,10—280,14;
— (b) sg. Ja IV 273,12*; metaph.: ~o asura-parivāro,
AN II 91,19 (scil. puggalo; = ~a-sadiso bībhaccho,
Mp); brachyl.: te vaḍḍhayanti nirayaṁ tiracchānañ
ca yoniyo ḷ ~aṁ (ca) petti-visayañ ca, It 93,1* ( —
asura-kāyaṁ, It-a); — ifc v.: kāḷakañj(ak)â° (see
above
a, 1), devâsura-saṅgāma (do. 2), dhanu-
ggaha-a
° (Sv (II) 689,16), mahā-a° (Sv (II) 689,25).